senso-concept-Mcs (ogznProduction)

McsHitp-creation:: {2020-07-31}

overview of ogznProduction

· ogznProduction is a-human-society-organization that MAINLY produces satisfiers for a-society.
· a-producer-ozn also consumes satisfiers.

· stxZhon: 我 是 第 一 个 到 公司 的 人。 :: _stxSbj:[Wǒ] _stxVrb:{shì} _stxSbjc:[dì-yī gè dào gōngsī (de) rén]. != [I] {am} [first arived company person]. :: I'm the first person that came to the office.

* McsEngl.McsStn000015.last.html//dirStn//dirMcs!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.dirMcs/dirStn/McsStn000015.last.html!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.Socozn.production!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.economic-institution!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.economic-organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.economic-ozn!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.Socecon'att008-production-ozn!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.Socecon'production-ozn!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.enterprise!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.human-economic-organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznConsumptionNo!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznEcon!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznPdcn!⇒ogznProduction, {2020-11-07},
* McsEngl.ogznPdcn!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznPrdn!⇒ogznProduction, {2023-10-18},
* McsEngl.ogznProduction, {2020-11-07},
* McsEngl.ogznProduction!=McsStn000015,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction//economy!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznSatisfier!⇒ogznProduction, {2020-09-02},
* McsEngl.oznSfr!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ozn.economic!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.organization.human.economic!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.oznHouseholdNo!⇒ogznProduction, {2020-10-25},
* McsEngl.ogznProduction!=organization.economic,
* McsEngl.producer-organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.production-organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.satisfier'05_organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.satisfier'att012-organization!⇒ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.satisfier'organization!⇒ogznProduction,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.gōngsī-公司!=ogznProduction,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.οργανισμός-παραγωγής!=ogznProduction,
* McsElln.παραγωγής-οργανισμός!=ogznProduction,

"An enterprise is the view of an institutional unit as a producer of goods and services.
The term enterprise may refer to a corporation, a quasi-corporation, an NPI or an unincorporated enterprise."
OpenCorporates has taken a pragmatic and (we think) sensible approach to this, as it changes from country to country and culture to culture: a company is something registered as a company by a company registry."

VATID of ogznProduction

"A value added tax identification number or VAT identification number (VATIN[1]) is an identifier used in many countries, including the countries of the European Union, for value added tax purposes.
In the EU, a VAT identification number can be verified online at the EU's official VIES[2] website. It confirms that the number is currently allocated and can provide the name or other identifying details of the entity to whom the identifier has been allocated. However, many national governments will not give out VAT identification numbers due to data protection laws."
[{2021-01-22} http://localhost/dWstSgm/dirMcs/Mcs000000.last.html#idMwsstatCpt]

* McsEngl.VATID'(value-added-tax-identification-number),
* McsEngl.VAT-identification-number,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att031-Vatid,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'Vatid,
* McsEngl.value-added-tax-identification-number,


DUNS of ogznProduction

"The Data Universal Numbering System, abbreviated as DUNS or D-U-N-S, is a proprietary system developed and managed by Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) that assigns a unique numeric identifier, referred to as a "DUNS number" to a single business entity. It was introduced in 1963 to support D&B's credit reporting practice. It is standard worldwide. DUNS users include the European Commission, the United Nations, the United States government, and Apple. More than 50 global industry and trade associations recognize, recommend, or require DUNS. The DUNS database contains over 300 million entries for businesses throughout the world.[1]"

* McsEngl.DUNS'(data-universal-numbering-system),
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att032-Duns,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'Duns,

01_node of ogznProduction

· ogznProduction'node is a-part of it which is a-system.

* McsEngl.node-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'01_node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att025-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'node,

* ozn'node,

* creation-node,
* governance-node,

02_satisfier of ogznProduction

· the-satisfier the-ogznProduction manages.
· no satisfier, no economic-organization.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'02_satisfier,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att003-satisfier,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'satisfier,

tax of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att033-tax,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'tax,

03_hmnMember of ogznProduction

· the-humans members (that make-up) of the-ogznProduction.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'03_hmnMember,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att001-humanHmn,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'hmnMember,

hmnOwner of ogznProduction

· any member who owns the-organization.

* McsEngl.businessman,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att007-owner,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'owner,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.shāngrén-商人!=businessman,
* McsZhon.商人-shāngrén!=businessman,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.επιχειρηματίας-ο|η!=businessman,

hmnWorker of ogznProduction

· any member who works in this organization.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att008-worker!⇒wkrOznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'worker!⇒wkrOznProduction,
* McsEngl.wkrOznProduction,

* manager,
* laborer,

info-resource of wkrOznProduction

*, Online retailer Amazon has added 427,300 new employees to its company this year, increasing its total workforce to 1.2 million.

* McsEngl.idOznPdnatt008rscF'Infrsc,

manager of ogznProduction

=== jīnglǐ-经理:
· stxZhon: 他 当 经理 了。 :: _stxSbj:[Tā] _stxVrb:{dāng} _stxObj:[jīnglǐ] {le}. != He became a manager. (He wasn't a manager before.)

* McsEngl.manager-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att009-manager,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'manager,
* McsEngl.wkrManagerOznSatisfier,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.jīnglǐ-经理!=ogznProduction'manager,
* McsZhon.经理-jīnglǐ!=ogznProduction'manager,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.διαχειριστής!ο!=ogznProduction'manager,
* McsElln.διευθύνων!ο!=ogznProduction'manager,
* McsElln.μάνατζερ!ο!=ogznProduction'manager,

laborer of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.laborer-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att010-laborer,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'laborer,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'managerNo,
* McsEngl.wkrManagerNoOznSatisfier,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δουλευτής!=ogznProduction'laborer,

04_stakeholder of ogznProduction

· any human or ozn related to ogznProduction.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'04_stakeholder,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att012-stakeholder,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'stakeholder,
* McsEngl.stakeholder-of-ogznProduction,


* hmnMember-of-ogznProduction,
* owner-of-ogznProduction,
* consumer-of-ogznProduction,
* supplier-of-ogznProduction,
* government-of-ogznProduction,
* trade-union-of-ogznProduction,
* community-of-ogznProduction,

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'stakeholder.specific,

stakeholder.owner (link)


· the-buyer of its sufisfiers.

* McsEngl.customer-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att028-customer,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'customer,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'stakeholder.customer,


">supplier of organization:
The supplier of an organization refers to an external entity or business that provides goods, services, or raw materials to the organization. Suppliers play a crucial role in the supply chain and overall operations of a company. They can be individuals, other companies, or even government agencies, depending on the nature of the organization and its needs.

Organizations often establish relationships with suppliers to ensure a steady and reliable source of necessary resources. These relationships can be formalized through contracts and agreements that outline terms and conditions such as pricing, delivery schedules, quality standards, and other relevant factors.

The selection of suppliers is an important strategic decision for organizations, as it can impact the cost, quality, and efficiency of their operations. Many businesses evaluate potential suppliers based on criteria such as reliability, reputation, financial stability, ethical practices, and the ability to meet specific requirements.

Effective supplier management is essential for maintaining a smooth and efficient supply chain. This involves ongoing communication, monitoring of performance, and collaboration to address any issues that may arise.

In summary, a supplier is an external entity that provides goods, services, or raw materials to an organization, and managing these relationships is crucial for the success of the organization's operations."
[{2023-12-03 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'supplier-stakeholder,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att034-supplier-stakeholder,
* McsEngl.stakeholder.supplier,

05_node.humans of ogznProduction

· the-humans-subsystem of the-organization.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'05_node.humans,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att029-node.humans,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'node.humans,

sociality of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'sociality,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att005-sociality,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'sociality,

node.governance of ogznProduction

· the-governance-node of a-satisfier-organization.

* McsEngl.governance-sys-of-ogznProduction!⇒gvcOznSfr,
* McsEngl.gvcOznSfr,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'governance-sys!⇒gvcOznSfr,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att002-governance-sys!⇒gvcOznSfr,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'gvc!⇒gvcOznSfr,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'governance-sys!⇒gvcOznSfr,

* gvcOzn,

control of ogznProduction

"26.85 Control is determined to exist if the direct investor owns more than 50 per cent of the voting power in the direct investment enterprise.
Such an enterprise is called a subsidiary.
A significant degree of influence is determined to exist if the direct investor owns from 10 to 50 percent of the voting power in the direct investment enterprise.
Such an enterprise is called an associate.
In order to achieve bilateral consistency and avoid subjective decisions about actual control or influence, these operational definitions should be used in all cases."

* McsEngl.control-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att018-control,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'control,

law of ogznProduction

× generic: lawEconomy,

"Corporate law (also known as business law or enterprise law or sometimes company law) is the body of law governing the rights, relations, and conduct of persons, companies, organizations and businesses. The term refers to the legal practice of law relating to corporations, or to the theory of corporations. Corporate law often describes the law relating to matters which derive directly from the life-cycle of a corporation.[1] It thus encompasses the formation, funding, governance, and death of a corporation."

">corporate law:
Corporate law, also known as business law, company law, or enterprise law, is the body of law governing the rights, relations, and conduct of persons, companies, organizations and businesses. It includes the formation, operation, governance, and termination of legal entities.

**Key Areas of Corporate Law**
* **Corporate Formation:** This area of law deals with the process of creating a corporation, including obtaining a corporate charter, drafting and filing corporate documents, and establishing corporate bylaws.
* **Corporate Governance:** This area of law governs the internal management of corporations, including the role of shareholders, directors, and officers. It also addresses issues such as corporate ethics, corporate social responsibility, and corporate accountability.
* **Corporate Finance:** This area of law deals with the raising of capital by corporations, including the issuance of stocks, bonds, and other securities. It also covers mergers, acquisitions, and other corporate transactions.
* **Corporate Liability:** This area of law addresses the legal obligations of corporations and their officers and directors. It includes issues such as tort liability, contract liability, and securities law liability.

**Importance of Corporate Law**
Corporate law is important for several reasons:
1. **It protects investors and shareholders:** Corporate law provides a framework for corporations to operate in a fair and transparent manner, which helps to protect the interests of investors and shareholders.
2. **It promotes competition:** Corporate law helps to ensure that corporations compete fairly and that markets are open and accessible to all.
3. **It protects creditors:** Corporate law protects the rights of creditors by ensuring that corporations fulfill their financial obligations.
4. **It promotes economic growth:** Corporate law contributes to economic growth by creating a stable and predictable environment for businesses to operate.

**Types of Corporations**
There are several different types of corporations, each with its own legal structure and governance. The most common types of corporations include:
* **C corporations:** C corporations are for-profit corporations that are taxed separately from their shareholders. They are the most common type of corporation for large businesses.
* **S corporations:** S corporations are for-profit corporations that are taxed as partnerships or LLCs. This means that the corporation's profits and losses are passed through to the shareholders, who are then taxed on their individual returns. S corporations are a popular choice for small businesses.
* **Limited Liability Companies (LLCs):** LLCs are hybrid entities that combine the characteristics of corporations and partnerships. LLCs offer limited liability protection to their members, and their profits are taxed as pass-through entities. LLCs are a popular choice for small businesses and startups.
* **Nonprofit Corporations:** Nonprofit corporations are organized for a charitable or other social purpose, and they are not allowed to distribute profits to their members. Nonprofit corporations are exempt from federal income tax, but they must file annual tax returns.

**Regulation of Corporate Law**
Corporate law is regulated by both state and federal law. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is the primary federal agency responsible for overseeing corporate law. The SEC has a wide range of authority, including the power to register and regulate securities offerings, investigate corporate fraud, and enforce insider trading laws.
In addition to the SEC, there are a number of other federal and state agencies that have jurisdiction over corporate law. These agencies include the Department of Justice, the Federal Trade Commission, and the state attorneys general.

Corporate law is a complex and ever-evolving area of law. It is important for businesses to have a basic understanding of corporate law to ensure that they are operating in compliance with the law. Businesses should also consult with an attorney to address specific legal issues.
[{2023-12-07 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.corporate-law,
* McsEngl.enterprise-law,
* McsEngl.lawEconomy.005-company,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att013-law,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'law,

06_node.satisfier of ogznProduction

· production-node is the-node-(subsystem) that does the-production-function.

* McsEngl.producance-node--of-ogznProduction, {2020-10-26},
* McsEngl.production-node--of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'06-node.satisfier,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att026-production-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'node.production,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'production-node,
* McsEngl.sutisfier-subsystem--of-ogznProduction,

satisfier-producing of ogznProduction

"1.40 The activity of production is fundamental.
In the SNA, production is understood to be a physical process, carried out under the responsibility, control and management of an institutional unit, in which labour and assets are used to transform inputs of goods and services into outputs of other goods and services.
All goods and services produced as outputs must be such that they can be sold on markets or at least be capable of being provided by one unit to another, with or without charge.
The SNA includes within the production boundary all production actually destined for the market, whether for sale or barter.
It also includes all goods or services provided free to individual households or collectively to the community by government units or NPISHs."

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att015-satisfier-producing,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'satisfier-producing,
* McsEngl.production-activity-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.production-of-satisfier,

* creating,
* transacting,
** exchanging
** transiting-satisfiers,
** advertising-satisfiers, of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction',
* McsEngl.ogznProduction', of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att027-transacting-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'transacting-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'node.transacting,

** exchanging
** transiting-satisfiers,
** advertising-satisfiers,

node.financing of ogznProduction

"Finance Department is the part of an organization that is responsible for acquiring funds for the firm, managing funds within the organization and planning for the expenditure of funds on various assets. It is the part of an organization that ensures efficient financial management and financial control necessary to support all business activities.
The contributions of finance department to any company and how these contributions positively affect organisational performance will greatly depend on factors such as the extent to which the owner/ manager is involved in his company. The roles and responsibilities of a finance department include but are not limited to:
a. Bookkeeping
b. Management of company’s cash flow
c. Budgets and forecasting
d. Advising and sourcing longer-term financing
e. Management of Taxes
f. Management of Company’s Investments
g. Financial Reporting and analysis
h. Assist managers in making key strategic decisions"

* McsEngl.financing-sys-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att014-financing-sys,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'financing-sys,

node.accounting of ogznProduction

"While some people may have a differing opinion, the essential roles and duties of virtually any accounting department should include the following:
* Money out – making payments and keeping the bills paid
* Money in – processing incoming payments
* Payroll – make sure everyone gets paid (including the government)
* Reporting – preparing financial reports, e.g. P&L, Balance sheets and budgets
* Financial Controls – to avoid errors, fraud and theft"

* McsEngl.accounting-department--of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.accounting-node--of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.bookeeping-node--of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att024-accounting-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'accounting-node,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'node.accounting,

07_health of ogznProduction

">health of organization:
Organizational health is a multifaceted concept that encompasses an organization's ability to effectively operate, achieve its goals, and adapt to change. It is influenced by a range of factors, including employee engagement, leadership effectiveness, communication, culture, and decision-making processes.

**Key indicators of organizational health**
* **Employee engagement:** A healthy organization has employees who are engaged in their work, feel connected to their colleagues, and are motivated to contribute to the organization's success.
* **Leadership effectiveness:** Effective leaders set a clear vision, provide support and direction, and foster a positive and supportive work environment.
* **Communication:** Open and clear communication is essential for ensuring that everyone in the organization is on the same page and that important information is shared effectively.
* **Culture:** A healthy organizational culture is one that is based on shared values, trust, and respect. It promotes collaboration, innovation, and accountability.
* **Decision-making processes:** Effective decision-making processes involve clear roles, involvement of stakeholders, and a focus on data and analysis.

**Benefits of a healthy organization**
* **Improved employee engagement and productivity:** Healthy organizations are more likely to have engaged employees who are motivated and productive.
* **Increased customer satisfaction:** When employees are engaged and productive, they are more likely to provide excellent customer service.
* **Enhanced innovation and creativity:** Healthy organizations are more likely to foster a culture of innovation and creativity, leading to new products, services, and processes.
* **Improved financial performance:** Healthy organizations are more likely to achieve their financial goals and outperform their competitors.

**How to assess your organization's health**
There are a number of ways to assess your organization's health. One approach is to conduct surveys or focus groups with employees to gather their feedback on various aspects of the organization, such as leadership, communication, and culture. You can also benchmark your organization against industry standards to identify areas for improvement.

**Strategies for improving organizational health**
Once you have a good understanding of your organization's health, you can develop strategies to improve it. Here are a few examples of effective strategies:
* **Invest in employee engagement:** Provide opportunities for learning and development, offer flexible work arrangements, and recognize and reward employee contributions.
* **Develop strong leadership:** Ensure that leaders are equipped with the skills and training they need to be effective, and provide them with opportunities for growth.
* **Enhance communication:** Encourage open and honest communication across all levels of the organization, and use a variety of communication channels to reach different audiences.
* **Create a positive culture:** Foster a culture of trust, respect, and collaboration. Celebrate successes, and address issues promptly and effectively.
* **Improve decision-making processes:** Ensure that decisions are made in a transparent and accountable manner, and involve stakeholders in the process.

By investing in organizational health, organizations can reap numerous benefits, including improved employee engagement, customer satisfaction, innovation, and financial performance."
[{2023-12-10 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'07_health,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att006-health,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'health,

08_place of ogznProduction

· the-place associated with the-organization.

* McsEngl.Pdnplace,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'08_place!⇒Pdnplace,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att011-place!⇒Pdnplace,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'location!⇒Pdnplace,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'place!⇒Pdnplace,


· the-place where it produces its satisfiers.

* McsEngl.Pdnplace.creating,
* McsEngl.creating-place-of-ogznProduction,


· the-place where it transacts its satisfiers

* McsEngl.Pdnplace.transacting,
* McsEngl.transacting-place-of-ogznProduction,


"26.36 The residence of each institutional unit is the economic territory with which it has the strongest connection, expressed as its centre of predominant economic interest.
An institutional unit is resident in an economic territory when there exists, within the economic territory, some location, dwelling, place of production, or other premises on which or from which the unit engages and intends to continue engaging, either indefinitely or over a finite but long period of time, in economic activities and transactions on a significant scale.
The location need not be fixed so long as it remains within the economic territory.
Actual or intended location for one year or more is used as an operational definition.
While the choice of one year as a specific period is somewhat arbitrary, it is adopted to avoid uncertainty and facilitate international consistency.
Most units have strong connections to only one economy but with globalization, a growing number have strong links to two or more economies."

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att023-residence,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'residence,
* McsEngl.residence-of-ogznProduction,

09_size of ogznProduction

· on misc attributes:
* quantity of workers,
* quantity of output,

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'09_size,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att023-size,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'size,

register of ogznProduction

"A company register is a register of legal entities in the jurisdiction they operate under, for the purpose of protection, accountability and control of legal entities"

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att017-register,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'register,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.μητρώο-επιχειρήσεων,

"25.20 Registration.
One interpretation of what is informal is whatever is not registered with some arm of government.
The problems with this criterion are obvious.
Different countries have different practices on registration.
Some may insist that all activities, however small and casual, should be registered; others may be more pragmatic and require activities to be registered only when their turnover exceeds a given amount or when the number of employees exceeds a given number.
Further, whatever the official requirements for registration, the degree of compliance with the requirements will vary according to the extent to which they are enforced in practice.
A definition of the informal sector based on registration is therefore not going to give international comparability or, possibly, comparability over time within a country if the requirements for registration or degree of compliance with the requirements vary"

evaluation of ogznProduction

">evaluation of organization:
Evaluating an organization is a crucial process that provides valuable insights into its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT analysis). This evaluation can be used to identify areas for improvement, make informed decisions, and ensure the organization is aligned with its strategic goals.

**Key Aspects of Organizational Evaluation**
1. **Mission and Vision:** Evaluate whether the organization's mission and vision are clearly defined, relevant to its current environment, and inspiring to its employees.
2. **Values:** Assess whether the organization's values are actively upheld and reflected in its practices, decisions, and behaviors.
3. **Goals and Objectives:** Evaluate whether the organization's goals and objectives are SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound), aligned with the mission and vision, and supported by adequate resources.
4. **Performance Measurements:** Assess the organization's performance against its goals and objectives using relevant metrics, such as financial performance, customer satisfaction, employee engagement, and market share.
5. **Leadership:** Evaluate the effectiveness of the leadership team in setting direction, motivating employees, and fostering a positive organizational culture.
6. **Decision-Making Processes:** Assess the organization's decision-making processes, ensuring they are transparent, inclusive, and based on sound information and analysis.
7. **Culture and Engagement:** Evaluate the organization's culture, considering its values, communication, teamwork, and employee engagement.
8. **Sustainability and Innovation:** Assess the organization's commitment to sustainability practices, innovation, and adaptability to changing market conditions.

**Tools for Organizational Evaluation**
1. **Self-Assessment:** Organizations can conduct internal self-assessments using questionnaires, surveys, and interviews to gather feedback from employees, customers, and stakeholders.
2. **External Audits:** Engage external consultants or auditors to provide objective and independent reviews of the organization's processes, systems, and performance.
3. **Performance Benchmarking:** Compare the organization's performance against industry benchmarks or similar organizations to identify areas for improvement or differentiation.

**Benefits of Organizational Evaluation**
1. **Improved Performance:** Identify areas for improvement and make strategic adjustments to enhance organizational effectiveness.
2. **Increased Efficiency:** Optimize resource allocation, processes, and operations to maximize value and reduce waste.
3. **Enhanced Accountability:** Hold individuals and departments accountable for their contributions to achieving organizational goals.
4. **Strengthened Culture:** Foster a positive, engaged, and productive organizational culture that attracts and retains top talent.
5. **Greater Resilience:** Prepare for future challenges and adapt to changing market conditions through informed decision-making.

Organizational evaluation is an ongoing process that should be conducted regularly to ensure the organization remains aligned with its strategic goals, adapts to changing external factors, and continuously improves its performance."
[{2023-12-10 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'evaluation,

ESG of ogznProduction

ESG stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance, and it refers to a set of criteria used to evaluate a company's performance in these three areas. ESG factors are often considered by investors, analysts, and other stakeholders to assess the sustainability and ethical impact of a business. Here's a breakdown of each component:

1. **Environmental (E):** This category focuses on a company's impact on the environment. It includes considerations such as a company's carbon footprint, energy efficiency, waste management practices, water usage, and overall environmental sustainability. Companies with strong environmental performance are often those that prioritize eco-friendly practices and demonstrate a commitment to reducing their environmental impact.

2. **Social (S):** The social aspect of ESG evaluates a company's relationships with its employees, customers, suppliers, and the communities in which it operates. Social factors include labor practices, employee relations, diversity and inclusion, human rights, and community engagement. Companies with strong social performance prioritize fair labor practices, diversity, employee well-being, and positive community contributions.

3. **Governance (G):** Governance relates to the way a company is managed and controlled. Key governance factors include the composition and structure of the board of directors, executive compensation, transparency, ethical business practices, and adherence to legal and regulatory standards. Strong governance is associated with effective decision-making, ethical behavior, and accountability.

Investors and financial institutions increasingly consider ESG factors as part of their investment strategies, recognizing that companies with strong ESG performance may be better positioned for long-term success and are less likely to face environmental, social, and governance-related risks. ESG considerations are integrated into investment decisions, and there is a growing demand for transparency and standardized reporting of ESG metrics from companies.

ESG investing reflects a broader shift toward sustainable and responsible investing practices, where financial performance is evaluated alongside environmental and social impact. Many companies now publish ESG reports to communicate their efforts and performance in these areas to stakeholders."
[{2023-12-10 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ESG!=environmental-social-governance,
* McsEngl.environmental-social-governance,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'ESG,

MISC-ATTRIBUTE of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'misc-attribute,

DUNS-number of ogznProduction

"Your DUNS number only reveals credit information gathered by one credit bureau—Dun & Bradstreet. Originally known as the Mercantile Agency, Dun & Bradstreet is one of America’s oldest companies. Its founder, Lewis Tappan, created it in 1841 for the purpose of helping merchants establish the creditworthiness of potential customers.
Today, Dun & Bradstreet keeps track of over 265 million businesses worldwide. Over 100 million of those businesses have been assigned a DUNS number. The federal government adopted the DUNS number as its principal business identifier in 1994.
In 1998, the DUNS number was incorporated as the federal government’s contractor identification code. This means that companies without a DUNS number cannot do business with the federal government. This makes a DUNS number invaluable for many small businesses, since government contracts are often stable, lucrative sources of income."

* McsEngl.DUNS-number-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'DUNS-number,

info-resource of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'Infrsc,

=== news:
* SNA-2008 enterprise definition:,

structure of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'structure,


DOING of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'doing,

* satisfier-producing,
* satisfier-producingNo,
** satisfier-consuming,
** satisfier-exchanging,
* goal,
* mission,
* governing,
* financing,
* accounting,
* hiring,
* evoluting,
** creating,
** operating,
** stopping-operating,
** dissoluting,

10_goal of ogznProduction

· the-existential-goal is satisfier management.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'10_goal,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att004-goal,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'goal,

satisfier-producingNo of ogznProduction

· any other than producing doing on satisfiers.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att016-satisfier-producingNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'satisfier-producingNo,

* consuming-satisfier,
* transacting-satisfier,
** exchanging,
** transfering,

evoluting of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.evoluting-of-ogznProduction,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'evoluting,

=== McsHitp-creation:
· creation of current concept.

creation-stage of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att019-creation-stage,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'creation-stage,

operation-stage of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att020-operation-stage,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'operation-stage,

closure-stage of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att021-closure-stage,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'closure-stage,

dissolution-stage of ogznProduction


* McsEngl.ogznProduction'att022-dissolution-stage,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction'dissolution-stage,

WHOLE-PART-TREE of ogznProduction

* McsEngl.ogznProduction'whole-part-tree,

* ... Sympan.



* McsEngl.ogznProduction'generic-specific-tree,

* ozn,
* ... entity.


* McsEngl.ogznProduction.specific,
* governance-organization,
* household-ogznProduction,
* government-ogznProduction,
* pure-ogznProduction,
* service-ogznProduction,


* satisfier-creating-(oznSfrCreating),
* satisfier-creatingNo-(oznSfrCreatingNo),

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.specs-division.satisfier-creating,


· on owner:
* private-ogznProduction,
* privateNo-ogznProduction,

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.specs-division.owner,


"The International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) is a United Nations industry classification system. Wide use has been made of ISIC in classifying data according to kind of economic activity in the fields of employment and health data.
It is maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division.[1]
ISIC classifies entities by activity. The most detailed categories are defined by combinations of activities described in statistical units, considering the relative importance of the activities included in these classes.
ISIC Rev.4 continues to use criteria such as input, output and use of the products produced, but places additional emphasis on production processes.
ISIC Revision 4 broad structure:
* 1. Agriculture, forestry and fishing,
* 2. Mining and quarrying,
* 3. Manufacturing,
* 4. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply,
* 5. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities,
* 6. Construction,
* 7. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles,
* 8. Transportation and storage,
* 9. Accommodation and food service activities,
* 10. Information and communication,
* 11. Financial and insurance activities,
* 12. Real estate activities,
* 13. Professional, scientific and technical activities,
* 14. Administrative and support service activities,
* 15. Public administration and defence; compulsory social security,
* 16. Education,
* 17. Human health and social work activities,
* 18. Arts, entertainment and recreation,
* 19. Other service activities,
* 20. Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use,
* 21. Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies",

* McsEngl.ISIC'(international-standard-industrial-classification),
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.Isic-classification,


"in economic or social surveys collecting data on enterprises, the observation unit can be:
* an enterprise: a legally recognised organisational unit carrying out one or more activities at one or more locations; enterprises are classified into sectors (by NACE) according to their main activity;
* a local unit: an enterprise or part of an enterprise (factory, warehouse, office) situated in one geographically identified place; local units are classified into sectors (by NACE) according to their main activity;
* a kind-of-activity unit: abbreviated as KAU: an enterprise or part of an enterprise which in its entirety can be classified within one activity sector (by NACE);
* a Local kind-of-activity unit: a combination of the previous two: an enterprise or part of an enterprise situated in one geographically identified place which in its entirety can be classified within one activity sector (by NACE);
One enterprise can have a number of local units and/or kind-of-activity units. One local unit can comprise several local kind-of-activity units. It is possible that the main activity of a local unit is not the same as the one of the enterprise to which it belongs."

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.NACE-classification,


"The North American Industry Classification System or NAICS (pronounced "nakes"[1]) is a classification of business establishments by type of economic activity (process of production). It is used by government and business in Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America. It has largely replaced the older Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system, except in some government agencies, such as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
An establishment is typically a single physical location, though administratively distinct operations at a single location may be treated as distinct establishments. Each establishment is classified to an industry according to the primary business activity taking place there. NAICS does not offer guidance on the classification of enterprises (companies) which are composed of multiple establishments."

* McsEngl.NAICS'(North-American-industry-classification-system),
* McsEngl.North-American-industry-classification-system,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.Naics-classification,


"The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) is a system for classifying industries by a four-digit code. Established in the United States in 1937, it is used by government agencies to classify industry areas. The SIC system is also used by agencies in other countries, e.g., by the United Kingdom's Companies House.[1]
In the United States, the SIC code has been replaced by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS code), which was released in 1997.[2] Some U.S. government departments and agencies, such as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), continued to use SIC codes through at least 2019.[3]
The SIC code for an establishment, that is, a workplace with a U.S. address, was determined by the industry appropriate for the overall largest product lines of the company or organization of which the establishment was a part. The later NAICS classification system has a different concept, assigning establishments into categories based on each one's output.[4][5]"

* McsEngl.SIC'(standard-industrial-classification),
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.Sic-classification,
* McsEngl.standard-industrial-classification,


"The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) is an industry taxonomy developed in 1999 by MSCI and Standard & Poor's (S&P) for use by the global financial community. The GICS structure consists of 11 sectors, 24 industry groups, 69 industries and 158 sub-industries[1] into which S&P has categorized all major public companies. The system is similar to ICB (Industry Classification Benchmark), a classification structure maintained by FTSE Group.
GICS is used as a basis for S&P and MSCI financial market indexes in which each company is assigned to a sub-industry, and to an industry, industry group, and sector, by its principal business activity.
"GICS" is a registered trademark of McGraw Hill Financial and MSCI Inc.[2][3]"

* McsEngl.GICS'(global-industry-classification-system),
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.Gics,


· economic-sector is a-set of related ogznProductions on an-attribute.

* McsEngl.SocPdnSector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.economic-sector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.industry!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.004-sector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.sector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.production-sector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.sector!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.sector-of-ogznProduction!⇒sectorPdn,
* McsEngl.sectorPdn!=production-sector,
* McsEngl.sectorProduction!⇒sectorPdn,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.βιομηχανία-η/viomihanía-i/!=sectorPdn,

"2.39 Establishments that have the same principal activity are grouped into industries according to the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities Revision 4 (ISIC, Rev.4) (United Nations, 2008a)."


* public-sector,
* private-sector,
* voluntary-sector,
"Organizations that are not part of the public sector are either a part of the private sector or voluntary sector. The private sector is composed of the economic sectors that are intended to earn a profit for the owners of the enterprise. The voluntary, civic or social sector concerns a diverse array of non-profit organizations emphasizing civil society."

">types of economic sectors:
Economic sectors are broad categories of economic activity that are based on the type of goods or services that are produced. The five main economic sectors are:

**Primary sector:** This sector is responsible for extracting raw materials from the natural environment. This includes activities such as mining, fishing, and forestry.
**Secondary sector:** This sector is responsible for converting raw materials into finished goods. This includes activities such as manufacturing, construction, and utilities.
**Tertiary sector:** This sector is responsible for providing services to consumers and businesses. This includes activities such as retail, healthcare, and education.
**Quaternary sector:** This sector is responsible for providing the knowledge and information that is necessary to support the other sectors of the economy. This includes activities such as research and development, and technology.
**Quinary sector:** This sector is responsible for the most specialized and high-level services, such as management consulting, investment banking, and healthcare.

The composition of an economy's sectors can change over time. For example, as a country develops, the secondary and tertiary sectors tend to grow, while the primary sector shrinks. This is because as people become more affluent, they demand more manufactured goods and services.

The relative size of each sector can also vary from country to country. For example, in countries with abundant natural resources, the primary sector may be larger than in countries with fewer natural resources.

Understanding the composition of an economy's sectors can be helpful for making economic decisions. For example, a government may want to invest in education and training to support the growth of the quaternary sector."
[{2023-11-24 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.sectorPdn.specific,


· the-set of oznGovernance.

* McsEngl.broadNo-public-sector!⇒sectorGvc,
* McsEngl.governance-sector!⇒sectorGvc,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.019-sectorGvc!⇒sectorGvc,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.sectorGvc!⇒sectorGvc,
* McsEngl.public-sector.broadNo!⇒sectorGvc,
* McsEngl.sectorGvc,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δημόσιος-τομέας.στενός!=sectorGvc,
* McsElln.στενός-δημόσιος-τομέας!=sectorGvc,



* McsEngl.ogznProduction.020-sectorGvcNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.sectorGvcNo,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcNo,



· sectorGvcOwned is THE-SET of oznGvcOwned.
· Socgvc is THE-SYSTEM of oznGvc.
"The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Public sectors include public goods and governmental services such as the military, law enforcement, infrastructure (public roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications, etc.), public transit, public education, along with health care and those working for the government itself, such as elected officials. The public sector might provide services that a non-payer cannot be excluded from (such as street lighting), services which benefit all of society rather than just the individual who uses the service.[1] Public enterprises, or state-owned enterprises, are self-financing commercial enterprises that are under public ownership which provide various private goods and services for sale and usually operate on a commercial basis.
Organizations that are not part of the public sector are either a part of the private sector or voluntary sector. The private sector is composed of the economic sectors that are intended to earn a profit for the owners of the enterprise. The voluntary, civic or social sector concerns a diverse array of non-profit organizations emphasizing civil society."

* McsEngl.Socgvc'sector!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.Socgvcsctr!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.SocsectorGvcOwned!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.oznGvc.aggregate!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.009-sectorGvcOwned!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.sectorGvcOwned!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.public-sector!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.state-sector!⇒sectorGvcOwned,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δημόσιος-τομέας.ευρύς!=sectorGvcOwned,

satisfier (link) of sectorGvcOwned

armed-forces of sectorGvcOwned

"A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by their distinct military uniform. It may consist of one or more military branches such as an army, navy, air force, space force, marines, or coast guard. The main task of the military is usually defined as defence of the state and its interests against external armed threats.
In broad usage, the terms "armed forces" and "military" are often treated as synonymous, although in technical usage a distinction is sometimes made in which a country's armed forces may include both its military and other paramilitary forces. There are various forms of irregular military forces, not belonging to a recognized state; though they share many attributes with regular military forces, they are less often referred to as simply "military"."

* McsEngl.armed-forces!⇒sectorGvcMili,
* McsEngl.military!⇒sectorGvcMili,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned'armed-forces!⇒sectorGvcMili,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcMili,
* McsEngl.society'military!⇒sectorGvcMili,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.ένοπλες-δυνάμεις!οι!=sectorGvcMili,

spending of sectorGvcMili

· Military spending, 2022:
* USA: $877 billion,
* China: $292 billion,
* Russia: $86 billion,
* India: $81 billion,
* Saudi Arabia: $75 billion,
* UK: $69 billion,
* Germany: $56 billion,
* France: $54 billion,
* Japan: $46 billion,
* South Korea: $46 billion,
* Ukraine: $44 billion,
* Italy: $33 billion,
* Australia: $32.2 billion,
* Canada: $26.9 billion,
* Israel: $23.4 billion,
* Spain: $20.3 billion,
* Brazil: $20 billion,
* Poland: $16 billion,
* Netherlands: $15.6 billion,
* Turkey: $10.6 billion,
* Pakistan: $10 billion,
* Colombia: $9.9 billion,
* Indonesia: $8.9 billion,
* Mexico: $8.5 billion,
* Norway: $8.3 billion,
* Sweden: $7.7 billion,
* Switzerland: $6.1 billion,
* Iran: $6 billion,
* Chile: $5.5 billion,
* Denmark: $5.4 billion,
* Finland: $4.8 billion,
* Austria: $3.6 billion,
* Nigeria: $3.1 billion,
* South Africa: $2.9 billion,
* Argentina: $2.5 billion,
* Venezuela: $4.6 million,
[{2023-08-07 retrieved} World of Statistics]

* McsEngl.military-spending,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcMili-spending,

fighter of sectorGvcMili

"Percentage of people who would fight for their country:
* Pakistan → 89%,
* Vietnam → 89%,
* Bangladesh → 86%,
* Afghanistan → 76%,
* India → 75%,
* Finland → 74%,
* Turkey → 73%,
* China → 71%,
* Indonesia → 70%,
* Ukraine → 62%,
* Russia → 59%,
* Mexico → 56%,
* Sweden → 55%,
* Nigeria → 50%,
* Brazil → 48%,
* Poland → 47%,
* US → 44%,
* Argentina → 43%,
* Denmark → 37%,
* Canada → 30%,
* Australia → 29%,
* France → 29%,
* UK → 27%,
* Czechia → 23%,
* Spain → 21%,
* Italy → 20%,
* Germany → 18%,
* Netherlands → 15%,
* Japan → 11%,
** according to 2015 survey",
[{2023-08-24 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.sectorGvcMili'fighter,
* McsEngl.society'fighter,

police-forces of sectorGvcOwned

"The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.[1][2] Their lawful powers include arrest and the use of force legitimized by the state via the monopoly on violence. The term is most commonly associated with the police forces of a sovereign state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility. Police forces are often defined as being separate from the military and other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors; however, gendarmerie are military units charged with civil policing.[3] Police forces are usually public sector services, funded through taxes."

* McsEngl.oznPolice,
* McsEngl.police!⇒oznPolice,
* McsEngl.police-forces!⇒oznPolice,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned'police-forces!⇒oznPolice,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.jǐngchá-警察!=oznPolice,
* McsZhon.警察-jǐngchá!=oznPolice,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.αστυνομία!η!=oznPolice,

policeman of oznPolice


* McsEngl.hmnWorker.027-police!⇒wkrPoli,
* McsEngl.hmnWorker.police!⇒wkrPoli,
* McsEngl.oznPolice'worker!⇒wkrPoli,
* McsEngl.policeman!⇒wkrPoli,
* McsEngl.wkrPoli,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.jǐngchá-警察!=wkrPoli,
* McsZhon.警察-jǐngchá!=wkrPoli,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.αστυνομικίνα!η!=wkrPoli,
* McsElln.αστυνομικός!ο!=wkrPoli,

fire-forces of sectorGvcOwned

"A fire department (American English) or fire brigade (British English),[note 1] also known as a fire authority or fire service, is an organization that provides firefighting services. In some areas, they may also provide technical rescue, fire protection, fire investigation, and emergency medical services.
Fire departments are most commonly a public sector organization that operate within a municipality, county, state, nation, or special district. Private and specialist firefighting organizations also exist, such as those for aircraft rescue and firefighting.[1]
A fire department contains one or more fire stations within its boundaries, and may be staffed by firefighters, who may be professional, volunteers, conscripts, or on-call. Combination fire departments employ a mix of professional and volunteer firefighters.[2]"

* McsEngl.oznFireGvc,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned'fire-forces!⇒oznFire,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.πυροσβεστική-υπηρεσία!=oznFire,

health-sys of sectorGvcOwned


* McsEngl.oznHlthGvc,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned'health-sys!⇒oznHlthGvc,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δημόσιο-σύστημα-υγείας!oznHlthGvc,

education-sys of sectorGvcOwned


* McsEngl.oznEduGvc,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwned'education-sys!⇒oznEduGvc,

worker (link) of sectorGvcOwned

ogznProduction.governance-005 (link)



* McsEngl.governance-owned-ogznProduction!⇒oznGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.oznGvcOwned,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.governanceOwned!⇒oznGvcOwned,


· the NON governance-owned-sector.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.010-sectorGvcOwnedNo!⇒sectorGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.sectorGvcOwnedNo!⇒sectorGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.private-sector!⇒sectorGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.sectorGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.sectorPrivate!⇒sectorGvcOwnedNo,


· oznPrivate is an-ogznProduction OWNED by state|regional|local governance-systems.

* McsEngl.oznGovernanceOwnedNo!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.oznPrivate!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.006-private!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.private!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.private-ogznProduction!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
* McsEngl.publicNo-ogznProduction!⇒oznGvcOwnedNo,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.ιδιωτικός-τομέας!=oznGvcOwnedNo,


· incorporated-ogznProduction is an-ogznProduction if it is a-legal-entity.

* McsEngl.incorporated-economic-organization!⇒oznSfrIncorporated,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.007-incorporated!⇒oznSfrIncorporated,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.incorporated!⇒oznSfrIncorporated,
* McsEngl.oznSfrIncorporated,


· unincorporated-ogznProduction is an-ogznProduction if it is-NOT a-legal-entity.

* McsEngl.non-legal-entity--economic-organization!⇒oznSfrIncorporatedNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.008-incorporatedNo!⇒oznSfrIncorporatedNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.incorporatedNo!⇒oznSfrIncorporatedNo,
* McsEngl.oznSfrIncorporatedNo,
* McsEngl.unincorporated-economic-organization!⇒oznSfrIncorporatedNo,


· local-ogznProduction is an-ogznProduction carrying out one or more activities at ONE creation-place.
"a local unit: an enterprise or part of an enterprise (factory, warehouse, office) situated in one geographically identified place; local units are classified into sectors (by NACE) according to their main activity;"

* McsEngl.local-ogznProduction!⇒ogznPdcnLocal,
* McsEngl.local-unit!/EuNace!⇒ogznPdcnLocal,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.013-local!⇒ogznPdcnLocal,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.local!⇒ogznPdcnLocal,


· ONE creating-place, ONE production-activities.
"a Local kind-of-activity unit: a combination of the previous two: an enterprise or part of an enterprise situated in one geographically identified place which in its entirety can be classified within one activity sector (by NACE);"

* McsEngl.local-kind-of-activity-unit!/EuNace,
* McsEngl.ogznPdcnLocal.activityOne,


· one creating-place, many production-activities.

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnLocal.activityMany,


· localNo-ogznProduction is an-ogznProduction carrying out one or more activities at MORE THAN ONE creation-place.

* McsEngl.localNo-ogznProduction!⇒ogznPdcnLocalNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.014-localNo!⇒ogznPdcnLocalNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.localNo!⇒ogznPdcnLocalNo,


· MANY creating-place, ONE production-activities.

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnLocalNo.activityOne,


· MANY creating-places, MANY production-activities.

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnLocalNo.activityMany,


· with one production-activities.

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnMonoact,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.015-activityOne!⇒ogznPdcnMonoact,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.activityOne!⇒ogznPdcnMonoact,


· with many production-activities.

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnPolyact,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.016-activityMany!⇒ogznPdcnPolyact,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.activityMany!⇒ogznPdcnPolyact,


"A subsidiary company is a company that belongs to another company, which is called the parent company or holding company. The parent company holds a controlling interest in the subsidiary company, meaning it owns or controls more than half of its shares. In the case where a subsidiary company is fully owned by another company, the subsidiary company is called a wholly-owned company. Companies buy or establish a subsidiary company to acquire specific synergies or assets, secure tax benefits, and limit losses. Shareholder approval is not required."
[{2023-12-06 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznPdcnPart,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.017-part!⇒ogznPdcnPart,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.part!⇒ogznPdcnPart,
* McsEngl.subsidiary-company!⇒ogznPdcnPart,



* McsEngl.ogznPdcnPart.activityOne,


"The kind-of-activity unit (KAU) is a part of an enterprise. The KAU groups together all the offices, production facilities etc. of an enterprise, which contribute to the performance of a specific economic activity defined at class level (four digits) of the European classification of economic activities (NACE Rev. 2.) For example, a kind-of-activity unit might be the combination of all parts of a metal producing enterprise that produce copper (class 24.44 in NACE Rev. 2); within the same enterprise there might be another KAU consisting of those parts that produce aluminium (class 24.42 in NACE Rev. 2). In order to statistically subdivide enterprises into KAUs the enterprise's information system must be capable of indicating or calculating for each KAU at least the value of production, intermediate consumption, manpower costs, the operating surplus, employment and gross fixed capital formation.
The purpose of the KAU is to improve the homogeneity of statistical surveys by economic activity. In the above example, without the use of KAUs, it would be necessary to classify the enterprise either as a copper manufacturer or as an aluminium manufacturer. In such a way rather diverse enterprises might be considered to engage in the same economic activity which would make statistical results less clear and comparable.
The local part of a kind of activity units is called local kind-of-activity unit (LKAU), the term establishment is common as well, e.g. in SNA or ISIC."

* McsEngl.KAU'(kind-of-activity-unit)!/EuNace,
* McsEngl.kind-of-activity-unit!/EuNace,
* McsEngl.ogznPdcnPart.activityMany,


"An enterprise is an organisational unit producing goods or services which has a certain degree of autonomy in decision-making. An enterprise can carry out more than one economic activity and it can be situated at more than one location. An enterprise may consist out of one or more legal units.
Legal units include legal persons whose existence is recognized by law independently of the individuals or institutions which may own them or are members of them, such as general partnerships, private limited partnerships, limited liability companies, incorporated companies etc. Legal units as well include natural persons who are engaged in an economic activity in their own right, such as the owner and operator of a shop or a garage, a lawyer or a self-employed handicrafts-man.
Most enterprises consist out of one legal unit. According to Eurostat estimations only a very small share of enterprises comprise more than one legal unit. However, in terms of employment or value added these enterprises cover a huge part of the economy. Many of the big companies quoted at the stock exchange are on top of a chain of control of a big number of legal units.
A legal unit may own a second legal unit and this second legal unit may carry out activities solely for this first legal unit. E.g. legal unit A, a limited liability, produces particular goods and legal unit B, a limited liability as well, solely sells these goods. Both units have the same management. In this case they are seen as one single enterprise. Another example may be that legal unit C employs the staff and legal unit D owns the means of production like machines and buildings. A third legal unit E may own and manage these two legal units. Only the units C, D and E together can produce something and hence are to be counted as one enterprise.
Reasons for splitting the organisational unit enterprise into more than one legal unit can be manifold: avoiding taxes or liabilities, different salaries according to the collective wage agreement or avoiding the publication of annual reports are among them. For example, an enterprise with a certain activity might be able to save expenses, if the wages in the collective wage agreement of this activity are higher than e.g. in logistics. In that case it could make sense to single out the transport capacities of this enterprise into a special limited liability. While in the practical organisation of the enterprise nothing has changed, it now legally consists out of two legal units.
In parallel globalisation has contributed further to more complex structures of enterprises. Being active on a market in a country very often requires an enterprise to have a legal unit in that country. The legal units of such an enterprise may be centrally managed from one country, the book-keeping may be carried out centrally from another country, R&D may be done in a country with high wages, parts of the production in countries with low wages. European business statistics serves European and national purposes, data collection in the European Statistical System is organised nationally. In this set-up only the national parts of a multi-national enterprise are registered in statistics and their European parts have to be aggregated to obtain European aggregates. Multi-national enterprises are often very big enterprises with a huge impact on statistics in terms of employment and value added . Thus, a good quality of multi-national enterprise data is crucial for a good quality of European business statistics and necessitates a stepping-up of the collaboration among the European Statistical System. This collaboration is organised in the form of European profiling, a process to delineate complex and large enterprises."

* McsEngl.enterprise!/EuNace!⇒ogznPdcnPartNo,
* McsEngl.ogznPdcnPartNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.018-partNo!⇒ogznPdcnPartNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.partNo!⇒ogznPdcnPartNo,

ogznProduction.service-024 (link)


· serviceNo-provider is an-ogznProduction with output a-serviceNo.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.025-serviceNo,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.serviceNo,

"Trust: A legal entity created to manage assets on behalf of beneficiaries. This can be a useful tool in preserving and managing commons outside the realm of government."

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.001-trust!⇒oznTrust,
* McsEngl.oznTrust,

"A trust is a three-party fiduciary relationship in which the first party, the trustor or settlor, transfers ("settles") a property (often but not necessarily a sum of money) upon the second party (the trustee) for the benefit of the third party, the beneficiary.[1]
A testamentary trust is created by a will and arises after the death of the settlor. An inter vivos trust is created during the settlor's lifetime by a trust instrument. A trust may be revocable or irrevocable; in the United States, a trust is presumed to be irrevocable unless the instrument or will creating it states it is revocable, except in California, Oklahoma and Texas, in which trusts are presumed to be revocable until the instrument or will creating them states they are irrevocable. An irrevocable trust can be "broken" (revoked) only by a judicial proceeding.
The trustee is the legal owner of the property in trust, as fiduciary for the beneficiary or beneficiaries who is/are the equitable owner(s) of the trust property. Trustees thus have a fiduciary duty to manage the trust to the benefit of the equitable owners. They must provide a regular accounting of trust income and expenditures. Trustees may be compensated and be reimbursed their expenses. A court of competent jurisdiction can remove a trustee who breaches his/her fiduciary duty. Some breaches of fiduciary duty can be charged and tried as criminal offences in a court of law.
A trustee can be a natural person, a business entity or a public body. A trust in the United States may be subject to federal and state taxation.
A trust is created by a settlor, who transfers title to some or all of his or her property to a trustee, who then holds title to that property in trust for the benefit of the beneficiaries.[2] The trust is governed by the terms under which it was created. In most jurisdictions, this requires a contractual trust agreement or deed. It is possible for a single individual to assume the role of more than one of these parties, and for multiple individuals to share a single role.[citation needed] For example, in a living trust it is common for the grantor to be both a trustee and a lifetime beneficiary while naming other contingent beneficiaries.[citation needed]
Trusts have existed since Roman times and have become one of the most important innovations in property law.[3] Trust law has evolved through court rulings differently in different states, so statements in this article are generalizations; understanding the jurisdiction-specific case law involved is tricky. Some U.S. states are adapting the Uniform Trust Code to codify and harmonize their trust laws, but state-specific variations still remain.
An owner placing property into trust turns over part of his or her bundle of rights to the trustee, separating the property's legal ownership and control from its equitable ownership and benefits. This may be done for tax reasons or to control the property and its benefits if the settlor is absent, incapacitated, or deceased. Testamentary trusts may be created in wills, defining how money and property will be handled for children or other beneficiaries.
While the trustee is given legal title to the trust property, in accepting title the trustee owes a number of fiduciary duties to the beneficiaries. The primary duties owed include the duty of loyalty, the duty of prudence, and the duty of impartiality.[4] Trustees may be held to a very high standard of care in their dealings in order to enforce their behavior. To ensure beneficiaries receive their due, trustees are subject to a number of ancillary duties in support of the primary duties, including duties of openness and transparency, and duties of recordkeeping, accounting, and disclosure. In addition, a trustee has a duty to know, understand, and abide by the terms of the trust and relevant law. The trustee may be compensated and have expenses reimbursed, but otherwise must turn over all profits from the trust properties.
There are strong restrictions regarding a trustee with a conflict of interest. Courts can reverse a trustee's actions, order profits returned, and impose other sanctions if they find a trustee has failed in any of its duties. Such a failure is termed a breach of trust and can leave a neglectful or dishonest trustee with severe liabilities for its failures. It is highly advisable for both settlors and trustees to seek qualified legal counsel prior to entering into a trust agreement."

01_trustor of oznTrust

"In law a settlor is a person who settles property on trust law for the benefit of beneficiaries. In some legal systems, a settlor is also referred to as a trustor, or occasionally, a grantor or donor.[a] Where the trust is a testamentary trust, the settlor is usually referred to as the testator. The settlor may also be the trustee of the trust (where he declares that he holds his own property on trusts) or a third party may be the trustee (where he transfers the property to the trustee on trusts). In the common law of England and Wales, it has been held, controversially, that where a trustee declares an intention to transfer trust property to a trust of which he is one of several trustees, that is a valid settlement notwithstanding the property is not vested in the other trustees.[1]"
[{2020-09-06} ]

* McsEngl.oznTrust'01_trustor,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'att001-trustor,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'donor,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'grantor,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'trustor,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'settlor,

02_trustee of oznTrust

"The trustee is the legal owner of the property in trust, as fiduciary for the beneficiary or beneficiaries who is/are the equitable owner(s) of the trust property. Trustees thus have a fiduciary duty to manage the trust to the benefit of the equitable owners. They must provide a regular accounting of trust income and expenditures. Trustees may be compensated and be reimbursed their expenses. A court of competent jurisdiction can remove a trustee who breaches his/her fiduciary duty. Some breaches of fiduciary duty can be charged and tried as criminal offences in a court of law.
A trustee can be a natural person, a business entity or a public body. A trust in the United States may be subject to federal and state taxation."

* McsEngl.oznTrust'02_trustee,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'att002-trustee,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'trustee,

03_beneficiary of oznTrust

"Trust: A legal entity created to manage assets on behalf of beneficiaries."

* McsEngl.oznTrust'03_beneficiary,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'att003-beneficiary,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'beneficiary,

04_property of oznTrust

· the-satisfiers the-trustee manages.

* McsEngl.oznTrust'04_satisfier,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'asset,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'att004-satisfier,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'property,
* McsEngl.oznTrust'satisfier,

"A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise."

* McsEngl.cooperative!⇒oznCoop,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.002-coop!⇒oznCoop,
* McsEngl.oznCoop,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.συνεταιρισμός!=oznCoop,

satisfier of oznCoop

· the-satisfier the-coop manages.

* McsEngl.oznCoop'att004-satisfier,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'satisfier,

member of oznCoop


* McsEngl.oznCoop'att001-member,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'member,

cooperator of oznCoop

· the-owners of the-coop.

* McsEngl.cooperator,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'att002-cooperator,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'cooperator,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'owner,

worker of oznCoop


* McsEngl.oznCoop'att003-worker,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'worker,

stakeholder of oznCoop

· any human or ozn related to a-coop.

* McsEngl.oznCoop'att005-stakeholder,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'stakeholder,

organization of oznCoop

· any organization related to oznCoop.

* McsEngl.oznCoop'att006-organization,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'organization,

International-Cooperative-Alliance of oznCoop

"The International Cooperative Alliance unites, represents and serves cooperatives worldwide.
Founded in 1895, it is one of the oldest non-governmental organisations and one of the largest ones measured by the number of people represented: 1,2 billion cooperative members on the planet.
It is the apex body representing cooperatives, which are estimated to be around 3 million worldwide, providing a global voice and forum for knowledge, expertise and co-ordinated action for and about cooperatives. Read more about our mission here
The International Cooperative Alliance works with global and regional governments and organisations to create the legislative environments that allow cooperatives to form and grow."

* McsEngl.ICA-International-Cooperative-Alliance,
* McsEngl.International-Cooperative-Alliance,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'International-Cooperative-Alliance,

governance-sys of oznCoop


* McsEngl.oznCoop'att007-governance-sys,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'governance-sys,

statement-on-cooperative-identity of oznCoop

"In 1995, the ICA adopted the revised Statement on the Cooperative Identity which contains the definition of a cooperative, the values of cooperatives, and the seven cooperative principles as described below."

* McsEngl.oznCoop'statement-on-cooperative-identity,
* McsEngl.statement-on-cooperative-identity,

coop-definition of statement-on-cooperative-identity

A cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise.

values of statement-on-cooperative-identity

Cooperatives are based on the values of self-help, self-responsibility, democracy, equality, equity, and solidarity.
In the tradition of their founders, cooperative members believe in the ethical values of honesty, openness, social responsibility and caring for others.

principles of statement-on-cooperative-identity

The cooperative principles are guidelines by which cooperatives put their values into practice.
1. Voluntary and Open Membership
Cooperatives are voluntary organisations, open to all persons able to use their services and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership, without gender, social, racial, political or religious discrimination.

2. Democratic Member Control
Cooperatives are democratic organisations controlled by their members, who actively participate in setting their policies and making decisions. Men and women serving as elected representatives are accountable to the membership. In primary cooperatives members have equal voting rights (one member, one vote) and cooperatives at other levels are also organised in a democratic manner.

3. Member Economic Participation
Members contribute equitably to, and democratically control, the capital of their cooperative. At least part of that capital is usually the common property of the cooperative. Members usually receive limited compensation, if any, on capital subscribed as a condition of membership. Members allocate surpluses for any or all of the following purposes: developing their cooperative, possibly by setting up reserves, part of which at least would be indivisible; benefiting members in proportion to their transactions with the cooperative; and supporting other activities approved by the membership.

4. Autonomy and Independence
Cooperatives are autonomous, self-help organisations controlled by their members. If they enter into agreements with other organisations, including governments, or raise capital from external sources, they do so on terms that ensure democratic control by their members and maintain their cooperative autonomy.

5. Education, Training, and Information
Cooperatives provide education and training for their members, elected representatives, managers, and employees so they can contribute effectively to the development of their co-operatives. They inform the general public - particularly young people and opinion leaders - about the nature and benefits of co-operation.

6. Cooperation among Cooperatives
Cooperatives serve their members most effectively and strengthen the cooperative movement by working together through local, national, regional and international structures.

7. Concern for Community
Cooperatives work for the sustainable development of their communities through policies approved by their members.

info-resource of oznCoop


* McsEngl.oznCoop'Infrsc,

DOING of oznCoop


* McsEngl.oznCoop'doing,

evoluting of oznCoop

* McsEngl.evoluting-of-oznCoop,
* McsEngl.oznCoop'evoluting,

* McsEngl.{1895}-International-Cooperative-Alliance-creation,
"The International Cooperative Alliance was founded in London, England on 19 August 1895 during the 1st Cooperative Congress. In attendance were delegates from cooperatives from Argentina, Australia, Belgium, England, Denmark, France, Germany, Holland, India, Italy, Switzerland, Serbia, and the USA.
Representatives established the International Cooperative Alliance's aims to provide information, define and defend the Cooperative Principles and develop international trade. It was one of the only international organisations to survive both World War I and World War II.
Overcoming all the political differences between its members was difficult, but the ICA survived by staying committed to peace, democracy, and by remaining politically neutral."


"Housing coops come in many forms. Some coops are townhouses and small buildings with just a handful of units. Others are large apartment-style buildings with hundreds of units. Coops are different from private rental housing because the residents decide how the coop is operated. Every member gets a vote in approving annual budgets, electing directors and setting policies on the coop’s overall direction."

* McsEngl.housing-cooperative!⇒oznCoopHouse,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.001-house!⇒oznCoopHouse,
* McsEngl.oznCoopHouse,

"consumer (user), producer (provider) and multistakeholders health co‐operatives which seek to provide high‐quality, cost‐effective community health care based on freedom of choice, integration of services, and ethical working conditions."

* McsEngl.oznCoop.002-helth!⇒oznCoopHelth,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.helth!⇒oznCoopHelth,
* McsEngl.oznCoopHelth,



* McsEngl.oznCoop.003-retail!⇒oznCoopRetail,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.retail!⇒oznCoopRetail,
* McsEngl.oznCoopRetail,



* McsEngl.oznCoop.004-agricultural!⇒oznCoopAgricultural,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.agricultural!⇒oznCoopAgricultural,
* McsEngl.oznCoopAgricultural,



* McsEngl.oznCoop.005-fisheries!⇒oznCoopFisheries,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.fisheries!⇒oznCoopFisheries,
* McsEngl.oznCoopFisheries,



* McsEngl.oznCoop.006-banking!⇒oznCoopBanking,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.banking!⇒oznCoopBanking,
* McsEngl.oznCoopBanking,


* McsEngl.oznCoop.007-insurance!⇒oznCoopInsurance,
* McsEngl.oznCoopInsurance,


"A worker cooperative is a cooperative that is owned and self-managed by its workers. This control may mean a firm where every worker-owner participates in decision-making in a democratic fashion, or it may refer to one in which management is elected by every worker-owner who each have one vote."

* McsEngl.oznCoop.008-worker!⇒oznCoopWorker,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.worker!⇒oznCoopWorker,
* McsEngl.oznCoopWorker,
* McsEngl.worker-cooperative!⇒oznCoopWorker,

info-resource of oznCoopWorker

* WORLD DECLARATION ON WORKER COOPERATIVES, Approved by the ICA General Assembly in Cartagena, Colombia, on 23 September 2005:,

* McsEngl.oznCoopWorker,



* McsEngl.oznCoop.009-customer!⇒oznCoopCustomer,
* McsEngl.oznCoop.customer!⇒oznCoopCustomer,
* McsEngl.oznCoopCustomer,

ogznProduction.techInfo-003 (link)

· social-production-organization is oznGvcNo that solves social-problems.
· an-oznGvc by definition solves social-problems.
· no transparency, no social-company.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.011-social!⇒oznSocial,
* McsEngl.oznSocial,

info-resource of oznSocial


* McsEngl.oznSocial'Infrsc,


· plant and animal production ogznProduction.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.012-aggricultural!⇒oznAgro,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.aggricultural!⇒oznAgro,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.αγροτικός-οργανισμός!=oznAgro,

info-resource of oznAgro


* McsEngl.oznAgro'Infrsc,


* animal-oznAgro,
* plant-oznAgro,
* digital-oznAgro,

* McsEngl.oznAgro.specific,


* McsEngl.ogznPdcnNew,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.021-new!⇒ogznPdcnNew,


* McsEngl.oznEdu,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.022-education!⇒oznEdu,

satisfierEdu of oznEdu


* McsEngl.oznEdu'satisfierEdu!⇒sfrEdu,
* McsEngl.sfrEdu,

public-spending of oznEdu


* McsEngl.oznEdu'public-spending,
* McsEngl.public-spending-on-education,

student of oznEdu

=== xuéshēng-学生!=student:
· stxZhon: 他们都是学生。 :: Tāmen dōu shì xuésheng. != They are all students.

* McsEngl.oznEdu'student,
* McsEngl.student,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.xuéshēng-学生!=student,
* McsZhon.学生-xuéshēng!=student,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.μαθητής!ο!=student,
* McsElln.μαθήτρια!η!=student,

"International students studying in the US 🇺🇲, 2022:
* 🇨🇳 China → 290,086
* 🇮🇳 India → 199,182
* 🇰🇷 South Korea → 40,755
* 🇨🇦 Canada → 27,013
* 🇻🇳 Vietnam → 20,713
* 🇹🇼 Taiwan → 20,487
* 🇸🇦 Saudi Arabia → 18,206
* 🇧🇷 Brazil → 14,897
* 🇲🇽 Mexico → 14,500
* 🇳🇬 Nigeria → 14,438
* 🇯🇵 Japan → 13,449
* 🇳🇵 Nepal → 11,799
* 🇧🇩 Bangladesh → 10,597
* 🇬🇧 United Kingdom → 10,292
* 🇮🇷 Iran → 9,295
* 🇵🇰 Pakistan → 8,772
* 🇩🇪 Germany → 8,550
* 🇹🇷 Turkey → 8,467
* 🇪🇸 Spain → 8,165
* 🇨🇴 Colombia → 8,077
* 🇮🇩 Indonesia → 8,003
* 🇫🇷 France → 7,751
* 🇰🇼 Kuwait → 5,923
* 🇭🇰 Hong Kong → 5,848
* 🇮🇹 Italy → 5,695
* 🇻🇪 Venezuela → 5,317
* 🇹🇭 Thailand → 5,007
* 🇲🇾 Malaysia → 4,933
* 🇬🇭 Ghana → 4,916
* 🇷🇺 Russia → 4,802"
[{2023-09-02 retrieved}]


teacher of oznEdu

=== jiàoshòu-教授!=wkrTeacher:
· stxZhon: 中午我要见教授。 :: Zhōngwǔ wǒ yào jiàn jiàoshòu. != At noon, I will see my professor.
· "教师" is a general term for educators, "老师" is an informal and respectful term for teachers, and "教授" is a term reserved for university or college professors.

* McsEngl.oznEdu'teacher!⇒wkrTeacher,
* McsEngl.teacher!⇒wkrTeacher,
* McsEngl.wkrTeacher,
* McsEngl.worker.teacher!⇒wkrTeacher,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.jiàoshī-教师!=wkrTeacher,
* McsZhon.教师-jiàoshī!=wkrTeacher,
* McsZhon.jiàoshòu-教授!=wkrTeacher,
* McsZhon.教授-jiàoshòu!=wkrTeacher,
* McsZhon.lǎoshī-老师!=wkrTeacher,
* McsZhon.老师-lǎoshī!=wkrTeacher,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δάσκαλος!ο!=wkrTeacher,
* McsElln.δασκάλα!η!=wkrTeacher,

compensation of wkrTeacher

· Teachers' salaries:
* Luxembourg: $104,845,
* Germany: $85,048,
* Netherlands: $70,899,
* Canada: $70,331,
* Australia: $68,607,
* USA: $63,531,
* Ireland: $62,336,
* Denmark: $62,300,
* South Korea: $60,184,
* Austria: $57,637,
* New Zealand: $52,698,
* Norway: $50,677,
* Spain: $50,547,
* Japan: $49,355,
* Sweden: $49,231,
* Slovenia: $48,203,
* Finland: $45,771,
* Iceland: $45,371,
* Portugal: $44,412,
* Colombia: $43,073,
* France: $40,042,
* Italy: $39,562,
* Lithuania: $35,391,
* Mexico: $34,704,
* Turkey: $34,255,
* Israel: $33,671,
* Poland: $32,039,
* Czechia: $28,453,
* Greece: $27,026,
* Hungary: $20,634,
* Slovakia: $19,328,
* Russia: $10,433,
* India: $8,828,
* Indonesia: $7,504,
* Pakistan: $2,603,
[{2023-07-21 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.wkrTeacher'compensation,


* researching,
* teaching,

* McsEngl.oznEdu.specific,


">education system:
An education system is the network of institutions and organizations that provide formal education to a population. It encompasses all levels of education, from early childhood education to higher education. The purpose of an education system is to provide individuals with the knowledge, skills, and values they need to become productive members of society.

**Structure of an education system**
The structure of an education system varies from country to country, but there are some common elements. Most education systems are divided into three levels:
* **Early childhood education (ECE)**: ECE is for children from birth to age five. It is designed to help children develop their social, emotional, and cognitive skills.
* **Primary education:** Primary education is for children from age five to age eleven. It is designed to teach children the basic skills they need to succeed in life, such as reading, writing, and arithmetic.
* **Secondary education:** Secondary education is for children from age eleven to age eighteen. It is designed to provide students with a more specialized education that prepares them for college or the workforce.

**Types of education systems**
There are two main types of education systems:
* **Public education systems:** Public education systems are funded by the government and are open to all students.
* **Private education systems:** Private education systems are not funded by the government and are typically selective in their admissions.

**Challenges facing education systems**
Education systems around the world face a number of challenges, including:
* **Providing access to quality education for all students:** There are still many children around the world who do not have access to quality education. This is often due to factors such as poverty, conflict, and discrimination.
* **Ensuring that education is relevant to the needs of the workforce:** The workforce is constantly changing, and education systems need to adapt to meet the needs of employers.
* **Addressing the achievement gap:** There is a significant achievement gap between students from different socioeconomic backgrounds. This gap is often due to factors such as access to resources and early childhood education.

**Future of education**
The future of education is likely to be shaped by a number of trends, including:
* **The rise of technology:** Technology is playing an increasingly important role in education. This is leading to the development of new teaching methods and learning tools.
* **The globalization of education:** Education is becoming increasingly globalized, with students from all over the world studying together. This is creating new opportunities for collaboration and exchange.
* **The increasing focus on lifelong learning:** Education is no longer confined to the classroom. People are increasingly learning throughout their lives, from formal courses to informal learning opportunities.

The education system plays a vital role in preparing individuals for the challenges and opportunities of the future. By addressing the challenges and adapting to new trends, education systems can ensure that all students have the opportunity to succeed."
[{2023-11-24 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.sectorPdnEdu!=education-sector,
* McsEngl.society'education-system!⇒sectorPdnEdu,
* McsEngl.oznEdu.aggregate!⇒sectorPdnEdu,


(n) school (an educational institution) "the school was founded in 1900" [WordNet]

=== xuéxiào-学校!=oznSchool:
· stxZhon: 这个 学校 很小。 :: _stxSbj:[Zhège xuéxiào] _stxSbjc:[hěn xiǎo]。 != [this school] [small].
· stxZhon: 我 早早地 去 学校 了。 :: _stxSbj:[Wǒ] _stxTime:[zǎozǎo (de)] _stxVrb:{qù} _stxObj:[xuéxiào] (le). != I went to school early.

* McsEngl.oznEdu.teaching!⇒oznSchool,
* McsEngl.oznSchool,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.xuéxiào-学校!=oznSchool,
* McsZhon.学校-xuéxiào!=oznSchool,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.σχολείο!το!=oznSchool,



* McsEngl.oznEdu.primary,
* McsEngl.primary-education,



* McsEngl.oznEdu.secondary,
* McsEngl.secondary-education,


"Tertiary education, also known as post-secondary education, is the educational level following the completion of secondary education. It encompasses a wide range of institutions and programs, including universities, colleges, technical training institutes, and vocational schools.
Tertiary education can be academic or vocational in nature. Academic programs typically lead to an undergraduate or graduate degree, while vocational programs prepare students for specific jobs or trades. Tertiary education can be full-time, part-time, or online.
There are many benefits to pursuing tertiary education. Graduates of tertiary education have higher earnings, lower unemployment rates, and better health outcomes than those without a college degree. Tertiary education also helps people develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving skills, and communication skills. These skills are essential for success in the workplace and in life.
Here are some of the benefits of tertiary education:
* Higher earning potential: Graduates of tertiary education typically earn more than those without a college degree.
* Lower unemployment rates: Graduates of tertiary education have lower unemployment rates than those without a college degree.
* Better health outcomes: Graduates of tertiary education are more likely to have health insurance and to be in good health than those without a college degree.
* Improved job satisfaction: Graduates of tertiary education are more likely to be satisfied with their jobs than those without a college degree.
* Increased civic engagement: Graduates of tertiary education are more likely to vote and volunteer than those without a college degree.
Tertiary education is also important for economic growth and development. Countries with a high-skilled workforce are more competitive in the global economy.
If you are considering pursuing tertiary education, there are many factors to consider, such as your interests, your career goals, and your financial situation. There are many different types of tertiary institutions and programs available, so it is important to do your research and find the right one for you."
[{2023-10-01 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.oznEdu.tertiary,
* McsEngl.oznEduTertiary,
* McsEngl.tertiary-education,

student of oznEduTertiary

"Most educated countries:
* South Korea 🇰🇷: 69%
* Canada 🇨🇦: 67%
* Japan 🇯🇵: 65%
* Ireland 🇮🇪: 63%
* Russia 🇷🇺: 62%
* Luxembourg 🇱🇺: 60%
* Lithuania 🇱🇹: 58%
* UK 🇬🇧: 57%
* Netherlands 🇳🇱: 56%
* Norway 🇳🇴: 56%
* Australia 🇦🇺: 56%
* Sweden 🇸🇪: 52%
* Belgium 🇧🇪: 51%
* Switzerland 🇨🇭: 51%
* United States 🇺🇸: 51%
* Spain 🇪🇸: 50%
* France 🇫🇷: 50%
* Denmark 🇩🇰: 49%
* Slovenia 🇸🇮: 47%
* Israel 🇮🇱: 46%
* Latvia 🇱🇻: 45%
* Greece 🇬🇷: 45%
* Portugal 🇵🇹: 44%
* New Zealand 🇳🇿: 44%
* Estonia 🇪🇪: 44%
* Austria 🇦🇹: 43%
* Turkey 🇹🇷: 41%
* Iceland 🇮🇸: 41%
* Finland 🇫🇮: 40%
* Poland 🇵🇱: 40%
* Chile 🇨🇱: 40%
* Slovakia 🇸🇰: 39%
* Germany 🇩🇪: 37%
* Czechia 🇨🇿: 34%
* Colombia 🇨🇴: 34%
* Hungary 🇭🇺: 32%
* Costa Rica 🇨🇷: 31%
* Italy 🇮🇹: 29%
* Mexico 🇲🇽: 27%
* China 🇨🇳: 27%
* Saudi Arabia 🇸🇦: 26%
* Brazil 🇧🇷: 23%
* India 🇮🇳: 20%
* Argentina 🇦🇷: 19%
* Indonesia 🇮🇩: 18%
* South Africa 🇿🇦: 13%
% of 25- to 34-year-olds having completed tertiary education"
[{2023-10-01 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.oznEduTertiary'student,
* McsEngl.student.oznEduTertiary,

"(n) university (establishment where a seat of higher learning is housed, including administrative and living quarters as well as facilities for research and teaching)
(n) university (a large and diverse institution of higher learning created to educate for life and for a profession and to grant degrees)"
[{2023-09-21 retrieved}]

====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.dàxué-大學!=university,
* McsZhon.大學-dàxué!=university,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.πανεπιστήμιο!το!=university,

evaluation of university

"Academic ranking of World universities:
* 1. 🇺🇸 Harvard
* 2. 🇺🇸 Stanford
* 3. 🇺🇸 MIT
* 4. 🇬🇧 Cambridge
* 5. 🇺🇸 Berkeley
* 6. 🇺🇸 Princeton
* 7. 🇬🇧 Oxford
* 8. 🇺🇸 Columbia
* 9. 🇺🇸 California Institute of Technology
* 10. 🇺🇸 University of Chicago
* 11. 🇺🇸 Yale
* 12. 🇺🇸 Cornell
* 15. 🇫🇷 Paris-Saclay
* 16. 🇺🇸 Johns Hopkins
* 20. 🇨🇭 ETH Zurich
* 22. 🇨🇳 Tsinghua
* 24. 🇨🇦 University of Toronto
* 27. 🇯🇵 University if Tokyo
* 32. 🇩🇰 University of Copenhagen
* 35. 🇦🇺 University of Melbourne
* 37. 🇸🇪 Karolinska
* 46. 🇫🇷 Sorbonne
* 52. 🇳🇱 Utrecht
* 55. 🇩🇪 Heidelberg
* 73. 🇳🇴 University of Oslo
* 84. 🇧🇪 Ghent
* 94. 🇰🇷 Seoul National University
* 109. 🇸🇦 King Saud
* 112. 🇷🇺 Moscow State University
* 119. 🇮🇹 Sapienza University
* 147. 🇦🇹 University of Vienna
* 150. 🇨🇳 Xi’an Jiaotong
* 323. 🇮🇳 Indian Institute of Science
* 401. 🇺🇸 Albert Einstein College
* 498. 🇨🇦 York University"
[{2023-09-21 retrieved}]



· any ogznProduction involved in military.

* McsEngl.military-ogznProduction!⇒oznMili,
* McsEngl.oznMili,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.027-military!⇒oznMili,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.military!⇒oznMili,



* McsEngl.defence-industry!⇒sectorPdnMili,
* McsEngl.military-industry!⇒sectorPdnMili,
* McsEngl.military-sector!⇒sectorPdnMili,
* McsEngl.sectorPdnMili,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.αμυντική-βιομηχανία!⇒sectorPdnMili,
* McsElln.στρατιωτική-βιομηχανία!⇒sectorPdnMili,

oznMili.aggregate.governance (link)


· "A startup or start-up is a company or project undertaken by an entrepreneur to seek, develop, and validate a scalable business model.[1][2] While entrepreneurship includes all new businesses, including self-employment and businesses that do not intend to go public, startups are new businesses that intend to grow large beyond the solo founder.[3] At the beginning, startups face high uncertainty[4] and have high rates of failure, but a minority of them do go on to be successful and influential.[5]"
[{2023-07-21 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.031-startup!⇒oznStartup,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.startup!⇒oznStartup,
* McsEngl.oznStartup,
* McsEngl.startup!⇒oznStartup,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.νεοφυής-εταιρία!=oznStartup,


· "In business, a unicorn is a privately held startup company valued at over US$1 billion.[1]: 1270 [2] The term was first published in 2013, coined by venture capitalist Aileen Lee, choosing the mythical animal to represent the statistical rarity of such successful ventures.[3][4][5][6]
CB Insights identified 1,170 unicorns worldwide as of June 2022.[7] Unicorns with over $10 billion in valuation have been designated as "decacorn" companies.[8] For private companies valued over $100 billion, the terms "centicorn" and "hectocorn" have been used.[9]"
[{2023-07-21 retrieved}]

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.032-unicorn!=oznUnicorn,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.unicorn!=oznUnicorn,
* McsEngl.oznStartup.unicorn!=oznUnicorn,
* McsEngl.oznUnicorn,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.εταιρία-μονόκερος!η!=oznUnicorn,


· "(n) museum (a depository for collecting and displaying objects having scientific or historical or artistic value)"
[{2023-07-17 retrieved}]

=== bówùguǎn-博物馆!=oznMuseum:
· stxZhon: 我 参观 了 博物馆。 :: _stxSbj:[Wǒ] _stxVrb:{cānguān le} _stxObj:[bówùguǎn]。 != [I] {visited} [museum].

* McsEngl.oznMuseum,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.030-museum!⇒oznMuseum,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.bówùguǎn-博物馆!=oznMuseum,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.μουσείο!το!=oznMuseum,

· "(n) shop, store (a mercantile establishment for the retail sale of goods or services) "he bought it at a shop on Cape Cod""
[{2023-06-23 retrieved}]

=== jiā-shāngdiàn-家商店:
· stxZhon: 这家商店服务很好。 :: _stxSbj:[Zhè jiā shāngdiàn fúwù] _stxSbjc:[hěn hǎo]. != This store's service is very good.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.029-shop,
* McsEngl.oznShop,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.jiā-shāngdiàn-家商店!=oznShop,
* McsZhon.家商店-jiā-shāngdiàn!=oznShop,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.κατάστημα!το!=oznShop,

=== shāngchǎng-商场!=oznShopping_mall:
· stxZhon: 我周末去商场买东西。 :: Wǒ zhōumò qù shāngchǎng mǎi dōngxi. != On the weekend I go to the shopping mall to buy things.

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.033-shopping-mall,
* McsEngl.oznShopping_mall,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.shāngchǎng-商场!=oznShopping_mall,
* McsZhon.商场-shāngchǎng!=oznShopping_mall,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.εμπορικό-κέντρο!το!=oznShopping_mall,


· "(n) supermarket (a large self-service grocery store selling groceries and dairy products and household goods)"
[{2023-06-17 retrieved}]

=== chāoshì-超市:
· stxZhon: 你家 离 超市 远 吗? _stxSbj:[Nǐ jiā lí chāoshì] _stxSbjc:[yuǎn] {ma}? != Is your house far away from the supermarket?

* McsEngl.ogznProduction.028-supermarket,
* McsEngl.ogznProduction.supermarket,
* McsEngl.supermarket,
====== langoChinese:
* McsZhon.chāoshì-超市!=supermarket,
* McsZhon.超市-chāoshì!=supermarket,


this webpage was-visited times since {2020-07-31}

page-wholepath: / worldviewSngo / dirStn / ogznProduction

· this page uses 'locator-names', names that when you find them, you find the-LOCATION of the-concept they denote.
· clicking on the-green-BAR of a-page you have access to the-global--locator-names of my-site.
· use the-prefix 'ogznProduction' for sensorial-concepts related to current concept 'organization.economic'.
· TYPE CTRL+F "McsLag4.words-of-concept's-name", to go to the-LOCATION of the-concept.
· a-preview of the-description of a-global-name makes reading fast.

• author: Kaseluris.Nikos.1959
• email:
• edit on github:,
• comments on Disqus,
• twitter: @synagonism,

• version.last.dynamic: McsStn000015.last.html,
• version.1-0-0.2021-04-12: (0-38) ../../dirMiwMcs/dirStn/filMcsOznPdn.1-0-0.2021-04-12.html,
• filMcsOznPdn.0-1-0.2020-07-31.last.html: draft creation,

support (link)