human-law
senso-concept-Mcs

McsHitp-creation:: {2020-07-06}

overview of law

description::
· law is information on governing a-socialitation.

name::
* McsEngl.McsStnlaw000002.last.html//dirStnlaw//dirMcs!⇒law,
* McsEngl.dirMcs/dirStnlaw/McsStnlaw000002.last.html!⇒law,
* McsEngl.LAW,
* McsEngl.gvcSoc'law!⇒law,
* McsEngl.human-law!⇒law,
* McsEngl.law,
* McsEngl.law'(McsStnlaw000002)!⇒law,
* McsEngl.law'(socialitation'law)!⇒law,
* McsEngl.lawHmn!⇒law,
* McsEngl.society'att016-law!⇒law,
* McsEngl.society'law!⇒law,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δίκαιο!=law,

descriptionLong::
"Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct,[2] although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate.[3][4][5] It has been variously described as a science[6][7] and the art of justice.[8][9][10] State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people."
[{2020-07-06} https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law]

01_subject of law

description::
· the-referent of law.

name::
* McsEngl.law'01_subject,
* McsEngl.law'att001-subject,
* McsEngl.law'subject,

02_jurisdiction of law

description::
· the-place, the-organization, any entity to which a-law is-addressed.
===
"A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts which are different to neighbouring areas. Unitary states usually form single jurisdictions, whilst each state in a federal state forms a separate jurisdiction. However sometimes certain laws in a federal state are uniform across the constituent states and enforced by a set of federal courts; with a result that the federal state forms a single jurisdiction for that purpose.
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurisdiction_(area)]"

name::
* McsEngl.law'02_jurisdiction,
* McsEngl.law'att005-jurisdiction,
* McsEngl.law'addressee,
* McsEngl.law'application,
* McsEngl.law'jurisdiction,

03_implementation of law

description::
· put the-law into effect|use.

name::
* McsEngl.law'03_implementation,
* McsEngl.law'att010-implementation,
* McsEngl.law'implementation,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.εκτέλεση-δικαίου!law'implementation,
* McsElln.εφαρμογή-δικαίου!law'implementation,

evaluation of law'implementation

description::
·

name::
* McsEngl.law'implementation'evaluation,

04_time-of-validation of law

description::
· time-interval on which the-law is valid.

name::
* McsEngl.law'04_time-of-validation,
* McsEngl.law'att009-time-of-validation,
* McsEngl.law'time-of-validation,

start-time-of-validation of law

description::
·

name::
* McsEngl.law'time-of-entry-into-force,

end-time-of-validation of law

description::
·

name::
* McsEngl.law'time-of-expiration,

legality-of-entity of law

description::
"the quality or state of being in accordance with the law."
[{2021-07-25 retrieved} Google dict]
===
"Slavery was legal
Colonialism was legal
Jim crow was legal
Apartheid was legal
"Legality" Is a matter of power, not justice.
[{2021-07-25 retrieved} https://twitter.com/fredy_kat/status/1418870015416221698]

name::
* McsEngl.law'att012-legality-of-entity,
* McsEngl.law'legality-of-entity,
* McsEngl.legality-of-entity,

organization of law

description::
· any organization related to law.

name::
* McsEngl.law'att006-organization!⇒oznLaw,
* McsEngl.law'organization!⇒oznLaw,
* McsEngl.oznLaw,

worker of law

description::
·

name::
* McsEngl.law'att007-worker!⇒wkrLaw,
* McsEngl.law'worker!⇒wkrLaw,
* McsEngl.worker.law!⇒wkrLaw,
* McsEngl.wkrLaw,

info-resource of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'Infrsc,
* McsEngl.legal-source,

description::
"The term ‘legal source’ has two meanings:
in its original meaning, it refers to the reason for the emergence of a legal provision, i.e. the motivation behind the creation of a legal construct. According to this definition, the ‘legal source’ of Union law is the will to preserve peace and create a better Europe through closer economic ties — two cornerstones of the EU.
In legal parlance, however, ‘legal source’ refers to the origin and embodiment of the law."
[{2020-11-30} https://op.europa.eu/webpub/com/abc-of-eu-law/en/]

addressWpg::
*

science of law

description::
"Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law. Scholars of jurisprudence seek to explain the nature of law in its most general form and provide a deeper understanding of legal reasoning, legal systems, legal institutions, and the role of law in society.[1]
Modern jurisprudence began in the 18th century and was focused on the first principles of natural law, civil law, and the law of nations.[2] General jurisprudence can be divided into categories both by the type of question scholars seek to answer and by the theories of jurisprudence, or schools of thought, regarding how those questions are best answered. Contemporary philosophy of law, which deals with general jurisprudence, addresses problems internal to law and legal systems and problems of law as a social institution that relates to the larger political and social context in which it exists.[3]"
[{2020-09-05} https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurisprudence]

name::
* McsEngl.jurisprudence!⇒sciLaw,
* McsEngl.law'att003-science!⇒sciLaw,
* McsEngl.law'science!⇒sciLaw,
* McsEngl.legal-theory!⇒sciLaw,
* McsEngl.sciLaw,
* McsEngl.science.law!⇒sciLaw,

structure of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'structure,

description::
*

DOING of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'doing,

description::
* interpretation,
* consolidation,
* modification,
* enforcement,
* ratification,
* repealing,

interpretation of law

description::
· law is info.
· every info is a-conceptual-system that models a-referent.
· info-interpreation is the-process of finding the-conceputal-model an-info represents.
· the-reason an-info could denote MANY conceptual-models is because it contains undefined-names.
· the-truth of info is an-attribute AFTER info-interpretation.

name::
* McsEngl.interpretation-of-law,
* McsEngl.law'att008-interpretation,
* McsEngl.law'interpretation,

consolidation of law

description::
"As in most countries, the Greek legislative system publishes laws as documents often containing many references to precedent laws. Modifications to laws are published as text in legislative documents describing the applied changes. During its evolution cycle, a law may get modified several times (sometimes dozens of times), while these modifications may reside in many different scattered documents. As a result, the assembly of all relevant modifications in order to consolidate the current version of a law may prove to be a tedious work when performed manually, requiring an increased cognitive effort."
[{2020-09-05} http://www.openlaws.gr/about/]

name::
* McsEngl.law'att004-consolidation,
* McsEngl.law'consolidation,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.ενοποίηση-νομοθεσίας!=law'consolidation,

enforcement of law

description::
"Law enforcement is the activity of some members of government who act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterring, rehabilitating, or punishing people who violate the rules and norms governing that society.[1] Although the term encompasses police, courts, and corrections, it is most frequently applied to those who directly engage in patrols or surveillance to dissuade and discover criminal activity, and those who investigate crimes and apprehend offenders,[2] a task typically carried out by the police, sheriff or another law enforcement organization."
[{2020-09-05} https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_enforcement]

name::
* McsEngl.law'att002-enforcement,
* McsEngl.law'enforcement,

impact of law

description::
"The political, economic, and ecological impacts of laws can take decades or centuries to reveal themselves."
[{2021-01-17} https://moreequalanimals.com/assets/MoreEqualAnimals-1.15.2021.pdf]

name::
* McsEngl.law'att011-impact,
* McsEngl.law'impact,

evoluting of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'evoluting,

{2020-07-06}::
=== McsHitp-creation:
· creation of current concept.

{2002}::
* McsEngl.{2002}-Modreal-Declaration-on-Free-Access-to-Law,
"Legal information institutes of the world, meeting in Montreal, declare that:
* Public legal information from all countries and international institutions is part of the common heritage of humanity. Maximising access to this information promotes justice and the rule of law;
* Public legal information is digital common property and should be accessible to all on a non-profit basis and free of charge;
* Organisations such as legal information institutes have the right to publish public legal information and the government bodies that create or control that information should provide access to it so that it can be published by other parties.
..."
[{2020-09-05} http://www.worldlii.org/worldlii/declaration/montreal_en.html]

WHOLE-PART-TREE of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'whole-part-tree,

whole-tree-of-law::
* governance-system-of-society,
* ... Sympan.

part-tree-of-law::
*

GENERIC-SPECIFIC-TREE of law

name::
* McsEngl.law'generic-specific-tree,

generic-tree-of-law::
* McsEngl.law.generic,
* info,
* ... entity.

specific-tree-of-law::
* McsEngl.law.specific,
* European-union-law,
* International-law,

law.legal-system-006

description::
"The legal systems of the world today are generally based on one of three basic systems:
* civil law,
* common law, and
* religious law – or combinations of these.
However, the legal system of each country is shaped by its unique history and so incorporates individual variations."
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_country_legal_systems]

name::
* McsEngl.law.006-legal-system,
* McsEngl.law.legal-system,
* McsEngl.legal-system,

law.codified-001

description::
· codified-law is written law.

name::
* McsEngl.codified-law!⇒lawCodified,
* McsEngl.lawCodified,
* McsEngl.law.001-codified!⇒lawCodified,
* McsEngl.law.codified!⇒lawCodified,
* McsEngl.non-custom-law!⇒lawCodified,
* McsEngl.written-law!⇒lawCodified,

law.codifiedNo-002

description::
· custom-law is non-written law.

name::
* McsEngl.codifiedNo-law!⇒lawCustom,
* McsEngl.custom-law!⇒lawCustom,
* McsEngl.lawCustom,
* McsEngl.law.002-codifiedNo!⇒lawCustom,
* McsEngl.law.codifiedNo!⇒lawCustom,
* McsEngl.non-codified-law!⇒lawCustom,
* McsEngl.non-written-law!⇒lawCustom,

law.digital-009

description::
· law in digital format.

name::
* McsEngl.law.009-digital!⇒lawDigital,
* McsEngl.law.digital!⇒lawDigital,

law.Hitp (link)

law.computational-005

description::
· law stored, accessed or reasoning by computers.

name::
* McsEngl.computational-law!⇒lawCmr,
* McsEngl.law.005-computational!⇒lawCmr,
* McsEngl.law.computational!⇒lawCmr,
* McsEngl.lawCmr,
* McsEngl.lawCmr'(computational-law)!⇒lawCmr,

descriptionLong::
"Computational law is a branch of legal informatics concerned with the mechanization of legal reasoning (whether done by humans or by computers).[1] It emphasizes explicit behavioural constraints and eschews implicit rules of conduct. Importantly, there is a commitment to a level of rigor in specifying laws that is sufficient to support entirely mechanical processing.
Philosophically, computational law sits within the Legal Formalist school of jurisprudence. Given its emphasis on rigorously specified laws, computational law is most applicable in civil law settings, where laws are taken more or less literally. It is less applicable to legal systems based on common law, which provides more scope for unspecified normative considerations. However, even in common law systems, computational law still has relevance in the case of categorical statutes and in settings where the handling of cases has resulted in de facto rules.
From a pragmatic perspective, computational law is important as the basis for computer systems capable of doing useful legal calculations, such as compliance checking, legal planning, regulatory analysis, and so forth. Some systems of this sort already exist.[2] TurboTax is a good example. And the potential is particularly significant now due to recent technological advances – including the prevalence of the Internet in human interaction and the proliferation of embedded computer systems (such as smart phones, self-driving cars, and robots)."
[{2020-11-21} https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_law]

law.digitalNo-010

description::
· non digital law.

name::
* McsEngl.law.010-digitalNo!⇒lawDigitalNo,
* McsEngl.law.digitalNo!⇒lawDigitalNo,

law.provision-007

description::
· ANY construct on a-subject.

name::
* McsEngl.law.007-provision,
* McsEngl.law.provision,
* McsEngl.legal-construct,
* McsEngl.legal-provision,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.νομική-διάταξη!=legal-provision,

meta-info

this webpage was-visited times since {2020-07-06}

page-wholepath: synagonism.net / worldviewSngo / dirStn / law

SEARCH::
· this page uses 'locator-names', names that when you find them, you find the-LOCATION of the-concept they denote.
GLOBAL-SEARCH:
· clicking on the-green-BAR of a-page you have access to the-global--locator-names of my-site.
· use the-prefix 'law' for sensorial-concepts related to current concept 'law'.
LOCAL-SEARCH:
· TYPE CTRL+F "McsLang.words-of-concept's-name", to go to the-LOCATION of the-concept.
· a-preview of the-description of a-global-name makes reading fast.

footer::
• author: Kaseluris.Nikos.1959
• email:
 
• edit on github: https://github.com/synagonism/McsWorld/blob/master/dirStnlaw/McsStnlaw000002.last.html,
• comments on Disqus,
• twitter: @synagonism,

webpage-versions::
• version.last.dynamic: McsStnlaw000002.last.html,
• version.1-0-0.2021-04-15: (0-13) ../../dirMiwMcs/dirStnLaw/filMcsLaw.1-0-0.2021-04-15.html,
• filMcsLaw.0-1-0.2020-07-06.last.html: draft creation,

support (link)

comments

on-Disqus::