McsHitp-creation:: {2019-09-06},

overview of entity

· start.
· none.

· end.
· entity is the-generic-view of the-universe.
· entity is the-most generic entity.

· start.
· none.

· end.
· Sympan is the-whole-view of the-universe.
· Sympan is the-most whole entity.

* McsEngl.filMcsEnt.last.html!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.dirCor/filMcsEnt.last.html!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.entity,
* McsEngl.entity'(ent)!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.entity'(entt)!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.ent!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.entt!⇒entity,
* McsEngl.enything!/Gelish!⇒entity,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o!=entity,
* oo!=Sympan,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.οντότητα,

· entity is the-MOST generic concept.
· anything and everything are entities.
· Sympan is the-most whole-entity.

01_attribute of entity

· attribute of entity[a] is any other entity related with it[a].

* McsEngl.entity'01_attribute,
* McsEngl.entity'attribute,
* McsEngl.attribute-of-entity,
* McsEngl.attribute-of-entity,
* McsEngl.characteristic-of-entity,
* McsEngl.feature-of-entity,

* part-of-entity,
* partNo-of-entity,
* doing-of-entity,
* doingNo-of-entity,
* whole-of-entity,
* wholeNo-of-entity,
* generic-of-entity,
* specific-of-entity,

identification of entity

· a-uniqune name of an-entity.

* McsEngl.entity'id,

* {2021-03-25}-https://bitcoinmagazine.com/business/microsoft-announces-completion-of-ion-v1-and-launch-on-bitcoin-mainnet?utm_content=159818389&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter&hss_channel=tw-978907821663174656https://bitcoinmagazine.com/business/microsoft-announces-completion-of-ion-v1-and-launch-on-bitcoin-mainnet,


· entity-attribute--sequencedNo-relation is a-sequencedNo-relation between an-entity[a] and an-attribute of it[a].

* McsEngl.entity'02_attribute--sequencedNo-relation,
* McsEngl.entity'attribute--sequencedNo-relation,
* McsEngl.attribute-entity--sequencedNo-relation,
* McsEngl.entity-attribute--sequencedNo-relation,
* McsEngl.relation.entity-attribute-sequencedNo,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.ro-o-atro!=relation.entity-att,


· attribute-relation is a-sequenced-relation between an-attribute[a] and the-entity of it[a].

* McsEngl.attribute-of-entity--relation,
* McsEngl.attribute-relation,
* McsEngl.relation.attribute-of-entity,
* McsEngl.relation.of-entity,
* McsEngl.of!~conj,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.ro-atro-a-o!=relation.att-of-entity,
* McsSngo.a!~conjSngo!=of,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.σχέση-χαρακτηριστικού-οντότητας!=relation.attribute-of-entity,

* part-relation--of-entity,
* partNo-relation--of-entity,
* whole-relation--of-entity,
* wholeNo-relation--of-entity,
* generic-relation--of-entity,
* specific-relation--of-entity,
* sameness-relation--of-entity,
* samenessNo-relation--of-entity,


· entity-attribute--relation is a-sequenced-relation between an-entity[a] and an-attribute of it[a].

* McsEngl.entity-relation,
* McsEngl.relation.entity-of-attribute,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.ro-o-a-atro!=relation.entity-of-att,

Infrsc of entity

* McsEngl.entity'Infrsc,


science (link) of entity

structure of entity

· structure-of-entity is the-attributes-complement of its doing.
· ALL its relations and bodies, NOT each one.
· the-difference with 'part' is that structure contains AND its-relations with external-bodies.

* McsEngl.entity'structure,
* McsEngl.structure-of-entity,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.os-rioUatro,
* McsSngo.os-strukto,
* McsSngo.strukto-a-os,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δομή-οντότητας,
* McsElln.το-είναι-οντότητας,

* sequence-structure,
* tree-structure,

DOING of entity

· doing-of-entity is any doing of this entity.
· the-partial-complement on entity's-attributes is the-structure-of-entity.

* McsEngl.entity'doing,
* McsEngl.doing-of-entity,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.γίγνεσθαι-οντότητας,
* McsElln.κίνηση-οντότητας,
* McsElln.το-γίγνεσθαι-οντότητας,

evoluting of entity

· evoluting of entity[a] is the-sequenced-doing in which the-entity[a] is-changing over time.
"(n) development, evolution (a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)) "the development of his ideas took many years"; "the evolution of Greek civilization"; "the slow development of her skill as a writer""

* McsEngl.Entevg,
* McsEngl.development-of-entity!⇒Entevg,
* McsEngl.doing.evoluting!⇒Entevg,
* McsEngl.entity'evoluting!⇒Entevg,
* McsEngl.evoluting-of-entity!⇒Entevg,
* McsEngl.evolution-of-entity!⇒Entevg,
* McsEngl.history!⇒Entevg,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.rio-evolo-a-o!=Entevg,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.εξέλιξη-οντότητας!=Entevg,

cycle of evoluting

· the-stages of entity's existance.

* McsEngl.Entevg'cycle,
* McsEngl.entity'cycle,
* McsEngl.existance-cycle-of-entity,
* McsEngl.life-cycle-of-entity,

timespan of evoluting

· the-length of time of entity's existance.

* McsEngl.Entevg'timespan,
* McsEngl.entity'timespan,
* McsEngl.timespan-of-entity,

timepoint|state of evoluting

· state-of-entity[a] is its[a] structure AND doings in a-timepoint.

* McsEngl.Entevg'timepoint,
* McsEngl.entity'state,
* McsEngl.evoluting'timepoint,
* McsEngl.state,
* McsEngl.state-of-entity,
* McsEngl.state-of-evoluting,
* McsEngl.timepoint-of-evoluting,

* good-state,
* bad-state,

timeinterval|stage of evoluting

· stage of evoluting of entity is its doings and structures in a-timeinterval.

* McsEngl.Entevg'timeinterval,
* McsEngl.entity'stage,
* McsEngl.evoluting'timeinterval,
* McsEngl.stage-of-evoluting,
* McsEngl.staging-of-evoluting,
* McsEngl.timeinterval-of-evoluting,


"(v) create (bring into existence) "The company was created 25 years ago"; "He created a new movement in painting""

* McsEngl.birth,
* McsEngl.building,
* McsEngl.constructing,
* McsEngl.creating,
* McsEngl.creation,
* McsEngl.entity'creating,
* McsEngl.establishing,
* McsEngl.founding,
* McsEngl.staging.creating,
* McsEngl.create!~verbEngB1,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δημιουργώ!~verbEll,

output of creating

"(n) creation (an artifact that has been brought into existence by someone)"

* McsEngl.creating'output,
* McsEngl.creation,
* McsEngl.output-of-creating,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.δημιούργημα!~το,



* McsEngl.dissolution,
* McsEngl.entity'dissolving,
* McsEngl.staging.dissolving,


* concept-evoluting,
* referent-evoluting,
* phylo-evoluting,
* onto-evoluting,

* McsEngl.Entevg.specific,
* McsEngl.evoluting.specific,


· concept-evoluting is the-evoluting of a-concept, NOT its referent.
· for example, the-evolution of linguistics and language obviously are different.

* McsEngl.Entevg.concept,
* McsEngl.concept-evoluting,
* McsEngl.evoluting.concept,

=== merge:
· I merged 'Sympan' into 'entity'.

=== Sympan-creation:
· creation of Sympan concept.

=== McsHitp-creation:
· creation of current concept.


· referent-evoluting is the-evoluting of the-referent of a-concept[a], NOT the-evoluting of itself[a].
· for example, the-evolution of linguistics and language obviously are different.

* McsEngl.Entevg.referent,
* McsEngl.evoluting.referent,
* McsEngl.referent-evoluting,


· phylo-evoluting is the-evoluting of a-generic-entity.

* McsEngl.Entevg.phylo,
* McsEngl.evoluting.phylo,
* McsEngl.phylo-evoluting,


· onto-evoluting is the-evoluting of an-individual-entity.

* McsEngl.Entevg.onto,
* McsEngl.evoluting.onto,
* McsEngl.onto-evoluting,

millennium.3000-{2001..3000} of entity

* McsEngl.03rd-millennium-{2001..3000},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.3000,

century.2100-{2001..2100} of entity

* {2019} COVID-19.
* {2009} Bitcoin.
* {2008} global-financial-crisis,
* {2001} USA: War-on-Terror began after September-11-attacks. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.2100},

* McsEngl.21st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'21st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.2100,

decade.2040-{2021..2040} of entity

* McsEngl.{i10.2040},

* McsEngl.4th-decade-of-21st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.2040,

decade.2030-{2021..2030} of entity

* McsEngl.{i10.2030},

* McsEngl.3rd-decade-of-21st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.2030,

decade.2020-{2011..2020} of entity

* EU:
- 2020: from 28 to 27 UK leaves.
- 2013: from 27 to 28 Croatia joined.
* EUROPE: In the 2010s Europe had been severely affected by a huge migration from Africa and Middle East. [wikipedia]
* USA: president Obama {2009..2017}, Trump {2017-2021}.
* GERMANY: Chancellor Angela-Merkel since {2005}.
* RUSSIA: president Medvedev {2008-2012}, Putin {2012..}.
- robot: Robotics, particularly drones, had a wide use and application. [wikipedia]
- electric-car: technology and sales showed considerable growth. [wikipedia]
- space: As well as electric cars, sustainable space launch technologies were spearheaded by Elon-Musk. [wikipedia]
* {2019} COVID-19.
* {2017} TECH: internet: Hackers exploiting malicious software stolen from the National Security Agency executed damaging cyberattacks on Friday that hit dozens of countries worldwide, forcing Britain’s public health system to send patients away, freezing computers at Russia’s Interior Ministry and wreaking havoc on tens of thousands of computers elsewhere.
* {2016} USA: Republican nominee Donald Trump was elected the 45th President of the United States, defeating former U.S. Secretary of State and Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. He became the first President without prior diplomatic or military experience. [wikipedia]
* {2013} SYRIA: The tiny gas-rich state of Qatar has spent as much as $3bn over the past two years supporting the rebellion in Syria, far exceeding any other government, but is now being nudged aside by Saudi Arabia as the prime source of arms to rebels. [https://ft.com {2013-05-16}]
* {2011} USA: Navy Seals killed Bin-Laden and buried his body at sea. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2000-2009]
* {2011} LIBYA: Facing protests against his 42-year rule, Muammar Gaddafi refused to step down and sent in the military to brutally quell protests. As a result, many army units defected to the opposition and protests soon turned into an armed rebellion. With international help, the rebels captured Tripoli, and eventually Sirte, Gaddafi's hometown and last outpost, where he was killed. [wikipedia]
* {2011} ARABS: It was marked by a wave of revolutions in the Arab World known as the Arab Spring, including the beginnings of several unresolved protest movements and armed conflicts. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011]
* McsEngl.{i10.2020},

* McsEngl.2nd-decade-of-21st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.2020,

decade.2010-{2001..2010} of entity

* USA: president G.W.Bush {2001..2009}, Obama {2009..2017}.
* EU:
- 2010: Greek-bailout.
- 2007: from 25 to 27 Bulgaria-Romania joined.
- 2004: from 15 to 25 Cyprus-Czech-Estonia-Hungary-Latvia-Lithuania-Malta-Poland-Slovakia-Slovenia joined.
- 2002-01-01: Euro introduction.
* RUSSIA: president Putin {1999..2008}, Medvedev {2008..2012}.
* CHINA: The early part of the decade saw the long-time predicted breakthrough of economic giant China, which had double-digit growth during nearly the whole decade. [wikipedia]
* TECH: email: continued to be popular throughout the decade and began to replace "snail mail" as the primary way of sending letters and other messages to people in distant locations, though it had been available since 1971.
- Flat panel displays started becoming widely popular in the second half of the decade displacing cathode ray tubes.
- Digital cameras gained massive popularity during the decade. [wikipedia]
* {2009} USA: Barack Obama was sworn in as the 44th President of the United States in 2009, becoming the nation's first African American president. [wikipedia]
* {2009} TECH: Bitcoin.
* {2009} HEALTH: The 2009 H1N1 (swine flu) flu pandemic was also considered a natural disaster. [wikipedia]
* {2007..2008} ECONOMY: The outbreak of this global financial crisis sparked a global recession, beginning in the United States and affecting most of the industrialized world. [wikipedia]
* {2005} GERMANY: Angela Merkel becomes the first female Chancellor of Germany in 2005. [wikipedia]
* {2004} NATURE: Indian Ocean earthquake, which caused a tsunami that killed around one quarter-million people and displaced well over a million others. [wikipedia]
* {2004} TECH: facebook: In 2004, the social network Facebook was launched. By the end of the decade, the site will be ranked 7th in its popularity in the Web, and will have over 350 million active users. [wikipedia]
* {2003} IRAQ-USA: a United States-led coalition invaded Iraq, and the Iraq War led to the end of Saddam Hussein's rule as Iraqi President and the Ba'ath Party in Iraq. [wikipedia]
* {2003} SCIENCE: biology: The Human Genome Project was completed, with 99% of the human genome sequenced to 99.99% accuracy. [wikipedia]
* {2001} USA: The War on Terror began after the September 11 attacks in 2001. [wikipedia]
* {2001} ITALY: Silvio Berlusconi becomes Prime Minister of Italy in 2001 and again in 2008, after two years of a government held by Romano Prodi, dominating the political scene for more than a decade and becoming the longest-serving post-war Prime Minister. [wikipedia]
* {2001} TECH: wikipedia: was launched, which quickly became the largest and most popular online encyclopedia, and one of the most viewed sites on the web. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.2010},

* McsEngl.1st-decade-of-21st-century,
* McsEngl.2000s,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.2010,

millennium.2000-{1001..2000} of entity

* {1991} USSR: dissolution.
* {1983} GPS-navigation. [wikipedia]
* {1971} ECONOMY: dollar: the United-States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. [wikipedia]
* {1969} Internet, Moon landing. [wikipedia]
* {1957} satellite. [wikipedia]
* {1942} nuclear-reactor. [wikipedia]
* {1945} Computer digital, programable, Turing-complete. [wikipedia]
* {1932} television. [wikipedia]
* {1928} DNA. [wikipedia]
* {1917} Russia: worker's revolution.
* {1903} airplane. [wikipedia]
* {1869} plastic. [wikipedia]
* {1837} photography. [wikipedia]
* {1833} internal-combustion-engine. [wikipedia]
* {1832} telegraph. [wikipedia]
* {1804} POPULATION: World population reaches 1 billion. [wikipedia]
* {1776} USA. [wikipedia]
* {1721..1917} Russian-empire. [wikipedia]
* {1712} Steam-engine. [wikipedia]
* {1644..1912} China: Qing-dynasty. [wikipedia]
* {1605..1960} French-colonial-empire. [wikipedia]
* {1583..1997} British-empire. [wikipedia]
* {1575..1600} Low-countries: first capitalist-revolution. [Marx]
* {1543..1975} Dutch Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1501..1600} ECONOMY: capitalism. [Marx]
* {1494} ECONOMY: double-entry accounting. [wikipedia]
* {1492} Guanahaní-Bahamas visited by Christopher-Columbus' first voyage. [wikipedia]
* {1455} Gutenberg Bible, of the earliest major books printed. [wikipedia]
* {1453} Byzantine-empire: {0330..1453}. [wikipedia]
* {1415..2002} Portuguese Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1402..1975} Spanish Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1299..1924} Ottoman Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1200--0700} Islamic golden era. [wikipedia]
* {1037..1194} Seljuk Empire. [wikipedia]
* RENAISSANCE: the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy, and Johannes-Gutenberg's invention of printing-press played key roles in the development of Renaissance. [wikipedia]
* POPULATION: from about 310-million in {1000} to about 6-billion in {2000}. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i1000.2000},

* McsEngl.Bp01st-millennium,
* McsEngl.02nd-millennium-{1001..2000},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.2000,

century.2000-{1901..2000} of entity

* {1991} USSR: dissolution.
* {1983} GPS-navigation.
* {1971} ECONOMY: dollar: August 15 President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. He also imposes a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents. [wikipedia]
* {1969} USA: Internet, Apollo-11's lunar module Eagle lands on the Moon's surface.
* {1957} USSR: launches Sputnik-1, the-first artificial-satellite to orbit the-Earth.
* {1945} COMPUTER: ENIAC was the-first programmable, electronic, Turing-complete, general-purpose digital-computer for the-US-army.
* {1945} UN: founding negotiations begin in San-Francisco.
* {1942} nuclear-reactor.
* {1939..1945} world-war-II.
* {1932} television.
* {1929} USA: Wall-Street crash.
* {1928} DNA.
* {1918..1920} Spanish flu pandemic.
* {1917} Russia: worker's revolution.
* {1914..1918} world-war-I.
* {1903} TECH: airplane: Wright-brothers fly an-aircraft with a-petrol-engine, at North-Carolina, the first documented and successful powered and controlled heavier-than-air flight.
* {1901} TECH: photography became available for the mass-market in 1901 with the introduction of the Kodak Brownie. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_photography]
* McsEngl.{i100.2000},

* McsEngl.20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.2000,

decade.2000-{1991..2000} of entity

* USA: president G.H.W.Bush {1989-1993}, Clinton {1993-2001}.
* RUSSIA: president Yeltsin {1991-1999}, Putin {1999..2008}.
* TECH: mobile-phone: gained massive popularity worldwide during the decade. [wikipedia]
* {1997..2000} ECONOMY: The dot-com bubble of 1997–2000 brought wealth to some entrepreneurs before its crash between 2000 and 2001. [wikipedia]
* {1997} TECH: Google search-engine launched. [wikipedia]
* {1996} AFGHANISTAN: The Taliban seize control. [wikipedia]
* {1995} EU: from 12 to 15 member, Austria-Finland-Sweden joined.
* {1993} EU: with Maastricht-treaty from EC to EU.
* {1993..1994} TECH: www: English scientist Sir Timothy Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland.[3][4] The browser was released outside CERN to other research institutions starting in January 1991, and then to the general public in August 1991. The Web began to enter everyday use in 1993-4, when websites for general use started to become available.[5] The World Wide Web has been central to the development of the Information Age, and is the primary tool billions of people use to interact on the Internet. [wikipedia]
* {1991..1995} YUGOSLAVIA: The Yugoslav Wars (1991–1995) – The breakup of Yugoslavia beginning on 25 June 1991 after the republics of Croatia and Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia which was followed by the subsequent Yugoslav wars. The Yugoslav Wars would become notorious for numerous war crimes and human rights violations such as ethnic cleansing and genocide committed by all sides. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.2000},

* McsEngl.1990s,
* McsEngl.10th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.2000,

decade.1990-{1981..1990} of entity

* EU: from 9 to 12 members. {1985} Spain-Portugal, {1981} Greece.
* SOUTH-AMERICAS: Military dictatorships give way to democracy in Argentina (1983), Uruguay (1984–85), Brazil (1985–1988) and Chile (1988–89). Marking the end of the Operation Condor for 30 years. [wikipedia]
* HEALTH: The AIDS epidemic became recognized in the 1980s and has since killed an estimated 39 million people (as of 2013). [wikipedia]
* NATURE: Global warming became well known to the scientific and political community in the 1980s. [wikipedia]
* POPULATION: The 1980s was also an era of tremendous population growth around the world, surpassing even the 1970s and 1990s, thus arguably being the largest in human history. Population growth was particularly rapid in a number of African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian countries during this decade, with rates of natural increase close to or exceeding 4% annually. [wikipedia]
* {1990} LIBANON: Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) – Throughout the decade, Lebanon was engulfed in civil war between Islamic and Christian factions. [wikipedia]
* {1989} EUROPE: At the end of the decade, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 would be followed in 1990 by the German reunification. During 1989, most of the communist governments in Eastern Europe collapsed. [wikipedia]
* {1989} CHINA: The Tiananmen Square protests, in which pro-democracy protesters demanded political reform. The protests were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. [wikipedia]
* {1987} ISRAEL: The First Intifada (First Uprising) in the Gaza Strip and West Bank began in 1987 when Palestinian Arabs mounted large-scale protests against the Israeli military presence in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, largely inhabited by Palestinians. The First Intifada would continue until peace negotiations began between the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Israeli government in 1993. [wikipedia]
* {1987} ECONOMY: The "Black Monday" stock market crash on October 19, 1987, decreased the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average by more than 22%, causing widespread secondary drops in world markets. [wikipedia]
* {1986} TECH: space: On January 28, 1986, the NASA Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds after launch, killing all of the crew on board. This was the first disaster involving the destruction of a NASA space shuttle. A faulty O-ring was the cause of the accident. [wikipedia]
* {1986} TECH: nuclear: On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl disaster, a large-scale nuclear meltdown in the Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union, spread a large amount of radioactive material across Europe, killing 47 people, dooming countless others to future radiation-related cancer, and causing the displacement of 300,000 people. [wikipedia]
* {1985} USSR: Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union in 1985, and initiated major reforms to the Soviet Union's government through increasing the rights of expressing political dissent and opening elections to opposition candidates (while maintaining legal dominance of the Communist Party). Gorbachev pursued negotiation with the United States to decrease tensions and eventually end the Cold War. [wikipedia]
* {1982} USSR: In November 1982, Leonid Brezhnev, who had led the Soviet Union since 1964, died. He was followed in quick succession by Yuri Andropov, the former KGB chief, and Konstantin Chernenko, both of whom were in poor health during their short tenures in office. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.1990},

* McsEngl.1980s,
* McsEngl.9th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1990,

decade.1980-{1971..1980} of entity

* AFRICA: saw further decolonization in the decade, with Angola and Mozambique gaining their independence in 1975 from the Portuguese Empire after the restoration of democracy in Portugal. The continent was, however, plagued by endemic military coups, with the long-reigning Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie being removed, civil wars and famine. [wikipedia]
* DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES: The economies of much of the developing world continued to make steady progress in the early 1970s because of the Green Revolution. However, their economic growth was slowed by the oil crisis, although it boomed afterwards. [wikipedia]
* CHINA: affairs regarding the People's Republic of China changed significantly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death of Mao Zedong and the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. [wikipedia]
* JAPAN: Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a large boom in this period, overtaking the economy of West Germany to become the second-largest in the world. [wikipedia]
* {1981} TECH: personal-computer: The personal computer experienced explosive growth in the 1980s, transitioning from a hobbyist's toy to a full-fledged consumer product. The IBM PC, launched in 1981, became the dominant computer for professional users. [wikipedia]
* {1980} USA: art: Musician and former member of the Beatles John Lennon was assassinated in New York City on December 8, 1980. [wikipedia]
* {1980} USA: Ronald Reagan was elected U.S. President in 1980. In international affairs, Reagan pursued a hardline policy towards preventing the spread of communism, initiating a considerable buildup of U.S. military power to challenge the Soviet Union. [wikipedia]
* {1979} IRAN: Political tensions in Iran exploded with the Iranian Revolution in 1979, which overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty and established an authoritarian Islamic republic under the leadership of the Ayatollah Khomeini. [wikipedia]
* {1979} AFGANISTAN: the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, which led to an ongoing war for ten years. [wikipedia]
* {1979} UK: In the United Kingdom, the 1979 election resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. [wikipedia]
* {1979} TECH: neuclear: On March 28, 1979, Three Mile Island accident. [wikipedia]
* {1978} ISRAEL-EGYPT: On September 17, 1978 the Camp David Accords are signed between Israel and Egypt. The Accords led directly to the 1979 Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. They also resulted in Sadat and Begin sharing the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize. [wikipedia]
* {1978} VATICAN-CITY-STATE: 1978 would become known as the "Year of Three Popes". In August, Paul VI, who had ruled since 1963, died. His successor was Cardinal Albino Luciano, who took the name John Paul. But only 33 days later, he was found dead, and the Catholic Church had to elect another pope. On October 16, Karol Wojtyła, a Polish cardinal, was elected, becoming Pope John Paul II. He was the first non-Italian pope since 1523. [wikipedia]
* {1977} SPAIN: Francisco Franco died after 39 years in power. Juan Carlos I was crowned king of Spain and called for the reintroduction of democracy. The dictatorship in Spain ended. The first general elections were held in 1977 and Adolfo Suárez became Prime minister of Spain after his Centrist Democratic Union won. The Socialist and Communist parties were legalized. The current Spanish Constitution was signed in 1978. [wikipedia]
* {1975..1990} LIBANON: Lebanese Civil War – Throughout the decade, Lebanon was engulfed in civil war between Islamic and Christian factions. [wikipedia]
* {1975..1979} CAMBODIA: the Khmer Rouge carried out the Cambodian genocide that killed nearly two million. [wikipedia]
* {1974} USA: United States President Richard Nixon resigned as president on August 9, 1974, while facing charges for impeachment for the Watergate scandal. [wikipedia]
* {1973} ECONOMY: The crisis saw the first instance of stagflation which began a political and economic trend of the replacement of Keynesian economic theory with neoliberal economic theory, with the first neoliberal governments being created in Chile, where a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973. [wikipedia]
* {1971} ECONOMY: dollar: August 15 President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. He also imposes a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.1980},

* McsEngl.8th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1980,

decade.1970-{1961..1970} of entity

* {1969} LIBYA: On 1 September 1969, a small group of military officers led by the army officer Muammar Gaddafi overthrows monarchy in Libya. [wikipedia]
* {1969} TECH: space: On 20 July 1969, Apollo 11, the first human spaceflight landed on the Moon.
- Internet: Arpanet, the research-oriented prototype of the Internet, was introduced. [wikipedia]
* {1968} USA: 4 April 1968 – Martin Luther King Jr., civil rights leader. Assassinated by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee. [wikipedia]
* {1968} CHECHOSLOVAKIA: 1968 was the year of Alexander Dubček's Prague Spring, a source of inspiration to many Western leftists who admired Dubček's "socialism with a human face". The Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August ended these hopes and also fatally damaged the chances of the orthodox communist parties drawing many recruits from the student protest movement. [wikipedia]
* {1968} FRANCE: The May 1968 student and worker uprisings. [wikipedia]
* {1967} ISRAEL: Six-Day War (June 1967) – a war between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The Arab states of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria also contributed troops and arms.[14] At the war's end, Israel had gained control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. The results of the war affect the geopolitics of the region to this day. [wikipedia]
* {1967} CHE-GUEVARA: The Argentine revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara travelled to Africa and then Bolivia in his campaigning to spread worldwide revolution. He was captured and executed in 1967 by the Bolivian army, and afterwards became an iconic figure for the left wing around the world. [wikipedia]
* {1967} GREECE: On 21 April 1967, in Greece a group of colonels established a military dictatorship for seven years. [wikipedia]
* {1967} HEALTH: First heart transplantation operation by Professor Christiaan Barnard in South Africa. [wikipedia]
* {1966-1976} CHINA: Cultural Revolution in China – a period of widespread social and political upheaval in the People's Republic of China which was launched by Mao Zedong, the chairman of the Communist Party of China. Mao alleged that "liberal bourgeois" elements were permeating the party and society at large and that they wanted to restore capitalism. Mao insisted that these elements be removed through post-revolutionary class struggle by mobilizing the thoughts and actions of China's youth, who formed Red Guards groups around the country. The movement subsequently spread into the military, urban workers, and the party leadership itself. Although Mao himself officially declared the Cultural Revolution to have ended in 1969, the power struggles and political instability between 1969 and the arrest of the Gang of Four in 1976 are now also widely regarded as part of the Revolution. [wikipedia]
* {1964} USSR: In October 1964, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev was expelled from office due to his increasingly erratic and authoritarian behavior. Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin then became the new leaders of the Soviet Union. [wikipedia]
* {1964} TECH: minicomputer: The first successful Minicomputer, Digital Equipment Corporation's 12-bit PDP-8, was marketed. [wikipedia]
* {1963} USA: John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. [wikipedia]
* {1963} VIET-NAM: In 1963, a coup in South Viet Nam leads to the death of President Ngô Đình Diệm and the establishment of temporary military rule. [wikipedia]
* {1961} GERMANY: Construction of the Berlin Wall 1961 to prevent East Germans from escaping to the West. [wikipedia]
* {1961} SOUTH-KOREA: On 16 May 1961, a coup in South Korea led by army officer Park Chung-hee made the establishment of temporary military rule. [wikipedia]
* {1961} TECH: space: The Soviets sent the first man, Yuri Gagarin, into outer space during the Vostok 1 mission on 12 April 1961.
- robot: Unimate, the first industrial robot, was introduced. [wikipedia]
* {1960} TURKEY: On 27 May 1960, a coup in Turkey led by Cemal Gürsel and Cemal Madanoğlu overthrew the government of Adnan Menderes. [wikipedia]
* {1960} HEALTH: The female birth-control contraceptive, the pill, was released in the United States after Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. [wikipedia]
* AFRICA: the 1960s was a period of radical political change as 32 countries gained independence from their European colonial rulers. [wikipedia]
* CULTURE: The counterculture movement dominated the second half of the 1960s, its most famous moments being the Summer of Love in San Francisco in 1967, and the Woodstock Festival in upstate New York in 1969. Psychedelic drugs, especially LSD, were widely used medicinally, spiritually and recreationally throughout the late 1960s, and were popularized by Timothy Leary with his slogan "Turn on, tune in, drop out". Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters also played a part in the role of "turning heads on". Psychedelic influenced the music, artwork and films of the decade, and a number of prominent musicians died of drug overdoses (see 27 Club). There was a growing interest in Eastern religions and philosophy, and many attempts were made to found communes, which varied from supporting free love to religious puritanism. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.1970},

* McsEngl.7th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1970,

decade.1960-{1951..1960} of entity

* {1959} CUBA: Fidel Castro overthrew the regime of Fulgencio Batista in Cuba, establishing a communist government in the country. Although Castro initially sought aid from the US, he was rebuffed and later turned to the Soviet Union. [wikipedia],
* {1959} TECH: The MOSFET (MOS transistor) was invented by Mohamed Atalla and Dawon Kahng at Bell Labs in November 1959. It is central to the Digital Revolution, and the most widely manufactured device in history. [wikipedia]
* {1957} EEC: The European Communities (or Common Markets), the precursor of the European Union, was established with the Treaty of Rome in 1957. [wikipedia]
* {1957} TECH: In 1957, the Soviet Union launches to space Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite. [wikipedia]
* {1955..1975} The Vietnam War. [wikipedia]
* {1953} USSR: death of Stalin. [wikipedia]
* {1953} NATURE: North Sea flood of 1953 killed 1,835 people in the southwestern Netherlands (especially Zeeland) and 307 in the United Kingdom. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i10.1960},

* McsEngl.6th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1960,

decade.1950-{1941..1950} of entity

* McsEngl.5th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1950,

decade.1940-{1931..1940} of entity

* McsEngl.4th-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1940,

decade.1930-{1921..1930} of entity

* McsEngl.3rd-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1930,

decade.1920-{1911..1920} of entity

* McsEngl.2nd-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1920,

decade.1910-{1901..1910} of entity

* McsEngl.1st-decade-of-20th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i10.1910,

century.1900-{1801..1900} of entity

* {1900} POPULATION: 1,640,000,000 (Asia: 947,000,000 Europe: 408,000,000 America: 156,000,000 Africa: 133,000,000 Oceania: 6,000,000)[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1900].
* {1898} AFRICA: European exploration and technology led to the colonization of almost the entire continent by 1898.. [wikipedia]
* {1888} BRAZIL: slavery was abolished. [wikipedia]
* {1886} TECH: Karl-Benz sells the first commercial automobile. [wikipedia]
* {1885} SCIENCE: 1885: Louis Pasteur creates the first successful vaccine against rabies for a young boy who had been bitten 14 times by a rabid dog. [wikipedia]
* {1878} TECH: first functional light-bulb. [wikipedia]
* {1876} TECH: first telephone-call. [wikipedia]
* {1871} GERMAN-EMPIRE: creation. [wikipedia]
* {1869} SCIENCE: 1869: Dmitri Mendeleev created the Periodic table. [wikipedia]
* {1865} USA: America's 13th Amendment following their Civil War abolished slavery. [wikipedia]
* {1861} RUSSIA: serfdom was abolished. [wikipedia]
* {1861..1865} USA: civil war. [wikipedia]
* {1859} SCIENCE: Charles-Darwin book The-Origin-of-Species, which introduced the idea of evolution by natural selection. [wikipedia]
* {1859} NATURE: August 28–September 2– The solar storm of 1859, the largest geomagnetic solar storm on record, causes the Northern lights to be visible as far south as Montería, Colombia and knocks out telegraph communication (this is also called the Carrington Event). [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1859]
* {1853..1856} RUSSIA: When Russia tried expanding its influence in the Balkans, the British and French defeated them in the Crimean War (1853–1856), thereby protecting the Ottoman Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1848} EUROPE: The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. [wikipedia]
* {1845..1852} IRELAND: great-famine. [wikipedia]
* {1837} TECH: telegraph and its Morse-code. [wikipedia]
* {1835} TECH: electric-relay. [wikipedia]
* {1834} SLAVERY: The first colonial empire in the century to abolish slavery was the British, who did so in 1834. [wikipedia]
* {1804} POPULATION: World population reaches 1 billion. [wikipedia]
* {1804} TECH: 1804: First steam locomotive begins operation. [wikipedia]
* {1801} UK: The Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland merge to form the United Kingdom. [wikipedia]
* SCIENCE: The 19th century was an era of rapidly accelerating scientific discovery and invention, with significant developments in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity, and metallurgy that laid the groundwork for the technological advances of the 20th century. [wikipedia]
* BRITISH-EMPIRE: grew rapidly in the first half of the century, especially with the expansion of vast territories in Canada, Australia, South Africa and heavily populated India, and in the last two decades of the century in Africa. By the end of the century, the British Empire controlled a fifth of the world's land and one-quarter of the world's population. During the post-Napoleonic era, it enforced what became known as the Pax Britannica, which had ushered in unprecedented globalization and economic integration on a massive scale. [wikipedia]
* LONDON: became the world's largest city and capital of the British Empire. Its population increased from 1 million in 1800 to 6.7 million a century later. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1900},

* McsEngl.19th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'19th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1900,

century.1900.year-{1801..1900} of entity

"When Britain put an end to slavery throughout its empire in 1833, the country set up a Slave Compensation Commission to process claims. About 46,000 claims were paid, amounting to around £20 million, or the equivalent of £17 billion (more than $23 billion USD) in today's currency.
But this money (which had come from British taxpayers) didn’t go to the people who had been enslaved. Instead, it was paid to Britain’s slave owners for the “loss of human property.” Previously unseen records made public in 2013 detailed who received money in return for their slaves, much to the embarrassment of many wealthy families across the UK.
[{2021-03-27} https://www.wisegeek.com/what-happened-after-slavery-was-abolished-in-the-british-empire.htm]

* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1900.year,

century.1800-{1701..1800} of entity

* {1799} FRANCE: In the aftermath of the French-Revolution, Napoleon-Bonaparte gained power. [wikipedia]
* {1791..1804} The Haitian Revolution. [wikipedia]
* {1789} French revolution. [wikipedia]
* {1781..1785} Serfdom is abolished in the Austrian monarchy (first step; second step in 1848). [wikipedia]
* {1776} SCIENCE: Adam-Smith publishes The-Wealth-of-Nations. [wikipedia]
* {1763..1783} USA: The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), gaining independence from the British Crown and establishing the United States of America, the first modern constitutional liberal democracy. [wikipedia]
* {1735} SCIENCE: Linnaeus publishes his Systema-Naturae. [wikipedia]
* {1709} ENVIRONMENT: The Great Frost of 1709 marks the coldest winter in 500 years. [wikipedia]
* SLAVERY: During the century, slave trading and human trafficking expanded on a global scale. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1800},

* McsEngl.18th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'18th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1800,

century.1700-{1601..1700} of entity

* {1689} BRITAIN: Bill of Rights. [wikipedia]
* {1687} GREECE:. [wikipedia]
* {1687} SCIENCE: Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica. [wikipedia]
* {1658} INDIA: After his father Shah Jahan completes the Taj Mahal, his son Aurangzeb deposes him as ruler of the Mughal Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1648} The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War and marks the ends of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire as major European powers. [wikipedia]
* {1644} CHINA: The Manchu conquer China ending the Ming dynasty. The subsequent Qing dynasty rules until 1912. [wikipedia]
* {1618..1648} EUROPE:. [wikipedia]
* {1613} RUSSIA: The Time of Troubles in Russia ends with the establishment of the House of Romanov, which rules until 1917. [wikipedia]
* {1602} DUTCH: The Dutch East India Company (VOC) is established by merging competing Dutch trading companies.[5] Its success contributes to the Dutch Golden Age. [wikipedia]
* SCIENTIFIC-REVOLUTION: By the end of the century, Europeans were aware of logarithms, electricity, the telescope and microscope, calculus, universal gravitation, Newton's Laws of Motion, air pressure and calculating machines due to the work of the first scientists of the Scientific Revolution, including Galileo Galilei, Johannes Kepler, René Descartes, Pierre Fermat, Blaise Pascal, Robert Boyle, Christiaan Huygens, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Robert Hooke, Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. [wikipedia]
* ENGLAND: It was during this century that the English monarch became a symbolic figurehead and Parliament was the dominant force in government – a contrast to most of Europe, in particular France. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1700},

* McsEngl.17th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'17th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1700,

century.1600-{1501..1600} of entity

* {1593} TECH: Galileo Galilei invents a thermometer. [wikipedia]
* {1588} BRITAIN: repulses the Spanish Armada and begins English-thalassocracy. [Bernal.J.D]
* {1582} GREGORIAN-CALENDAR: Pope Gregory XIII issues the Gregorian calendar. The last day of the Julian calendar was Thursday, 4 October 1582 and this was followed by the first day of the Gregorian calendar, Friday, 15 October 1582. [wikipedia]
* {1572} INCA: Spanish conquistadores apprehend the last Inca leader Tupak Amaru at Vilcabamba, Peru, and execute him in Cuzco. [wikipedia]
* {1566..1648} SPAIN: Eighty Years' War between Spain and the Netherlands. [wikipedia]
* {1555} ECONOMY: The Muscovy Company is the first major English joint stock trading company. [wikipedia]
* {1547} RUSSIA: Grand Prince Ivan the Terrible is crowned tsar of (All) Russia, thenceforth becoming the first Russian tsar. [wikipedia]
* {1543} SCIENCE: Copernicus publishes his theory that the Earth and the other planets revolve around the Sun. [wikipedia]
* {1534} ENGLAND: King Henry-VIII put an-end to all papal jurisdiction in England. [wikipedia]
* {1526..1857} INDIA: Mughal Empire, founded by Babur, rules India. [wikipedia]
* {1519..1521} MEXICO: Hernán Cortés leads the Spanish conquest of Mexico. [wikipedia]
* {1517} PROTESTANTISM: Luther nailed his Ninety-five-Theses (Disputation on the-Power of Indulgences) on the-door of All-Saints'Church in Wittenberg, Germany. [Wikipedia]
* ECONOMY: capitalism. [Marx]
* JAPAN: was suffering a severe civil war at the time, known as the Sengoku period. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1600},

* McsEngl.16th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'16th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1600,

century.1500-{1401..1500} of entity

* {1494} double-entry accounting. [wikipedia]
* {1492} Guanahaní-Bahamas visited by Christopher-Columbus' first voyage. [wikipedia]
* {1455} Gutenberg Bible, of the earliest major books printed. [wikipedia]
* {1453} Constantinople, known as the Capital of the World and the Capital of the Byzantine Empire-{0330..1453} (today's Turkey), falls to the emerging Muslim Ottoman Turks, marking the end of the tremendously influential Byzantine Empire and, for some historians, the end of the Middle Ages. [wikipedia]
* {1415..2002} Portuguese Empire. [wikipedia]
* {1402..1975} Spanish Empire. [wikipedia]
* RENAISSANCE: the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy, and Johannes-Gutenberg's invention of printing-press played key roles in the development of Renaissance. [wikipedia]
* SCIENCE: in Italy. [Bernal.J.D]
* LANGUAGE: rise of Modern-English from Middle-English. [wikipedia]
* COLONIZATION: The search for the wealth and prosperity of India's Bengal Sultanate led to the colonization of the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and the Portuguese voyages by Vasco da Gama, which linked Europe with the Indian subcontinent, ushering the period of Iberian empires. [wikipedia]
* ASIA: the Timurid Empire collapsed, and the Afghan Pashtun Lodi dynasty is founded under the Delhi Sultanate. Under the rule of the Yongle Emperor, who built the Forbidden City and commanded Zheng He to explore the world overseas, the Ming Dynasty's territory reached its pinnacle. [wikipedia]
* AFRICA: the spread of Islam leads to the destruction of the Christian kingdoms of Nubia, by the end of the century leaving only Alodia (which was to collapse in 1504). The formerly vast Mali Empire teeters on the brink of collapse, under pressure from the rising Songhai Empire. [wikipedia]
* AMERICAS: both the Inca Empire and the Aztec Empire reach the peak of their influence, but the European colonization of the Americas changed the course of modern history. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1500},

* McsEngl.15th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'15th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1500,

century.1400-{1301..1400} of entity

* {1349} employee law. [Marx]
* {1347..1351} Europe: Black-Death claimed 25 million lives – wiping out one third of the European population. [wikipedia]
* {1337..1453} The Hundred Years' War begins when Edward III of England lays claim to the French throne. [wikipedia]
* employee: their class created the-second half of 14th-century. [Marx]
* Asia: Tamerlane (Timur), established the Timurid Empire, history's third largest empire to have been ever established by a single conqueror. Scholars estimate that Timur's military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population at the time. [wikipedia]
* Africa: the wealthy Mali Empire, a global leader of gold production, reached its territorial and economic height under the reign of Mansa Musa I of Mali, the wealthiest individual of the medieval times, and according to various sources as history's ever. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1400},

* McsEngl.14th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'14th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1400,

century.1300-{1201..1300} of entity

* {1299} Ottoman-Empire is established under Osman-I. [wikipedia]
* {1291} The Swiss Confederation of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden forms. [wikipedia]
* {1290} Jews-England: By the Edict of Expulsion, King Edward I of England orders all Jews to leave the Kingdom of England. [wikipedia]
* {1279} China-Mongols: Song-dynasty ends after losing the-Battle-of-Yamen to Mongols. [wikipedia]
* {1265} Dominican friar and theologian, Thomas Aquinas begins to write his Summa Theologiae. [wikipedia]
* {1261} Byzantines under Michael VIII retake Constantinople from the Crusaders and Venice. [wikipedia]
* {1215} England: King John signs Magna-Carta at Runnymede. [wikipedia]
* {1206} Mongols: Genghis-Khan is declared Great-Khan. [wikipedia]
* {1204} Fourth Crusade of 1202–1204 captures Zadar for Venice and sacks Byzantine Constantinople, creating the Latin Empire. [wikipedia]
* Mongol-empire: was founded by Genghis Khan, which stretched from Eastern Asia to Eastern Europe. [wikipedia]
* Islam: The conquests of Hulagu Khan and other Mongol invasions changed the course of the Muslim world, most notably the Siege of Baghdad (1258), the destruction of the House of Wisdom and the weakening of the Mamluks and Rums which, according to historians, caused the decline of the Islamic Golden Age. [wikipedia]
* North-America: In North America, according to some population estimates, the population of Cahokia grew to being equal to or larger than the population of 13th-century London. [wikipedia]
* Peru: the Kingdom of Cuzco begins. [wikipedia]
* Africa: The Kanem Empire in what is now Chad reaches its apex. The Solomonic dynasty in Ethiopia and the Zimbabwe Kingdom are founded. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1300},

* McsEngl.13th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'13th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1300,

century.1200-{1101..1200} of entity

* {1185} First record of windmills. [wikipedia]
* {1176} Battle-of-Myriokephalon between Byzantine-Empire and Seljuk-Turks in Phrygia. It is a serious reversal for the Byzantine forces and will be the final, unsuccessful, effort by the Byzantines to recover the interior of Anatolia from the Seljuk Turks. [wikipedia]
* The first medieval universities are founded. Pierre Abelard teaches. [wikipedia]
* Japan: Heian period. [wikipedia]
* China: is under the Northern Song dynasty. [wikipedia]
* Islam: The Golden Age of Islam kept experiencing significant developments, particularly in Islamic Spain, Seljuk and Ghurid territories. [wikipedia]
* Khmer-Empire: of Cambodia flourished during this century. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i100.1200},

* McsEngl.12th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'12th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1200,

century.1100-{1001..1100} of entity

* {1088} China: magnetic-compass.
* {1088} The University of Bologna is established.
* {1084} the enormous Chinese historical work of the Zizhi Tongjian is compiled by scholars under Chancellor Sima Guang, completed in 294 volumes and included 3 million written Chinese characters.
* {1074} Seljuk-Turks capture Jerusalem from the Byzantines, and cut pilgrim transit.
* {1071} Defeat of the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert by the Seljuk army of Alp Arslan, ending three centuries of a Byzantine military and economic Golden Age.
* {1066} Norman conquest of England.
* {1054} Great-Schism: in which the Western (Roman Catholic) and Eastern Orthodox churches separated from each other.
* {1014..1020} The Book of Healing: a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopaedia, is written by Avicenna, Persian scholar.
* {1004} Egypt: the-library and university Dar-Al-Hekma is founded under the-Fatimids.
* McsEngl.{i100.1100},

* McsEngl.11th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'11th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1100,

millennium.1000-{0001..1000} of entity

* {0800} CALENDAR: after {0800} AD/BC is-used, that was-devised in {525} by Dionysius-Exiguus. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anno_Domini]
* {0700..1200} Islamic golden era. [wikipedia]
* {0632} Rise of Islam. [wikipedia]
* {0476} Fall of Roman Empire. [wikipedia]
* {0393} last Olympic Games. [wikipedia]
* {0286} EUROPE: Diocletian divides the empire East and West. [wikipedia]
* {0079} NATURE: Pompeii destroyed. [wikipedia]
* {0070} Jewish diaspora. [wikipedia]
* POPULATION: from 200-million to 300-million. [wikipedia]
* McsEngl.{i1000.1000},

* McsEngl.Bp02th-millennium,
* McsEngl.01st-millennium-{0001..1000},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.1000,

century.1000-{0901..1000} of entity

* McsEngl.10th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'10th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.1000,

century.0900-{0801..0900} of entity

* McsEngl.9th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'09th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0900,

century.0800-{0701..0800} of entity

* McsEngl.8th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'08th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0800,

century.0700-{0601..0700} of entity

* McsEngl.7th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'07th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0700,

century.0600-{0501..0600} of entity

* McsEngl.6th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'06th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0600,

century.0500-{0401..0500} of entity

* McsEngl.5th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'05th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0500,

century.0400-{0301..0400} of entity

* McsEngl.4th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'04th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0400,

century.0300-{0201..0300} of entity

* McsEngl.3rd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'03rd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0300,

century.0200-{0101..0200} of entity

* McsEngl.2nd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'02nd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0200,

century.0100-{0001..0100} of entity

* McsEngl.1st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'01st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.0100,

millennium.Bce1000-{Bce1000..Bce0001} of entity

* {Bce0027} Rome/Europe/West Asia/Africa: Roman-Empire.
* {Bce0146} Greece: Battle of Corinth, beginning of Roman-era.
* {Bce0149} Rome/Carthage: Third Punic-War, Roman province of Africa.
* {Bce0336..Bce323} Alexander-the-Great.
* {Bce0479} China: death of Confucius.
* {Bce0500..0401} Near East: Second Temple Judaism, redaction of Hebrew-Bible.
* {Bce0509} Europe: Roman-Republic.
* {Bce0525} Egypt: is in decline, and falls to the Achaemenids.
* {Bce0753} Europe: foundation of Rome.
* {Bce0776} Greece: First Olympiad.
* {Bce0700..0601} currency: metal-money in Lydia.
* {Bce0800..0701} Greece: alphabet.
* world-population: roughly doubled, from about 100-million to about 200–250-million. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_millennium_BC]
* McsEngl.{i1000.Bce1000},

* McsEngl.01st-millennium-Bce-{Bce1000-Bce0001},
* McsEngl.Bp03rd-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce1000,

century.Bce0100-{Bce0100..Bce0001} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce1st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce01st-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0100,

century.Bce0200-{Bce0200..Bce0101} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce2nd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce02nd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0200,

century.Bce0300-{Bce0300..Bce0201} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce3rd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce03rd-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0300,

century.Bce0400-{Bce0400..Bce0301} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce4th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce04th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0400,

century.Bce0500-{Bce0500..Bce0401} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce5th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce05th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0500,

century.Bce0600-{Bce0600..Bce0501} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce6th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce06th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0600,

century.Bce0700-{Bce0700..Bce0601} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce7th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce07th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0700,

century.Bce0800-{Bce0800..Bce0701} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce8th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce08th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0800,

century.Bce0900-{Bce0900..Bce0801} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce9th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce09th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce0900,

century.Bce1000-{Bce1000..Bce0901} of entity

* McsEngl.Bce10th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'Bce10th-century,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i100.Bce1000,

millennium.Bce2000-{Bce2000..Bce1001} of entity


* McsEngl.{i1000.Bce2000},

* McsEngl.Bp04th-millennium,
* McsEngl.02nd-millennium-Bce-{Bce2000..Bce1001},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce2000,

millennium.Bce3000-{Bce3000..Bce2001} of entity

* {Bce2800} lagHmnm: earliest recorded syllables on tablets in Sumerian-city of Ur. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syllable]
* TECH: Early to Middle Bronze-Age. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_millennium_BC]
* MESOPOTAMIA: Early-Dynastic-Period is-followed by Akkadian-Empire. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_millennium_BC]
* EGYPT: Early-Dynastic-Period is-followed by Old-Kingdom. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_millennium_BC]
* INDIA: Indus-Valley-Civilization developed a-state-society. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_millennium_BC]
* POPULATION: roughly 60 million [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3rd_millennium_BC]
* McsEngl.{i1000.Bce3000},

* McsEngl.Bp05th-millennium,
* McsEngl.03rd-millennium-Bce-{Bce3000..Bce2001},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce3000,

millennium.Bce4000-{Bce4000..Bce3001} of entity

* TECH: beginning of Bronze-Age and invention of writing. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4th_millennium_BC]
* POPULATION: roughly 50-million. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/4th_millennium_BC]
* McsEngl.{i1000.Bce4000},

* McsEngl.Bp06th-millennium,
* McsEngl.04th-millennium-Bce-{Bce4000..Bce3001},
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce4000,

millennium.Bce5000-{Bce5000..Bce4001} of entity

* McsEngl.05th-millennium-Bce-{Bce5000-Bce4001},
* McsEngl.Bp07th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce5000,

millennium.Bce6000-{Bce6000..Bce5001} of entity

* McsEngl.06th-millennium-Bce-{Bce6000-Bce5001},
* McsEngl.Bp08th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce6000,

millennium.Bce7000-{Bce7000..Bce6001} of entity

* McsEngl.07th-millennium-Bce-{Bce7000-Bce6001},
* McsEngl.Bp09th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce7000,

millennium.Bce8000-{Bce8000..Bce7001} of entity

* McsEngl.08th-millennium-Bce-{Bce8000-Bce7001},
* McsEngl.Bp10th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce8000,

millennium.Bce9000-{Bce9000..Bce8001} of entity

* McsEngl.09th-millennium-Bce-{Bce9000-Bce8001},
* McsEngl.Bp11th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.Bce9000,

millennium.BpK1x012-{Bce10000..Bce9001} of entity

* McsEngl.10th-millennium-Bce-{Bce10000-Bce9001},
* McsEngl.Bp12th-millennium,
* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000.BpK1x012,

megannium-BpK2x001-{present..Bp1'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000'000.BpK2x001,

megannium-BpK2x002-{Bp1'000'001..Bp2'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Entevg'i1000'000.BpK2x002,

gigannium-BpK3x001-{present..Bp1'000'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Mcs.Entevg'i1000'000'000-BpK3x001,

gigannium-BpK3x002-{Bp1'000'000'001..Bp2'000'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Mcs.Entevg'i1000'000'000-BpK3x002,

gigannium-BpK3x003-{Bp2'000'000'001..Bp3'000'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Mcs.Entevg'i1000'000'000-BpK3x003,

gigannium-BpK3x004-{Bp3'000'000'001..Bp4'000'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Mcs.Entevg'i1000'000'000-BpK3x004,

gigannium-BpK3x005-{Bp4'000'000'001..Bp5'000'000'000} of entity

* McsEngl.Mcs.Bp5th-gigannium,
* McsEngl.Mcs.Entevg'i1000'000'000-BpK3x005,


* McsEngl.entity'whole-part-tree,

* none,
· 'entity' ≡ 'Sympan'.
· entity is the-generic-specific point of view of Sympan.

* Nature,
* International-society,


* McsEngl.entity'generic-specific-tree,

* entity,
· 'entity' ≡ 'Sympan'.
· entity is the-generic-specific point of view of Sympan.


* McsEngl.entity.specific,

· Sympan is an-individual-concept, has-NO specifics.
* body,
* doing,
* relation,
* human,
* humanNo,
* first-person,
* second-person,
* third-person,
* generic,
* genericNo,
* definite,
* definiteNo,


· on structure:
* body,
* doing,
* relation,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.structure,


· human-languages are human-centric.
· that is why they express this division.
* human,
* humanNo,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.human,


· human-languages divide the-entities as:
* first-person,
* second-person,
* third-person,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.human-language,


· on "dependance" on other entities:
* body,
* bodyNo-(process-or-relation),

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.dependance,


· on doing:
* doing,
* doingNo,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.doing,


· on specific-attribute:
* generic-entity,
* genericNo-entity,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.specific-attribute,


* definite-entity,
* definiteNo-entity,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.boundary,


* mental-entity,
* mentalNo-entity,

* McsEngl.entity.specifics-division.brain-info,


· entity is a-generic-concept.
· it contains any individual-enity, all-entities, any specific-entity.
· more accurately, this concept is the-same with Sympan. {2020-04-09},

* McsEngl.Cosmos!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Sympan!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Smpn!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Spn!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Sympan'(Smpn)!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Sympan'(Spn)!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.Universe!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.entityAgg,
* McsEngl.entity.001-aggregate!⇒entityAgg,
* McsEngl.entity.aggregate-001!⇒entityAgg,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.Κόσμος!~ο!=entityAgg,
* McsElln.Σύμπαν!~το!=entityAgg,

Nature (link) of Sympan

International-society (link) of Sympan

space (link) of Sympan

time (link) of Sympan


· semaso-entity is any semaso-concept languages create for the-entity-concept.

* McsEngl.entity.semaso!⇒entitySms,
* McsEngl.entitySms,
* McsEngl.semaso-entity!⇒entitySms,


· entity interrogative.

* McsEngl.entity.interrogative,
* McsEngl.entitySms.interrogative,
====== langoKmo:
* McsSngo.o-cio!=entity.interrogative,


· definite-entity is an-entity identifiable WITH clear boundaries.

* McsEngl.definite-entity,
* McsEngl.entity.definite,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-dio!=entity.definite,

* deictic-entity,


· definiteNo-entity is an-entity identifiable, but WITHOUT clear boundaries (unspecified).

* McsEngl.definiteNo-entity,
* McsEngl.entity.definiteNo,
* McsEngl.indefinite-entity,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-dioUgo!=entity.definiteNo,


· entity definite, deictic.

* McsEngl.entity.deictic,
* McsEngl.entitySms.deictic,
* McsEngl.the-entity,
* McsEngl.such,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-δio,
* McsSngo.o-dhio!=entity.deictic,

* definite-entity,


· entity, deictic, near personA, one.

* McsEngl.entity.deictic-nearA-one,
* McsEngl.entitySms.deictic-nearA-one,
* McsEngl.this,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-δio-fo!=entity.deictic.oneNo,
* McsSngo.o-dhio-fo!=entity.deictic.one,


· entity, deictic, near personA, oneNo.

* McsEngl.entity.deictic-nearA-oneΝο,
* McsEngl.entitySms.deictic-nearA-oneΝο,
* McsEngl.these,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-δio-foUgo!=entity.deictic.oneNo,
* McsSngo.o-dhio-foUgo!=entity.deictic.oneNo,


· entity definite, quantity none.

* McsEngl.entity.definite.quantity.none,
* McsEngl.none!~advb,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-po!=entity.none,


· entity definiteNo, quantity all.

* McsEngl.all-entities,
* McsEngl.entity.definiteNo.quantity.all,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-bo!=entity.all,


· entity definiteNo quantity one.

* McsEngl.an-entity,
* McsEngl.entity.definiteNo.quantity.one,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-dioUgo-fo!=entity.definiteNo.one,


· entity definiteNo, quantity oneNo.

* McsEngl.some-entities,
* McsEngl.entity.definiteNo.quantity.oneNo,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-dioUgo-foUgo!=entity.definiteNo.oneNo,


· entity definiteNo, quantity any,

* McsEngl.any-entity,
* McsEngl.entity.definiteNo.quantity.any,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-nio!=entity.any,


· body is an-entity WE PERCEIVE as independent one.

* McsEngl.body,
* McsEngl.entity.body,
* McsEngl.non-relation-or-process,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-ruo!=entity.body, from ro=relation, rio=doing,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.σώμα!=body,

· body is an-entity WE PERCEIVE as independent one.
· relations and doings are-NOT bodies.

* material-body,
* materialNo-body,


· bodyNo is an-entity WE PERCEIVE NOT as independent one, but as a-corelation of entities.
· relations and doings ARE bodyNos.

* McsEngl.bodyNo,
* McsEngl.doing-or-relation!⇒bodyNo,
* McsEngl.entity.bodyNo!⇒bodyNo,
* McsEngl.process-or-relation!⇒bodyNo,
* McsEngl.relation-or-process!⇒bodyNo,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.o-ruoUgo!=entity.bodyNo,

01_argument of bodyNo

· argument of bodyNo[a] is its entities.

* McsEngl.bodyNo'01_argument,
* McsEngl.bodyNo'argument,
* McsEngl.argBodyNo,
* McsEngl.argument-of-bodyNo,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.argo-a-ruoUgo!=argument-of-bodyNo,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.όρισμα-σώματοςΜη!=argument-of-bodyNo,

* doing-argument,
* relation-argument,

02_valence of bodyNo

· valence of bodyNo is the-number of its arguments.

* McsEngl.bodyNo'02_valence,
* McsEngl.bodyNo'valence,
* McsEngl.valence-of-bodyNo,

03_direction of bodyNo

· direction of bodyNo is any SEQUENCE in its arguments.

* McsEngl.bodyNo'03_direction,
* McsEngl.bodyNo'direction,
* McsEngl.direction-of-bodyNo,


* process,
* relation,
* semaso-verb,

* McsEngl.bodyNo.specific,


· sequenced-bodyNo is a-bodyNo WITH direction.
· a-sequenced-bodyNo is always a-sequenced-bodyNo OF AN-ENTITY[a].
· this[a] entity is the-SUBJECT of the-sequenced-bodyNo.

* McsEngl.bodyNo.sequenced,
* McsEngl.sequenced-bodyNo,
* McsEngl.process-or-relation-of-entity,


· sequencedNo-bodyNo is a-bodyNo WITHOUT direction.

* McsEngl.bodyNo.sequencedNo,
* McsEngl.sequencedNo-bodyNo,
* McsEngl.unsequenced-bodyNo,

entity.doing (link)


· doingNo is an-entity which is NO doing.

* McsEngl.doingNo,
* McsEngl.entity.doingNo,

* body,
* relation,

entity.generic (link)


· individual-entity[a] is an-entity WITHOUT specific-attributes (concepts which have at least the-attributes of it[a]).
· the-number of its[a] referents is one.

* McsEngl.atomic-entity,
* McsEngl.concrete-entity,
* McsEngl.entity.genericNo,
* McsEngl.entity.individual,
* McsEngl.genericNo-entity,
* McsEngl.individual-concept,
* McsEngl.individual-entity,
* McsEngl.instance-entity,
* McsEngl.single-entity,
* McsEngl.the,
* McsEngl.unique-entity,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.koUno!=entity.individual,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.ατομική-οντότητα,
* McsElln.συγκεκριμένη-έννοια,


· on generic:
* generic-entity,

* McsEngl.genericNo'specific-complement,

entity.whole (link)


· wholeNo is an-entity which is NOT whole, ie has NO parts.

* McsEngl.UNIT,
* McsEngl.entity.wholeNo!⇒unit,
* McsEngl.wholeNo-entity!⇒unit,
* McsEngl.unit,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.coUno!=unit,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.μονάδα!=unit,

entity.human (link)


· humanNo is any entity which is not human.

* McsEngl.entity.humanNo,
* McsEngl.humanNo,
====== langoSinago:
* McsSngo.hoUgo!=entity.humanNo,

entity.mental (link)


· mentalNo-entity is an-entity which is-NOT mental (= not brainIn-info, MODEL of reality).
· a-paper-picture is a-mentalNo-entity.
· every material-body is a-mentalNo-entity.
· a-relation among people is a-mentalNo-entity.
· a-process of human-heart is a-mentalNo-entity.
· a-thought-process is a-MENTAL-entity.

* McsEngl.entity.mentalNo!⇒mentalNo,
* McsEngl.material-entity!⇒mentalNo,
* McsEngl.mentalNo,
* McsEngl.mentalNo-entity!⇒mentalNo,
====== langoGreek:
* McsElln.μη-πνευματική-οντότητα!=mentalNo,
* McsElln.μη-πνευματικό!=mentalNo,


this page was-visited times since {2019-09-06}

page-wholepath: synagonism.net / Mws / dirCor / entity

· this page uses 'locator-names', names that when you find them, you find the-LOCATION of the-concept they denote.
· clicking on the-green-BAR of a-page you have access to the-global--locator-names of my-site.
· use the-prefix 'entity' for sensorial-concepts related to current concept 'entity'.
· TYPE CTRL+F "Mcs.words-of-concept's-name", to go to the-LOCATION of the-concept.
· a-preview of the-description of a-global-name makes reading fast.

• author: Kaseluris.Nikos.1959
• email:
• edit on github: https://github.com/synagonism/Mcsw/blob/master/dirCor/filMcsEnt.last.html,
• COMMENTS on Disqus,
• twitter: @synagonism,
• steemit: https://steemit.com/@synagonism,

• version.last.dynamic: ../../dirMcs/dirCor/McsCor000003.last.html,
• version.1-0-0.2021-04-06: filMcsEnt.1-0-0.2021-04-06.html,
• version.0-1-0.2019-09-06 draft creation,

support (link)