autonomated-trust--crypto-economics--chain-net structured-concept-Mcs
(DnChain)

McsHitp-creation: {2017-07-02}

overview of DnChain

description::
· chain-network (decentralized-trust--chain-network) is a-peer-to-peer-network that stores in a-distributed-ledger the-history (chain) of the UNCHANGEABLE, TRANSPARENT, CRYPTO transactions-of-information among its nodes, using exchange-value to append the-ledger with a-consensus-algorithm without trust of a central authority.
[hmnSgm.2018-04-17]
===
· Đ-network (pronounced D-stroke-network) (decentralized-crypto-chain--network) is a-peer-to-peer-network that stores in a-shared-consensus-datastructure the-history (Đ-chain) of the UNCHANGEABLE, TRANSPARENT, CRYPTO transactions-of-information among its nodes.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-21]
===
Decentralized-transaction-chain--network (Đ-net) is a-peer-to-peer-network that stores in a-shared-consensus-file (Dtc-file) the-history (chain) of the UNMODIFIABLE, TRANSPARENT, CRYPTO transactions-of-information among its nodes.
[hmnSgm.2017-09-27]
===
Crypto-Decentralized-Ledger--network (DLgr-net) is a-peer-to-peer-network that stores in a-shared-consensus-file (Dledger) the-history (register) of the UNMODIFIABLE, TRANSPARENT, CRYPTO transactions-of-information among its nodes.
[hmnSgm.2017-09-04]
===
Dledger-network (DLgr-net) is a-peer-to-peer-network that stores in a-shared-file (Dledger) the-history of the UNMODIFIABLE, TRANSPARENT transactions-of-information among its nodes.
[hmnSgm.2017-07-02]

name::
* Mcs.filMcsDtcnet.last.html,
* Mcs.dirTchInf/filMcsDtcnet.last.html,
* Mcs.Atc-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-11-05}
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-network!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-09}
* Mcs.D-stroke-net!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-technology!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.Dcc-net!⇒DnChain, (NameMachine)
* Mcs.Dcc-net-(decentralized-crypto-chain--network)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.Dchain-net, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.Dctc-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-27}
* Mcs.Dctc-network!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-18}
* Mcs.DnChain, {2019-06-17}
* Mcs.Dtc-net-(decentralized-transactionchain--network)!⇒DnChain, {2017-10-15}
* Mcs.Dtcc-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-22}
* Mcs.Dtcec-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-26}
* Mcs.algorithmic-trust--chain-net!⇒DnChain, {2019-02-24}
* Mcs.automated-trust--chain-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-10-12}
* Mcs.automated-decentralized-trust-crypto-economics-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2019-02-17}
* Mcs.chain-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-23}
* Mcs.chain-network!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-10}
* Mcs.chain-technology!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-20}
* Mcs.chn-net!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-26}
* Mcs.crypto-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-22}
* Mcs.crypto-decentralized-transactionchain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-10-02}
* Mcs.da-chain--net!⇒DnChain, {2019-06-01}
* Mcs.decentralized-autonomous--chain-net!⇒DnChain, {2019-05-04}
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--technology!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-09}
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto--transaction-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-23}
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-chain--network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-chain--technology!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-14}
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-transactionchain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-09}
* Mcs.decentralized-transaction-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-26}
* Mcs.decentralized-transactionchain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-26}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-and-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-10}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-and-crypto-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-22}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-04-17}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-crypto-economics-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2018-05-26}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-technology!⇒DnChain, {2018-04-20}
* Mcs.distributed-transaction-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-26}
* Mcs.network.transactionchain!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-30}
* Mcs.tx-chain-net!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.tx-chain-network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-30}
* Mcs.value-chain--net!⇒DnChain, {2019-03-20}
* Mcs.Đ-chain-network!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-18}
* Mcs.Đ-net!⇒DnChain, {2017-12-22}
* Mcs.Đ-net-(decentralized-crypto-chain--network)!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-14}
* Mcs.Đ-network!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-14}
* Mcs.Đ-tech!⇒DnChain, {2018-01-03}
=== literature:
* Mcs.cryptonetwork!⇒DnChain, {2018-02-19}
=== OLD:
* Mcs.Dtransaction-chain--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-27}
* Mcs.Dctc-net-(Distributed-transaction-chain--network)!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-26}
* Mcs.Dtchain-net-(Distributed-Transaction-chain--network)!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-26}
* Mcs.Dtxchain-network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-30}
* Mcs.CDledger-network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.CDledger-system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.CDLgr-net-(Crypto-Decentralized-Ledger--Network)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.CDRegister-Network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-02}
* Mcs.CDRgr-net!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-02}
* Mcs.CDRN-(Crypto-Decentralized-Register--network)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.crypto-Distributed-Register--Network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-02}
* Mcs.crypto-Decentralized-Ledger--network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.crypto-Decentralized-Ledger--system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.crypto-Distributed-Ledger--network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.crypto-Distributed-Ledger--system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.decentralized-ledger--network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.decentralized-ledger--system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.decentralized-only-appendable-register--network!⇒DnChain, {2017-09-19}
* Mcs.distributed-ledger--network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.distributed-ledger--system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.Distributed-Ledger--Technology-(DLT)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.Dledger-network!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.Dledger-system!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.DLgr-net-(Decentralized-Ledger-network)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.DLT-(Decentralized-Ledger-Technology)!⇒DnChain,
* Mcs.DLT-(Distributed-Ledger-Technology)!⇒DnChain,
* Dc-Net, (NameMachine)
* DCChain-network, {2017-12-09}
* decentralized-consensus-based-transaction-system,
* decentralized-consensus-network,
* DOARN-(Decentralized-only-appendable-register--network-(Đ-net)), {2017-09-19}
* DRegister-network-(Đ-net),
* DRgr-net-(Đ-net),
* DRgr-network-(Đ-net),
* DRN-(Distributed-Registry--Network), {2017-09-03}
* Txc-net-(transactionchain-network), {2017-09-30}

name.Greek::
* McsEll.ΑΑΔ, {2017-12-17}
* McsEll.ΑΑΔ-(αποκεντρωτικής-αλυσίδας--δίκτυο), {2017-12-17}
* McsEll.αλυσίδας-και-αποκεντρωτικής-εμπιστοσύνης--δίκτυο, {2018-05-06}
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικής-αλυσίδας--δίκτυο-(ΑΑΔ), {2017-12-17}
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικής-εμπιστοσύνης-και-αλυσίδας--δίκτυο, {2018-05-06}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αποκεντρωμένου-καθολικού-(ΔΑΚ),
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αποκεντρωτικής-αλυσίδας-(ΑΑΔ), {2017-12-17}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αλυσίδας, {2018-12-20}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αλυσίδας-και-αποκεντρωτικής-εμπιστοσύνης, {2018-05-06}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αποκεντρωτικής-εμπιστοσύνης-και-αλυσίδας, {2018-05-06}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-αποκεντρωτικού-καθολικού-(ΔΑΚ), {2017-07-05}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-κατανεμημένης-αλυσίδας-συναλλαγών-(ΔΚΑΣ), {2017-09-26}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-κατανεμημένου-καθολικού-(ΔΚΚ),
* McsEll.δίκτυο-κρυπτογραφημένου-κατανεμημένου-καθολικού-(ΔΚΚΚ), {2017-09-03}
* McsEll.δίκτυο-κατανεμημένου-μητρώου-(ΔΚΚΜ),
* McsEll.δίκτυο-κρύπτο-κατανεμημένου-μητρώου-(ΔΚΚΜ), {2017-09-03}
* McsEll.ντιλέντζερ-δίκτυο-(ΝΛΔ),
* McsEll.ντιτσέιν-δίκτυο-(ΑΑΔ), {2017-12-17}
* McsEll.τεχνολογία-αποκεντρωμένου-μητρώου,

stakeholder of DnChain

description::
· stakeholder is any human-entity (human, human-group, human-organization) or Dchain-account RELATED to a-DnChain.
[hmnSgm.2019-06-21]
· stakeholder is any human or human-organization RELATED to a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'stakeholder!⇒Dstakeholder,
* Mcs.DnChain-stakeholder!⇒Dstakeholder,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder,

specific::
* Dhuman,
* DnChain-organization,
===
* Dnode-operator,

Dstakeholder.authority

description::
· authority is a-stakeholder that governs the-Dchain-net.
· the more stakeholders involved the more decentralized the-system is.

name::
* Mcs.authority-of--DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.DnChain'authority,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.authority,

Dstakeholder.authorityNo

Dstakeholder.internal

description::
· internal-stakeholder is a-stakeholder with direct (= defined by the-stakeholders) relations to a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.externalNo,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.internal,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.member,

Dstakeholder.internalNo

description::
· external-stakeholder is a-stakeholder with indirect (= defined by the-stakeholders) relations to a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.external,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.internalNo,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.memberNo,

Dstakeholder.Foundation-ogn (link)

Dstakeholder.HUMAN-ENTITY

description::
· DnChain--human-entity is a-human, a-human-group, or a-human-organization stakeholder.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'human-entity,
* Mcs.Dstakeholder.human-entity,
* Mcs.human-entity--of-DnChain,

Dstakeholder.HUMAN

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-human!⇒Dhuman, {2019-04-13}
* Mcs.Dhuman, {2019-06-21}
* Mcs.DnChain'human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.DnChain'participant!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.D-stroke-human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Dcc-human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Dctc-human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.human-of-Dnchain!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Đ-human!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Dcc-hmn!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Dcc-hmn-(decentralized-crypto-chain--human)!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Dctc-hmn!⇒Dhuman,
* Mcs.Đ-hmn!⇒Dhuman,

power of Dchain-human

description::
· power-of--Dchain-human is his right to make governing-decisions.

name::
* Mcs.Dhuman'power,
* Mcs.power-of--Dchain-human,

GENERIC of Dchain-human

generic-chain::
* stakeholder-of--chain-net,

Dhuman.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain-human,
* Dagchain-human,
===
* developer,
* appender,
* user,
* founder,
* sponsor,
* promoter,
===
* Buterin.Vitalic (Ethereum),
* Hoskinson.Charles (Cardano),
* Larimer.Danier (Eos, Steem, BitShares),
* Nakamoto.Satoshi (Bitcoin),

Dhuman.DEVELOPER

description::
· Đ-developer is a-human that develops any of the-Đ-programs needed to exists and functions a-Đ-network.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-21]

name::
* Mcs.chain-developer,
* Mcs.Dhuman.developer!⇒Ddeveloper,
* Mcs.developer-of-Đ-chain!⇒Ddeveloper,
* Mcs.D-stroke-developer!⇒Ddeveloper,
* Mcs.Dcc-developer!⇒Ddeveloper,
* Mcs.Đ-human.developer!⇒Ddeveloper,
* Mcs.Đ-developer!⇒Ddeveloper,

Dhuman.APPENDER

description::
· Đ-appender is a-human responsible to append the-Đ-chain.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-22]

name::
* Mcs.D-stroke-appender!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.Dchain-appender-node'operator!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.Dchain-appender-operator, {2019-04-13}
* Mcs.Dcc-appender!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.appender-of-Đ-chain!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.chain-appender,
* Mcs.Dhuman.approver!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.transaction-approver--of-Dnchain!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.Đ-human.appender!⇒Dappender-operator,
* Mcs.Đ-appender!⇒Dappender-operator,

specific::
* miner-(Pow-appender),
* Pos-appender,

Dhuman.END-USER

description::
· Đ-user is a-human that uses the-services of a-Đ-network.

name::
* Mcs.chain--end-user!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.Dhuman.end-user,
* Mcs.Dhuman.user,
* Mcs.chain-user,
* Mcs.DnChain'user!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.D-stroke-user!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.Dcc-user!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.user-of-Dnchain!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.Đ-human.user!⇒chain-user,
* Mcs.Đ-user!⇒chain-user,

specific::
* blockchain-human,
===
* asset-holder,
* reader,
* transactor,

Dhuman.ASSET-HOLDER

description::
· coin-holder interests and user interest are not naturally aligned.
· users have to buy coins from coin-holders to use the-blockchain.
· coin-holders would-prefer if users had to pay more.
· while users would-prefer if they had to pay less.
[https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-on-chain-governance-a4ceacd040ca]

name::
* Mcs.chain-holder,
* Mcs.Dhuman.asset-holder!⇒chain-holder,
* Mcs.Dhuman.coin-holder!⇒chain-holder,

Dhuman.Hoskinson.Charles

description::
Charles Hoskinson is a Colorado based technology entrepreneur and mathematician. He attended Metropolitan State University of Denver and University of Colorado at Boulder to study Analytic Number Theory prior to moving into cryptography via industry exposure.
His professional experience includes founding three Cryptocurrency related start-ups- Invictus Innovations, Ethereum and IOHK- and a variety of colorful positions in the public and private sector. He was the founding chairman of the Bitcoin Foundation’s education committee and established the Cryptocurrency Research Group in September of 2013.
His current projects focus on education of cryptocurrency topics, evangelism of decentralization and making cryptographic tools easier to use for the mainstream.
[https://iohk.io/team/charles-hoskinson/]

name::
* Mcs.Charles-Hoskinson.human,
* Mcs.Hoskinson.Charles.human,
* Mcs.Dhuman.Hoskinson.Charles,
* Mcs.human.Hoskinson.Charles,

addressWpg::
* https://twitter.com/IOHK_Charles,

Dhuman.Larimer.Daniel (link)

Dhuman.Szabo.Nick

description::
"A well-known figure in the space, Nick Szabo is a cryptographer, computer scientist and legal scholar coming from that 90's cypherpunk culture and known for his research in digital contracts and digital currency.
His design for a decentralized digital currency, "bit gold", has been called a direct precursor of Bitcoin (despite "bit gold" never having been implemented).
He coined the very phrase "smart contracts" in the mid-'90s, with the intention of bringing what he calls the "highly evolved practices of contract law and practice to the design of electronic commerce protocols between strangers on the Internet".
He differentiated between "wet code", or human language and expression (ambiguous and imprecise, with semantic meanings shifting and subject to interpretation depending on the context) and "dry code", or machine code - the binary machine logic and circuitry upon which computers operate and execute pre-programmed instructions."
[https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/szabos-law-crypto-libertarianism-techno-utopias-and-decentralized-governance-part-1]

name::
* Mcs.Dhuman.Szabo.Nick,
* Mcs.human.Szabo.Nick,
* Mcs.Szabo.Nick.chain-human,

resource of Szabo.Nick

name::
* Mcs.human.Szabo.Nick'resource,

addressWpg::
* http://unenumerated.blogspot.com/,
* https://twitter.com/NickSzabo4,
* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nick_Szabo,

protocol of DnChain

description::
· Dprotocol is document|s describing how the whole network works.
[hmnSgm.2019-06-29]
===
Algorithm is A-METHOD of a-process.
Protocol is a communication ALGORITHM.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-10]
===
Protocol is A-METHOD of a-communication-process of a-network.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-06]
===
Protocol is A-DESCRIPTION of the-communication-process of the-network.
[hmnSgm.2017-03-18]
===
Algorithm usually is-called a-description of info processing.
[hmnSgm.2017-04-03]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'protocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Dchain-protocol!⇒Dprotocol, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.Dledger-protocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Dprotocol, {2019-06-18}
* Mcs.D-stroke-protocol!⇒Dprotocol, {2017-12-20}
* Mcs.Dcc-protocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Dcc-prl!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Dctc-prl!⇒Dprotocol, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.Dchain-netApProtocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.chain-protocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.protocol-of-Dnchain!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Đ-protocol!⇒Dprotocol,
* Mcs.Đ-prl!⇒Dprotocol,

generic::
* p2p-network-protocol,

white-paper of Dprotocol

description::
Usually, PDF-files that DESCRIBE the-protocol in natural-language.
[hmnSgm.2017-03-18]

name::
* Mcs.Dprotocol'white-paper,
* Mcs.Dcc-wpr,
* Mcs.Dledger-white-paper,
* Mcs.DnChain'white-paper,
* Mcs.chain--white-paper,
* Mcs.white-paper--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-23} https://cointelegraph.com/news/research-white-paper-writers-can-earn-50k-but-say-startups-often-mislead-investors,

specific::
* blockchain--white-paper,

implementation-language of Dprotocol

description::
The-computer-language used to write the-protocol.
[hmnSgm.2017-03-18]

name::
* Mcs.chain-implementation-language,
* Mcs.DnChain'coding-language,
* Mcs.DnChain'implementation-language,
* Mcs.DnChain'source-code-language,
* Mcs.Dprotocol'implementation-language,
* Mcs.Dledger-implementation-language,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApCoding-language,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApImplementation-language,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApSource-code-language,
* Mcs.implementation-language-of-Dledger,

specific::
* Blockchain-protocol--implementation-language,

improvement-proposal of Dprotocol

description::
"The Bitcoin Improvement Proposal, a standard for proposing improvements to the Bitcoin Protocol, was proposed by Amir Taaki in 2011 in BIP 0001 and expanded on in BIP 0002 by Luke Dash Jr.
The BIP process drew heavily from the Python Enhancement Proposal (PEP 0001), even directly copying some of the text. It also refers to a document called “On Consensus and Humming in the IETF,” a collection of principles for open-source collaboration from the Internet Engineering Task Force.
The goal of the BIP process is to allow anyone to propose improvements to the Bitcoin protocol, but also to thoroughly vet ideas for security and feasibility, before implementing any code that could threaten the stability of the network.
The process is meant to allow the community to establish rough consensus around proposed ideas."
[https://blog.sfox.com/bitcoin-governance-what-are-bips-and-how-do-they-work-276cbaebb068]

name::
* Mcs.Dprotocol'improvement-proposal,

atomic-cross-chain-trading of Dprotocol

description::
The problem of atomic cross-chain trading is one where (at least) two parties, Alice and Bob, own coins in separate cryptocurrencies, and want to exchange them without having to trust a third party (centralized exchange).
A non-atomic trivial solution would have Alice send her Bitcoins to Bob, and then have Bob send another cryptocurrency to Alice - but Bob has the option of going back on his end of the bargain and simply not following through with the protocol, ending up with both Bitcoins and the altcoin.
[https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Atomic_cross-chain_trading]

name::
* Mcs.atomic-cross-chain-trading-of-Dchain-protocol,
* Mcs.atomic-swap-trading-of-Dchain-protocol,
* Mcs.DnChain'atomic-cross-chain-trading,
* Mcs.DnChain'atomic-swap-trading,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApAtomic-cross-chain-trading,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApAtomic-swap-trading,
* Mcs.Dprotocol'atomic-cross-chain-trading,

addressWpg::
* {2017-10-11} Bitcoin-Ethereum Atomic Swap Code Now Open Source: https://www.coindesk.com/,
* {2017-09-20} https://medium.com/decred/on-chain-atomic-swaps,
* {2017-09-20} Decred Adds Atomic Swap Support for Exchange-Free Cryptocurrency Trading,

EVOLUTING of Dprotocol (link)

Dprotocol.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dprotocol.specific,

specific::
* Blockchain-protocol,

node of DnChain

description::
· chain-node is a-network-node of a-chain-network.

name::
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-node!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.D-stroke-node!⇒Dnode, {2017-12-20}
* Mcs.DnChain'node!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.Dnode, {2019-06-18}
* Mcs.Dchain-node, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.Dchain-netApNode!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.chain-node!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--node!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.node-of-Dnchain!⇒Dnode,
* Mcs.Đ-node!⇒Dnode,

addressWpg::
* {2018-02-03} Qtum Launches ‘First Ever’ Blockchain Node Into Space: https://cointelegraph.com/,

operator of Dnode

description::
· Dnode-operator is the-human-entity who operates a-Dnode.

name::
* Mcs.Dnode'operator,

performance-of-hardware of Dnode

description::
Hardware performance of single nodes includes network throughput, storage throughput, and computing power for certain functions (for example business transaction processing and blockchain services).
[https://medium.com/ontologynetwork/ontology-introduces-the-triones-membership-system-5211294976bf]

name::
* Mcs.Dnode'hardware-performance,

Dnode.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain--chain-node,
* Dagchain--chain-node,
===
* full--chain-node,
* light--chain-node,
===
* appender--chain-node,

Dnode.APPENDER

description::
· appender-Đ-node is a-Đ-node that appends the-Đ-chain.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appender-node, {2019-04-13}
* Mcs.DnChain'appender-node!⇒DnodeAppender,
* Mcs.Dnode.appender!⇒DnodeAppender,
* Mcs.Dnode.full.appender!⇒DnodeAppender,
* Mcs.DnodeAppender, {2019-06-18}
* Mcs.appender-Dnode!⇒DnodeAppender,
* Mcs.validator-Dnode!⇒DnodeAppender,

addressWpg::
* {2018-02-03} Mining Margins and Where to Make the Most Money: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* blockchain--appender-node,
* Dagchain--appender-node,

operator of DnodeAppender (link)

Dnode.FULL

description::
· full-Đ-node is a-Đ-node that stores the-whole Đ-chain.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-full-node,
* Mcs.DnChain'full-node,
* Mcs.Dnode.full,
* Mcs.full-node--of-DnChain,

specific::
* appender--full-node,
* appenderNo--full-node,

full-node.APPENDER (link)

full-node.APPENDER.NO

description::
· non-appender full-nodes help ensure the-security and stability of the-net.

name::
* Mcs.Dnode.full.appenderNo,

Dnode.LIGHT

description::
· light-Đ-node is a-Đ-node that does-NOT-store the-whole Đ-chain.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-light-node,
* Mcs.DnChain'light-node,
* Mcs.Dnode.light,
* Mcs.light-node--of-DnChain,

chain of DnChain

description::
· transaction-chain is a-data-structure of the-chain-net with the-history of consensus crypto transactions of information among the-nodes of the-network.
· it is only appendable by consensus.
· it is publicly viewable and privatively usable because contains crypto information.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-25]
===
Dledger-file is the-register-file with the-history of consensus crypto transactions of information among the-nodes of the-network.
It is only appendable by consensus.
It is publicly viewable and privatively usable because contains crypto information.
[hmnSgm.2017-09-07]
===
"a blockchain is:
- A digital ledger — that contains data that is stored somewhere
- It is verifiable — only valid transactions can be recorded on the blockchain through a security consensus shared by a network of nodes
- The database is decentralized — there is not one copy of the ledger, instead, every node has the same copy of the ledger
- It is immutable — recorded transactions can’t be altered or erased"
[https://medium.com/ardor/redefining-blockchain-as-a-service-beyond-buzzwords-d5fdcdd057f9]

name::
* Mcs.CDledger-file!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dchain, {2019-04-01}
* Mcs.D-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-data!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain!⇒Dchain, {2017-12-20}
* Mcs.Dledger-data!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.DnChain'append-only-log!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.DnChain'chain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.DnChain'ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApTransactionchain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.chain-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.chain-of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.crypto-chain!⇒Dchain, {2018-05-24}
* Mcs.decentralized-chain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.decentralized-transaction-chain--data-structure!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.decentralized-transaction-chain--file!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-chain!⇒Dchain, {2018-04-20}
* Mcs.distributed-cryptographic-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.distributed-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dtc!⇒Dchain, {2018-04-20}
* Mcs.Dtcc-chain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dtcc-file!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dtchain--data-structure!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Dtchain-file!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.ledger-of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.shared-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Txcn!⇒Dchain, {2019-03-17}
* Mcs.transaction-chain!⇒Dchain, {2017-10-17}
* Mcs.transaction-ledger!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-data!⇒Dchain, {2017-10-03}
* Mcs.tx-chain!⇒Dchain, {2018-01-23}
* Mcs.Đ-chain!⇒Dchain,
* Mcs.Đ-ledger!⇒Dchain,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.αλυσίδας-συναλλαγών--δεδομένα, {2017-10-03}
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτική-αλυσίδα-συναλλαγών, {2017-12-20}
* McsEll.δεδομένα--αλυσίδας-συναλλαγών, {2017-10-03}
* McsEll.συναλλαγών-αλυσίδα--δεδομένα, {2017-10-03}

transaction of Dchain

description::
· Đ-transaction is INFORMATION communicated in the-Đ-network which is-being-appended on the-Đ-chain.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.DnChain'transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.Dchain-tx, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.Dchain-netApTransaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.chain-transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.chain-tx!⇒Dchain-tx, {2019-03-15}
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.D-stroke-transaction!⇒Dchain-tx, {2017-12-20}
* Mcs.Dtcc-tx!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.transaction-of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain-tx,
* Mcs.Đ-transaction!⇒Dchain-tx,

fee of Dchain-tx

name::
* Mcs.chain-fee,
* Mcs.Dchain-tx'fee,
* Mcs.fee-of--chain-transaction,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-03} Haseeb-Qureshi, Blockchain fees are broken. Here are 3 proposals to fix them, https://hackernoon.com/blockchain-fees-are-broken-here-are-3-proposals-to-fix-them-1f772e1530dd,
* {2019-02-19} Jacek-Sieka @jcksie, How would you feel about the #ethereum user experience if you fat-fingered a gas price of 0.1 ETH, totaling a 2100 ETH transaction fee?, https://twitter.com/jcksie/status/1097878201634881536,
* {2017-12-24} BitPay Will Not Process Bitcoin Payments Below $100 Due to High Miner Fees: https://www.ccn.com/,

specific::
* Bitcoin transaction fees have indeed increased from an average of 20 cents to about $15 over the course of 2017.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/bitcoincom-cto-denounces-bitcoin-ive-switched-to-bitcoin-cash]

time of Dchain-tx

description::
· the-time ONE transaction needs to be-done.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-tx'time,

transaction-per-second

description::
PERFORMANCE - The most compelling use cases require hundreds of thousands of transactions per second in a single shard (perhaps millions of transactions per second (tps) in a fully-sharded solution), and many require consensus latency measured in seconds. These performance metrics are orders of magnitude beyond what current public DLT platforms can achieve.
[https://s3.amazonaws.com/hedera-hashgraph/hh-whitepaper-v1.0-180313.pdf]
===
Blockchain scalability
This problem is nothing new.
A quick Google search on the topic of Blockchain scalability produces hundreds of results from forums, websites, and blogs that all describe the same problem.
While cryptocurrency is enjoying more and more mainstream adoption, it does not process transactions fast enough for it to be used on a massive, or even near massive, scale.
As recently as June, Bitcoin, one of the most prominent cryptocurrencies so far, could only process a maximum of seven transactions per second (tps) under optimal conditions, with more realistic numbers looking like two to three, compared to PayPal's 115 and VISA's 2,000 tps.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/how-sharding-based-blockchains-could-handle-more-transactions-than-visa]
===
XRP consistently handles 1,500 transactions per second, 24x7, and can scale to handle the same throughput as Visa.*
*Source: 50,000 transactions per second, as of July 15, 2017
[https://ripple.com/xrp/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'performance,
* Mcs.DnChain'tps,
* Mcs.DnChain'transaction-rate,
* Mcs.DnChain'transaction-speed,
* Mcs.DnChain'transaction-throughput,
* Mcs.chain-tps, {2019-02-16}
* Mcs.Dchain-tx'per-second,
* Mcs.performance-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.tps-(Transaction-Per-Second),
* Mcs.transaction-per-second--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-rate--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-speed--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-throughput--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2017-12-13} https://twitter.com/VitalikButerin/status/940749096339542016,
* {2017-10-26} University of Sydney's Red Belly Blockchain Scales 660,000 Transactions/Sec; 11.5x of Visa, 94,000x of Bitcoin: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com//,

Dchain-tx.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain-tx,
* Dagchain-tx,

appending-algorithm of Dchain

description::
· chain-appending-algo is the-algorithm which automates the-appendability of the-transaction-chain.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appending-algo, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.consensus-algorithm--of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.chain--consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.chain-appending-algo!⇒Dchain-appending-algo, {2019-02-17}
* Mcs.chain-consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.chain-consensus-algo!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.DnChain'consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApConsensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain--consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Dcc-Csa!⇒Dchain-appending-algo, {2018-01-16}
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Dtcc-Csa!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.machine-consensus--of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Dchain'appending-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Dchain'consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,
* Mcs.Đ-consensus-algorithm!⇒Dchain-appending-algo,

addressWpg::
* {2018-08-07} Vitalik-Buterin, A Guide to 99% Fault Tolerant Consensus, https://vitalik.ca/,
* {2018-05-16} Daniel-Larimer, DPOS BFT— Pipelined Byzantine Fault Tolerance, https://medium.com/eosio/,
* {2017-12-08} Understanding Blockchain Fundamentals, Part 2: Proof of Work & Proof of Stake: https://medium.com/loom-network/,

specific::
* blockchain--consensus-algorithm,
* Dagchain--consensus-algorithm,
===
* proof-of-work,
* proof-of-stake,
* delegated-proof-of-stake,
* proof-of-burn,
* proof-of-space,
* tendermint,

appending-algo.DPOS

description::
The DPOS algorithm is divided into two parts: electing a group of block producers and scheduling production. The election process makes sure that stakeholders are ultimately in control because stakeholders lose the most when the network does not operate smoothly. How people are elected has little impact on how consensus is achieved on a minute by minute basis.
[https://steemit.com/dpos/@dantheman/dpos-consensus-algorithm-this-missing-white-paper]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appending-algo.Dpos,
* Mcs.delegated-proof-of-stake--consensus-algorithm,
* Mcs.DPOS,

addressWpg::
* {2017-05-29} DPOS Consensus Algorithm - The Missing White Paper: https://steemit.com/dpos/@dantheman/,
* https://bitshares.org/technology/delegated-proof-of-stake-consensus/,

appending-algo.PROOF-OF-BURN

description::
In proof-of-work, computing power and electricity is converted into tokens and in proof-of-burn the same resource is further converted into another token.
[https://blockstack.com/tokenpaper.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appending-algo.proof-of-burn,
* Mcs.proof-of-burn--consensus-algorithm,

appending-algo.PROOF-OF-DEVOSION

description::
The problem with PoW is a waste of computing power.
While PoS makes the rich richer.
Nebulas developed the Proof of Devotion (PoD) algorithm.
PoD also uses NR as the measure of value to identify the accounts with great devotion to the ecosystem and grant them the fair chances to be bookkeeper to avoid monopoly in bookkeeping.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/no-more-hard-forks-in-next-generation-blockchain]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appending-algo.proof-of-devosion,
* Mcs.proof-of-devosion--consensus-algorithm,

appending-algo.PROOF-OF-SPACE

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-appending-algo.Proof-of-space,
* Mcs.proof-of-space--consensus-algorithm,

addressWpg::
* https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/893.pdf,

account of Dchain (link)

data of Dchain

name::
* Mcs.Dchain'data,

addressWpg::
* https://eth.events/: enables you to search, process and analyze real-time blockchain data from networks including Ethereum (ETH), Ethereum Classic (ETC) or PoA Network using SQL, ElasticSearch and GraphQL,

size of Dchain

description::
· the-size-of-Đ-chain is a-Đ-problem.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain'size,
* Mcs.size-of-Dchain,

addressWpg::
* {2018-05-23} StopAndDecrypt, The Ethereum-blockchain size has exceeded 1TB, and yes, it’s an issue, https://medium.com/@StopAndDecrypt/,

cryptography of Dchain

description::
· tx-chain contains cryptographic-information because much of this information represents exchange-value.
· this way, anybody can see it, but only its owner can change it.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-29]
===
Cryptography:
The use of mathematics to create codes and ciphers that can be used to conceal information.
Used as the basis for the mathematical problems used to verify and secure bitcoin transactions.
[http://www.coindesk.com/information/bitcoin-glossary/]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto,
* Mcs.DnChain'cryptography!⇒Dchain-crypto,
* Mcs.crypto-of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain-crypto,
* Mcs.cryptography.Dchain-net!⇒Dchain-crypto,
* Mcs.Dchain'cryptography!⇒Dchain-crypto,

algorithm of Dchain-crypto (cipher)

description::
· chain-cipher is an-algorithm for performing encryption or decryption on chain-info.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-29]
===
In cryptography, a cipher (or cypher) is an algorithm for performing encryption or decryption—a series of well-defined steps that can be followed as a procedure.
An alternative, less common term is encipherment.
To encipher or encode is to convert information from plain text into code or cipher.
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cipher]

name::
* Mcs.algorithm.Dchain-crypto!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.Dchain-algorithm.cryptography!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.Dchain-cipher, /'saifer/ {2019-04-13}
* Mcs.Dchain--crypto-algo!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto'algorithm!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.Dchain-cypher!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.Dchain-encryption-algorithm!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.cipher.Dchain!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.blockchain-algorithm.cryptography!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.blockchain-cipher!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.blockchain-crypto'cipher!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.blockchain-cypher!⇒Dchain-cipher,
* Mcs.blockchain-encryption-algorithm!⇒Dchain-cipher,

hash-function of Dchain-crypto

description::
· hash-function is a-math-function that takes as input a-text and gives as output a fixed length text (the-hash).
[hmnSgm.2018-01-29]
===
Cryptographic hash functions are a third type of cryptographic algorithm.
They take a message of any length as input, and output a short, fixed length hash which can be used in (for example) a digital signature.
For good-hash-functions, an attacker cannot find two messages that produce the same hash.
MD4 is a long-used hash function which is now broken;
MD5, a strengthened variant of MD4, is also widely used but broken in practice.
The U.S. National Security Agency developed the Secure Hash Algorithm series of MD5-like hash functions:
SHA-0 was a flawed algorithm that the agency withdrew;
SHA-1 is widely deployed and more secure than MD5, but cryptanalysts have identified attacks against it;
the SHA-2 family improves on SHA-1, but it isn't yet widely deployed, and the U.S. standards authority thought it "prudent" from a security perspective to develop a new standard to "significantly improve the robustness of NIST's overall hash algorithm toolkit."[25]
Thus, a hash function design competition is underway and meant to select a new U.S. national standard, to be called SHA-3, by 2012.
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptography#Symmetric-key_cryptography]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto'hash-function!⇒Dchain-hash-function,
* Mcs.Dchain-hash-function,
* Mcs.hash-function-of--Dchain-crypto!⇒Dchain-hash-function,
* Mcs.blockchain-crypto'cryptographic-hash-function!⇒Dchain-hash-function,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash-function!⇒Dchain-hash-function, {2019-03-08}
* Mcs.hash-algorithm-of-blockchain!⇒Dchain-hash-function,
* Mcs.hash-function-of-blockchain!⇒Dchain-hash-function,

input of hash-function

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-hash-function'input,

output of hash-function

description::
· hash is-called the-output of a-hash-function.
[[hmnSgm.2019-04-13]]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-hash-function'hash,
* Mcs.Dchain-hash-function'output,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash-function'hash,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash-function'output,
* Mcs.blockchain-cryptographic-hash,
* Mcs.blockchain-digest,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash-value,
* Mcs.hash-of-blockchain,
* Mcs.hash-of--hash-function,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.κατακερματισμός-μπλοκτσέιν,
* McsEll.κρυπτογραφικός-κατακερματισμός-μπλοκτσέιν,
* McsEll.μπλοκτσέιν-κατακερματισμός,

hashing of hash-function

description::
· hashing is-called THE-PROCESS of using a-hash-function on input-data[1] and producing its[1] hash.
[hmnSgm.2019-04-13]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-hash-function'hashing,
* Mcs.blockchain-hashing,
* Mcs.blockchain-hash-function'hashing,
* Mcs.hashing-of-blockchain,
* Mcs.hashing-of--hash-function,

zk-SNARK of Dchain-crypto

description::
"The acronym zk-SNARK stands for “Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge,” and refers to a proof construction where one can prove possession of certain information, e.g. a secret key, without revealing that information, and without any interaction between the prover and verifier.
“Zero-knowledge” proofs allow one party (the prover) to prove to another (the verifier) that a statement is true, without revealing any information beyond the validity of the statement itself. For example, given the hash of a random number, the prover could convince the verifier that there indeed exists a number with this hash value, without revealing what it is."
[https://z.cash/technology/zksnarks/]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto'zk-SNARK,
* Mcs.zk-SNARK--of--Dchain-crypto,

addressWpg::
* https://blog.ethereum.org/2016/12/05/zksnarks-in-a-nutshell/,

resource of Dchain-crypto

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto'resource,

addressWpg::
* Stanford Javascript Crypto Library: http://bitwiseshiftleft.github.io/sjcl/,

Dchain-crypto.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain--cryptography,
* Dagchain--cryptography,
===
* public-key--cryptography,

Dchain-crypto.public-key

description::

[https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Key_pair]
===
Public key cryptography, or asymmetric cryptography, is any cryptographic system that uses pairs of keys: public keys which may be disseminated widely, and private keys which are known only to the owner.
This accomplishes two functions:
- authentication, which is when the public key is used to verify that a holder of the paired private key sent the message, and
- encryption, whereby only the holder of the paired private key can decrypt the message encrypted with the public key.
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public-key_cryptography]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-crypto.public-key!⇒public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.asymmetric-cryptography-of-blockchain!⇒public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.blockchain-asymmetric-cryptography!⇒public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.blockchain-crypto.public-key-cryptography!⇒public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.blockchain--public-key-cryptography!⇒public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.public-key-crypto, {2019-04-13}
* Mcs.public-key-cryptography--of-blockchain!⇒public-key-crypto,

public-key-crypto.ECC

description::
"ECC is used for the exact same reasons as RSA. It simply generates a public and private key and allows two parties to communicate securely. There is one major advantage however that ECC offers over RSA. A 256 bit key in ECC offers about the same security as 3072 bit key using RSA. This means that in systems with limited resources such as smartphones, embedded computers, cryptocurrency networks, it uses less than 10% of the hard disk space and bandwidth required using RSA."
[https://blog.goodaudience.com/very-basic-elliptic-curve-cryptography-16c4f6c349ed]

name::
* Mcs.ECC--public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.public-key-crypto.ECC,

public-key-crypto.RSA

description::
"In 1978, Ronald Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Len Adleman invented RSA, another public-key system."
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptography#Public-key_cryptography]

name::
* Mcs.RSA--public-key-crypto,
* Mcs.public-key-crypto.RSA,

immutability of Dchain

description::
· the recorded transactions on a-chain-net, no one can-change.
===
"Immutability, the inability to be edited, is at once the blockchain’s greatest strength and its largest barrier to meaningful adoption."
[https://medium.freecodecamp.org/why-progressive-decentralization-is-blockchains-best-hope-31a497f2673b]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'immutability,
* Mcs.immutability-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.Dchain'immutability,

generic-chain::
* chain-net--advantage,

timeness of Dchain

description::
· the-transactions of a-chain-net are-stored chronologically.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'timeness,
* Mcs.timeness-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.Dchain'timeness,

transparency of Dchain

description::
· the-transactions of a-chain-net are transparent.
· anyone can-see them, they are public.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'transparency,
* Mcs.Dchain'transparency,
* Mcs.transparency-of-DnChain,

appending transaction-chain

description::
· appending-chain is the-process of appending new transactions on the-chain of a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.appending-chain-net,
* Mcs.DnChain'appending,

Dchain.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain-network--chain,
* Dagchain-network--chain,

asset of DnChain

description::
· exchange-value is INFORMATION assigned to satisfiers in order to exchange them.
· digital-exchange-value is NOT double-spending information stored on computers.
· until {2009} (Bitcoin creation), digital-exchange-value is-stored on centrally controlled computers.
· đ-asset is digital-exchange-value stored on decentralized-chain-networks.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]
===
"Dledger-networks can define in their Dledger-files, exchange-value-units (= no double spending information) because Dledger-files are unmodifiable, only appendable.
These exhange-value-units, which are called tokens, are used to create the-Dledger-files by consensus but also to represent the-exchange-value for any commodity".
[hmnSgm.2017-09-08]

name::
* Mcs.Chnast!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Chnevu!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.DnChain'asset!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.DnChain'crypto-token!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Devu!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Dledger--exchange-value-unit!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Dledger-token!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Evu(exchange-value-unit)-of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.Evu-of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.EvuChn!⇒Dasset, {2019-03-10}
* Mcs.EvuChn(exchange-value-unit.chain)!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.asset-of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.chain-asset!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.chain-Evu, {2019-03-12}
* Mcs.chain-token!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.crypto-asset--of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.crypto-chain-asset!⇒Dasset, {2018-05-24}
* Mcs.crypto-token--of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.cryptoasset!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.cryptographic-token!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.cryptotoken!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.d-stroke-small-asset!⇒Dasset, {2017-12-20}
* Mcs.d-stroke-small-token!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.exchange-value-unit--of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.token.chain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.token-of--Dledger-network!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.token-of-Dnchain!⇒Dasset,
* Mcs.đ-asset!⇒Dasset, {2017-12-19}
* Mcs.đ-token!⇒Dasset, {2017-12-19}
===
There is no standard terminology yet for this concept.
Coinmarketcap.com just changed its terminology from "coin-asset" to "coin-token" on {2017.09}.
Without definitions, the-confusion will-continue.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-01]

name.Greek::
* McsEll.αλυσίδας-περιουσιακό-στοιχείο,
* McsEll.περιουσιακό-στοιχείο-αλυσίδας,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-25} https://cointelegraph.com/news/japans-finance-minister-urges-reporters-to-adopt-new-legal-term-crypto-assets,

ticker of Dasset

description::
· ticker-of-Dasset is a special short name, usually used on exchanges, eg BTC, ETH, ...
· I use the-notation DvBTC, DvETH, ...
· the-prefix Dv (= decentralized autonomous value) denotes that the-name is a-ticker of a-Dasset.
[hmnSgm.2019-06-05]
· chain-Evu has and a special short name, usually used on exchanges, eg BTC, ETH, ...
· I use this notation: EvuBTC, EvuETH, ...
· ISO-4217 is the-standard for these names.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-12]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'code,
* Mcs.Dasset'short-name,
* Mcs.Dasset'shorthand,
* Mcs.Dasset'symbol,
* Mcs.Dasset'ticker,

icon of Dasset

description::
· a small picture to denote the-Evu.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'icon,

backness of Dasset

description::
· commodity is an-entity with exchange-value (= people want to exchange it with other commodities).
· exchange-value is INFORMATION attached to commodities.
· backness-of--exchange-value is its relation with its attached commodity.
· exchange-value by itself is NOT useful to us, only the backed commodity we need.
· NOT REALLY!!!
· fiat-money is exchange-value unbacked with a real commodity, but backed by law (= by force) by a-government.
· native-cryptocurrencies are-backed with our willingnes (usefulness) to exist their transaction-chain--networks.
· all other cryptoassets must backed with a-commodity or a useful property eg discount for a-commodity.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-05]

name::
* Mcs.backness-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'backness,

adoption of Dasset

description::
The quantity of people use the-đ-asset.

name::
* Mcs.acceptance-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.adoption-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'adoption,

cost-of-operation of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'cost-of-operation,
* Mcs.cost-of-operation--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.operational-cost--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.running-cost--of-Dasset,

price of Dasset

description::
· ratio is the-relation of 2 measures.
· for example, the-ratio OF oranges TO strawberries in a-basket is 5 to 10, 5:10.
· THE-PRICE of a-đ-asset is the-ratio of 1 đ-asset to a-currency.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]
===
· people disagree on what exchange-value is and the-quantity of exchange-value of commodities.
· apart of these disagreements, when we are-making exchanges we accept|set concrete exchange-values.
· can we use fair prices?
· in current economic-system, NO.
· crises and bubbles are internal attributes of current economic-system.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-06]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'exchange-ratio!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.Dasset'price!⇒Dasset-price, {2019-02-24}
* Mcs.Dasset'value!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.Dasset-price, {2019-06-10}
* Mcs.exchange-ratio--of-cryptoasset!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.exchange-ratio--of--chain-asset!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.price-of-cryptoasset!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.price-of--chain-asset!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.value-of-cryptoasset!⇒Dasset-price,
* Mcs.value-of--chain-asset!⇒Dasset-price,

exchange-rate of Dasset

description::
· exchange-rate of a-đ-asset is its price OVER TIME.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]

name::
* Mcs.exchange-rate--of-cryptoasset,
* Mcs.exchange-rate--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'exchange-rate,
* Mcs.Dasset'rate,
* Mcs.Đ-exchange-rate,

market-capitalization of Dasset

description::
Market-capitalization-of-đ-asset is its price multiplied by the-circulating-đ-assets.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'market-capitalization,
* Mcs.market-capitalization--of-Dasset,

bubble of Dasset

description::
Will crypto markets crash in between?
Most likely.
In the same way the dotcom bubble burned over six trillion dollars back in 2000, Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies will probably go through the same cycles.
Bubbles establish the true players in the market and eliminate all the ones who are there for a quick buck.
What’s important is that the technology is real, and it is here to stay.
[https://decentralize.today/dont-fall-for-the-hype-why-bitcoin-s-10-000-price-doesn-t-reflect-its-true-value-6b42a59fce0a]

name::
* Mcs.bubble-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'bubble,

volatility of Dasset

description::
· volatility-of-đ-asset is the-change of its price over time and its quantity.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]
===
The total cryptocurrency market cap has fallen from $650 bln to $430 bln in a single day.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/healthy-dip-bitcoin-rediscovers-12850-altcoins-shed-up-to-40 {2017-12-22}]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.volatility-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'volatility,
* Mcs.Dasset-price'volatility,
* Mcs.price-volatility--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.volatility-of-Dasset,

Generic-chain::
* chain-problem,

speculation of Dasset

description::
· the main reason of price-volatility is speculation.
· wales swim in the-đ-assets waters!
[hmnSgm.2017-12-22]

name::
* Mcs.speculation-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'speculation,
* Mcs.Dasset-price'speculation,

resource of Dasset-price

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-25} Ben-Munster, How Tether is fueling this booming bitcoin bull run: Everything you want to know about the relationship between whales, tether, bitcoin, exchanges and how the market ticks, https://decrypt.co/7587/how-tether-is-fueling-this-booming-bitcoin-bull-run,
* {2019-06-05} https://mycryptopedia.substack.com/p/how-the-rich-manipulate-crypto-7f0,
* {2018-10-03} Bitcoin Price Manipulated by Cryptocurrency Trading Bots: WSJ, https://www.ccn.com/bitcoin-price-manipulated-by-cryptocurrency-trading-bots-wsj,
* {2018-08-09} Vitalik-Buterin, Blocchain Resource Pricing, https://github.com/ethereum/research/blob/master/papers/pricing/ethpricing.pdf,
* {2017-12-18} Bitcoin : when speculation grabs a worthwhile innovation: https://www.ccr.fr/,
* {2017-12-14} How Fear Is Being Used to Manipulate Cryptocurrency Markets: Misinformation campaigns designed to confuse investors are causing chaos. https://www.psychologytoday.com/,
* {2017-12-11} Whales and Killer Whales: Bitcoin’s Big Money Movers: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-11-27} Bittrex Issues a Warning About Cryptocurrency Pump and Dumps: https://news.bitcoin.com/,

price.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price.specific,

price.MARKET

description::
· market-price--of-a-chain-asset is the-price-of-an-asset that the-market sets through supply and demand.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price.market,
* Mcs.market-price--of-Dasset,

price.COMMUNITY

description::
· community-price--of-a-chain-asset is the-price-of-an-asset that a-community which uses the-asset, sets through consensus, for example the-Faircoin-currency.
[hmnSgm.2019-02-24]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price.community,
* Mcs.community-price--of-Dasset,

price.ASK

description::
· a selling price.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price.ask,
* Mcs.Dasset-price.offer,

price.BID

description::
· a buying price.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-price.bid,

usability of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'ease-of-use,
* Mcs.Dasset'usability,
* Mcs.ease-of-use--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.usability-of-Dasset,

law of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'law,

wallet of Dasset

description::
· the-wallet used to have access to a-đ-asset.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'wallet,
* Mcs.wallet-of-Dasset,

device of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'device,
* Mcs.device-of-Dasset,

exchange-organization of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.exchange-organization--of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'exchange-organization,

evaluation of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'evaluation,
* Mcs.evaluation-of-Dasset,

addressWpg::
* https://www.cryptocompare.com/,
* {2014-04-01} The Fifth Protocol, https://startupboy.com/2014/04/01/the-fifth-protocol/,

distribution of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.allocation-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'distribution,
* Mcs.distribution-of-Dasset,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-15} Tyler-Durden, https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-05-15/only-376-people-own-third-all-ethereum, (448 people own 20% of all Bitcoin),

standard of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'standard,
* Mcs.standard-of-Dasset,

addressWpg::
* https://itsa.global/: International Token Standardization Association (ITSA) e.V.
* ISO-4217: https://www.iso.org/iso-4217-currency-codes.html,
* {2018-04-28} BANKEX, Token Standards, https://blog.bankex.org/,

International-Token-Standardization-Association

description::
"Cryptographic tokens running on DLT systems will soon form an integral part of various major economic sectors (e.g. financial markets, information and media, manufacturing and trade). As such they are going to provide utility and value in many different forms to business and society as a whole. Moreover, cryptographic tokens are also on the verge of representing a recognized institutional asset class. Yet, the current token markets still lack a tangible and holistic framework for the identification, classification and analysis of different token types, which leads to economic, technological as well as regulatory uncertainty and a lack of transparency for all players involved.
With the objective of addressing these shortcomings, the International Token Standardization Association (ITSA) e.V. aims at implementing comprehensive market standards for the global token economy.
The International Token Standardization Association (ITSA) is based in Berlin and has more than 100 associated founding members."
[https://itsa.global/]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'International-Token-Standardization-Association,
* Mcs.Dasset'Itsa,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.International-Token-Standardization-Association,
* Mcs.International-Token-Standardization-Association,

addressWpg::
* https://itsa.global/,

resource of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2018-04-17} BANKEX, Security vs. Utility Tokens, https://blog.bankex.org/,
* {2018-03-25} Meltem-Demirors, Drowning in Tokens: A pragmatist’s take on perceived scarcity and artificial demand: https://medium.com/@Melt_Dem/,
* {2018-02-08} Matthew-Prewitt, Blockchains are Governance: https://medium.com/blockchannel/,
* {2017-12-19} Kaspar Korjus: We’re planning to launch estcoin — and that’s only the start: We’re working to make e-Residency the best option globally for entrepreneurs launching a trusted ICO, while proceeding with three variants of our own ‘estcoin’ under consideration: https://medium.com/e-residency-blog/,
* {2017-12-13} David-Siegel, The Token Handbook, https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2017-11-28} Miguel-Caballero (Tutellus), Tokenomics: how we design them and why the token matters more than the money, https://medium.com/tutellus-io/,
* {2017-10-02} Cryptocurrency is Hybrid Financial Instrument but Should Not Have Special Treatment: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-27} Cryptoeconomics, The Blockchain Economy: A beginner’s guide to institutional cryptoeconomics: https://medium.com/@cryptoeconomics/,
* {2017-09-09} The 7 Things You Need To Know From The Valuing Cryptocurrency Conference Call,
* {2017-09-20} Bitcoin Price Triple Its True Value, Claims Allianz Economist: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-05-27} Balaji-S.-Srinivasan, Thoughts on Tokens: Tokens are early today, but will transform technology tomorrow: https://news.earn.com/,
===
* Inheritance Planning for Cryptocurrencies: 3 Steps in 3 Minutes: https://medium.com/@pamelawjd/, - https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1947910116/,

SERVICE of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.function-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.service-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'service,

specific::
* medium-of-exchange,
* store-of-value,

store-of-value-attribute of Dasset

description::
· the-attribute of retaining its price in time.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]
===
Store-of--exchange-value is a-commodity if has a-degree of USE-VALUE.
Fiat-money with zero use-value are store-of-value as long as backed by governments and strong economies.
In a-desert we will-exchange a ton of gold for a bottle of water.
Cryptocurrencies are store-of-value as far as we use them.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-06]
===
Also, a-commodity is store-of-value IF does NOT loose its value over time.
Current cryptocurrencies are very RISKY as a-store-of-value.
Some early adopters become rich, but 'free-market' creates bubbles and destroy many.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-08]
===
Gold or silver have the-attributes of a-medium-of-exhange AND a-use-value in industries.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-14]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'store-of-value--attribute,
* Mcs.store-of-value--of--cryptoasset,

creating of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'creating,
* Mcs.Dasset'issuance,
* Mcs.creating-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.production-of-Dasset,

inflation-rate of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'inflation-rate,
* Mcs.inflation-rate-of-Dasset,

buying of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.buying-of-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset'buying,

selling of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'selling,
* Mcs.selling-of-Dasset,

EVOLUTING of Dasset

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'evoluting,

{time.1998}:
=== GENESIS Wei-Dai:
Bitcoin is the first implementation of a concept called "cryptocurrency", which was first described in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list, suggesting the idea of a new form of money that uses cryptography to control its creation and transactions, rather than a central authority.
The first Bitcoin specification and proof of concept was published in 2009 in a cryptography mailing list by Satoshi Nakamoto.
Satoshi left the project in late 2010 without revealing much about himself.
The community has since grown exponentially with many developers working on Bitcoin.
[https://bitcoin.org/en/faq#who-created-bitcoin]

Dasset.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.specific,

addressWpg::
* {2018-05-14} Jake-Ryan, Crypto Asset Classes, https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2018} CryptoCompare, Cryptoasset Taxonomy Report 2018, https://www.cryptocompare.com/media/34478555/cryptocompare-cryptoasset-taxonomy-report-2018.pdf,

specific::
* đ-currency-Dasset,
* đ-currencyNo-Dasset,
===
* claim-Dasset,
* claimNo-Dasset,
===
* tradable-Dasset,
* tradableNo-Dasset,
===
* blockchain-Dasset,
* Dagchain-Dasset,
===
* đ-currency-Dasset,
* đ-currency.international-Dasset,
* đ-currency.national-Dasset,
* đ-currency.local-Dasset,
* Company's-share-Dasset,
* Investment-fund-Dasset,

Dasset.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.consensus-algorithm

specific::
* consensus--chain-asset,
* consensusNo--chain-asset,

Dasset.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.claim

description::
· we can-divide a-đ-asset on its ability to create a-claim for the-buyer and a-liability for the-seller or NOT.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-23]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.specific-division.claim-liability,

specific::
* claim-Dasset,
* claimNo-Dasset,

Dasset.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.chain-currency

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.specific-division.chain-currency,

specific::
* đ-currency-Dasset,
* đ-currencyNo-Dasset,

Dasset.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.chain-exchange-orgnanization

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.specific-division.chain-exchange-orgnanization,

Dasset.TRADABLE

description::
· tradable-đ-asset is a-đ-asset if it is-trade on a-Đ-exchange.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-23]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.tradable,
* Mcs.tradable-Dasset,

Dasset.TRADABLE.NO

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.tradableNo,
* Mcs.tradableNo-Dasset,

Dasset.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.CoinMarketCap

specific::
* Bitcoin-BTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1, $4235.98, {2017-10-04}
* Ethereum-ETH, CoinMarketCap-rank-2, $293.985, {2017-10-04}
* Ripple-XRP, CoinMarketCap-rank-3, $0.20601, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin Cash-BCH, CoinMarketCap-rank-4, $380.931, {2017-10-04}
* Litecoin-LTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-5, $51.8886, {2017-10-04}
* Dash-DASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-6, $312.399, {2017-10-04}
* NEM-XEM, CoinMarketCap-rank-7, $0.21899, {2017-10-04}
* NEO-NEO, CoinMarketCap-rank-8, $32.4525, {2017-10-04}
* IOTA-MIOTA, CoinMarketCap-rank-9, $0.534733, {2017-10-04}
* Monero-XMR, CoinMarketCap-rank-10, $89.9097, {2017-10-04}
* Ethereum Classic-ETC, CoinMarketCap-rank-11, $12.0988, {2017-10-04}
* BitConnect-BCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-12, $135.222, {2017-10-04}
* OmiseGO-OMG, CoinMarketCap-rank-13, $8.72282, {2017-10-04}
* Qtum-QTUM, CoinMarketCap-rank-14, $11.6378, {2017-10-04}
* Lisk-LSK, CoinMarketCap-rank-15, $5.5482, {2017-10-04}
* Zcash-ZEC, CoinMarketCap-rank-16, $243.973, {2017-10-04}
* Cardano-ADA, CoinMarketCap-rank-17, $0.0215182, {2017-10-04}
* Waves-WAVES, CoinMarketCap-rank-18, $5.04015, {2017-10-04}
* Tether-USDT, CoinMarketCap-rank-19, $1.00316, {2017-10-04}
* Stratis-STRAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-20, $3.81152, {2017-10-04}
* Steem-STEEM, CoinMarketCap-rank-21, $1.13785, {2017-10-04}
* Ark-ARK, CoinMarketCap-rank-22, $2.64627, {2017-10-04}
* Basic Attention Token-BAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-23, $0.249124, {2017-10-04}
* Kyber Network-KNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-24, $1.68425, {2017-10-04}
* TenX-PAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-25, $2.20222, {2017-10-04}
* EOS-EOS, CoinMarketCap-rank-26, $0.594553, {2017-10-04}
* Gas-GAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-27, $26.6288, {2017-10-04}
* Bytecoin-BCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-28, $0.00122958, {2017-10-04}
* MaidSafeCoin-MAID, CoinMarketCap-rank-29, $0.470486, {2017-10-04}
* Augur-REP, CoinMarketCap-rank-30, $19.1447, {2017-10-04}
* Golem-GNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-31, $0.248091, {2017-10-04}
* Hshare-HSR, CoinMarketCap-rank-32, $6.10263, {2017-10-04}
* Komodo-KMD, CoinMarketCap-rank-33, $1.97484, {2017-10-04}
* Stellar Lumens-XLM, CoinMarketCap-rank-34, $0.0116775, {2017-10-04}
* PIVX-PIVX, CoinMarketCap-rank-35, $3.43259, {2017-10-04}
* Decred-DCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-36, $31.3111, {2017-10-04}
* Walton-WTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-37, $6.75855, {2017-10-04}
* Binance Coin-BNB, CoinMarketCap-rank-38, $1.65411, {2017-10-04}
* Ardor-ARDR, CoinMarketCap-rank-39, $0.164009, {2017-10-04}
* GameCredits-GAME, CoinMarketCap-rank-40, $2.48071, {2017-10-04}
* Metal-MTL, CoinMarketCap-rank-41, $8.08574, {2017-10-04}
* Factom-FCT, CoinMarketCap-rank-42, $17.2988, {2017-10-04}
* BitShares-BTS, CoinMarketCap-rank-43, $0.0553955, {2017-10-04}
* SALT-SALT, CoinMarketCap-rank-44, $3.92899, {2017-10-04}
* Siacoin-SC, CoinMarketCap-rank-45, $0.00482035, {2017-10-04}
* Iconomi-ICN, CoinMarketCap-rank-46, $1.4194, {2017-10-04}
* Veritaseum-VERI, CoinMarketCap-rank-47, $70.0601, {2017-10-04}
* DigixDAO-DGD, CoinMarketCap-rank-48, $70.3767, {2017-10-04}
* ChainLink-LINK, CoinMarketCap-rank-49, $0.354735, {2017-10-04}
* Civic-CVC, CoinMarketCap-rank-50, $0.364217, {2017-10-04}
* FunFair-FUN, CoinMarketCap-rank-51, $0.0305017, {2017-10-04}
* BitcoinDark-BTCD, CoinMarketCap-rank-52, $94.229, {2017-10-04}
* Dogecoin-DOGE, CoinMarketCap-rank-53, $0.001089, {2017-10-04}
* DigiByte-DGB, CoinMarketCap-rank-54, $0.0137906, {2017-10-04}
* Gnosis-GNO, CoinMarketCap-rank-55, $108.149, {2017-10-04}
* TRON-TRX, CoinMarketCap-rank-56, $0.00289306, {2017-10-04}
* Byteball Bytes-GBYTE, CoinMarketCap-rank-57, $190.857, {2017-10-04}
* SingularDTV-SNGLS, CoinMarketCap-rank-58, $0.180188, {2017-10-04}
* FirstCoin-FRST, CoinMarketCap-rank-59, $9.88765, {2017-10-04}
* Populous-PPT, CoinMarketCap-rank-60, $2.4623, {2017-10-04}
* MCAP-MCAP, CoinMarketCap-rank-61, $2.64354, {2017-10-04}
* Bytom-BTM, CoinMarketCap-rank-62, $0.0996846, {2017-10-04}
* 0x-ZRX, CoinMarketCap-rank-63, $0.190407, {2017-10-04}
* Status-SNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-64, $0.0272735, {2017-10-04}
* Bancor-BNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-65, $2.17114, {2017-10-04}
* Lykke-LKK, CoinMarketCap-rank-66, $0.328805, {2017-10-04}
* Aeternity-AE, CoinMarketCap-rank-67, $0.378036, {2017-10-04}
* Nexus-NXS, CoinMarketCap-rank-68, $1.64904, {2017-10-04}
* VeChain-VEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-69, $0.3096, {2017-10-04}
* Blocknet-BLOCK, CoinMarketCap-rank-70, $17.8403, {2017-10-04}
* Verge-XVG, CoinMarketCap-rank-71, $0.00641074, {2017-10-04}
* GXShares-GXS, CoinMarketCap-rank-72, $2.118, {2017-10-04}
* Syscoin-SYS, CoinMarketCap-rank-73, $0.152716, {2017-10-04}
* Centra-CTR, CoinMarketCap-rank-74, $1.16154, {2017-10-04}
* Kin-KIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-75, $0.0000953558, {2017-10-04}
* Monaco-MCO, CoinMarketCap-rank-76, $7.29751, {2017-10-04}
* AdEx-ADX, CoinMarketCap-rank-77, $1.33327, {2017-10-04}
* SONM-SNM, CoinMarketCap-rank-78, $0.178852, {2017-10-04}
* Nxt-NXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-79, $0.0636722, {2017-10-04}
* Aidos Kuneen-ADK, CoinMarketCap-rank-80, $5.99888, {2017-10-04}
* Ubiq-UBQ, CoinMarketCap-rank-81, $1.60209, {2017-10-04}
* Edgeless-EDG, CoinMarketCap-rank-82, $0.702903, {2017-10-04}
* Particl-PART, CoinMarketCap-rank-83, $7.26357, {2017-10-04}
* Aragon-ANT, CoinMarketCap-rank-84, $1.68725, {2017-10-04}
* NAV Coin-NAV, CoinMarketCap-rank-85, $0.816564, {2017-10-04}
* Bitdeal-BDL, CoinMarketCap-rank-86, $0.416233, {2017-10-04}
* MobileGo-MGO, CoinMarketCap-rank-87, $0.505621, {2017-10-04}
* Bitquence-BQX, CoinMarketCap-rank-88, $0.689275, {2017-10-04}
* Loopring-LRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-89, $0.170108, {2017-10-04}
* I/O Coin-IOC, CoinMarketCap-rank-90, $2.91679, {2017-10-04}
* Wings-WINGS, CoinMarketCap-rank-91, $0.522004, {2017-10-04}
* Vertcoin-VTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-92, $1.13785, {2017-10-04}
* Storj-STORJ, CoinMarketCap-rank-93, $0.438233, {2017-10-04}
* Cofound.it-CFI, CoinMarketCap-rank-94, $0.131016, {2017-10-04}
* Credo-CREDO, CoinMarketCap-rank-95, $0.0733039, {2017-10-04}
* Melon-MLN, CoinMarketCap-rank-96, $67.0135, {2017-10-04}
* Gulden-NLG, CoinMarketCap-rank-97, $0.113079, {2017-10-04}
* TokenCard-TKN, CoinMarketCap-rank-98, $1.62798, {2017-10-04}
* Regalcoin-REC, CoinMarketCap-rank-99, $13.655, {2017-10-04}
* Elastic-XEL, CoinMarketCap-rank-100, $0.440826, {2017-10-04}
* Rise-RISE, CoinMarketCap-rank-101, $0.334045, {2017-10-04}
* iExec RLC-RLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-102, $0.4698, {2017-10-04}
* FairCoin-FAIR, CoinMarketCap-rank-103, $0.689174, {2017-10-04}
* FirstBlood-1ST, CoinMarketCap-rank-104, $0.426186, {2017-10-04}
* CloakCoin-CLOAK, CoinMarketCap-rank-105, $6.72238, {2017-10-04}
* Substratum-SUB, CoinMarketCap-rank-106, $0.110956, {2017-10-04}
* ZCoin-XZC, CoinMarketCap-rank-107, $10.7823, {2017-10-04}
* NoLimitCoin-NLC2, CoinMarketCap-rank-108, $0.161052, {2017-10-04}
* Quantum Resistant Ledger-QRL, CoinMarketCap-rank-109, $0.626822, {2017-10-04}
* Pillar-PLR, CoinMarketCap-rank-110, $0.0580474, {2017-10-04}
* Tierion-TNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-111, $0.0760708, {2017-10-04}
* Viacoin-VIA, CoinMarketCap-rank-112, $1.39402, {2017-10-04}
* TaaS-TAAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-113, $3.84658, {2017-10-04}
* Peercoin-PPC, CoinMarketCap-rank-114, $1.26704, {2017-10-04}
* Triggers-TRIG, CoinMarketCap-rank-115, $0.952211, {2017-10-04}
* DECENT-DCT, CoinMarketCap-rank-116, $0.588788, {2017-10-04}
* Monetha-MTH, CoinMarketCap-rank-117, $0.136657, {2017-10-04}
* ReddCoin-RDD, CoinMarketCap-rank-118, $0.00101476, {2017-10-04}
* Dentacoin-DCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-119, $0.0000958502, {2017-10-04}
* WeTrust-TRST, CoinMarketCap-rank-120, $0.314424, {2017-10-04}
* BitBay-BAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-121, $0.028281, {2017-10-04}
* district0x-DNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-122, $0.0473882, {2017-10-04}
* Rialto-XRL, CoinMarketCap-rank-123, $0.334423, {2017-10-04}
* Sprouts-SPRTS, CoinMarketCap-rank-124, $0.0000392248, {2017-10-04}
* Aeon-AEON, CoinMarketCap-rank-125, $1.78738, {2017-10-04}
* Diamond-DMD, CoinMarketCap-rank-126, $10.5738, {2017-10-04}
* Patientory-PTOY, CoinMarketCap-rank-127, $0.366712, {2017-10-04}
* Metaverse ETP-ETP, CoinMarketCap-rank-128, $1.1215, {2017-10-04}
* Stox-STX, CoinMarketCap-rank-129, $0.853483, {2017-10-04}
* Asch-XAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-130, $0.333976, {2017-10-04}
* Emercoin-EMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-131, $0.604089, {2017-10-04}
* Counterparty-XCP, CoinMarketCap-rank-132, $9.40492, {2017-10-04}
* CoinDash-CDT, CoinMarketCap-rank-133, $0.0442837, {2017-10-04}
* Unobtanium-UNO, CoinMarketCap-rank-134, $122.853, {2017-10-04}
* MonaCoin-MONA, CoinMarketCap-rank-135, $0.441593, {2017-10-04}
* Blackmoon Crypto-BMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-136, $0.791907, {2017-10-04}
* Clams-CLAM, CoinMarketCap-rank-137, $8.84854, {2017-10-04}
* ION-ION, CoinMarketCap-rank-138, $1.37175, {2017-10-04}
* Mothership-MSP, CoinMarketCap-rank-139, $0.159898, {2017-10-04}
* Obsidian-ODN, CoinMarketCap-rank-140, $0.895117, {2017-10-04}
* Crown-CRW, CoinMarketCap-rank-141, $1.40052, {2017-10-04}
* Etheroll-DICE, CoinMarketCap-rank-142, $3.09079, {2017-10-04}
* Safe Exchange Coin-SAFEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-143, $0.00997568, {2017-10-04}
* LEOcoin-LEO, CoinMarketCap-rank-144, $0.234634, {2017-10-04}
* Xaurum-XAUR, CoinMarketCap-rank-145, $0.16793, {2017-10-04}
* The ChampCoin-TCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-146, $0.127334, {2017-10-04}
* MonetaryUnit-MUE, CoinMarketCap-rank-147, $0.158365, {2017-10-04}
* SpreadCoin-SPR, CoinMarketCap-rank-148, $2.28328, {2017-10-04}
* adToken-ADT, CoinMarketCap-rank-149, $0.0324897, {2017-10-04}
* vSlice-VSL, CoinMarketCap-rank-150, $0.583776, {2017-10-04}
* Neblio-NEBL, CoinMarketCap-rank-151, $1.55353, {2017-10-04}
* Agrello-DLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-152, $0.222588, {2017-10-04}
* OKCash-OK, CoinMarketCap-rank-153, $0.261308, {2017-10-04}
* Namecoin-NMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-154, $1.28283, {2017-10-04}
* SIBCoin-SIB, CoinMarketCap-rank-155, $1.21314, {2017-10-04}
* Einsteinium-EMC2, CoinMarketCap-rank-156, $0.0875876, {2017-10-04}
* Humaniq-HMQ, CoinMarketCap-rank-157, $0.114818, {2017-10-04}
* Skycoin-SKY, CoinMarketCap-rank-158, $3.13108, {2017-10-04}
* Numeraire-NMR, CoinMarketCap-rank-159, $14.7299, {2017-10-04}
* Po.et-POE, CoinMarketCap-rank-160, $0.00848065, {2017-10-04}
* Nexium-NXC, CoinMarketCap-rank-161, $0.272076, {2017-10-04}
* Lunyr-LUN, CoinMarketCap-rank-162, $7.45812, {2017-10-04}
* OAX-OAX, CoinMarketCap-rank-163, $0.68214, {2017-10-04}
* Santiment Network Token-SAN, CoinMarketCap-rank-164, $0.293766, {2017-10-04}
* Decentraland-MANA, CoinMarketCap-rank-165, $0.0139165, {2017-10-04}
* Mysterium-MYST, CoinMarketCap-rank-166, $0.810439, {2017-10-04}
* Rubycoin-RBY, CoinMarketCap-rank-167, $0.627219, {2017-10-04}
* Compcoin-CMP, CoinMarketCap-rank-168, $3.63728, {2017-10-04}
* Expanse-EXP, CoinMarketCap-rank-169, $1.96575, {2017-10-04}
* Polybius-PLBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-170, $3.93087, {2017-10-04}
* ZenCash-ZEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-171, $6.7028, {2017-10-04}
* Aventus-AVT, CoinMarketCap-rank-172, $2.48415, {2017-10-04}
* XPlay-XPA, CoinMarketCap-rank-173, $0.0146754, {2017-10-04}
* DigitalNote-XDN, CoinMarketCap-rank-174, $0.00211459, {2017-10-04}
* SaluS-SLS, CoinMarketCap-rank-175, $14.2761, {2017-10-04}
* PotCoin-POT, CoinMarketCap-rank-176, $0.0656897, {2017-10-04}
* LBRY Credits-LBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-177, $0.208831, {2017-10-04}
* KoreCoin-KORE, CoinMarketCap-rank-178, $7.23544, {2017-10-04}
* Matchpool-GUP, CoinMarketCap-rank-179, $0.190656, {2017-10-04}
* Moeda Loyalty Points-MDA, CoinMarketCap-rank-180, $2.84534, {2017-10-04}
* Quantum-QAU, CoinMarketCap-rank-181, $0.178836, {2017-10-04}
* Burst-BURST, CoinMarketCap-rank-182, $0.00782107, {2017-10-04}
* Radium-RADS, CoinMarketCap-rank-183, $4.17667, {2017-10-04}
* Energycoin-ENRG, CoinMarketCap-rank-184, $0.115488, {2017-10-04}
* Swarm City-SWT, CoinMarketCap-rank-185, $1.81894, {2017-10-04}
* BlackCoin-BLK, CoinMarketCap-rank-186, $0.181244, {2017-10-04}
* Agoras Tokens-AGRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-187, $0.326239, {2017-10-04}
* E-coin-ECN, CoinMarketCap-rank-188, $3.18695, {2017-10-04}
* Synereo-AMP, CoinMarketCap-rank-189, $0.157754, {2017-10-04}
* Primas-PST, CoinMarketCap-rank-190, $0.251917, {2017-10-04}
* Shift-SHIFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-191, $1.13629, {2017-10-04}
* Chronobank-TIME, CoinMarketCap-rank-192, $17.9934, {2017-10-04}
* Gambit-GAM, CoinMarketCap-rank-193, $10.6745, {2017-10-04}
* Omni-OMNI, CoinMarketCap-rank-194, $22.1873, {2017-10-04}
* GridCoin-GRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-195, $0.0314933, {2017-10-04}
* InvestFeed-IFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-196, $0.0640417, {2017-10-04}
* Mooncoin-MOON, CoinMarketCap-rank-197, $0.0000535882, {2017-10-04}
* Waves Community Token-WCT, CoinMarketCap-rank-198, $1.1872, {2017-10-04}
* Golos-GOLOS, CoinMarketCap-rank-199, $0.09503, {2017-10-04}
* BitDice-CSNO, CoinMarketCap-rank-200, $0.167517, {2017-10-04}
* Databits-DTB, CoinMarketCap-rank-201, $0.502316, {2017-10-04}
* ATC Coin-ATCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-202, $1.06074, {2017-10-04}
* BCAP-BCAP, CoinMarketCap-rank-203, $1.08404, {2017-10-04}
* SmartCash-SMART, CoinMarketCap-rank-204, $0.0179555, {2017-10-04}
* DAO.Casino-BET, CoinMarketCap-rank-205, $0.0961642, {2017-10-04}
* Nimiq-NET, CoinMarketCap-rank-206, $1.00026, {2017-10-04}
* Soarcoin-SOAR, CoinMarketCap-rank-207, $0.0135704, {2017-10-04}
* LoMoCoin-LMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-208, $0.0476454, {2017-10-04}
* iXledger-IXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-209, $0.286485, {2017-10-04}
* Wagerr-WGR, CoinMarketCap-rank-210, $0.0549084, {2017-10-04}
* Peerplays-PPY, CoinMarketCap-rank-211, $2.60459, {2017-10-04}
* E-Dinar Coin-EDR, CoinMarketCap-rank-212, $0.0110101, {2017-10-04}
* Voxels-VOX, CoinMarketCap-rank-213, $0.0464008, {2017-10-04}
* RaiBlocks-XRB, CoinMarketCap-rank-214, $0.0777298, {2017-10-04}
* FlorinCoin-FLO, CoinMarketCap-rank-215, $0.0651353, {2017-10-04}
* Pluton-PLU, CoinMarketCap-rank-216, $10.5658, {2017-10-04}
* Spectrecoin-XSPEC, CoinMarketCap-rank-217, $0.436852, {2017-10-04}
* Internet of People-IOP, CoinMarketCap-rank-218, $4.8697, {2017-10-04}
* VeriCoin-VRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-219, $0.287289, {2017-10-04}
* PinkCoin-PINK, CoinMarketCap-rank-220, $0.0237513, {2017-10-04}
* bitCNY-BITCNY, CoinMarketCap-rank-221, $0.150327, {2017-10-04}
* OBITS-OBITS, CoinMarketCap-rank-222, $0.534425, {2017-10-04}
* Groestlcoin-GRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-223, $0.119472, {2017-10-04}
* Musicoin-MUSIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-224, $0.0224012, {2017-10-04}
* Ecobit-ECOB, CoinMarketCap-rank-225, $0.0183073, {2017-10-04}
* XTRABYTES-XBY, CoinMarketCap-rank-226, $0.0189411, {2017-10-04}
* ToaCoin-TOA, CoinMarketCap-rank-227, $0.00469245, {2017-10-04}
* Jinn-JINN, CoinMarketCap-rank-228, $136.473, {2017-10-04}
* Incent-INCNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-229, $0.172978, {2017-10-04}
* SolarCoin-SLR, CoinMarketCap-rank-230, $0.216465, {2017-10-04}
* NeosCoin-NEOS, CoinMarketCap-rank-231, $2.25948, {2017-10-04}
* Bitland-CADASTRAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-232, $0.255846, {2017-10-04}
* Sphere-SPHR, CoinMarketCap-rank-233, $2.48871, {2017-10-04}
* Novacoin-NVC, CoinMarketCap-rank-234, $4.09457, {2017-10-04}
* PRIZM-PZM, CoinMarketCap-rank-235, $0.837089, {2017-10-04}
* BlockCAT-CAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-236, $1.01158, {2017-10-04}
* Feathercoin-FTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-237, $0.0419759, {2017-10-04}
* XCurrency-XC, CoinMarketCap-rank-238, $1.2684, {2017-10-04}
* Pepe Cash-PEPECASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-239, $0.0103588, {2017-10-04}
* Propy-PRO, CoinMarketCap-rank-240, $0.513443, {2017-10-04}
* BitSend-BSD, CoinMarketCap-rank-241, $0.422933, {2017-10-04}
* Unity Ingot-UNY, CoinMarketCap-rank-242, $0.0344568, {2017-10-04}
* EncryptoTel-ETT, CoinMarketCap-rank-243, $0.109163, {2017-10-04}
* PoSW Coin-POSW, CoinMarketCap-rank-244, $0.153605, {2017-10-04}
* Hive-HVN, CoinMarketCap-rank-245, $0.0180447, {2017-10-04}
* TheGCCcoin-GCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-246, $0.0135281, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcrystals-BCY, CoinMarketCap-rank-247, $0.283431, {2017-10-04}
* Blocktix-TIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-248, $0.161156, {2017-10-04}
* Project Decorum-PDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-249, $0.128771, {2017-10-04}
* BitBean-BITB, CoinMarketCap-rank-250, $0.00295684, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin Plus-XBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-251, $61.5677, {2017-10-04}
* HTMLCOIN-HTML5, CoinMarketCap-rank-252, $0.000150986, {2017-10-04}
* Creditbit-CRB, CoinMarketCap-rank-253, $0.515345, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcore-BTX, CoinMarketCap-rank-254, $5.85534, {2017-10-04}
* MyBit Token-MYB, CoinMarketCap-rank-255, $2.37622, {2017-10-04}
* HEAT-HEAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-256, $0.204291, {2017-10-04}
* Round-ROUND, CoinMarketCap-rank-257, $0.00697972, {2017-10-04}
* Auroracoin-AUR, CoinMarketCap-rank-258, $0.673315, {2017-10-04}
* Dent-DENT, CoinMarketCap-rank-259, $0.000540129, {2017-10-04}
* ArtByte-ABY, CoinMarketCap-rank-260, $0.00722985, {2017-10-04}
* DNotes-NOTE, CoinMarketCap-rank-261, $0.0447937, {2017-10-04}
* Qwark-QWARK, CoinMarketCap-rank-262, $0.15384, {2017-10-04}
* APX-APX, CoinMarketCap-rank-263, $7.18635, {2017-10-04}
* Neutron-NTRN, CoinMarketCap-rank-264, $0.177917, {2017-10-04}
* Curecoin-CURE, CoinMarketCap-rank-265, $0.22948, {2017-10-04}
* Sequence-SEQ, CoinMarketCap-rank-266, $0.119682, {2017-10-04}
* DubaiCoin-DBIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-267, $4.27383, {2017-10-04}
* Stealthcoin-XST, CoinMarketCap-rank-268, $0.196709, {2017-10-04}
* FoldingCoin-FLDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-269, $0.0101245, {2017-10-04}
* WhiteCoin-XWC, CoinMarketCap-rank-270, $0.0213068, {2017-10-04}
* E-Currency Coin-ECC, CoinMarketCap-rank-271, $0.000211377, {2017-10-04}
* Bismuth-BIS, CoinMarketCap-rank-272, $1.06179, {2017-10-04}
* ExclusiveCoin-EXCL, CoinMarketCap-rank-273, $1.20962, {2017-10-04}
* EuropeCoin-ERC, CoinMarketCap-rank-274, $0.519649, {2017-10-04}
* NVO-NVST, CoinMarketCap-rank-275, $0.342623, {2017-10-04}
* Primalbase Token-PBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-276, $5130.6, {2017-10-04}
* Global Currency Reserve-GCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-277, $0.0496302, {2017-10-04}
* Vcash-XVC, CoinMarketCap-rank-278, $0.332814, {2017-10-04}
* VIBE-VIBE, CoinMarketCap-rank-279, $0.0372609, {2017-10-04}
* Terracoin-TRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-280, $0.236145, {2017-10-04}
* Pascal Coin-PASC, CoinMarketCap-rank-281, $0.360229, {2017-10-04}
* Bela-BELA, CoinMarketCap-rank-282, $0.131937, {2017-10-04}
* Circuits of Value-COVAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-283, $0.0049885, {2017-10-04}
* Pesetacoin-PTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-284, $0.0377674, {2017-10-04}
* EquiTrader-EQT, CoinMarketCap-rank-285, $0.522118, {2017-10-04}
* Blitzcash-BLITZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-286, $1.20274, {2017-10-04}
* GoldCoin-GLD, CoinMarketCap-rank-287, $0.118957, {2017-10-04}
* TrueFlip-TFL, CoinMarketCap-rank-288, $0.767591, {2017-10-04}
* Condensate-RAIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-289, $0.0743831, {2017-10-04}
* Breakout-BRK, CoinMarketCap-rank-290, $0.250659, {2017-10-04}
* EmberCoin-EMB, CoinMarketCap-rank-291, $0.0000815517, {2017-10-04}
* Bitswift-SWIFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-292, $1.08606, {2017-10-04}
* B3Coin-B3, CoinMarketCap-rank-293, $0.0572539, {2017-10-04}
* TrustPlus-TRUST, CoinMarketCap-rank-294, $0.135281, {2017-10-04}
* Hush-HUSH, CoinMarketCap-rank-295, $1.91544, {2017-10-04}
* ZrCoin-ZRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-296, $1.16257, {2017-10-04}
* NuShares-NSR, CoinMarketCap-rank-297, $0.00152191, {2017-10-04}
* Synergy-SNRG, CoinMarketCap-rank-298, $1.34547, {2017-10-04}
* Opus-OPT, CoinMarketCap-rank-299, $0.0293204, {2017-10-04}
* Dynamic-DYN, CoinMarketCap-rank-300, $2.10109, {2017-10-04}
* Crave-CRAVE, CoinMarketCap-rank-301, $2.71425, {2017-10-04}
* ZClassic-ZCL, CoinMarketCap-rank-302, $2.04631, {2017-10-04}
* Myriad-XMY, CoinMarketCap-rank-303, $0.00236813, {2017-10-04}
* ChainCoin-CHC, CoinMarketCap-rank-304, $0.227292, {2017-10-04}
* CHIPS-CHIPS, CoinMarketCap-rank-305, $0.236785, {2017-10-04}
* Wild Beast Block-WBB, CoinMarketCap-rank-306, $1.4662, {2017-10-04}
* HempCoin-THC, CoinMarketCap-rank-307, $0.0155151, {2017-10-04}
* OracleChain-OCT, CoinMarketCap-rank-308, $0.117112, {2017-10-04}
* Memetic-MEME, CoinMarketCap-rank-309, $0.211325, {2017-10-04}
* DopeCoin-DOPE, CoinMarketCap-rank-310, $0.0312406, {2017-10-04}
* SunContract-SNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-311, $0.0315947, {2017-10-04}
* GeoCoin-GEO, CoinMarketCap-rank-312, $1.01175, {2017-10-04}
* Steem Dollars-SBD, CoinMarketCap-rank-313, $0.917618, {2017-10-04}
* bitUSD-BITUSD, CoinMarketCap-rank-314, $1.00238, {2017-10-04}
* MarteXcoin-MXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-315, $1.15815, {2017-10-04}
* Syndicate-SYNX, CoinMarketCap-rank-316, $0.20671, {2017-10-04}
* Breakout Stake-BRX, CoinMarketCap-rank-317, $0.508755, {2017-10-04}
* PutinCoin-PUT, CoinMarketCap-rank-318, $0.0158757, {2017-10-04}
* Zeitcoin-ZEIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-319, $0.0000830314, {2017-10-04}
* Bitmark-BTM, CoinMarketCap-rank-320, $0.448755, {2017-10-04}
* Primecoin-XPM, CoinMarketCap-rank-321, $0.143718, {2017-10-04}
* VPNCoin-VASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-322, $0.00736665, {2017-10-04}
* NEVERDIE-NDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-323, $0.0715446, {2017-10-04}
* CVCoin-CVCOIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-324, $0.355222, {2017-10-04}
* EverGreenCoin-EGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-325, $0.216964, {2017-10-04}
* Starta-STA, CoinMarketCap-rank-326, $0.568295, {2017-10-04}
* Dimecoin-DIME, CoinMarketCap-rank-327, $0.0000053424, {2017-10-04}
* Oceanlab-OCL, CoinMarketCap-rank-328, $0.060147, {2017-10-04}
* 2GIVE-2GIVE, CoinMarketCap-rank-329, $0.00536898, {2017-10-04}
* VeriumReserve-VRM, CoinMarketCap-rank-330, $2.09458, {2017-10-04}
* Happycoin-HPC, CoinMarketCap-rank-331, $0.222337, {2017-10-04}
* vTorrent-VTR, CoinMarketCap-rank-332, $0.249425, {2017-10-04}
* Signatum-SIGT, CoinMarketCap-rank-333, $0.0246022, {2017-10-04}
* Remicoin-RMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-334, $1.31054, {2017-10-04}
* XP-XP, CoinMarketCap-rank-335, $0.0000170333, {2017-10-04}
* DeepOnion-ONION, CoinMarketCap-rank-336, $0.737084, {2017-10-04}
* Visio-VISIO, CoinMarketCap-rank-337, $0.0493353, {2017-10-04}
* TransferCoin-TX, CoinMarketCap-rank-338, $0.407281, {2017-10-04}
* Atmos-ATMS, CoinMarketCap-rank-339, $0.0249473, {2017-10-04}
* REX-REX, CoinMarketCap-rank-340, $0.283576, {2017-10-04}
* Centurion-CNT, CoinMarketCap-rank-341, $0.0888541, {2017-10-04}
* BlueCoin-BLU, CoinMarketCap-rank-342, $0.00410221, {2017-10-04}
* CannabisCoin-CANN, CoinMarketCap-rank-343, $0.0295994, {2017-10-04}
* Creativecoin-CREA, CoinMarketCap-rank-344, $0.179842, {2017-10-04}
* Startcoin-START, CoinMarketCap-rank-345, $0.0492934, {2017-10-04}
* Legends Room-LGD, CoinMarketCap-rank-346, $1.08754, {2017-10-04}
* Mintcoin-MINT, CoinMarketCap-rank-347, $0.0000850510, {2017-10-04}
* FedoraCoin-TIPS, CoinMarketCap-rank-348, $0.0000046122, {2017-10-04}
* Tokes-TKS, CoinMarketCap-rank-349, $2.11411, {2017-10-04}
* CryptoPing-PING, CoinMarketCap-rank-350, $0.202396, {2017-10-04}
* CasinoCoin-CSC, CoinMarketCap-rank-351, $0.0511955, {2017-10-04}
* Darcrus-DAR, CoinMarketCap-rank-352, $0.144538, {2017-10-04}
* Colossuscoin V2-CV2, CoinMarketCap-rank-353, $0.0000867720, {2017-10-04}
* Minereum-MNE, CoinMarketCap-rank-354, $1.74533, {2017-10-04}
* NautilusCoin-NAUT, CoinMarketCap-rank-355, $0.120696, {2017-10-04}
* Riecoin-RIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-356, $0.0494199, {2017-10-04}
* Adzcoin-ADZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-357, $0.0412234, {2017-10-04}
* Magi-XMG, CoinMarketCap-rank-358, $0.24024, {2017-10-04}
* Embers-MBRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-359, $0.0352412, {2017-10-04}
* ICO OpenLedger-ICOO, CoinMarketCap-rank-360, $3.78153, {2017-10-04}
* Giga Watt Token-WTT, CoinMarketCap-rank-361, $1.93582, {2017-10-04}
* ParkByte-PKB, CoinMarketCap-rank-362, $0.355144, {2017-10-04}
* AdShares-ADST, CoinMarketCap-rank-363, $0.135047, {2017-10-04}
* HyperStake-HYP, CoinMarketCap-rank-364, $0.00165675, {2017-10-04}
* Rupee-RUP, CoinMarketCap-rank-365, $0.0758978, {2017-10-04}
* Mercury-MER, CoinMarketCap-rank-366, $0.0165377, {2017-10-04}
* Ethbits-ETBS, CoinMarketCap-rank-367, $1.17969, {2017-10-04}
* FundYourselfNow-FYN, CoinMarketCap-rank-368, $1.90239, {2017-10-04}
* MergeCoin-MGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-369, $0.0169884, {2017-10-04}
* HunterCoin-HUC, CoinMarketCap-rank-370, $0.0826907, {2017-10-04}
* Espers-ESP, CoinMarketCap-rank-371, $0.0000779744, {2017-10-04}
* e-Gulden-EFL, CoinMarketCap-rank-372, $0.103853, {2017-10-04}
* Crypto Bullion-CBX, CoinMarketCap-rank-373, $1.5853, {2017-10-04}
* DaxxCoin-DAXX, CoinMarketCap-rank-374, $0.00320731, {2017-10-04}
* Ethereum Dark-ETHD, CoinMarketCap-rank-375, $1.02934, {2017-10-04}
* FuckToken-FUCK, CoinMarketCap-rank-376, $0.0293172, {2017-10-04}
* Zennies-ZENI, CoinMarketCap-rank-377, $0.00148461, {2017-10-04}
* Linda-LINDA, CoinMarketCap-rank-378, $0.000243427, {2017-10-04}
* ArcticCoin-ARC, CoinMarketCap-rank-379, $0.0585339, {2017-10-04}
* Miners' Reward Token-MRT, CoinMarketCap-rank-380, $0.137801, {2017-10-04}
* Trackr-TKR, CoinMarketCap-rank-381, $0.116974, {2017-10-04}
* Bata-BTA, CoinMarketCap-rank-382, $0.272474, {2017-10-04}
* SkinCoin-SKIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-383, $0.0151557, {2017-10-04}
* 1337-1337, CoinMarketCap-rank-384, $0.0000573168, {2017-10-04}
* VIVO-VIVO, CoinMarketCap-rank-385, $3.63869, {2017-10-04}
* Renos-RNS, CoinMarketCap-rank-386, $0.0397087, {2017-10-04}
* AudioCoin-ADC, CoinMarketCap-rank-387, $0.00160217, {2017-10-04}
* MonacoCoin-XMCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-388, $0.593391, {2017-10-04}
* Influxcoin-INFX, CoinMarketCap-rank-389, $0.763623, {2017-10-04}
* Quark-QRK, CoinMarketCap-rank-390, $0.00502746, {2017-10-04}
* Unify-UNIFY, CoinMarketCap-rank-391, $0.0712729, {2017-10-04}
* InsaneCoin-INSN, CoinMarketCap-rank-392, $0.0749119, {2017-10-04}
* Bytecent-BYC, CoinMarketCap-rank-393, $0.680634, {2017-10-04}
* Dotcoin-DOT, CoinMarketCap-rank-394, $0.00480538, {2017-10-04}
* Fastcoin-FST, CoinMarketCap-rank-395, $0.00968815, {2017-10-04}
* Altcoin-ALT, CoinMarketCap-rank-396, $9.81277, {2017-10-04}
* 808Coin-808, CoinMarketCap-rank-397, $0.00131124, {2017-10-04}
* Link Platform-LNK, CoinMarketCap-rank-398, $25.0596, {2017-10-04}
* Onix-ONX, CoinMarketCap-rank-399, $0.0429437, {2017-10-04}
* Sexcoin-SXC, CoinMarketCap-rank-400, $0.00927418, {2017-10-04}
* Netko-NETKO, CoinMarketCap-rank-401, $0.288163, {2017-10-04}
* SmileyCoin-SMLY, CoinMarketCap-rank-402, $0.0000437215, {2017-10-04}
* CryptoCarbon-CCRB, CoinMarketCap-rank-403, $0.312506, {2017-10-04}
* WorldCoin-WDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-404, $0.0096158, {2017-10-04}
* COSS-COSS, CoinMarketCap-rank-405, $0.0752274, {2017-10-04}
* Zoin-ZOI, CoinMarketCap-rank-406, $0.0751783, {2017-10-04}
* Capricoin-CPC, CoinMarketCap-rank-407, $0.526573, {2017-10-04}
* ZcCoin-ZCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-408, $0.0169884, {2017-10-04}
* Ultimate Secure Cash-USC, CoinMarketCap-rank-409, $0.0999675, {2017-10-04}
* Growers International-GRWI, CoinMarketCap-rank-410, $0.994272, {2017-10-04}
* GCoin-GCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-411, $0.0000070603, {2017-10-04}
* Mao Zedong-MAO, CoinMarketCap-rank-412, $0.156377, {2017-10-04}
* NuBits-USNBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-413, $1.00493, {2017-10-04}
* Footy Cash-XFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-414, $0.209263, {2017-10-04}
* Fujinto-NTO, CoinMarketCap-rank-415, $0.0143643, {2017-10-04}
* HiCoin-XHI, CoinMarketCap-rank-416, $0.00465039, {2017-10-04}
* IncaKoin-NKA, CoinMarketCap-rank-417, $0.0000847526, {2017-10-04}
* PIECoin-PIE, CoinMarketCap-rank-418, $0.0200608, {2017-10-04}
* EOT Token-EOT, CoinMarketCap-rank-419, $0.332753, {2017-10-04}
* MaxCoin-MAX, CoinMarketCap-rank-420, $0.0136972, {2017-10-04}
* DigitalPrice-DP, CoinMarketCap-rank-421, $0.050115, {2017-10-04}
* InflationCoin-IFLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-422, $0.0000390856, {2017-10-04}
* LiteDoge-LDOGE, CoinMarketCap-rank-423, $0.0000532677, {2017-10-04}
* Sovereign Hero-HERO, CoinMarketCap-rank-424, $162.407, {2017-10-04}
* Fantomcoin-FCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-425, $0.122599, {2017-10-04}
* Sumokoin-SUMO, CoinMarketCap-rank-426, $0.442529, {2017-10-04}
* Elixir-ELIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-427, $0.18745, {2017-10-04}
* Vsync-VSX, CoinMarketCap-rank-428, $0.00732182, {2017-10-04}
* Tychocoin-TYCHO, CoinMarketCap-rank-429, $0.139636, {2017-10-04}
* KekCoin-KEK, CoinMarketCap-rank-430, $0.0687398, {2017-10-04}
* Monster Byte-MBI, CoinMarketCap-rank-431, $0.040243, {2017-10-04}
* WavesGo-WGO, CoinMarketCap-rank-432, $0.0671783, {2017-10-04}
* DigitalDevelopersFund-DDF, CoinMarketCap-rank-433, $0.131237, {2017-10-04}
* BritCoin-BRIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-434, $0.0308449, {2017-10-04}
* Dinastycoin-DCY, CoinMarketCap-rank-435, $0.000514924, {2017-10-04}
* TrezarCoin-TZC, CoinMarketCap-rank-436, $0.00777867, {2017-10-04}
* FujiCoin-FJC, CoinMarketCap-rank-437, $0.000568531, {2017-10-04}
* Solaris-XLR, CoinMarketCap-rank-438, $1.22379, {2017-10-04}
* Megacoin-MEC, CoinMarketCap-rank-439, $0.0192304, {2017-10-04}
* Helleniccoin-HNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-440, $0.011203, {2017-10-04}
* Cream-CRM, CoinMarketCap-rank-441, $0.0136969, {2017-10-04}
* Unitus-UIS, CoinMarketCap-rank-442, $0.0129477, {2017-10-04}
* Scorecoin-SCORE, CoinMarketCap-rank-443, $0.0197153, {2017-10-04}
* UnbreakableCoin-UNB, CoinMarketCap-rank-444, $0.262573, {2017-10-04}
* Billionaire Token-XBL, CoinMarketCap-rank-445, $0.174999, {2017-10-04}
* Linx-LINX, CoinMarketCap-rank-446, $0.0692918, {2017-10-04}
* EMoneyPower-EMP, CoinMarketCap-rank-447, $0.0618569, {2017-10-04}
* BTSR-BTSR, CoinMarketCap-rank-448, $0.16888, {2017-10-04}
* FinCoin-FNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-449, $0.0428909, {2017-10-04}
* ProCurrency-PROC, CoinMarketCap-rank-450, $0.0415067, {2017-10-04}
* Bitradio-BRO, CoinMarketCap-rank-451, $0.0915622, {2017-10-04}
* Canada eCoin-CDN, CoinMarketCap-rank-452, $0.00529138, {2017-10-04}
* Jetcoin-JET, CoinMarketCap-rank-453, $0.132717, {2017-10-04}
* iDice-ICE, CoinMarketCap-rank-454, $0.315031, {2017-10-04}
* Moin-MOIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-455, $0.0682987, {2017-10-04}
* Eternity-ENT, CoinMarketCap-rank-456, $0.121267, {2017-10-04}
* RouletteToken-RLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-457, $0.0460802, {2017-10-04}
* Virtacoinplus-XVP, CoinMarketCap-rank-458, $0.0491671, {2017-10-04}
* Falcoin-FAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-459, $2.21174, {2017-10-04}
* Karbowanec-KRB, CoinMarketCap-rank-460, $0.0965424, {2017-10-04}
* BlakeStar-BLAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-461, $0.00168872, {2017-10-04}
* Newbium-NEWB, CoinMarketCap-rank-462, $0.00847553, {2017-10-04}
* DAS-DAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-463, $0.161999, {2017-10-04}
* Denarius-DNR, CoinMarketCap-rank-464, $0.254605, {2017-10-04}
* WomenCoin-WOMEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-465, $0.0171486, {2017-10-04}
* HempCoin-HMP, CoinMarketCap-rank-466, $0.000295928, {2017-10-04}
* DraftCoin-DFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-467, $0.218817, {2017-10-04}
* DT Token-DRACO, CoinMarketCap-rank-468, $0.00431432, {2017-10-04}
* BlockPay-BLOCKPAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-469, $0.0687067, {2017-10-04}
* OHM-OHM, CoinMarketCap-rank-470, $0.0126403, {2017-10-04}
* PostCoin-POST, CoinMarketCap-rank-471, $0.0227403, {2017-10-04}
* TrumpCoin-TRUMP, CoinMarketCap-rank-472, $0.0546856, {2017-10-04}
* 42-coin-42, CoinMarketCap-rank-473, $8167.67, {2017-10-04}
* Atomic Coin-ATOM, CoinMarketCap-rank-474, $0.0266497, {2017-10-04}
* FuturXe-FXE, CoinMarketCap-rank-475, $1.36972, {2017-10-04}
* Zero-ZER, CoinMarketCap-rank-476, $0.194462, {2017-10-04}
* Deutsche eMark-DEM, CoinMarketCap-rank-477, $0.0112818, {2017-10-04}
* CoinonatX-XCXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-478, $0.023403, {2017-10-04}
* Triangles-TRI, CoinMarketCap-rank-479, $4.22754, {2017-10-04}
* HoboNickels-HBN, CoinMarketCap-rank-480, $0.0051576, {2017-10-04}
* Rubies-RBIES, CoinMarketCap-rank-481, $0.0293372, {2017-10-04}
* Prototanium-PR, CoinMarketCap-rank-482, $1.4889, {2017-10-04}
* FUNCoin-FUNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-483, $0.0473826, {2017-10-04}
* Titcoin-TIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-484, $0.00487923, {2017-10-04}
* Cannacoin-CCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-485, $0.0512329, {2017-10-04}
* bitBTC-BITBTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-486, $4621.58, {2017-10-04}
* Elcoin-EL, CoinMarketCap-rank-487, $0.0195918, {2017-10-04}
* Francs-FRN, CoinMarketCap-rank-488, $0.0543166, {2017-10-04}
* CryptoWorldX Token-CWXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-489, $0.00364151, {2017-10-04}
* Electra-ECA, CoinMarketCap-rank-490, $0.0000100750, {2017-10-04}
* Virta Unique Coin-VUC, CoinMarketCap-rank-491, $0.00329281, {2017-10-04}
* MojoCoin-MOJO, CoinMarketCap-rank-492, $0.016202, {2017-10-04}
* PlatinumBAR-XPTX, CoinMarketCap-rank-493, $0.605799, {2017-10-04}
* ReeCoin-REE, CoinMarketCap-rank-494, $0.0000705100, {2017-10-04}
* Universe-UNI, CoinMarketCap-rank-495, $0.0229265, {2017-10-04}
* Rupaya-RUPX, CoinMarketCap-rank-496, $0.032138, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin Scrypt-BTCS, CoinMarketCap-rank-497, $0.0106204, {2017-10-04}
* Zurcoin-ZUR, CoinMarketCap-rank-498, $0.00202927, {2017-10-04}
* Interzone-ITZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-499, $0.31589, {2017-10-04}
* Dalecoin-DALC, CoinMarketCap-rank-500, $0.41401, {2017-10-04}
* Theresa May Coin-MAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-501, $0.00716551, {2017-10-04}
* Elementrem-ELE, CoinMarketCap-rank-502, $0.00579173, {2017-10-04}
* BriaCoin-BRIA, CoinMarketCap-rank-503, $0.443011, {2017-10-04}
* Sterlingcoin-SLG, CoinMarketCap-rank-504, $0.0345727, {2017-10-04}
* bitSilver-BITSILVER, CoinMarketCap-rank-505, $16.2544, {2017-10-04}
* Bolivarcoin-BOLI, CoinMarketCap-rank-506, $0.0182354, {2017-10-04}
* Flaxscript-FLAX, CoinMarketCap-rank-507, $0.0253993, {2017-10-04}
* Honey-HONEY, CoinMarketCap-rank-508, $0.551285, {2017-10-04}
* Emerald Crypto-EMD, CoinMarketCap-rank-509, $0.00721629, {2017-10-04}
* EcoCoin-ECO, CoinMarketCap-rank-510, $0.127247, {2017-10-04}
* NeuroDAO-NDAO, CoinMarketCap-rank-511, $0.752502, {2017-10-04}
* bitGold-BITGOLD, CoinMarketCap-rank-512, $1262.25, {2017-10-04}
* Tickets-TIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-513, $0.0000016537, {2017-10-04}
* BitcoinFast-BCF, CoinMarketCap-rank-514, $0.0255445, {2017-10-04}
* C-Bit-XCT, CoinMarketCap-rank-515, $0.00067447, {2017-10-04}
* Yocoin-YOC, CoinMarketCap-rank-516, $0.000999031, {2017-10-04}
* CampusCoin-CMPCO, CoinMarketCap-rank-517, $0.000716487, {2017-10-04}
* bitEUR-BITEUR, CoinMarketCap-rank-518, $1.17553, {2017-10-04}
* Tristar Coin-TSTR, CoinMarketCap-rank-519, $0.0188126, {2017-10-04}
* X-Coin-XCO, CoinMarketCap-rank-520, $0.00753439, {2017-10-04}
* KiloCoin-KLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-521, $0.000465029, {2017-10-04}
* BERNcash-BERN, CoinMarketCap-rank-522, $0.00122583, {2017-10-04}
* TileCoin-XTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-523, $0.000856937, {2017-10-04}
* PayCon-CON, CoinMarketCap-rank-524, $0.00364403, {2017-10-04}
* GPU Coin-GPU, CoinMarketCap-rank-525, $0.00206541, {2017-10-04}
* DROXNE-DRXNE, CoinMarketCap-rank-526, $0.00131011, {2017-10-04}
* Virtacoin-VTA, CoinMarketCap-rank-527, $0.0000148142, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin Planet-BTPL, CoinMarketCap-rank-528, $0.0134785, {2017-10-04}
* Asiadigicoin-ADCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-529, $0.00270563, {2017-10-04}
* GlobalToken-GLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-530, $0.00265743, {2017-10-04}
* NevaCoin-NEVA, CoinMarketCap-rank-531, $0.0265832, {2017-10-04}
* Master Swiscoin-MSCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-532, $0.00129047, {2017-10-04}
* Coinonat-CXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-533, $0.0061429, {2017-10-04}
* Litecoin Plus-LCP, CoinMarketCap-rank-534, $0.114609, {2017-10-04}
* BoostCoin-BOST, CoinMarketCap-rank-535, $0.00405844, {2017-10-04}
* Doubloon-BOAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-536, $0.00232203, {2017-10-04}
* CryptoEscudo-CESC, CoinMarketCap-rank-537, $0.000295928, {2017-10-04}
* Iconic-ICON, CoinMarketCap-rank-538, $0.066626, {2017-10-04}
* CrevaCoin-CREVA, CoinMarketCap-rank-539, $0.00105689, {2017-10-04}
* CHNCoin-CNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-540, $0.000938397, {2017-10-04}
* Tradecoin-TRADE, CoinMarketCap-rank-541, $0.00570718, {2017-10-04}
* Coimatic 2.0-CTIC2, CoinMarketCap-rank-542, $0.00371023, {2017-10-04}
* Veros-VRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-543, $0.0000648857, {2017-10-04}
* WalletBuildersCoin-WBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-544, $1.69123, {2017-10-04}
* Frazcoin-FRAZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-545, $0.00337556, {2017-10-04}
* Litecred-LTCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-546, $0.000861805, {2017-10-04}
* Kronecoin-KRONE, CoinMarketCap-rank-547, $0.011846, {2017-10-04}
* LiteCoin Ultra-LTCU, CoinMarketCap-rank-548, $0.0255649, {2017-10-04}
* Project-X-NANOX, CoinMarketCap-rank-549, $198694.0, {2017-10-04}
* LevoPlus-LVPS, CoinMarketCap-rank-550, $0.00787843, {2017-10-04}
* LiteBitcoin-LBTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-551, $0.00224366, {2017-10-04}
* Lex4All-LEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-552, $0.00506848, {2017-10-04}
* Ulatech-ULA, CoinMarketCap-rank-553, $0.027137, {2017-10-04}
* HarmonyCoin-HMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-554, $0.00416249, {2017-10-04}
* AppleCoin-APW, CoinMarketCap-rank-555, $0.0326366, {2017-10-04}
* Digital Money Bits-DMB, CoinMarketCap-rank-556, $0.00113648, {2017-10-04}
* SuperNET-UNITY, CoinMarketCap-rank-557, $33.6423, {2017-10-04}
* Arcade Token-ARC, CoinMarketCap-rank-558, $4.10502, {2017-10-04}
* Tao-XTO, CoinMarketCap-rank-559, $0.103776, {2017-10-04}
* CageCoin-CAGE, CoinMarketCap-rank-560, $0.0000297133, {2017-10-04}
* Bitpark Coin-BPC, CoinMarketCap-rank-561, $0.0396121, {2017-10-04}
* YbCoin-YBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-562, $0.965959, {2017-10-04}
* Stakecoin-STCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-563, $0.954204, {2017-10-04}
* YashCoin-YASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-564, $0.211377, {2017-10-04}
* LuckChain-BASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-565, $0.00263671, {2017-10-04}
* Bowhead-AHT, CoinMarketCap-rank-566, $0.219837, {2017-10-04}
* InPay-INPAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-567, $0.163944, {2017-10-04}
* Adelphoi-ADL, CoinMarketCap-rank-568, $0.063139, {2017-10-04}
* AsiaCoin-AC, CoinMarketCap-rank-569, $0.00142279, {2017-10-04}
* EarthCoin-EAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-570, $0.000127307, {2017-10-04}
* Ixcoin-IXC, CoinMarketCap-rank-571, $0.0671482, {2017-10-04}
* Janus-JNS, CoinMarketCap-rank-572, $0.0628412, {2017-10-04}
* Infinitecoin-IFC, CoinMarketCap-rank-573, $0.0000132847, {2017-10-04}
* CryptCoin-CRYPT, CoinMarketCap-rank-574, $0.167212, {2017-10-04}
* Pandacoin-PND, CoinMarketCap-rank-575, $0.0000288251, {2017-10-04}
* Woodcoin-LOG, CoinMarketCap-rank-576, $0.114101, {2017-10-04}
* TeslaCoin-TES, CoinMarketCap-rank-577, $0.0119506, {2017-10-04}
* Rustbits-RUSTBITS, CoinMarketCap-rank-578, $0.0234609, {2017-10-04}
* ShadowCash-SDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-579, $0.119766, {2017-10-04}
* StarCredits-STRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-580, $0.175866, {2017-10-04}
* iTicoin-ITI, CoinMarketCap-rank-581, $24.0722, {2017-10-04}
* Carboncoin-CARBON, CoinMarketCap-rank-582, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* SwapToken-TOKEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-583, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Casino-CASINO, CoinMarketCap-rank-584, $0.642164, {2017-10-04}
* Zetacoin-ZET, CoinMarketCap-rank-585, $0.00382205, {2017-10-04}
* E4ROW-E4ROW, CoinMarketCap-rank-586, $0.142395, {2017-10-04}
* MetalCoin-METAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-587, $0.00710404, {2017-10-04}
* SmartCoin-SMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-588, $0.0232427, {2017-10-04}
* Shorty-SHORTY, CoinMarketCap-rank-589, $0.00524215, {2017-10-04}
* RussiaCoin-RC, CoinMarketCap-rank-590, $0.061685, {2017-10-04}
* FIMKrypto-FIMK, CoinMarketCap-rank-591, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* NobleCoin-NOBL, CoinMarketCap-rank-592, $0.000210579, {2017-10-04}
* HitCoin-HTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-593, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Vsync-XVS, CoinMarketCap-rank-594, $0.00422747, {2017-10-04}
* BTCtalkcoin-TALK, CoinMarketCap-rank-595, $0.00677074, {2017-10-04}
* Bitz-BITZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-596, $0.219926, {2017-10-04}
* BunnyCoin-BUN, CoinMarketCap-rank-597, $0.0000042808, {2017-10-04}
* UFO Coin-UFO, CoinMarketCap-rank-598, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* Greencoin-GRE, CoinMarketCap-rank-599, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* GlobalCoin-GLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-600, $0.00655269, {2017-10-04}
* NetCoin-NET, CoinMarketCap-rank-601, $0.000530612, {2017-10-04}
* Shadow Token-SHDW, CoinMarketCap-rank-602, $0.0583976, {2017-10-04}
* I0Coin-I0C, CoinMarketCap-rank-603, $0.0193978, {2017-10-04}
* Etheriya-RIYA, CoinMarketCap-rank-604, $0.255377, {2017-10-04}
* SuperCoin-SUPER, CoinMarketCap-rank-605, $0.00899945, {2017-10-04}
* Kobocoin-KOBO, CoinMarketCap-rank-606, $0.0159895, {2017-10-04}
* UltraCoin-UTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-607, $0.00883556, {2017-10-04}
* Cryptonite-XCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-608, $0.00107881, {2017-10-04}
* NewYorkCoin-NYC, CoinMarketCap-rank-609, $0.0000029938, {2017-10-04}
* MazaCoin-MZC, CoinMarketCap-rank-610, $0.000288805, {2017-10-04}
* Trollcoin-TROLL, CoinMarketCap-rank-611, $0.000649513, {2017-10-04}
* FuelCoin-FC2, CoinMarketCap-rank-612, $0.00333976, {2017-10-04}
* Machinecoin-MAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-613, $0.0168539, {2017-10-04}
* AmberCoin-AMBER, CoinMarketCap-rank-614, $0.00769412, {2017-10-04}
* Dashcoin-DSH, CoinMarketCap-rank-615, $0.0187274, {2017-10-04}
* BitBar-BTB, CoinMarketCap-rank-616, $9.32309, {2017-10-04}
* Version-V, CoinMarketCap-rank-617, $0.000694018, {2017-10-04}
* Anoncoin-ANC, CoinMarketCap-rank-618, $0.149369, {2017-10-04}
* Bitstar-BITS, CoinMarketCap-rank-619, $0.0133554, {2017-10-04}
* Malcoin-MALC, CoinMarketCap-rank-620, $5.87341, {2017-10-04}
* Piggycoin-PIGGY, CoinMarketCap-rank-621, $0.000625576, {2017-10-04}
* TagCoin-TAG, CoinMarketCap-rank-622, $0.0525914, {2017-10-04}
* CoExistCoin-COXST, CoinMarketCap-rank-623, $0.0251356, {2017-10-04}
* AurumCoin-AU, CoinMarketCap-rank-624, $1.00706, {2017-10-04}
* 8Bit-8BIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-625, $0.254386, {2017-10-04}
* GAIA-GAIA, CoinMarketCap-rank-626, $0.0122176, {2017-10-04}
* Veltor-VLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-627, $0.51204, {2017-10-04}
* Devcoin-DVC, CoinMarketCap-rank-628, $0.0000191387, {2017-10-04}
* Phoenixcoin-PXC, CoinMarketCap-rank-629, $0.00463356, {2017-10-04}
* Pakcoin-PAK, CoinMarketCap-rank-630, $0.00657107, {2017-10-04}
* Orbitcoin-ORB, CoinMarketCap-rank-631, $0.0866097, {2017-10-04}
* Rare Pepe Party-RAREPEPEP, CoinMarketCap-rank-632, $14.1299, {2017-10-04}
* SwagBucks-BUCKS, CoinMarketCap-rank-633, $0.890027, {2017-10-04}
* UniCoin-UNIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-634, $0.0852688, {2017-10-04}
* Krypstal-KRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-635, $0.00937655, {2017-10-04}
* BitAsean-BAS, CoinMarketCap-rank-636, $0.0466564, {2017-10-04}
* BitTokens-BXT, CoinMarketCap-rank-637, $0.415409, {2017-10-04}
* Goodomy-GOOD, CoinMarketCap-rank-638, $0.000507305, {2017-10-04}
* CoEval-COE, CoinMarketCap-rank-639, $5.12979, {2017-10-04}
* Ripto Bux-RBX, CoinMarketCap-rank-640, $0.00057448, {2017-10-04}
* CryptoForecast-CFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-641, $0.00448119, {2017-10-04}
* Flycoin-FLY, CoinMarketCap-rank-642, $0.974194, {2017-10-04}
* Truckcoin-TRK, CoinMarketCap-rank-643, $0.0013557, {2017-10-04}
* Stress-STS, CoinMarketCap-rank-644, $0.000338203, {2017-10-04}
* LottoCoin-LOT, CoinMarketCap-rank-645, $0.0000129355, {2017-10-04}
* The Cypherfunks-FUNK, CoinMarketCap-rank-646, $0.0000040823, {2017-10-04}
* FlutterCoin-FLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-647, $0.000568475, {2017-10-04}
* Darsek-KED, CoinMarketCap-rank-648, $0.014033, {2017-10-04}
* Mineum-MNM, CoinMarketCap-rank-649, $0.0190239, {2017-10-04}
* Slimcoin-SLM, CoinMarketCap-rank-650, $0.0118323, {2017-10-04}
* PayCoin-XPY, CoinMarketCap-rank-651, $0.0149164, {2017-10-04}
* Swing-SWING, CoinMarketCap-rank-652, $0.0673801, {2017-10-04}
* TEKcoin-TEK, CoinMarketCap-rank-653, $0.00012289, {2017-10-04}
* LanaCoin-LANA, CoinMarketCap-rank-654, $0.000211368, {2017-10-04}
* PureVidz-VIDZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-655, $0.00135523, {2017-10-04}
* Valorbit-VAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-656, $0.0000429005, {2017-10-04}
* Cryptojacks-CJ, CoinMarketCap-rank-657, $0.000414889, {2017-10-04}
* Universal Currency-UNIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-658, $0.0126277, {2017-10-04}
* Smoke-SMOKE, CoinMarketCap-rank-659, $0.0122192, {2017-10-04}
* QubitCoin-Q2C, CoinMarketCap-rank-660, $0.000634131, {2017-10-04}
* Ratecoin-XRA, CoinMarketCap-rank-661, $0.00140481, {2017-10-04}
* iCoin-ICN, CoinMarketCap-rank-662, $0.0051576, {2017-10-04}
* Pesobit-PSB, CoinMarketCap-rank-663, $0.00443892, {2017-10-04}
* Bottlecaps-CAP, CoinMarketCap-rank-664, $0.000803428, {2017-10-04}
* USDe-USDE, CoinMarketCap-rank-665, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* WayGuide-WAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-666, $0.00143736, {2017-10-04}
* HOdlcoin-HODL, CoinMarketCap-rank-667, $0.00101461, {2017-10-04}
* GameUnits-UNITS, CoinMarketCap-rank-668, $0.0392411, {2017-10-04}
* Yacoin-YAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-669, $0.00114144, {2017-10-04}
* Blakecoin-BLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-670, $0.00875562, {2017-10-04}
* Cypher-CYP, CoinMarketCap-rank-671, $0.0207572, {2017-10-04}
* Putin Classic-PUTIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-672, $0.00384673, {2017-10-04}
* Bit20-BTWTY, CoinMarketCap-rank-673, $127446.0, {2017-10-04}
* VirtualCoin-VC, CoinMarketCap-rank-674, $0.0124712, {2017-10-04}
* ChessCoin-CHESS, CoinMarketCap-rank-675, $0.00231898, {2017-10-04}
* Freicoin-FRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-676, $0.00422754, {2017-10-04}
* SproutsExtreme-SPEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-677, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* KushCoin-KUSH, CoinMarketCap-rank-678, $0.0222054, {2017-10-04}
* SACoin-SAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-679, $0.0507305, {2017-10-04}
* RevolverCoin-XRE, CoinMarketCap-rank-680, $0.00528443, {2017-10-04}
* Dollarcoin-DLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-681, $0.0128094, {2017-10-04}
* GoldReserve-XGR, CoinMarketCap-rank-682, $0.00672179, {2017-10-04}
* Acoin-ACOIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-683, $0.0945773, {2017-10-04}
* Guncoin-GUN, CoinMarketCap-rank-684, $0.000586723, {2017-10-04}
* GoldBlocks-GB, CoinMarketCap-rank-685, $0.00721201, {2017-10-04}
* Prime-XI-PXI, CoinMarketCap-rank-686, $0.00646574, {2017-10-04}
* LTBcoin-LTBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-687, $0.000217307, {2017-10-04}
* TittieCoin-TTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-688, $0.0000843906, {2017-10-04}
* MTMGaming-MTM, CoinMarketCap-rank-689, $0.0351978, {2017-10-04}
* ParallelCoin-DUO, CoinMarketCap-rank-690, $0.348517, {2017-10-04}
* Grantcoin-GRT, CoinMarketCap-rank-691, $0.00245197, {2017-10-04}
* PetroDollar-XPD, CoinMarketCap-rank-692, $0.00162787, {2017-10-04}
* Cannation-CNNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-693, $0.0420393, {2017-10-04}
* Digitalcoin-DGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-694, $0.00387255, {2017-10-04}
* DigiCube-CUBE, CoinMarketCap-rank-695, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* QuazarCoin-QCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-696, $0.0169102, {2017-10-04}
* BiblePay-BBP, CoinMarketCap-rank-697, $0.00054958, {2017-10-04}
* GlobalBoost-Y-BSTY, CoinMarketCap-rank-698, $0.00795719, {2017-10-04}
* Joulecoin-XJO, CoinMarketCap-rank-699, $0.00286454, {2017-10-04}
* OctoCoin-888, CoinMarketCap-rank-700, $0.00192172, {2017-10-04}
* AquariusCoin-ARCO, CoinMarketCap-rank-701, $0.0684602, {2017-10-04}
* PX-PX, CoinMarketCap-rank-702, $0.00104947, {2017-10-04}
* IslaCoin-ISL, CoinMarketCap-rank-703, $0.0624697, {2017-10-04}
* Tigercoin-TGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-704, $0.00215605, {2017-10-04}
* PRCoin-PRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-705, $0.00684862, {2017-10-04}
* Nyancoin-NYAN, CoinMarketCap-rank-706, $0.000311941, {2017-10-04}
* Eurocoin-EUC, CoinMarketCap-rank-707, $0.0077057, {2017-10-04}
* Wyvern-WYV, CoinMarketCap-rank-708, $0.0574946, {2017-10-04}
* BigUp-BIGUP, CoinMarketCap-rank-709, $0.0000431891, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcurrency-BTCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-710, $0.000528752, {2017-10-04}
* LiteBar-LTB, CoinMarketCap-rank-711, $0.117837, {2017-10-04}
* HealthyWormCoin-WORM, CoinMarketCap-rank-712, $0.000803233, {2017-10-04}
* WMCoin-WMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-713, $0.00752945, {2017-10-04}
* Pascal Lite-PASL, CoinMarketCap-rank-714, $0.0241393, {2017-10-04}
* SatoshiMadness-MAD, CoinMarketCap-rank-715, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Joincoin-J, CoinMarketCap-rank-716, $0.0340317, {2017-10-04}
* MustangCoin-MST, CoinMarketCap-rank-717, $0.131754, {2017-10-04}
* Evotion-EVO, CoinMarketCap-rank-718, $0.0261022, {2017-10-04}
* 020LondonCoin-020, CoinMarketCap-rank-719, $0.0000005173, {2017-10-04}
* Crypto-CTO, CoinMarketCap-rank-720, $0.00697544, {2017-10-04}
* Hacker Gold-HKG, CoinMarketCap-rank-721, $0.0048194, {2017-10-04}
* Coin(O)-CNO, CoinMarketCap-rank-722, $0.000733601, {2017-10-04}
* Evil Coin-EVIL, CoinMarketCap-rank-723, $0.00366597, {2017-10-04}
* UniBURST-UNIBURST, CoinMarketCap-rank-724, $0.0766529, {2017-10-04}
* Braincoin-BRAIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-725, $0.00760957, {2017-10-04}
* GuccioneCoin-GCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-726, $0.00359341, {2017-10-04}
* 300 Token-300, CoinMarketCap-rank-727, $240.97, {2017-10-04}
* Coin2.1-C2, CoinMarketCap-rank-728, $0.000718682, {2017-10-04}
* Marscoin-MARS, CoinMarketCap-rank-729, $0.00253651, {2017-10-04}
* Aricoin-ARI, CoinMarketCap-rank-730, $0.000508825, {2017-10-04}
* Chronos-CRX, CoinMarketCap-rank-731, $0.00096763, {2017-10-04}
* MACRON-MCRN, CoinMarketCap-rank-732, $0.00017765, {2017-10-04}
* Independent Money System-IMS, CoinMarketCap-rank-733, $0.0132675, {2017-10-04}
* Firecoin-FIRE, CoinMarketCap-rank-734, $0.718682, {2017-10-04}
* CacheCoin-CACH, CoinMarketCap-rank-735, $0.0167708, {2017-10-04}
* Bitzeny-ZNY, CoinMarketCap-rank-736, $0.000930059, {2017-10-04}
* KibiCoin-KIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-737, $0.00475246, {2017-10-04}
* Argentum-ARG, CoinMarketCap-rank-738, $0.00841933, {2017-10-04}
* DIBCOIN-DIBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-739, $0.0138265, {2017-10-04}
* BipCoin-BIP, CoinMarketCap-rank-740, $0.0422754, {2017-10-04}
* Catcoin-CAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-741, $0.0113298, {2017-10-04}
* Jin Coin-JIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-742, $0.00690408, {2017-10-04}
* SecureCoin-SRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-743, $0.00828257, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin 21-XBTC21, CoinMarketCap-rank-744, $0.0847199, {2017-10-04}
* GoldPieces-GP, CoinMarketCap-rank-745, $0.0550455, {2017-10-04}
* Ammo Rewards-AMMO, CoinMarketCap-rank-746, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* AntiBitcoin-ANTI, CoinMarketCap-rank-747, $0.00376251, {2017-10-04}
* SpaceCoin-SPACE, CoinMarketCap-rank-748, $0.00330782, {2017-10-04}
* PLNcoin-PLNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-749, $0.00380479, {2017-10-04}
* BitcoinTX-BTX, CoinMarketCap-rank-750, $0.000778846, {2017-10-04}
* ICOBID-ICOB, CoinMarketCap-rank-751, $0.000591856, {2017-10-04}
* Vector-VEC2, CoinMarketCap-rank-752, $0.00380479, {2017-10-04}
* Spots-SPT, CoinMarketCap-rank-753, $0.00274278, {2017-10-04}
* CorgiCoin-CORG, CoinMarketCap-rank-754, $0.0000490641, {2017-10-04}
* Quatloo-QTL, CoinMarketCap-rank-755, $0.00791912, {2017-10-04}
* SOILcoin-SOIL, CoinMarketCap-rank-756, $0.0106541, {2017-10-04}
* Sativacoin-STV, CoinMarketCap-rank-757, $0.00854027, {2017-10-04}
* Dreamcoin-DRM, CoinMarketCap-rank-758, $0.0244215, {2017-10-04}
* RedCoin-RED, CoinMarketCap-rank-759, $0.000803233, {2017-10-04}
* ChanCoin-4CHN, CoinMarketCap-rank-760, $0.00892618, {2017-10-04}
* Kurrent-KURT, CoinMarketCap-rank-761, $0.00596083, {2017-10-04}
* Sling-SLING, CoinMarketCap-rank-762, $0.0543618, {2017-10-04}
* Gapcoin-GAP, CoinMarketCap-rank-763, $0.0049885, {2017-10-04}
* AgrolifeCoin-AGLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-764, $0.00875101, {2017-10-04}
* Halcyon-HAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-765, $0.0108225, {2017-10-04}
* Franko-FRK, CoinMarketCap-rank-766, $0.0853498, {2017-10-04}
* Unrealcoin-URC, CoinMarketCap-rank-767, $0.00769412, {2017-10-04}
* SecretCoin-SCRT, CoinMarketCap-rank-768, $0.0127249, {2017-10-04}
* Tattoocoin (Standard Edition)-TSE, CoinMarketCap-rank-769, $0.000582812, {2017-10-04}
* PonziCoin-PONZI, CoinMarketCap-rank-770, $0.0598197, {2017-10-04}
* BillaryCoin-BLRY, CoinMarketCap-rank-771, $0.00553808, {2017-10-04}
* Rimbit-RBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-772, $0.00043014, {2017-10-04}
* Torcoin-TOR, CoinMarketCap-rank-773, $0.152176, {2017-10-04}
* Marijuanacoin-MAR, CoinMarketCap-rank-774, $0.0370844, {2017-10-04}
* ARbit-ARB, CoinMarketCap-rank-775, $0.00612993, {2017-10-04}
* WARP-WARP, CoinMarketCap-rank-776, $0.0411762, {2017-10-04}
* Qibuck Asset-QBK, CoinMarketCap-rank-777, $0.0298125, {2017-10-04}
* AllSafe-ASAFE2, CoinMarketCap-rank-778, $0.00554364, {2017-10-04}
* BenjiRolls-BENJI, CoinMarketCap-rank-779, $0.00218524, {2017-10-04}
* Global Tour Coin-GTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-780, $0.00147964, {2017-10-04}
* Jewels-JWL, CoinMarketCap-rank-781, $0.00215605, {2017-10-04}
* Digital Rupees-DRS, CoinMarketCap-rank-782, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* SixEleven-611, CoinMarketCap-rank-783, $0.101472, {2017-10-04}
* Useless Ethereum Token-UET, CoinMarketCap-rank-784, $0.0105558, {2017-10-04}
* GBCGoldCoin-GBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-785, $0.00365214, {2017-10-04}
* Money-$$$, CoinMarketCap-rank-786, $0.000902486, {2017-10-04}
* RonPaulCoin-RPC, CoinMarketCap-rank-787, $0.0466904, {2017-10-04}
* Gold Pressed Latinum-GPL, CoinMarketCap-rank-788, $0.169059, {2017-10-04}
* JobsCoin-JOBS, CoinMarketCap-rank-789, $0.000380479, {2017-10-04}
* Allion-ALL, CoinMarketCap-rank-790, $0.00641088, {2017-10-04}
* PopularCoin-POP, CoinMarketCap-rank-791, $0.0000116909, {2017-10-04}
* Kittehcoin-MEOW, CoinMarketCap-rank-792, $0.0000016388, {2017-10-04}
* Uro-URO, CoinMarketCap-rank-793, $0.0320112, {2017-10-04}
* FlavorCoin-FLVR, CoinMarketCap-rank-794, $0.00184869, {2017-10-04}
* Comet-CMT, CoinMarketCap-rank-795, $0.0438583, {2017-10-04}
* Philosopher Stones-PHS, CoinMarketCap-rank-796, $0.0155996, {2017-10-04}
* BeaverCoin-BVC, CoinMarketCap-rank-797, $0.0120107, {2017-10-04}
* BiosCrypto-BIOS, CoinMarketCap-rank-798, $0.00176866, {2017-10-04}
* Eryllium-ERY, CoinMarketCap-rank-799, $0.007546, {2017-10-04}
* MindCoin-MND, CoinMarketCap-rank-800, $0.00287473, {2017-10-04}
* MiloCoin-MILO, CoinMarketCap-rank-801, $0.00329748, {2017-10-04}
* Creatio-XCRE, CoinMarketCap-rank-802, $0.00169102, {2017-10-04}
* Neuro-NRO, CoinMarketCap-rank-803, $0.00126826, {2017-10-04}
* TAGRcoin-TAGR, CoinMarketCap-rank-804, $0.000857939, {2017-10-04}
* SoonCoin-SOON, CoinMarketCap-rank-805, $0.00265167, {2017-10-04}
* Zayedcoin-ZYD, CoinMarketCap-rank-806, $0.00528443, {2017-10-04}
* Orlycoin-ORLY, CoinMarketCap-rank-807, $0.000887783, {2017-10-04}
* VIP Tokens-VIP, CoinMarketCap-rank-808, $0.000385681, {2017-10-04}
* TajCoin-TAJ, CoinMarketCap-rank-809, $0.00433022, {2017-10-04}
* Hexx-HXX, CoinMarketCap-rank-810, $0.0213914, {2017-10-04}
* G3N-G3N, CoinMarketCap-rank-811, $0.00405844, {2017-10-04}
* KingN Coin-KNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-812, $15.1346, {2017-10-04}
* Photon-PHO, CoinMarketCap-rank-813, $0.0000015518, {2017-10-04}
* BumbaCoin-BUMBA, CoinMarketCap-rank-814, $0.00135369, {2017-10-04}
* CompuCoin-CPN, CoinMarketCap-rank-815, $0.00152701, {2017-10-04}
* Pulse-PULSE, CoinMarketCap-rank-816, $0.00207275, {2017-10-04}
* Artex Coin-ATX, CoinMarketCap-rank-817, $0.00155557, {2017-10-04}
* BitCoal-COAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-818, $0.00617221, {2017-10-04}
* VapersCoin-VPRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-819, $0.0000353519, {2017-10-04}
* Destiny-DES, CoinMarketCap-rank-820, $0.0171336, {2017-10-04}
* Cabbage-CAB, CoinMarketCap-rank-821, $0.00260402, {2017-10-04}
* BitQuark-BTQ, CoinMarketCap-rank-822, $0.00380479, {2017-10-04}
* Blackstar-BSTAR, CoinMarketCap-rank-823, $0.0000429734, {2017-10-04}
* Steps-STEPS, CoinMarketCap-rank-824, $0.00143736, {2017-10-04}
* ZetaMicron-ZMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-825, $0.0000442213, {2017-10-04}
* Debitcoin-DBTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-826, $0.00146179, {2017-10-04}
* GameBet Coin-GBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-827, $0.00122599, {2017-10-04}
* Ride My Car-RIDE, CoinMarketCap-rank-828, $0.000253652, {2017-10-04}
* LeaCoin-LEA, CoinMarketCap-rank-829, $0.0000845722, {2017-10-04}
* Concoin-CONX, CoinMarketCap-rank-830, $0.0336512, {2017-10-04}
* Revenu-REV, CoinMarketCap-rank-831, $0.0205145, {2017-10-04}
* Solarflarecoin-SFC, CoinMarketCap-rank-832, $0.00154358, {2017-10-04}
* Beatcoin-XBTS, CoinMarketCap-rank-833, $0.0140838, {2017-10-04}
* Luna Coin-LUNA, CoinMarketCap-rank-834, $0.0131584, {2017-10-04}
* BlazeCoin-BLZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-835, $0.0000332850, {2017-10-04}
* Metal Music Coin-MTLMC3, CoinMarketCap-rank-836, $0.000253652, {2017-10-04}
* Printerium-PRX, CoinMarketCap-rank-837, $0.00169224, {2017-10-04}
* AnarchistsPrime-ACP, CoinMarketCap-rank-838, $0.00439664, {2017-10-04}
* Magnum-MGM, CoinMarketCap-rank-839, $0.00494622, {2017-10-04}
* iBank-IBANK, CoinMarketCap-rank-840, $0.00406269, {2017-10-04}
* Impact-IMX, CoinMarketCap-rank-841, $0.000167193, {2017-10-04}
* SongCoin-SONG, CoinMarketCap-rank-842, $0.000549264, {2017-10-04}
* FuzzBalls-FUZZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-843, $0.00363568, {2017-10-04}
* Cashcoin-CASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-844, $0.000634131, {2017-10-04}
* DAPPSTER-DLISK, CoinMarketCap-rank-845, $0.000171692, {2017-10-04}
* 1CRedit-1CR, CoinMarketCap-rank-846, $0.19399, {2017-10-04}
* Xonecoin-XOC, CoinMarketCap-rank-847, $0.0405844, {2017-10-04}
* SocialCoin-SOCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-848, $0.0122873, {2017-10-04}
* Wexcoin-WEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-849, $0.0676406, {2017-10-04}
* OsmiumCoin-OS76, CoinMarketCap-rank-850, $0.0183898, {2017-10-04}
* Dix Asset-DIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-851, $0.0000001622, {2017-10-04}
* CRTCoin-CRT, CoinMarketCap-rank-852, $0.202922, {2017-10-04}
* RSGPcoin-RSGP, CoinMarketCap-rank-853, $9.30059, {2017-10-04}
* EGO-EGO, CoinMarketCap-rank-854, $0.000258412, {2017-10-04}
* ImpulseCoin-IMPS, CoinMarketCap-rank-855, $0.000765181, {2017-10-04}
* Dollar Online-DOLLAR, CoinMarketCap-rank-856, $0.0203767, {2017-10-04}
* BowsCoin-BSC, CoinMarketCap-rank-857, $0.0027479, {2017-10-04}
* PosEx-PEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-858, $0.00621448, {2017-10-04}
* LetItRide-LIR, CoinMarketCap-rank-859, $0.000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Speedcash-SCS, CoinMarketCap-rank-860, $0.0550849, {2017-10-04}
* High Voltage-HVCO, CoinMarketCap-rank-861, $0.00934229, {2017-10-04}
* Vault Coin-VLTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-862, $0.000449311, {2017-10-04}
* DPAY-DPAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-863, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* Save and Gain-SANDG, CoinMarketCap-rank-864, $0.00422647, {2017-10-04}
* BioBar-BIOB, CoinMarketCap-rank-865, $0.0143314, {2017-10-04}
* CCMiner-CCM100, CoinMarketCap-rank-866, $0.00367621, {2017-10-04}
* BnrtxCoin-BNX, CoinMarketCap-rank-867, $0.000525544, {2017-10-04}
* Cthulhu Offerings-OFF, CoinMarketCap-rank-868, $0.004554, {2017-10-04}
* Slevin-SLEVIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-869, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* Zonecoin-ZNE, CoinMarketCap-rank-870, $0.00452347, {2017-10-04}
* Shilling-SH, CoinMarketCap-rank-871, $0.00240717, {2017-10-04}
* SydPak-SDP, CoinMarketCap-rank-872, $0.0546198, {2017-10-04}
* BBQCoin-BQC, CoinMarketCap-rank-873, $0.00017136, {2017-10-04}
* Antilitecoin-ALTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-874, $0.000253652, {2017-10-04}
* Bitvolt-VOLT, CoinMarketCap-rank-875, $0.000507305, {2017-10-04}
* NodeCoin-NODC, CoinMarketCap-rank-876, $0.00405844, {2017-10-04}
* Argus-ARGUS, CoinMarketCap-rank-877, $0.00589892, {2017-10-04}
* Rawcoin-XRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-878, $0.00956329, {2017-10-04}
* GeertCoin-GEERT, CoinMarketCap-rank-879, $0.00126826, {2017-10-04}
* P7Coin-P7C, CoinMarketCap-rank-880, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* UCoin-U, CoinMarketCap-rank-881, $0.0021823, {2017-10-04}
* BurstOcean-OCEAN, CoinMarketCap-rank-882, $0.0274543, {2017-10-04}
* Sojourn-SOJ, CoinMarketCap-rank-883, $0.0110149, {2017-10-04}
* Selfiecoin-SLFI, CoinMarketCap-rank-884, $0.0000427916, {2017-10-04}
* JIO Token-JIO, CoinMarketCap-rank-885, $0.0024097, {2017-10-04}
* Enigma-XNG, CoinMarketCap-rank-886, $0.208037, {2017-10-04}
* BTCDragon-DRAGON, CoinMarketCap-rank-887, $0.00798198, {2017-10-04}
* MantraCoin-MNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-888, $0.000676406, {2017-10-04}
* Elysium-ELS, CoinMarketCap-rank-889, $0.000591856, {2017-10-04}
* Future Digital Currency-FDC, CoinMarketCap-rank-890, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* PizzaCoin-PIZZA, CoinMarketCap-rank-891, $0.00164874, {2017-10-04}
* Powercoin-PWR, CoinMarketCap-rank-892, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Californium-CF, CoinMarketCap-rank-893, $0.0187703, {2017-10-04}
* MikeTheMug-MUG, CoinMarketCap-rank-894, $0.00177843, {2017-10-04}
* Ebittree Coin-EBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-895, $0.00118489, {2017-10-04}
* Xiaomicoin-MI, CoinMarketCap-rank-896, $0.0000033215, {2017-10-04}
* Environ-ENV, CoinMarketCap-rank-897, $0.0000072302, {2017-10-04}
* Digital Credits-DGCS, CoinMarketCap-rank-898, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* Abncoin-ABN, CoinMarketCap-rank-899, $0.00986313, {2017-10-04}
* CaliphCoin-CALC, CoinMarketCap-rank-900, $0.00228031, {2017-10-04}
* Xenixcoin-XEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-901, $0.0105428, {2017-10-04}
* InfChain-INF, CoinMarketCap-rank-902, $0.00766733, {2017-10-04}
* DynamicCoin-DMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-903, $1.00001, {2017-10-04}
* Tezos (Pre-Launch)-XTZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-904, $2.11982, {2017-10-04}
* ATBCoin-ATB, CoinMarketCap-rank-905, $0.854936, {2017-10-04}
* Kolion-KLN, CoinMarketCap-rank-906, $1.52339, {2017-10-04}
* MSD-MSD, CoinMarketCap-rank-907, $0.0847622, {2017-10-04}
* Pura-PURA, CoinMarketCap-rank-908, $0.425624, {2017-10-04}
* Fargocoin-FRGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-909, $7.58191, {2017-10-04}
* eBoost-EBST, CoinMarketCap-rank-910, $0.143736, {2017-10-04}
* Voise-VOISE, CoinMarketCap-rank-911, $0.0127205, {2017-10-04}
* Sphre AIR -XID, CoinMarketCap-rank-912, $0.291213, {2017-10-04}
* Ormeus Coin-ORME, CoinMarketCap-rank-913, $0.75926, {2017-10-04}
* Gokucoin-GOKU, CoinMarketCap-rank-914, $0.019936, {2017-10-04}
* eBTC-EBTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-915, $0.0442758, {2017-10-04}
* Macro-MCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-916, $5.06793, {2017-10-04}
* GulfCoin-MGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-917, $0.00473485, {2017-10-04}
* Cobinhood-COB, CoinMarketCap-rank-918, $0.0538569, {2017-10-04}
* BuzzCoin-BUZZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-919, $0.000809043, {2017-10-04}
* ClubCoin-CLUB, CoinMarketCap-rank-920, $0.38985, {2017-10-04}
* BTCGold-XBG, CoinMarketCap-rank-921, $0.00786323, {2017-10-04}
* Infinity Economics-XIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-922, $0.0192822, {2017-10-04}
* Attention Token of Media-ATM, CoinMarketCap-rank-923, $0.0263894, {2017-10-04}
* NamoCoin-NAMO, CoinMarketCap-rank-924, $0.000295914, {2017-10-04}
* Lampix-PIX, CoinMarketCap-rank-925, $0.0952757, {2017-10-04}
* bitqy-BQ, CoinMarketCap-rank-926, $0.0219693, {2017-10-04}
* DeusCoin-DEUS, CoinMarketCap-rank-927, $0.549538, {2017-10-04}
* Storjcoin X-SJCX, CoinMarketCap-rank-928, $0.51948, {2017-10-04}
* Golos Gold-GBG, CoinMarketCap-rank-929, $0.0902106, {2017-10-04}
* Rivetz-RVT, CoinMarketCap-rank-930, $0.536697, {2017-10-04}
* TechShares-THS, CoinMarketCap-rank-931, $0.529216, {2017-10-04}
* RHFCoin-RHFC, CoinMarketCap-rank-932, $0.00177557, {2017-10-04}
* ColossusCoinXT-COLX, CoinMarketCap-rank-933, $0.00025333, {2017-10-04}
* Magnetcoin-MAGN, CoinMarketCap-rank-934, $0.997573, {2017-10-04}
* Indorse Token-IND, CoinMarketCap-rank-935, $0.108083, {2017-10-04}
* DFSCoin-DFS, CoinMarketCap-rank-936, $0.0254324, {2017-10-04}
* YOYOW-YOYOW, CoinMarketCap-rank-937, $0.0417395, {2017-10-04}
* XTD Coin-XTD, CoinMarketCap-rank-938, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* AdCoin-ACC, CoinMarketCap-rank-939, $0.262493, {2017-10-04}
* Social-SCL, CoinMarketCap-rank-940, $0.269605, {2017-10-04}
* President Trump-PRES, CoinMarketCap-rank-941, $0.00996542, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcloud-BTDX, CoinMarketCap-rank-942, $0.427489, {2017-10-04}
* Huncoin-HNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-943, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* OX Fina-OX, CoinMarketCap-rank-944, $0.0160647, {2017-10-04}
* Chronologic-DAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-945, $8.36869, {2017-10-04}
* Pirate Blocks-SKULL, CoinMarketCap-rank-946, $0.00382149, {2017-10-04}
* Aureus-AURS, CoinMarketCap-rank-947, $3.53021, {2017-10-04}
* Bolenum-BLN, CoinMarketCap-rank-948, $0.0223758, {2017-10-04}
* WA Space-WA, CoinMarketCap-rank-949, $0.0150923, {2017-10-04}
* Wi Coin-WIC, CoinMarketCap-rank-950, $0.0109552, {2017-10-04}
* LandCoin-LDCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-951, $0.002134, {2017-10-04}
* SIGMAcoin-SIGMA, CoinMarketCap-rank-952, $0.0498466, {2017-10-04}
* GanjaCoin-MRJA, CoinMarketCap-rank-953, $0.0325943, {2017-10-04}
* UG Token-UGT, CoinMarketCap-rank-954, $0.302012, {2017-10-04}
* International Diamond-XID, CoinMarketCap-rank-955, $0.00604538, {2017-10-04}
* Masternodecoin-MTNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-956, $0.126784, {2017-10-04}
* Quotient-XQN, CoinMarketCap-rank-957, $0.0137395, {2017-10-04}
* PayPeer-PAYP, CoinMarketCap-rank-958, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcoin Unlimited (Futures)-BTU, CoinMarketCap-rank-959, $420.3, {2017-10-04}
* India Coin-INDIA, CoinMarketCap-rank-960, $0.000295928, {2017-10-04}
* STEX-STEX, CoinMarketCap-rank-961, $0.126952, {2017-10-04}
* KexCoin-KEXCOIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-962, $10.5689, {2017-10-04}
* HODL Bucks-HDLB, CoinMarketCap-rank-963, $0.212518, {2017-10-04}
* Cyder-CYDER, CoinMarketCap-rank-964, $0.00126826, {2017-10-04}
* EDRCoin-EDRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-965, $0.0365444, {2017-10-04}
* Tyrocoin-TYC, CoinMarketCap-rank-966, $0.223933, {2017-10-04}
* Target Coin-TGT, CoinMarketCap-rank-967, $0.017509, {2017-10-04}
* GeyserCoin-GSR, CoinMarketCap-rank-968, $0.0245197, {2017-10-04}
* Smart Investment Fund Token-SIFT, CoinMarketCap-rank-969, $4.72077, {2017-10-04}
* Kayicoin-KAYI, CoinMarketCap-rank-970, $0.00108348, {2017-10-04}
* MorningStar-MRNG, CoinMarketCap-rank-971, $0.00287473, {2017-10-04}
* Alphabit-ABC, CoinMarketCap-rank-972, $10.5718, {2017-10-04}
* BatCoin-BAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-973, $0.0000021024, {2017-10-04}
* Ethereum Movie Venture-EMV, CoinMarketCap-rank-974, $0.661693, {2017-10-04}
* AmsterdamCoin-AMS, CoinMarketCap-rank-975, $0.00357204, {2017-10-04}
* Paccoin-PAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-976, $0.0000001295, {2017-10-04}
* First Bitcoin Capital-BITCF, CoinMarketCap-rank-977, $0.274959, {2017-10-04}
* Internet of Things-XOT, CoinMarketCap-rank-978, $760.957, {2017-10-04}
* President Johnson-GARY, CoinMarketCap-rank-979, $0.121034, {2017-10-04}
* TeraCoin-TERA, CoinMarketCap-rank-980, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Sakuracoin-SKR, CoinMarketCap-rank-981, $0.00122598, {2017-10-04}
* T-coin-TCOIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-982, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* TeslaCoilCoin-TESLA, CoinMarketCap-rank-983, $0.786788, {2017-10-04}
* PeopleCoin-MEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-984, $0.000972334, {2017-10-04}
* Flash-FLASH, CoinMarketCap-rank-985, $0.00372024, {2017-10-04}
* Ergo-EFYT, CoinMarketCap-rank-986, $7.37374, {2017-10-04}
* StrongHands-SHND, CoinMarketCap-rank-987, $0.0000000398, {2017-10-04}
* Facecoin-FC, CoinMarketCap-rank-988, $0.0167133, {2017-10-04}
* Zilbercoin-ZBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-989, $0.0290499, {2017-10-04}
* LePen-LEPEN, CoinMarketCap-rank-990, $0.0000436419, {2017-10-04}
* RabbitCoin-RBBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-991, $0.0000236580, {2017-10-04}
* Qora-QORA, CoinMarketCap-rank-992, $0.106724, {2017-10-04}
* Regacoin-REGA, CoinMarketCap-rank-993, $0.00333976, {2017-10-04}
* Voyacoin-VOYA, CoinMarketCap-rank-994, $2.83664, {2017-10-04}
* TodayCoin-TODAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-995, $0.00105689, {2017-10-04}
* iQuant-IQT, CoinMarketCap-rank-996, $0.341442, {2017-10-04}
* Etherx-ETX, CoinMarketCap-rank-997, $2.12493, {2017-10-04}
* Coupecoin-COUPE, CoinMarketCap-rank-998, $0.0000122150, {2017-10-04}
* Mind Gene-MG, CoinMarketCap-rank-999, $0.0114144, {2017-10-04}
* Antimatter-ANTX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1000, $0.0000420340, {2017-10-04}
* Aseancoin-ASN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1001, $0.00173329, {2017-10-04}
* Bankcoin-B@, CoinMarketCap-rank-1002, $0.591164, {2017-10-04}
* BetaCoin-BET, CoinMarketCap-rank-1003, $0.00965545, {2017-10-04}
* SnakeEyes-SNAKE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1004, $0.0520145, {2017-10-04}
* Bubble-BUB, CoinMarketCap-rank-1005, $0.0760957, {2017-10-04}
* MarxCoin-MARX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1006, $0.00141085, {2017-10-04}
* AMIS-AMIS, CoinMarketCap-rank-1007, $969.398, {2017-10-04}
* Suretly-SUR, CoinMarketCap-rank-1008, $3.49044, {2017-10-04}
* Dashs-DASHS, CoinMarketCap-rank-1009, $0.034539, {2017-10-04}
* Pabyosi Coin (Special)-PCS, CoinMarketCap-rank-1010, $0.0830289, {2017-10-04}
* GAY Money-GAY, CoinMarketCap-rank-1011, $0.0212223, {2017-10-04}
* AvatarCoin-AV, CoinMarketCap-rank-1012, $0.0294237, {2017-10-04}
* AsicCoin-ASC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1013, $0.00105988, {2017-10-04}
* BRAT-BRAT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1014, $0.000202817, {2017-10-04}
* GoldMaxCoin-GMX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1015, $0.00118371, {2017-10-04}
* RoyalCoin-ROYAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1016, $0.00342431, {2017-10-04}
* Yescoin-YES, CoinMarketCap-rank-1017, $0.0000027681, {2017-10-04}
* LeviarCoin-XLC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1018, $0.033495, {2017-10-04}
* Animecoin-ANI, CoinMarketCap-rank-1019, $0.000126826, {2017-10-04}
* UR-UR, CoinMarketCap-rank-1020, $0.000590951, {2017-10-04}
* Sharkcoin-SAK, CoinMarketCap-rank-1021, $0.00266535, {2017-10-04}
* Wowecoin-WEC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1022, $0.116, {2017-10-04}
* RubleBit-RUBIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1023, $0.00288718, {2017-10-04}
* FireFlyCoin-FFC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1024, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* Cubits-QBT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1025, $0.00122504, {2017-10-04}
* UNCoin-UNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1026, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* 9COIN-9COIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1027, $0.00507305, {2017-10-04}
* ZenGold-ZENGOLD, CoinMarketCap-rank-1028, $0.0417873, {2017-10-04}
* GoldUnionCoin-GUC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1029, $0.508108, {2017-10-04}
* Cashme-CME, CoinMarketCap-rank-1030, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* netBit-NBIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1031, $0.0251116, {2017-10-04}
* Bitok-BITOK, CoinMarketCap-rank-1032, $0.0000418436, {2017-10-04}
* PeepCoin-PCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1033, $0.0000101643, {2017-10-04}
* MobileCash-MBL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1034, $0.000718682, {2017-10-04}
* SoulCoin-SOUL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1035, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Halloween Coin-HALLO, CoinMarketCap-rank-1036, $0.000212876, {2017-10-04}
* UniversalRoyalCoin-UNRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1037, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* RichCoin-RICHX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1038, $0.00486167, {2017-10-04}
* Blockchain Index-BLX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1039, $1.23151, {2017-10-04}
* Elacoin-ELC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1040, $0.0865884, {2017-10-04}
* IrishCoin-IRL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1041, $0.00160647, {2017-10-04}
* BestChain-BEST, CoinMarketCap-rank-1042, $0.000908706, {2017-10-04}
* MMXVI-MMXVI, CoinMarketCap-rank-1043, $0.00211377, {2017-10-04}
* FrankyWillCoin-FRWC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1044, $0.00249425, {2017-10-04}
* Wink-WINK, CoinMarketCap-rank-1045, $0.000236868, {2017-10-04}
* Motocoin-MOTO, CoinMarketCap-rank-1046, $0.00241, {2017-10-04}
* Royalties-XRY, CoinMarketCap-rank-1047, $0.0289406, {2017-10-04}
* Tellurion-TELL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1048, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* Bitcedi-BXC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1049, $0.00227601, {2017-10-04}
* TrickyCoin-TRICK, CoinMarketCap-rank-1050, $0.00596083, {2017-10-04}
* Granite-GRN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1051, $0.0106957, {2017-10-04}
* Topaz Coin-TOPAZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1052, $0.0450225, {2017-10-04}
* Clinton-CLINT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1053, $0.00604538, {2017-10-04}
* Skeincoin-SKC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1054, $0.00228287, {2017-10-04}
* PokeCoin-POKE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1055, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* CyberCoin-CC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1056, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* MoneyCoin-MONEY, CoinMarketCap-rank-1057, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* The Vegan Initiative-XVE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1058, $0.000273267, {2017-10-04}
* Mavro-MAVRO, CoinMarketCap-rank-1059, $0.00553808, {2017-10-04}
* BlazerCoin-BLAZR, CoinMarketCap-rank-1060, $0.000630182, {2017-10-04}
* Advanced Internet Blocks-AIB, CoinMarketCap-rank-1061, $0.00670133, {2017-10-04}
* Wowcoin-WOW, CoinMarketCap-rank-1062, $0.0000845598, {2017-10-04}
* Global Business Revolution-GBRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1063, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* ATMCoin-ATMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1064, $0.845508, {2017-10-04}
* SportsCoin-SPORT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1065, $0.000634131, {2017-10-04}
* Neptune Classic-NTCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1066, $0.000211377, {2017-10-04}
* Excelcoin-EXL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1067, $0.000253652, {2017-10-04}
* Hyper-HYPER, CoinMarketCap-rank-1068, $0.0229909, {2017-10-04}
* KashhCoin-KASHH, CoinMarketCap-rank-1069, $0.0000985890, {2017-10-04}
* Primulon-PRIMU, CoinMarketCap-rank-1070, $0.000110901, {2017-10-04}
* AlpaCoin-APC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1071, $0.244989, {2017-10-04}
* SHACoin-SHA, CoinMarketCap-rank-1072, $0.000803233, {2017-10-04}
* VegasCoin-VGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1073, $0.000676406, {2017-10-04}
* FutCoin-FUTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1074, $0.00152191, {2017-10-04}
* Bitgem-BTG, CoinMarketCap-rank-1075, $0.677458, {2017-10-04}
* Donationcoin-DON, CoinMarketCap-rank-1076, $0.000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Happy Creator Coin-HCC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1077, $0.000338203, {2017-10-04}
* Protean-PRN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1078, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* PinkDog-PDG, CoinMarketCap-rank-1079, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* First Bitcoin-BIT, CoinMarketCap-rank-1080, $0.0113721, {2017-10-04}
* Quebecoin-QBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1081, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* Fazzcoin-FAZZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1082, $0.00255517, {2017-10-04}
* Safe Trade Coin-XSTC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1083, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* PiCoin-PI, CoinMarketCap-rank-1084, $0.0126826, {2017-10-04}
* Digital Bullion Gold-DBG, CoinMarketCap-rank-1085, $0.00245197, {2017-10-04}
* TurboCoin-TURBO, CoinMarketCap-rank-1086, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* Lazaruscoin-LAZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1087, $0.00147964, {2017-10-04}
* TheCreed-TCR, CoinMarketCap-rank-1088, $0.000253652, {2017-10-04}
* Aces-ACES, CoinMarketCap-rank-1089, $0.00019326, {2017-10-04}
* ZSEcoin-ZSE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1090, $0.00448119, {2017-10-04}
* PrismChain-PRM, CoinMarketCap-rank-1091, $0.000845508, {2017-10-04}
* TopCoin-TOP, CoinMarketCap-rank-1092, $0.000760957, {2017-10-04}
* Fonziecoin-FONZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1093, $0.000295928, {2017-10-04}
* CBD Crystals-CBD, CoinMarketCap-rank-1094, $0.00131054, {2017-10-04}
* LinkedCoin-LKC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1095, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* Axiom-AXIOM, CoinMarketCap-rank-1096, $0.0080746, {2017-10-04}
* InvisibleCoin-IVZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1097, $0.380648, {2017-10-04}
* Xaucoin-XAU, CoinMarketCap-rank-1098, $0.0214336, {2017-10-04}
* DarkLisk-DISK, CoinMarketCap-rank-1099, $0.000634131, {2017-10-04}
* Avoncoin-ACN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1100, $0.000338203, {2017-10-04}
* WeAreSatoshi-WSX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1101, $0.00152191, {2017-10-04}
* UtaCoin-UTA, CoinMarketCap-rank-1102, $0.00228287, {2017-10-04}
* Birds-BIRDS, CoinMarketCap-rank-1103, $0.000169102, {2017-10-04}
* Moneta-MONETA, CoinMarketCap-rank-1104, $0.000295928, {2017-10-04}
* LAthaan-LTH, CoinMarketCap-rank-1105, $0.000338203, {2017-10-04}
* OCOW-OCOW, CoinMarketCap-rank-1106, $0.00329748, {2017-10-04}
* Bongger-BGR, CoinMarketCap-rank-1107, $0.0000641409, {2017-10-04}
* X2-X2, CoinMarketCap-rank-1108, $0.0000845508, {2017-10-04}
* Victoriouscoin-VTY, CoinMarketCap-rank-1109, $0.0000422754, {2017-10-04}
* BitCentavo-NBE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1110, $0.0000026437, {2017-10-04}
* UGAIN-GAIN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1111, $0.000171821, {2017-10-04}
* Golfcoin-GOLF, CoinMarketCap-rank-1112, $0.0000441708, {2017-10-04}
* SafeCoin-SFE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1113, $0.0000441827, {2017-10-04}
* XDE II-XDE2, CoinMarketCap-rank-1114, $1.63284, {2017-10-04}
* DeltaCredits-DCRE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1115, $0.114041, {2017-10-04}
* TeamUp-TEAM, CoinMarketCap-rank-1116, $0.000126239, {2017-10-04}
* BitAlphaCoin-BAC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1117, $0.00295703, {2017-10-04}
* Sync-SYNC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1118, $190.077, {2017-10-04}
* BagCoin-BGC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1119, $0.000741343, {2017-10-04}
* Peacecoin-PEC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1120, $0.0126535, {2017-10-04}
* FiboCoins-FBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1121, $0.000751326, {2017-10-04}
* Opescoin-OPES, CoinMarketCap-rank-1122, $0.00115747, {2017-10-04}
* Operand-OP, CoinMarketCap-rank-1123, $0.00125657, {2017-10-04}
* Rcoin-RCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1124, $0.0000429639, {2017-10-04}
* AxFunds-AXF, CoinMarketCap-rank-1125, $0.068043, {2017-10-04}
* Fuda Energy-FEI, CoinMarketCap-rank-1126, $0.00120212, {2017-10-04}
* SuperTurboStake-STRB, CoinMarketCap-rank-1127, $0.0000427916, {2017-10-04}
* Tattoocoin (Limited Edition)-TLE, CoinMarketCap-rank-1128, $0.126941, {2017-10-04}
* Psilocybin-PSY, CoinMarketCap-rank-1129, $0.0118792, {2017-10-04}
* GameLeagueCoin-GML, CoinMarketCap-rank-1130, $0.00603443, {2017-10-04}
* Opal-OPAL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1131, $0.0113957, {2017-10-04}
* Omicron-OMC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1132, $0.203463, {2017-10-04}
* ShellCoin-SHELL, CoinMarketCap-rank-1133, $0.0275796, {2017-10-04}
* EggCoin-EGG, CoinMarketCap-rank-1134, $0.0167526, {2017-10-04}
* HBCoin-HBC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1135, $0.000240424, {2017-10-04}
* Gycoin-GYC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1136, $0.000830838, {2017-10-04}
* Karmacoin-KARMA, CoinMarketCap-rank-1137, $0.0000429425, {2017-10-04}
* Dubstep-DUB, CoinMarketCap-rank-1138, $0.00106866, {2017-10-04}
* BITFID-FID, CoinMarketCap-rank-1139, $0.0862618, {2017-10-04}
* Digitalfund-DTF, CoinMarketCap-rank-1140, $0.000450796, {2017-10-04}
* Cycling Coin-CYC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1141, $0.00130572, {2017-10-04}
* MIYUCoin-MIU, CoinMarketCap-rank-1142, $0.0000431067, {2017-10-04}
* Cheapcoin-CHEAP, CoinMarketCap-rank-1143, $0.000129107, {2017-10-04}
* TerraNova-TER, CoinMarketCap-rank-1144, $15.917, {2017-10-04}
* Asset Backed Coin-ABC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1145, $0.102137, {2017-10-04}
* microCoin-MRC, CoinMarketCap-rank-1146, $0.0000440024, {2017-10-04}
* RoyalCoin 2-RYCN, CoinMarketCap-rank-1147, $0.00140934, {2017-10-04}
* FedoraShare-FEDS, CoinMarketCap-rank-1148, $0.0000081216, {2017-10-04}
* Yogold-YOG, CoinMarketCap-rank-1149, $0.00070467, {2017-10-04}
* Nexxus-NXX, CoinMarketCap-rank-1150, $0.00295089, {2017-10-04}
* Lepaoquan-HLB, CoinMarketCap-rank-1151, $0.00215339, {2017-10-04}
* Quartz-QRZ, CoinMarketCap-rank-1152, $0.0000368235, {2017-10-04}

Dasset.AGGREGATE

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.aggregate,
* Mcs.Dasset.supply,
* Mcs.supply-of-Dasset,

specific::
* circulating-supply,
* total-supply,
* max-supply,

Market-capitalization--of--Aggregate-Dasset

description::
The crypto-currency’s market capitalisation is roughly 0.25 per cent of the $73 trillion global stocks market, 0.083 per cent of the $217 trillion global real estate market and 0.033 per cent of the $544 trillion global derivatives market.
[https://www.wired.co.uk/article/yanis-varoufakis-bitcoin-bubble-interview {2017-12-23}]

name::
* Mcs.market-capitalization--of--aggregate-Dasset,

Dasset.APPENDING

description::
· chain-networks[a] to exist, need an incentive mechanism.
· they[a] create an internal digital exchange-value-unit[b] and reward with it[b] the-nodes that append the-chain with the new transactions using the-consensus-algorithm.
· this exchange-value-unit[b] is the-consensus-chain-asset.
[hmnSgm.2018-04-24]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.appending!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset.consensus!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset.native!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.Dasset.protocol!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.appending-Dasset, {2019-04-14}
* Mcs.appending-token--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.chain-appending-asset!⇒appending-Dasset, {2019-03-10}
* Mcs.consensus-Evu--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.consensus-token--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.native-token--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.platform-token--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,
* Mcs.protocol-token--of-Dnchain!⇒appending-Dasset,

specific::
* blockchain-appending-asset,
* dagchain-appending-asset,
===
* consensus-currency,

Dasset.APPENDING.NO

description::
· appendingNo-chain-asset is a-chain-asset which is-not-used as incentive in the-appending-algorithm.

name::
* Mcs.appendingNo-chain-asset,
* Mcs.chain-appendingNo-asset,
* Mcs.Dasset.appendingNo,

Dasset.CURRENCY

description::
đ-currency is a-đ-asset which is:
* Commodity: the-đ-asset is backed with a-satisfier.
* Adopted: the more people use it, the strongest its position in the-market is-becoming.
* Scare: has a known quantity.
* Divisible:
* Durable:
* Portable:
* Fungible: mutually interchangeable.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-15]
===
· a-đ-currency like any currency, MUST have low volatility.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-22]
===
"A medium of exchange is an intermediary used in trade to avoid the inconveniences of a pure barter system". [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medium_of_exchange]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency, {2019-04-01}
* Mcs.Dmoney!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-12-26}
* Mcs.Dtcc-currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-05-10}
* Mcs.Dtchain-currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-05-10}
* Mcs.Dasset.currency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dasset.medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.autonomated-currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2019-07-13}
* Mcs.autonomous-trust--currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2019-07-13}
* Mcs.chain-currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-01-26}
* Mcs.crypto-chain--currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-05-22}
* Mcs.crypto-currency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.crypto--medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.cryptoasset--medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.cryptocash!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.cryptocoin!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.cryptocurrency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.currency-token!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.d-stroke-small-currency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.decentralized-cryptocurrency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.decentralized-currency!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.decentralized-money!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-07-29}
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-chain--currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-05-10}
* Mcs.Dmoe!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dtcc-Moe!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dtcc-Moe-(cryptocurrency)!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.MoeCrypto!⇒Dcurrency, {2017-12-10}
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange--cryptoasset!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange.cryptoasset!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange.token!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange.Đ-chain!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.money.decentralized!⇒Dcurrency, {2018-07-29}
* Mcs.token--medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.tx-chain--medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.đ-currency!⇒Dcurrency, {2017-12-11}
* Mcs.đ-currency-(decentralized-chain--currency)!⇒Dcurrency,
=== LITERATURE:
* Mcs.money.decentralized!⇒Dcurrency, [literature]
* Mcs.payment-token!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.VC-(Virtual-currency-[literature])!⇒Dcurrency,
* Mcs.virtual-currency-[literature]!⇒Dcurrency,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.Ανόμισμα,
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικό-νόμισμα,
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικό-χρήμα,
* McsEll.αυτόνομης-εμπιστοσύνης--νόμισμα, {2019-07-13}
* McsEll.αυτόνομο-νόμισμα, {2019-07-13}
* McsEll.κρυπτονόμισμα,
* McsEll.νόμισμα--αυτόνομης-εμπιστοσύνης, {2019-07-13}

adoption of Dcurrency

description::
The economist Hyman Minsky espoused the maxim that ‘everyone can create (issue) money, the problem is getting it accepted’.
[https://synagonism.net/book/economy/2015.ppm.html#idCh5_7P1]

name::
* Mcs.acceptance-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.adoption-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dcurrency'adoption,

addressWpg::
* {2019-02-09} https://cointelegraph.com/news/argentinas-state-public-transport-card-sube-accepts-bitcoin,
* {2018-08-23} Richard-Black, Massive Worldwide Cryptocurrency Adoption is about to take place — But not in the way you think it will!, https://medium.com/altcoin-magazine/massive-worldwide-cryptocurrency-adoption-is-about-to-take-place-but-not-in-the-way-you-think-it-2228a24d26d4,

backness of Dcurrency

description::
· only the-consensus--chain-currencies are backed by the-system itself.
· all the-others must-be-backe with a-commodity.

name::
* Mcs.backness-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dcurrency'backness,

generic-chain::
* backness-of-asset,

exchangeability of Dcurrency

description::
· exchangeability with goods and services and other currencies is of the most important attribute a-đ-currency must-have.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-23]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'exchangeability,
* Mcs.Dcurrency'redeemability,
* Mcs.exchangeability-of-Dcurrency,

addressWpg::
* Convertibility to national currency: People-Powerd-Money,

cost-of-operation of Dcurrency

description::
Just like conventional money systems, community currencies' operational costs require sustained funding.
The running costs of mainstream money often go unnoticed as they are built into the financial system as a whole, with mechanisms such as bank service charges, subscription for accounts and penalty fees raising funds to maintain operations.
[https://synagonism.net/book/economy/2015.ppm.html#idCh6_2_2P1]
===
"By CCN.com: A report by JPMorgan suggests that for over four weeks during the fourth quarter, bitcoin’s market price was lower than its mining costs on average.
According to the JPMorgan analysts, the cost of mining bitcoin during Q4 was averaging about $4,060 around the world, Bloomberg reports. According to them, starting late November when the price of bitcoin went below $4,000, it became uneconomical to mine bitcoin."
[{2019-01-26} https://www.ccn.com/jpmorgan-takes-another-shot-at-bitcoin-claims-mining-isnt-worth-the-value-of-the-cryptocurrency/]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'cost-of-operation,
* Mcs.cost-of-operation--of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.operational-cost--of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.running-cost--of-Dcurrency,

price of Dcurrency

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'price,
* Mcs.price-of-Dcurrency,

generic-chain::
* price-of--chain-asset,

volatility of Dcurrency

description::
If a-đ-currency has big volatility, it is NOT a viable currency.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/shark-tank-investor-bitcoin-an-asset-but-requires-education-to-avoid-disaster]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'volatility,
* Mcs.volatility-of-Dcurrency,

resource of Dcurrency

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'resource,
* Mcs.resource-of-Dcurrency,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-29} https://cointelegraph.com/news/imf-predicts-central-banks-to-issue-digital-currencies,
* {2018-08-15} Ana-Alexandre, Venezuela to Use Petro as Unit of Account for Salaries, Goods and Services, https://cointelegraph.com/news/venezuela-to-use-petro-as-unit-of-account-for-salaries-goods-and-services,
* {2018-04-12} James-Seibel, The Dai Stablecoin is a Game Changer for Ethereum and the Entire Cryptocurrency Ecosystem, https://medium.com/@james_3093/,
* {2017-12-23} Yanis Varoufakis: 'Bitcoin is the perfect bubble, but blockchain is a remarkable solution' https://www.wired.co.uk/,
* {2017-11-02} Future of Digital Currency May Not Involve Blockchains: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-10-17} V-Buterin: On Medium-of-Exchange Token Valuations: http://vitalik.ca/,
* https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_4217,
=== BOOK:
People-Powered-Money {2015}: Designing, developing and delivering community currencies,

SERVICE of Dcurrency

description::
· a-đ-asset is đ-currency if it is a universal medium-of-exchange in a-community (local, national, international).
· but this is its primary function because they can-have much more.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-26]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'service,
* Mcs.function-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.service-of-Dcurrency,

specific::
* medium-of-exchange,
* store-of-value,
* unit-of-account,
* medium-of-control,

objective of Dcurrency

description::
· objectives are the achievable, desired services.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-26]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'objective,
* Mcs.goal-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.objective-of-Dcurrency,

unit-of-account- of Dcurrency

description::
· unit-of-account-function is a-service of đ-currency, if the-đ-currency is-used as a-unit-of-measurment of exchange-value in a-society.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-26]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'unit-of-account--service,
* Mcs.unit-of-account--service-of-Dcurrency,

medium-of-control of Dcurrency

description::
· medium-of-control-function is a-service of đ-currency, if the-đ-currency is-used to control people.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-26]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'medium-of-control--service,
* Mcs.medium-of-control--service-of-Dcurrency,

evaluation of Dcurrency

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'evaluation,

benefit::
* freedom,
* irreversability,
* security,
* speed,

problem::
* adoption,
* volatility,

creating of Dcurrency

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency'creating,
* Mcs.Dcurrency'issuance,
* Mcs.creating-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.issuance-of-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.production-of-Dcurrency,

addressWpg::
* Issuance of community-currency: People-Powered-Money,

distributing of Dcurrency

description::
To Varoufakis, money is inherently political.
The decisions regarding whether money is produced or not, how it is distributed and who receives it, all have significant political consequences, benefiting certain social groups over others.
Bitcoin’s central design feature, that it is not governed by a central bank or decision-making authority, means that responsibility for its distribution is forfeited.
[https://www.wired.co.uk/article/yanis-varoufakis-bitcoin-bubble-interview]

name::
* Mcs.allocating-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dcurrency'distributing,
* Mcs.distributing-Dcurrency,

WHOLE of Dcurrency

whole-chain::
* đ-currency-network,

Dcurrency.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.specific,

SPECIFIC::
* Dcurrency.International,
* Dcurrency.National,
* Dcurrency.Local,
===
* blockchain-Dcurrency,
* Dagchain-Dcurrency,
===
* Dcurrency.Discount,
===
* Bitcoin-BTC,
* Ethereum-ETH,

Dcurrency.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.Adoption

description::
* international-Dcurrency,
* national-Dcurrency,
* community-Dcurrency,

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.specific-division.adoption,

Dcurrency.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.dominancy

description::
* dominant-đ-currency,
* dominantNo-Dcurrency,

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.specific-division.dominancy,

Dcurrency.BACKED-WITH-COMMODITY

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.backed-with-commodity,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-23} Helen-Partz, https://cointelegraph.com/news/russias-central-bank-to-consider-gold-backed-cryptocurrencies-for-mutual-settlements,
* {2019-02-24} Yashu-Gola, Russia to Regulate Crypto While Launching its Own Oil-Backed Cryptocurrency, https://www.ccn.com/russia-regulate-cryptop-with-a-keen-eye-on-oil-backed-digital-currency,
* {2019-02-03} Francisco-Memoria, Iran Launches Gold-Backed Cryptocurrency 'PayMon', https://www.cryptoglobe.com/latest/2019/02/iran-launches-gold-backed-cryptocurrency-paymon/,

Dcurrency.CONSENSUS

description::
Đ-networks[a] to exist, need an incentive mechanism.
They[a] create an internal medium-of-exchange (digital exchange-value-unit)[b] and reward with it[b] the-nodes that append with the new transactions the-Đ-chain using the-consensus-algorithm.
This medium-of-exhange is the-consensus-cryptocurrency.

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.consensus,
* Mcs.consensus-cryptocurrency,

generic-chain::
* consensus--chain-asset,

Dcurrency.CONSENSUS.NO

description::
Đ-networks, by solving the-double-spending-problem, can-create and other DCurrencies except consensus-one.
The-backness of these consensusNo-DCurrencies is the-entity that gives them exchange-value.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-11]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.consensusNo,
* Mcs.consensusNo-cryptocurrency,

Dcurrency.DOMINANT (link)

Dcurrency.DOMINANT.NO

description::
Complementary currencies are designed to sit alongside mainstream money to address objectives that the conventional money system can't.
[https://synagonism.net/book/economy/2015.ppm.html#idCh1P7]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.dominantNo,
* Mcs.complementary-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.non-dominant-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.parallel-Dcurrency,

Dcurrency.INTERNATIONAL

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.international,
* Mcs.international-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.transnational-Dcurrency,

Dcurrency.COMMUNITY

description::
Community and complementary currencies
Although often used interchangeably, ‘community currency’ and ‘complementary currency’ strictly refer to subtly different phenomena.
Complementary currencies are designed to sit alongside mainstream money to address objectives that the conventional money system can't.
Community currencies - the prime subject of this book - are a subset of complementary currencies that are tied to a specific, demarcated and limited community.
This community could be, for example, geographical (local currencies); business-based (mutual­credit systems); or even online (digital currencies).
As such, a community currency is designed to meet the needs of this defined community, typically on a not-for-profit basis.
[People-Powerd-Money, {2015}]

name::
* Mcs.community-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.Dcurrency.community,

Dcurrency.PRIVACY

description::
"Privacy coin is defined as a cryptocurrency that hides data about its users. At a minimum, privacy coins hide identities. They also often hide the amount of cryptocurency traded and held in wallets.
Bitcoin is not a true privacy coin. Bitcoin users are identified by their public address and computer programs exist which can, in time, link those addresses to actual identities. Bitcoin transactions and wallets are also publicly visible data.
Nevertheless, there are many privacy coins. Zcash, Dash, and Monero are the 3 most popular options, but there are dozens more."
[https://decryptionary.com/dictionary/privacy-coin/]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.privacy,
* Mcs.privacy-Dcurrency,

specific::
* https://cryptoslate.com/cryptos/privacy/,

Dcurrency.STABLE

addressWpg::
"First, what the heck is a stablecoin? In my own words, a stablecoin is a cryptocurrency that attempts to peg or fix a price to an external asset or currency. The most popular stablecoin is currently Tether, which pegs to $1USD. Most stablecoins have similar pegs to EUR, JPY, CNY, or fixed assets such as gold or silver. Some hope to eventually peg to some sort of CPI basket to protect against inflation."
[https://medium.com/datadriveninvestor/do-we-need-stablecoins-revised-september-2nd-2018-2544a186bfea]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.stable!⇒stable-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.stable-Dcurrency, {2019-04-11}
* Mcs.stablecoin!⇒stable-Dcurrency,

resource of stable-Dcurrency

name::
* Mcs.stable-Dcurrency'resource,

addressWpg::
* Chronobank-Labour-Hour,
* http://www.basis.io/,
===
* {2019-04-28} https://medium.com/@bytemaster/high-liquidity-price-pegged-token-algorithm-d86d71188162,
* {2019-03-20} Market-Mad-House, https://medium.com/altcoin-magazine/why-stablecoins-are-dangerous-and-are-swiss-franc-stablecoins-safe-d2b971eba8e4,
* {2019-01-24} https://medium.com/makerdao/stablecoins-strengths-weaknesses-62cd47bb7fbf,

stable-Dcurrency.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.stable-Dcurrency.specific,

specific::
=== USD:
* USDT-Tether,
* DAI-MakerDAO,
* GUSD-Gemini-Dollar, https://gemini.com/dollar/,
* USDC-USD-Coin,
=== EUR:
* EURS-STRATIS,
===
* Chronobank-Labour-Hour,

Dasset.CURRENCY.NO

description::
Non-medium-of-exchange is a-cryptoasset which is NOT a-medium-of-exhange.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-15]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.currencyNo!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.chain-currencyNo, {2019-03-09}
* Mcs.crypto--medium-of-exchange.no!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.cryptocurrencyNo!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.d-stroke-small-currencyNo!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange.no.txchain!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.non-medium-of-exchange--of-txchain!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.token-of-txchain!⇒DcurrencyNo, [literature, CoinMarketCup]
* Mcs.chain-currencyNo!⇒DcurrencyNo,
* Mcs.tx-chain--medium-of-exchange.no!⇒DcurrencyNo,

Dasset.CLAIM

description::
· claim-đ-asset is a-đ-asset if it creates a-claim for the-buyer and a-liability for the-seller.
· examples are debt-based and ownership-of-companies-based đ-assets.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-23]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.claim,
* Mcs.Dasset.liability,
* Mcs.claim-Dasset,
* Mcs.liability-Dasset,

Dasset.CLAIM.NO

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.claimNo,
* Mcs.Dasset.liabilityNo,
* Mcs.claimNo-Dasset,
* Mcs.liabilityNo-Dasset,

Dasset.FUNGIBLE

description::
· mutually interchangeable.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.fungible,
* Mcs.fungible-Dasset,

Dasset.FUNGIBLE.NO

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.fungibleNo,
* Mcs.fungibleNo-Dasset,

addressWpg::
* {2017-12-23} Gerald-Nash, The Anatomy of ERC721: Understanding Non-Fungible Ethereum Tokens: https://medium.com/crypto-currently/,

Dasset.SECURITY

description::
· we can-evaluate a-đ-asset as a-security, ONLY IF we have a-DEFINITION of security.
· such a-definition does-NOT-exist, only descriptions.
· take as example the-description of UN-SNA-2008:
"11.33 Financial claims can be distinguished as to whether they are negotiable or not.
A claim is negotiable if its legal ownership is readily capable of being transferred from one unit to another unit by delivery or endorsement.
While any financial instrument can potentially be traded, negotiable instruments are designed to be traded on organized and other markets.
Negotiability is a matter of the legal form of the instrument.
Those financial claims that are negotiable are referred to as securities.
Some securities may be legally negotiable, but there is not, in fact, a liquid market where they can be readily bought or sold.
Securities include shares and debt securities; listed financial derivatives, such as warrants, are sometimes considered to be securities."
· the same source-of-information, in paragraph 11.32, insists that the-ambiquity is-needed "because of financial inovation".
[hmnSgm.2017-12-23]
===
Security Tokens are digital assets subject to federal security regulations. In layman terms, they are the intersection of digital assets (tokens) with traditional financial products — a new technology improving old things.
If cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are considered “programmable money” then you can consider Security Tokens a version of “programmable ownership.” This means that any asset with ownership can and will be tokenized (public & private equities, debt, real estate, etc).
[https://medium.com/@apompliano/the-official-guide-to-tokenized-securities-44e8342bb24f]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.security!⇒chain-security-Evu,
* Mcs.chain-security-Evu,
* Mcs.security--chain-asset!⇒chain-security-Evu,
* Mcs.security-token--of-chain-net!⇒chain-security-Evu,
* Mcs.đ-security!⇒chain-security-Evu,

description::
2 Categories of Tokens
Utility Tokens: Digital coins used to transfer value or gain access to decentralized networks.
Security Tokens: Digital coins that represent shares in traditional financial assets.
[https://polymath.network/resources/deck]

addressWpg::
* {2018-06-07} Derek-Edward-Schloss (Blockchain Author-Lawyer @derekedws), What the !@#$ is a Security Token?, https://blog.polymath.network/,
* {2018-06-06} Adrian-Ciaffoncini, How Security Tokens Will Transform Traditional Finance, https://hackernoon.com/,

đ-security.EVOLUTING

{2018-01-22}
=== Michael Novogratz: Security Tokens will be a big story in 2018:

Dasset.EQUITY

description::
Equity tokens offer the right to co-ownership of a system. If necessary, equity tokens can be split into three elements — ownership, revenue, and governance.
[https://medium.com/@pavelkravchenko/how-to-make-a-utility-token-economy-in-a-right-way-32c845418310]
===
Keep in mind that all equity products are securities and must comply with the laws of the jurisdiction in which they are offered and registered, and in many cases with the jurisdiction of the buyers as well.
... In September 2016, Lykke Corp issued its own equity as tokens on the blockchain. I haven’t done extensive research, but I believe this was the world’s first equity offering using blockchain technology.
... While an ICO can be the right tool for project finance, it’s generally the wrong tool for company finance. Why? Because projects have a dedicated outcome or goal, and the money goes to achieve that goal or fail, whereas companies often pivot, create new product lines, cross categories, and may have several projects going at any one time.
[{2017-11-06} David-Siegel, Equity Token Finance, https://hackernoon.com/]
===
Everyone is trying to avoid being an equity token because of the SEC, yet this is the type of token most people would probably most like to buy.
An equity token implies ownership and control.
Somewhat like a traditional stock, an equity token buys you into some level of ownership of an organization and it’s success.
To some extent, all tokens could be seen as having some equity like properties. [https://hackernoon.com/icos-token-types-for-dummies-an-buyers-guide-to-crypto-tokens-b6edea16776e]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.equity,
* Mcs.equity-Dasset,
* Mcs.equity-token,
* Mcs.share-Dasset,
* Mcs.stock-Dasset,

addressWpg::
* {2018-04-17} Dave-Sag, Tokenising Shares: Introducing ERC-884, https://medium.com/coinmonks/,
* {2017-11-06} David-Siegel, Equity Token Finance, https://hackernoon.com/,

Dasset.FOUNDER'S-TOKEN

description::
Ethereum was one the first major projects to implement founder’s tokens. The project was outlined by Vitalik Buterin in late 2013. He believed that Bitcoin needed a scripting language for application development. After failing to gain agreement, Vitalik joined Mihai Alisie, Anthony Diiorio, and Charles Hoskinson to develop Ethereum in early 2014.
The team went on to develop a series of proof-of-concepts. This process was labor-intensive and involved a certain level of risk given the were devoting their efforts to an unproven solution (Ethereum) rather than a more established protocol (Bitcoin).
The Ethereum project opted to pre-mine a certain number of tokens, distributing them to founders and employees. This no doubt helped them attract a larger, more qualified team, as well as lowered the risk of experimentation.
Since the launch of the Ethereum network, we’ve seen hundreds of developers and projects enter the blockchain space, resulting in accelerating innovation. The economic incentives of founder’s tokens are at least partially responsible for this explosion of interest and innovation.
[https://blog.zeppelin.solutions/how-we-can-improve-the-structure-of-founders-tokens-6e47b72e52bb]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.founder's-token,
* Mcs.founder's-token,

Dasset.UTILITY

description::
Utility tokens, which may also be called app coins or app tokens, provide users with access to a product or service.
For example, Filecoin–which raised an ICO-record $257 million–plans to provide a decentralized cloud storage service that will take advantage of unused computer hard drive space.
ICO contributors received tokens that they will be able to use to purchase storage space from Filecoin once the service has launched.
Since total supply is fixed, utility tokens may appreciate over time if demand for the product or service increases.
However, investors should be wary of startups that describe their token as a utility or app coin but also market it as an investment because it is likely that regulators will consider the asset a security.
It is important to note that “utility token” is an organizational distinction–not a legal one.
The SEC has not given official guidance on utility tokens, so the industry does not [know] with certainty whether they are subject to securities regulations.
[http://strategiccoin.com/3-types-ico-tokens/]
===
Utility Tokens are intended to provide digital access to an application or service.
[https://medium.com/@apompliano/the-official-guide-to-tokenized-securities-44e8342bb24f]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.utility!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.app-token!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.consumer-token!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.product-or-service-Dasset!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.service-or-product-Dasset!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.utility-token!⇒utility-Dasset,
* Mcs.đ-utility!⇒utility-Dasset,

description::
2 Categories of Tokens
Utility Tokens: Digital coins used to transfer value or gain access to decentralized networks.
Security Tokens: Digital coins that represent shares in traditional financial assets.
[https://polymath.network/resources/deck]
===
Consumer tokens — These tokens represent a unit of service in a business. They are the equivalent of consumer digital goods and the right to participate in an economy.
[https://medium.com/@tokenfoundry/understanding-token-ecosystems-1879ee380bdc]

addressWpg::
* {2018-04-19} Phil-J-Bonello, A Framework for Valuing Governance Tokens: 0x, https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2018-03-04} The Fundamental Principles of Utility Tokens in the Blockchain Ecosystem: https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2017-02-02} Will-Warren, The difference between App Coins and Protocol Tokens: https://blog.0xproject.com/,

tax of utility-Dasset

description::
· the-Republic-of-San-Marino will-treat the-utility-tokens as foreign-currency for tax purposes.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/republic-of-san-marino-issues-regulatory-policies-on-tokens-token-offerings]

name::
* Mcs.utility-Dasset'tax,

Dasset.DISCOUNT

description::
As defined in the Sweetbridge “Discount Token Whitepaper”:
In brief, discount tokens are digital assets that give their holders a limited right to receive discounts on purchases of products or services from an organization — a company, a coop, or a blockchain network.
Unlike gift cards, discount tokens are not invalidated when used (“burned” in blockchain parlance), but remain in possession of the holders. The specific size of the discount that each token realizes for its owner is designed to grow in step with the overall utilization of the network.
[https://blog.coinfund.io/the-fundamentals-of-discount-tokens-cc400c66198e]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset.discount,
* Mcs.discount-token,

statistics of DnChain

description::
Quantifiable information about many attributes of a-txchain-network.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'statistics,
* Mcs.Dchain-netApStatistics,
* Mcs.chain-statistics,
* Mcs.chain-stats, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--statistics,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-statistics,
* Mcs.statistics-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.Đ-statistics,
* Mcs.Dcc-stat,

addressWpg::
* GitHub commits: https://www.cryptomiso.com/,

chain-stats.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Blockchain-statistics,
===
* adoption-of-DnChain,
* aggregate-addresses,
* aggregate-circulating-Dasset,
* distribution-of-Dasset,
* Đ-nodes,
* transaction-fee,
* transactions-per-second,
* transactions-per-day,
* rich-list,

adoption of DnChain

description::
"A blockchain will reach mass adoption once the normal users start using dApps without even knowing that behind the scenes is the blockchain technology."
[https://medium.com/infinitexlabs/4-reasons-why-you-should-not-ignore-eos-41ad83130749]

name::
* Mcs.adoption-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain'adoption,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-14} Jon-Porter, Facebook’s cryptocurrency to debut next week backed by Visa, Mastercard, Uber, and others: WSJ, https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/14/18678785/facebook-libra-cryptocurrency-visa-mastercard-uber-paypal-stripe-association-consortium,
* {2018-12-05} 7 Major EU Countries to Go Big on Blockchain: What It Means for Crypto, https://www.ccn.com/7-major-eu-countries-to-go-big-on-blockchain-what-it-means-for-crypto/,
* {2017-10-13} Slovenia Aims to Become the Leading Blockchain Technology Destination in Europe: https://www.cointelegraph.com/,

governance-system of DnChain

description::
"Governance in a decentralized project is difficult, because by definition there are no central authorities to make decisions for the project.
In Dash, such decisions are made by the network, that is, by the owners of masternodes."
[https://www.dash.org/governance/]
· a-chain-governance-system is a-project-governance-system and not an-organization-governance-system.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-18]
===
"In its purest form it[governance] describes the structures and decision-making processes that allow a state, organization or group of people to conduct affairs."
[https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/02/what-is-governance-and-why-does-it-matter?]
===
"Crypto governance encompasses polemics and debates over how we coordinate to make decisions on changing the rules of the protocol, which may include anything from minor upgrades to changing consensus algorithms to allocating block rewards and managing commonly-held treasury capital to anything else beyond and in between.
It involves many stakeholder groups such as node operators, network providers (miners or validators), core developers, end-users, speculators, and exchanges, to name a few.
These are diverse groups with varying incentives that sometimes collude and come in conflict with each other."
[https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/szabos-law-crypto-libertarianism-techno-utopias-and-decentralized-governance-part-1]
===
"Governance is the process by which people in a community:
1. Reach consensus on subjective matters of collective action that cann ot be captured entirely by software algorithms;
2. Carry out the decisions they reach; and
3. Alter the governance rules themselves via Constitutional amendments."
[filMcsDtcbnetEos.last.html#idEoswpr2governanP1]
===
A chain is only as strong as its weakest link, and in a blockchain that link lies in the form of its founders.
Getting nodes to achieve consensus is easy compared to the difficulty of getting humans to achieve consensus.
The greatest challenge that new blockchains must solve isn't speed or scaling – it's governance.
[{2018-07-16} Kai-Sedgwick, Why Governance is the Greatest Problem for Blockchains To Solve, https://news.bitcoin.com/]
===
A governance model for a public ledger will define the rules and policies that control the evolution of the node software, issuance of coins, and the reward model by which participants are incentivized.
The stakeholders whose interests and motivations must be balanced are those running the consensus nodes, those building applications on the platform, those businesses relying on those applications, the end-users of those applications, and relevant regulatory bodies.
[https://s3.amazonaws.com/hedera-hashgraph/hh-whitepaper-v1.0-180313.pdf]
===
Why Blockchain Governance Matters
As with organisms, the most successful blockchains will be those that can best adapt to their environments.
Assuming these systems need to evolve to survive, initial design is important, but over a long enough timeline, the mechanisms for change are most important.
As a result, I believe governance is the most vital problem in the space.
[https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/blockchain-governance-programming-our-future-c3bfe30f2d74]
===
While all blockchains offer financial incentives for maintaining consensus on their ledgers, no blockchain has a robust on-chain mechanism that seamlessly amends the rules governing its protocol and rewards protocol development. As a result, first-generation blockchains empower de facto, centralized core development teams or miners to formulate design choices.
Tezos takes a fundamentally different approach by creating governance rules for stakeholders to approve of protocol upgrades that are then automatically deployed on the network. When a developer proposes a protocol upgrade, they can attach an invoice to be paid out to their address upon approval and inclusion of their upgrade. This approach provides a strong incentive for participation in the Tezos core development and further decentralizes the maintenance of the network. It compensates developers with tokens that have immediate value rather than forcing them to seek corporate sponsorships, foundation salaries, or work for Internet fame alone.
[https://www.tezos.com/governance]
===
Recently, new blockchains equipped with built in governance system tried to cope with this problem.
Dash is the forerunner to implement governance system in their blockchain.
Dash, who call themselves as the “First Self Governing, Self Funding Protocol”,proposed a decentralized management system based on the masternode voting mechanism in 2015.
Dash has been steadily developed using this governance system.
Recently the price of Dash surpassed over $100 {March 16th, 2017}.
A stable governance structure may be the reason for the increased value.

More and more recent cryptocurrencies have governance systems.
Qtum, a Chinese cryptocurrency, has governance system named the “Judgement Committee”.
Dfinity and Tezos also have governance systems.
Needless to say BOScoin has a governance system as well.
...
If these systems are implemented in blockchain, the blockchain can adjust and evolve itself according to the contemporary environment.
If these systems work successfully, we can build a true Dao(Decentralized Autonomous Organization) self-governing community which is the dream of blockchain enthusiasts.
I believe these kinds of democratic systems are the key to sustaining and growing the cryptocurrency ecosystem.
Cryptocurrencies equipped with a governance structure will be the next wave of blockchain technology.
Myung Sahn Juhn
[http://cryptocentral.info/topic/913/boscoin-bos-a-congressional-cryptocurrency-platform-for-trust-contracts/4]
===

[http://cryptocentral.info/topic/913/boscoin-bos-a-congressional-cryptocurrency-platform-for-trust-contracts/4]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-govc!⇒DnChain-govc, {2019-04-02}
* Mcs.DnChain-govc, {2019-06-17}
* Mcs.DnChain'governance!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeGovernance-system!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.chain-gov!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.chain-governance!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--governance-system!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.governance-of-Dnchain!⇒DnChain-govc,
* Mcs.governance-system--of-Dnchain!⇒DnChain-govc,

stakeholder of DnChain-govc (link)

automation-degree of DnChain-govc

description::
· the-degree of on|off-chain construction.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'automation-degree, {2019-03-17}
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'built-in,

decentralization-degree of DnChain-govc

description::
· in what degree the-governing is-perfomed by all its stackholders.
===
"The governance process is more of a human issue and if it’s not formally defined, even though the network is decentralized from an architectural standpoint, it can remain centralized in its decision-making processes.
... Leaving any selfish reasons behind, a blockchain’s governance should be as decentralized as possible in order to maximize the network’s resilience to all sorts of attacks. Sometimes, even at the expense of efficiency and innovation. With over $2 billion worth of digital assets having been stolen to date, you can’t accuse anyone of willing to be security-first!"
[https://hackernoon.com/5-pro-community-governance-models-of-cryptocurrencies-3c793324677d]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'centralization-degree,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'decentralization-degree,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'inclusivity,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'participation-degree,

transparency-degree of DnChain-govc

description::
· the-degree of visibility on all decisioning.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'transparency-degree,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'opacity-degree,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'openness,

accountability of DnChain-govc

description::
· decisioners must-be accountable to those who will-be-affected by their decisions.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'accountability,

responsiveness of DnChain-govc

description::
· if it is-reacting quickly and positively.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'responsiveness,

effectiveness of DnChain-govc

description::
· the-degree to which it is successful in producing a desired result.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'effectiveness,

rule of DnChain-govc

description::
· rule is a-description of a-governing-process.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'rule,

specific::
* protocol,
* system-variables,

governing of DnChain-govc

description::
· governing|decisioning is about controlling[a] a-chain-net.
· is this[a] decentralized or not?
· is this[a] automated and in what degree?
· decisioning is about making and implementing decisions.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'administering!⇒Dchain-governing,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'controlling!⇒Dchain-governing,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'decisioning!⇒Dchain-governing,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'governing!⇒Dchain-governing,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing, {2019-04-13}

specific::
* balancing-interests,
* coordinating,
* directing,
* dispute-managing,
* entity-changing,
* funding,
* goal-setting,
* voting,

decision-making of DnChain-govc

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'decision-making,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'decision-making,

deciding-on-consensus of DnChain-govc

description::
"Deciding whether to adopt changes to the consensus rules of the network.
This is primarily what on-chain governance refers to.
Decred is the only project I know of that’s already doing this.
There is a formally defined process for changing the consensus rules, it is defined within the protocol itself.
That process involves 75% of voting tickets saying Yes to the change within a voting period of 8064 blocks (~4 weeks)."
[https://medium.com/@richardred/what-is-on-chain-cryptocurrency-governance-is-it-plutocratic-bfb407ef6f1]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'deciding-on-consensus-changes,

deciding-on-fund of DnChain-govc

description::
"Deciding how to spend a project fund.
There are quite a few blockchains now that put some proportion of the block reward into a fund for developing the project.
Most of these projects (and all of the ones I’m interested in) aspire to decentralizing control of how these funds are spent.
Dash has been doing this with a fairly simple DAO setup, operated by the votes of MasterNodes, for almost three years now."
[https://medium.com/@richardred/what-is-on-chain-cryptocurrency-governance-is-it-plutocratic-bfb407ef6f1]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'deciding-on-fund-spending,

decision-implementing of DnChain-govc

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'decision-implementing,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'decision-implementing,

goal-setting of DnChain-govc

description::
"he [Turner (2006)] proposes that project governance provides the structure through which the objectives of the project are set, and the means of attaining those objectives and monitoring performance are determined."
[https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/project-governance-principles-corporate-perspective-6528]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'goal-setting,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'objective-setting,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'goal-setting,

entity-changing of DnChain-govc

description::
· evolving the-structure and the-doings of a-chain-ecosystem.
===
"Vlad Zamfir's pointed denunciation of what he referred to as "Szabo's law", or the notion that changes in the underlying protocol of a decentralized network for any reason other than technical maintenance should be taboo."
[https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/szabos-law-and-decentralized-crypto-governance-part-2]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'entity-changing,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'entity-changing,

adapting of DnChain-govc

description::
"As with organisms, the most successful blockchains will be those that can best adapt to their environments. Assuming these systems need to evolve to survive, initial design is important, but over a long enough timeline, the mechanisms for change are most important."
[https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/blockchain-governance-programming-our-future-c3bfe30f2d74]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'adapting-to-environment,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'adapting-to-environment,

auto-updating of DnChain-govc

description::
whether a-new-version or policy is applied automatically or manually.
Dash has no auto-updating function so have a penalty policy to urge the masternode to maintain the latest program.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'auto-updating,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'auto-updating,

directing of DnChain-govc

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'directing,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'directing,

problem-solving of DnChain-govc

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'problem-solving,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'problem-solving,

dispute-managing of DnChain-govc

description::
"We should admit that we collectively have an obligation to manage the disputes that will arise from the operation of global public blockchains to the best of our crypto legal ability, so that as many people as possible can enjoy the benefits of global public blockchains."
[https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-szabos-law-for-a-new-crypto-legal-system-d00d0f3d3827]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'dispute-managing,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'dispute-managing,

voting of DnChain-govc

description::
"Voting is a zero-sum game, meaning that whomever wins does so at the expense of someone else.
As a result, voting promotes competition, not cooperation.
Players might coordinate as a means of gaining an edge (“if you vote for X this time, I’ll give you Y next time”), but ultimately, “winning” the vote means beating someone else."
[https://medium.com/@nayafia/the-problem-with-voting-8cff39f771e8]
===
· stake-voting is plutocratic.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'voting,
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'voting,

evaluation of DnChain-govc

description::
"Blockchain governance decisions matter, because they influence how blockchains work, how they are used, and what kind of communities spring up around them. These things, in turn, affect the broader society and ultimately matter to everyone."
[https://medium.com/amentum/blockchain-communities-and-their-emergent-governance-cfe5627dcf52]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'evaluation,

problem of DnChain-govc

description::
GOVERNANCE - A general-purpose public ledger should be governed by representatives from a broad range of market sectors, each with world-class expertise in their respective industries, and also selected to provide global geographic representation for all markets. Those that are governing need technical expertise so they can competently manage the technical roadmap. They need business expertise so they can manage business operations of the organization. They need expertise in economics and currency markets so they can manage the cryptocurrency. They need legal expertise to help navigate the evolving regulatory environment. In other words, governance should be by those globally recognized as world leaders in their respective industries, and representative of every market in the world.
[https://s3.amazonaws.com/hedera-hashgraph/hh-whitepaper-v1.0-180313.pdf]

"Existing blockchain governance is focused on proof of work vs proof of stake, incorrectly rewarding the few at the expense of the many."
[https://polkadot.network/Polkadot-lightpaper.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'problem,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.governance,

benefitNo.CONFLICT-RESOLUTION

Conflict-resolution::
It should be also observed that existing cryptocurrencies are heterogeneous systems with clear separation of roles (transaction issuers, transaction approvers).
Such systems create unavoidable discrimination of some of their elements which in turn creates conflicts and makes all elements spend resources on conflict resolution.
[https://iota.org/IOTA_Whitepaper.pdf] {time.2016}

name::
* Mcs.conflict-resolution--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.conflict-resolution,

resource of DnChain-govc

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-30} https://www.coindesk.com/in-first-tezos-blockchain-activates-upgrade-by-token-holder-voting,
* {2019-04-16} SFOX, Bitcoin Governance: What are BIPs and how do they work? https://blog.sfox.com/bitcoin-governance-what-are-bips-and-how-do-they-work-276cbaebb068,
* {2019-04-01} Adriana-Hamacher, https://decryptmedia.com/6243/progpow-prompts-another-ethereum-governance-row,
* {2019-03-31} Kirill-Shilov, https://hackernoon.com/5-pro-community-governance-models-of-cryptocurrencies-3c793324677d,
* {2019-03-14} Banov.Martin, Szabo's Law, Crypto-Libertarianism, Techno-Utopias, & Decentralized Governance Part 1, https://www.bitrates.com/news/p/szabos-law-crypto-libertarianism-techno-utopias-and-decentralized-governance-part-1,
* {2019-01-26} Zamfir.Vlad, Against Szabo’s Law, For A New Crypto Legal Systemm, https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-szabos-law-for-a-new-crypto-legal-system-d00d0f3d3827,
* {2018-11-28} CleanApp, The Wood-Zamfir Governance Debates, https://medium.com/cryptolawreview/the-wood-zamfir-governance-debates-80e92436a457,
* {2018-10-05} Stephen-O'Neal, Corrupt Governance? What We Know About Recent EOS Scandal, https://cointelegraph.com/news/corrupt-governance-what-we-know-about-recent-eos-scandal,
* {2018-10-05} Vlad-Zamfir, My Intentions for Blockchain Governance, https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/my-intentions-for-blockchain-governance-801d19d378e5,
* {2018-09-30} Vlad-Zamfir, Blockchain Governance 101, https://blog.goodaudience.com/blockchain-governance-101-eea5201d7992,
* {2018-04-30} Leopold-Bosankic, Blockchain governance: takeaways from nine projects, https://medium.com/@leo_pold_b/,
* {2018-06-20} Daniel-Larimer, Decentralized Blockchain Governance, https://medium.com/@bytemaster/,
* {2018-06-20} https://medium.com/@richardred/what-is-on-chain-cryptocurrency-governance-is-it-plutocratic-bfb407ef6f1,
* {2018-06-08} Dean-Eigenmann, Against community governance: Highlighting my concerns for community governance and systems with no hierarchies. https://medium.com/@decanus/,
* {2018-05-23} Rachel-Rose-O'Leary, Experimental Voting Effort Aims to Break Ethereum Governance Gridlock, https://www.coindesk.com/,
* {2018-04-26} Haseeb-Qureshi, Blockchains should not be democracies, https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2018-03-30} Dan-Larimer, The Limits of Crypto-economic Governance: https://medium.com/@bytemaster/,
* {2018-03-28} Vitalik-Buterin, Governance, Part 2: Plutocracy Is Still Bad, https://vitalik.ca/general/2018/03/28/plutocracy.html,
* {2018-01-11} Nadia-Eghbal, The problem with voting: https://medium.com/@nayafia/,
* {2018-01-01} Dan-Larimer, Proof of Good Governance: https://steemit.com/eos/@dan/,
* {2017-12-19} Avoiding Paralysis: Comparative Analysis of Community Governance in Digital Currencies: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-12-17} Vitalik-Buterin, Notes on Blockchain Governance: http://vitalik.ca/,
* {2017-12-01} Vlad-Zamfir, Against on-chain governance: https://medium.com/,
* {2017-11-28} Fred-Ehrsam, Blockchain Governance: Programming Our Future: https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/,
* {2017-10-12} SmartCash Implements Community Governance, Following Dash, Others: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-08-04} Who Should Control A Blockchain? https://steemit.com/eos/@eosio/,

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc'resource,

DnChain-govc.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.specific,

specific::
* blockchain--DnChain-govc,
* Dagchain--DnChain-govc,
===
* on-chain--DnChain-govc,
* on-chainNo--DnChain-govc,
===
* Bitcoin:  Non-systematic
* Ethereum: Non-systematic
* BOSnet:   Democratic Congress (One node = One vote)

DnChain-govc.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.on-automation

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.specific-division.on-automation,

specific::
* on-chain--gov,
* off-chain--gov,
* on-off-chain--gov,

DnChain-govc.ON-CHAIN

description::
· there-is NO such a-thing as "pure" or 100% on-chain--chain-gov.
· for the first time with the-chain-nets we manage to automate SOME governing-functions, to put them on-chain.
· this created the-impression that we can-automate ALL the-governance-system, without even understanding all the-attributes of such a-system.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-18]
===
“On-chain governance” refers to the idea that the blockchain nodes automatically upgrade when an on-chain governance process decides on an upgrade and that it’s time to install it. No hard forks required.
[https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-on-chain-governance-a4ceacd040ca]

name::
* Mcs.algorithmic-governance--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.algorithmic,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.automated,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.on-chain,
* Mcs.DnChain'algorithmic-governance,
* Mcs.DnChain'goverment-by-automation,
* Mcs.DnChain'governance.on-chain,
* Mcs.DnChain'onchain-governance,
* Mcs.goverment-by-automation--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.on-chain-govc,
* Mcs.on-chain-governance,

addressWpg::
* {2018-03-27} Will-Warren, Governance in 0x Protocol: https://blog.0xproject.com/,

voter-apathy of on-chain-govc

description::
"or example, the Aragon AGP-5 proposal attracted voters controlling 9.30% of the circulating supply. However, in terms of participating wallet addresses, this accounted for just 0.12% (25 wallets out of over 20,000). This only goes to strengthen the case against on-chain voting as leading to plutocracy.
... There are many reasons why a stakeholder may choose not to vote; from complicated polling procedure, to lack of strong opinion or expertise on the matter in hand. Or they simply speculate on coin price and couldn’t care less about its development and future.
But when faced with a tangible incentive, more stakeholders appear to have a compelling reason to vote."
[https://bitcoinist.com/governance-voter-decred-tezos-cosmos/]

name::
* Mcs.on-chain-govc'voter-apathy,

DnChain-govc.ON-CHAIN.NO

description::
"Bitcoin and Ethereum use off-chain governance where the Bitcoin Improvement Proposals (BIPs) and Ethereum Improvement Proposals (EIPs), respectively are submitted, discussed in online meetings and if agreed upon implemented."
[https://medium.com/@leo_pold_b/blockchain-governance-takeaways-from-nine-projects-8a80ad214d15]
===
"With off-chain governance (the current norm), a node operator has to consciously decide whether to install a hard fork to have his node be consensus-compatible with the nodes of operators who also decided to install that hard fork.
With off-chain blockchain governance, node operators’ decision processes are absolutely necessary parts of blockchain governance, and therefore node operators are necessary participants in blockchain governance."
[https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-on-chain-governance-a4ceacd040ca]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.off-chain,
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.on-chainNo,
* Mcs.off-chain-governance,
* Mcs.on-chainNo-governance,

DnChain-govc.ON-CHAIN.YES-AND-NO

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-govc.on-and-off-chain,
* Mcs.DnChain'governance.on-and-off-chain,

program of DnChain

description::
· Đ-program is any computer-program used in a-Đ-network.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'program!⇒Dchain-program,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAaProgram!⇒Dchain-program,
* Mcs.chain-program, {2019-03-11}
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--program!⇒Dchain-program,
* Mcs.program.chain-network!⇒Dchain-program,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-program!⇒Dchain-program,
* Mcs.Đ-program!⇒Dchain-program,

Dchain-program.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain-program,
* Dagchain--program,
===
* client-program,
* smart-contract,
* chain-explorer,
* Dapp,
* wallet-program,

Dchain-program.CLIENT

description::
· client-of--chain-network is a-program that implements the-protocol of a-Đ-network.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-17]

name::
* Mcs.client-program-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain'client-program,
* Mcs.Dchain-program.client,

specific::
* Đ-blockchain-client,
* ĐDagchain-client,

Dchain-program.D-CONTRACT

description::
· smart-contract is a-contract recorded on a-chain using a-programing-language that can-be-executed automatically if a-condition is met.
[hmnSgm.2018-11-10]
===
· Đ-smart-contract is a-contract recorded on a-Đ-chain using a-programing-language.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-17]
===
"A smart contract is a computer protocol with a purpose to digitally verify the negotiation of a contract. They not only define the rules and penalties related to an agreement in the same way that a traditional contract does, but it can also automatically enforce those obligations. If and when the pre-defined rules are met, the agreement is automatically enforced. The smart contract code facilitates, verifies, and enforces the negotiation or performance of an agreement or transaction. It is the simplest form of decentralized automation."
[https://developers.tron.network/docs/introduction-1#section-smart-contracts]
===
"SmartContracts aim to facilitate agreements carried out among several parties remotely, w/o the need for a legal system, lawyers or courts."
[https://twitter.com/lykke/status/1113094498639400961]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.DnChain'on-chain-program!⇒Dcontract, {2018-12-27}
* Mcs.Dcontract, {2019-04-14}
* Mcs.Dchain-program.smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.autonomous-contract!⇒Dcontract, {2019-06-16}
* Mcs.chain-smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.crypto-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.decentralized-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.digital-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.digital-legal-agreement!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.programmable-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.smart-contract-of-Dnchain!⇒Dcontract,
* Mcs.Đ-smart-contract!⇒Dcontract,
===
* persistent-script, [Buterin.Vitalik]
* stored-procedure, [Zamfir.Vlad]

party of Dcontract

description::
· the-humans involved in the-agreement of a-smart-contract.

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'party,

chain-Evu of Dcontract

description::
· every smart-contract involves some chain-Evus.

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'chain-asset,

rule of Dcontract

description::
· the-relations set in the-smart-contract among its parties and chain-Evus.

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'rule,

triggering-event of Dcontract

description::
· triggering-event is an-event i.e. deadlines that trigger the-execution of a-Dcontract.

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'triggering-event,

developer of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'developer,

programing-language of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'programing-language,

evaluation of Dcontract

description::
"keeping complex logic outside of blockchains is important for both security and scalability. Nodes on the network should not be required to compute complex untrusted programs just to stay synced with the network."
[https://blockstack.org/whitepaper.pdf {2017-10-12}]
===
"Daniel Larimer @bytemaster7
The free market will determine whether people want immutable or mutable smart contracts. Many different multisig/governance policies are possible. #eosio supports both, the market will decide what works. We have all seen the chaos created by broken #ethereum immutable contracts."
[https://twitter.com/bytemaster7/status/1120810347605184512]

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'evaluation,

benefit of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'benefit,

specific::
* automation,
* cost-effectiveness,
* immutability,

problem of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'problem,

specific::
* immutability,
* machine-readable,
* security,

problem.IMMUTABILITY

description::
"Also, the immutable nature creates another hindrance for legally binding contracts – what if a mistake is made in the contract and it needs to be corrected/amended. There is no way to change the contents of the contract."
[https://www.datadriveninvestor.com/2018/11/20/ricardian-contracts-can-become-the-next-generation-of-smart-contracts/]

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract-problem.immutability,

problem.MACHINE-READABLE

description::
"they are technically not legally binding agreements since they are instructions of code which is readable by machine only. This becomes one of its biggest weaknesses as well since if something goes wrong, you can’t prove malicious intent in the court of law as it is not a legally binding contract."
[https://www.datadriveninvestor.com/2018/11/20/ricardian-contracts-can-become-the-next-generation-of-smart-contracts/]

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract-problem.machine-readable,

law of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'law,

addressWpg::
* {2019-02-26} https://medium.com/cryptolawreview/are-smart-contracts-legal-57733d67417f,

resource of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-12} Faisal-Khan, https://www.datadriveninvestor.com/2019/06/12/the-transition-to-next-gen-smart-contracts/,
* {2019-02-08} https://cointelegraph.com/news/smart-contracts-are-no-problem-for-the-worlds-legal-systems-so-long-as-they-behave-like-legal-contracts,
* {2018-08-29} Mayank-Pratap, Everything You Need to Know About Smart Contracts: A Beginner’s Guide: Introducing Smart Contracts and its features in an efficient way, https://hackernoon.com/everything-you-need-to-know-about-smart-contracts-a-beginners-guide-c13cc138378a,
* {2018-05-23} Jack-Tanner, Indorse launches the first 100% Upgradeable Smart Contract on the Ethereum mainnet!, https://blog.indorse.io/,
* {2018-03-05} Michiel-Mulders, Comparison of Smart Contract Platforms, https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2016-04-20} http://hub.digitalasset.com/blog/introducing-the-digital-asset-modeling-language-a-powerful-alternative-to-smart-contracts-for-financial-institutions,

relation-of-Dcontract-to-legal-contract

description::
"While traditional legal contracts are ultimately enforced by coercion and the ability to physically seize assets in case one party to the contract does not fulfill their obligations, smart contracts are enforced by computers that ensure the contracts are executed exactly as they are programmed. This “self-enforcing” property of smart contracts can reduce the risk involved in certain types of contracts."
[https://help.aragon.org/article/6-anatomy-of-an-aragon-organization]

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'relation-to--legal-contract,

EVOLUTING of Dcontract

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract'evoluting,

{time.1950s}::
=== concept:
"Smart contracts are computer programs that can automatically execute an agreement based on programmed logic.
The concept of integrating technology and legal contracts dates back to the 1950s when scholars built computational methods that could enforce legal rules without involving traditional legal processes. Smart contracts were formally defined by Nick Szabo in 1997:
'Smart contracts combine protocols with user interfaces to formalize and secure relationships over computer networks. Objectives and principles for the design of these systems are derived from legal principles, economic theory, and theories of reliable and secure protocols'.
In recent years, blockchain technology has enabled a new breed of smart contracts with immutable storage of agreement terms, cryptographic authorization, and integrated transfers of value."
[https://www.stellar.org/developers/guides/walkthroughs/stellar-smart-contracts.html]

Dcontract.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract.specific,

specific::
* blockchain--smart-contract,
* Dagchain-Dcontract,

Dcontract.RECARDIAN

description::
"Ricardian contracts have improved on the limitations of the smart contracts by converting human-readable legal contract between multiple parties into machine-readable software code which can be executed with all the features of the smart contract."
[https://www.datadriveninvestor.com/2018/11/20/ricardian-contracts-can-become-the-next-generation-of-smart-contracts/]

name::
* Mcs.Dcontract.Ricardian,

Dchain-program.SCATTER

description::
"Scatter is a multi-blockchain signature, identity, and reputation provider for Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, and iOS."
[https://github.com/GetScatter]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-program.Scatter,
* Mcs.Scatter-desktop-program,

Dapp of Scatter

description::
· Scatter-Dapp is a-Dapp that uses Scatter to interact with.

name::
* Mcs.Scatter'Dapp,

addressWpg::
* https://get-scatter.com/Apps,

RIDL of Scatter

description::
"Scatter's RIDL ( Reputation and Identity Layer ) allows Identities registered with it to become unique across all networks and Blockchains, gain and give reputation, and take part in a global effort to elevate the entire web's safety by creating a decentralized blacklist/whitelist of applications in a Sybil resistant manner."
[https://everipedia.org/wiki/lang_en/scatter-3/]

name::
* Mcs.Scatter'RIDL,

downloading Scatter

name::
* Mcs.Scatter'downloading,

addressWpg::
* https://github.com/GetScatter/ScatterDesktop/releases/ (Linux, Mac, Win),

Chrome-extension of Scatter

description::
"Can I still use the chrome extension?
We have moved away from the chrome extension to a dedicated desktop application, with mobile coming soon. The extension is still available to support systems like Chromebooks, but should not be used if you can use the desktop version. For more information about why you should no longer be using the extension read this article.
Please note that the Scatter desktop version and extension version have incompatible backup formats."
[https://support.get-scatter.com/article/41-can-i-still-use-the-chrome-extension {2018-11-02}]

name::
* Mcs.Scatter'Chrome-extension,

resource of Scatter

name::
* Mcs.Scatter'resource,

addressWpg::
* https://get-scatter.com,
* https://github.com/GetScatter,
* https://support.get-scatter.com/,
* https://everipedia.org/wiki/lang_en/scatter-3/,
* importing keys: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=138&v=aDKWCcfaglU,

wallet of DnChain

description::
· wallets are containers for private keys.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch04.asciidoc#wallets]

name::
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.D-stroke-wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.DnChain'wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.Dchain-wallet!⇒Dwallet, {2019-05-24}
* Mcs.Dwallet, {2019-06-18}
* Mcs.Dcc-wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeWallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.Dcc-wlt!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-chain--wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.wallet-of-Dnchain!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.Đ-wallet!⇒Dwallet,
* Mcs.Đ-wlt!⇒Dwallet,

account of Dwallet

description::
· chain-account is the public and private keys needed to manage the cryptographic information on the-tx-chain.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-23]
===
· the-information on Đ-chain is encrypted in order to be-viewed and stored publicly but owned privately.
· this way this information can-represent exchange-value.
· the-cryptographic-system used is-called "public-key-cryptography".
· it uses a-public-address (public-key) to 'store' information (exchage-value) and a-private-address (private-key) to 'use|spend' this information (exchange-value).
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Daccount, {2019-06-18}
* Mcs.Dchain-account!⇒Daccount, {2019-05-24}
* Mcs.Dwallet'account!⇒Daccount,
* Mcs.account-of--Dchain-wallet!⇒Daccount,

address of Daccount

description::
· address-of-Daccount is the-public-key-of-the-account[a] or any human readable name associated with it[a].
[hmnSgm.2019-06-18]

name::
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-address,
* Mcs.address-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain'address,
* Mcs.Daccount'address,
* Mcs.Daccount'name,
* Mcs.Daccount'public-address,
* Mcs.chain-address,
* Mcs.decentralized-chain--address,
* Mcs.Đ-address,

public-key of Daccount

description::
· public-address is the-public known string of symbols that function as the-name of a-container of information (chain-Evus) for the-user who has the corresponded private-key to use|spend.
· this way h|she can-spent chain-Evus.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Daccount'public-key,
* Mcs.DnChain'public-key,
* Mcs.public-key--of-DnChain,

private-key of Daccount

description::
· private-address is the-secret string of symbols with which a-user have access (ownership) of Đ-chain information.
· this way h|she can-spent chain-Evus.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-16]

name::
* Mcs.Daccount'private-key,
* Mcs.DnChain'private-address,
* Mcs.DnChain'private-key,
* Mcs.private-address--of-DnChain,
* Mcs.private-key--of-DnChain,

asset of Dwallet

description::
· the-đ-assets the-wallet contains.

name::
* Mcs.Dwallet'asset,
* Mcs.EvuChn-of--chain-wallet!⇒Dwallet'asset,

resource of Dwallet

name::
* Mcs.Dwallet'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2018-11-29} The Gnosis Safe is live on mainnet, https://www.reddit.com/r/ethereum/comments/a16dmh/the_gnosis_safe_is_live_on_mainnet/, 2FA,

sending of Dwallet

name::
* Mcs.Dwallet'sending,

specific::
* email-sending,
* public-key-sending,
* SMS-sending,
* username-sending,

Dwallet.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dwallet.specific,

specific::
* blockchain-wallet,
* Dagchain-wallet,
===
* Android-wallet,
* desktop-wallet,
* web-wallet,

app of DnChain

McsHitp-creation:: {2016-02-24}

description::
· Đ-app-(decentralized-crypto-chain--application) is a-Đ-program which runs on top of one or more Đ-networks usually using Đ-smart-contracts.
[hmnSgm.2018-01-18]
===
Dapp or decentralized-app is an-app running on a-decentralized-network.
Dapp CAN-HAVE a-front-end-code or user-interface written on any language.
[hmnSgm.2017-03-23]
===
Definition of a Dapp
For an application to be considered a Dapp (pronounced Dee-app, similar to Email) it must meet the following criteria:

The application must be completely open-source, it must operate autonomously, and with no entity controlling the majority of its tokens. The application may adapt its protocol in response to proposed improvements and market feedback but all changes must be decided by consensus of its users.

The application's data and records of operation must be cryptographically stored in a public, decentralized blockchain in order to avoid any central points of failure.

The application must use a cryptographic token (bitcoin or a token native to its system) which is necessary for access to the application and any contribution of value from (miners / farmers) should be rewarded in the application’s tokens.

The application must generate tokens according to a standard crytptographic algorithm acting as a proof of the value nodes are contributing to the application (Bitcoin uses the Proof of Work Algorithm).
[https://github.com/DavidJohnstonCEO/DecentralizedApplications#definition-of-a-dapp]
===
"As opposed to traditional, centralized applications, where the backend code is running on centralized servers, dApps have their backend code running on a decentralized P2P network. Decentralized applications consist of the whole package, from backend to frontend."
[https://developers.tron.network/docs/introduction-1#section-the-difference-between-dapps-and-smart-contracts]
===
"A decentralized application (DApp) uses blockchain technology for the authentication and data storage components of an application’s platform. Blockchain applications are decentralized applications, meaning they move data control and identity management from central authorities and organizations to individual users."
[https://docs.blockstack.org/develop/zero_to_dapp_1.html#blockchain-applications-the-new-kid]
===
"What is a "decentralized" app?
Decentralized apps are a new type of software program designed to exist on the Internet in a way that is not controlled by any single entity. Where bitcoin is a decentralized value exchange, a decentralized application aims to achieve functionality beyond transactions that exchange value. Many types of decentralized apps are starting to emerge as blockchain technology continues to progress. More companies and individuals are seeing the potential for what can be achieved in decentralizing not just money but almost any type of computing imaginable.
Decentralized apps potentially represent the next generation of computing. In a completely decentralized world all things occur using peer-to-peer networks and the idea of centralized entities are non-existent. This distributed future is still being designed and built but the early stages of development are looking promising."
[https://blockstack.org/faq/#what-is-a-decentralized-app]

name::
* Mcs.Atapp!⇒Dapp, {2018-10-12}
* Mcs.D-app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.D-stroke-application-(Đ-app)!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.DApp!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Dapp,
* Mcs.Dapp'(decentralized-application)!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Dcc-app!⇒Dapp, {2018-01-18}
* Mcs.Dchain-based-app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.DnChain'Dapp!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Dtapp!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Dtcc-app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.automated-trust--app!⇒Dapp, {2018-10-12}
* Mcs.chain-Dapp, {2019-03-16}
* Mcs.chain-app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.crypto-chain--app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.dApp!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.decentralized-application!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-chain--application!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.decentralized-trust-and-crypto-chain--application!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Đ-app!⇒Dapp,
* Mcs.Đ-application!⇒Dapp,

Dchain-network of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'network,

cost-of-usage of Dapp

description::
"Free Usage
Application developers need the flexibility to offer users free services; users should not have to pay in order to use the platform or benefit from its services. A blockchain platform that is free to use for users will likely gain more widespread adoption. Developers and businesses can then create effective monetization strategies."
[https://github.com/EOSIO/Documentation/blob/master/TechnicalWhitePaper.md#free-usage]

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'cost-of-usage,

confidence-of-user of Dapp

description::
"When you combine real money with a lack of undo buttons, a lack of password resets, and a lack of a central place that fixes all the problems, the risk of something going wrong increases and therefore the user’s confidence decreases."
[https://medium.com/mycrypto/building-confidence-not-dapps-d8a3bc1f29d1]

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'confidence-of-user,

human of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'human!⇒Dapp-human,
* Mcs.Dapp-human, {2019-03-11}

Dapp-human.DEVELOPER

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'developer,
* Mcs.Dapp-human.developer,

human.END-USER of Dapp

description::
"Support Millions of Users
Disrupting businesses such as Ebay, Uber, AirBnB, and Facebook, require blockchain technology capable of handling tens of millions of active daily users. In certain cases, applications may not work unless a critical mass of users is reached and therefore a platform that can handle mass number of users is paramount."
[https://github.com/EOSIO/Documentation/blob/master/TechnicalWhitePaper.md#support-millions-of-users]

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'end-user,
* Mcs.Dapp'user,
* Mcs.Dapp-human.end-user,

human.DAILY-ACTIVE-USER of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'DAU-(daily-active-user),
* Mcs.Dapp'daily-active-user-(DAU),

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-30} Alex-Wearn, Measuring DApp Usage, https://medium.com/idex/measuring-dapp-usage-73a39eba9c2f,

evaluation of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'evaluation,

benefit of Dapp

benefit.DECENTRALIZATION

description::
"They are designed to avoid any single point of failure."
[https://hackernoon.com/what-are-decentralized-applications-dapps-3b63b4d587fe]

name::
* Mcs.Dapp-benefit.decentralization,

problem of Dapp

resource of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'resource,

addressWpg::
* definition: https://app.co/faq,
* Universal Dapp Store: https://app.co/,
* https://dappradar.com/,
* http://dappboard.com/app,
* https://www.stateofthedapps.com/,
* https://www.dapp.com/,
* Zero to DApp: https://docs.blockstack.org/develop/zero_to_dapp_1.html,
* https://www.coindesk.com/information/what-is-a-decentralized-application-dapp/,
* http://www.oraclize.it/,
===
* {2019-03-02} https://santiment.net/blog/february-2019-top-dev-activity/,
* {2019-01-15} Dapp.com 2018 Dapp Market Report, https://www.dapp.com/article/annual-dapp-market-report-2018,
* {2019-01-17} https://blog.chronobank.io/what-is-a-decentralised-application-and-how-it-works-625514e207eb,
* {2018-10-21} Elie-Steinbock, The State of Dapp Development — Blockchain Summer 2018, https://hackernoon.com/the-state-of-dapp-development-blockchain-summer-2018-a1f5b99b67db,
* {2018-10-18} Patrick-Stanley, App Mining: Fueling the Development of Decentralized Apps, ttps://blockstack.org/blog/introducing-app-mining/,
* {2018-10-12} James-Todaro, OpenCare powered by MedX is now live on Ethereum Mainnet, https://medium.com/medxprotocol/opencare-powered-by-medx-is-now-live-on-ethereum-mainnet-998b05c23a75,
* {2018-10-11} Ryan-&-Muneeb, A Path to Decentralization, https://blockstack.org/blog/a-path-to-decentralization/,
* {2018-08-22} William-Quigley, How Ethereum nearly killed VGO, the world’s most popular DApp, https://wax.io/blog/how-ethereum-nearly-killed-vgo-the-worlds-most-popular-dapp,
* {2018-05-29} William-Mougayar, Where Are All The Decentralized Applications? https://medium.com/@wmougayar/,
* {2018-04-11} Chris-McCann, State of the DApps: 5 Observations From Usage Data (April 2018), https://medium.com/@mccannatron/,
* https://blockchainhub.net/decentralized-applications-dapps/,

DOING of Dapp

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'doing,

service of Dapp

description::
· because decentralization is NOT cheap, the-service of a-chain-app MUST ablolutely require decentralization.

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'service,

evolving of Dapp

description::
"Easy Upgrades and Bug Recovery
Businesses building blockchain based applications need the flexibility to enhance their applications with new features.
All non-trivial software is subject to bugs, even with the most rigorous of formal verification. The platform must be robust enough to fix bugs when they inevitably occur."
[https://github.com/EOSIO/Documentation/blob/master/TechnicalWhitePaper.md#easy-upgrades-and-bug-recovery]

name::
* Mcs.Dapp'evolving,

GENERIC of Dapp

generic-chain::
* application,

SPECIFIC-COMPLEMENT of Dapp

specific-complement::
* centralized-application,

Dapp.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dapp.specific,

specific::
* https://app.co/,
* https://dappradar.com/,
* https://www.stateofthedapps.com/,
===
* blockchain-Dapp,
* Dagchain-Dapp,
=== per service:
* Dasset-wallet--Dapp,
* exchange-Dapp,
* gambling-Dapp,
* game-Dapp,

=== per chain:
* Aeterinity-Dapp,
* Blockstack-Dapp,
* Eos-Dapp,
* Ethereum-Dapp,
* Lisk-Dapp,
* Neo-Dapp,
* Steemit-Dapp,
* Tron-Dapp,
* Neo-net: http://ndapp.org/,

=== instances:
* ChronoBank-Dapp,
* D.Tuble: https://about.d.tube/,
* Dmail: https://www.dmail.online/,
* Everipedia-Dapp,
* Graphite: https://www.graphitedocs.com/, Encrypted, shareable, decentralized personal data.

organization of DnChain

description::
· DnChain-ogn is an-organization (= system of humans with administering functions) stakeholder.
[hmnSgm.2019-06-21]

name::
* Mcs.Dledger-organization!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.DnChain'ogn!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.DnChain'organization!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn, {2019-06-21}
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeOgn!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.chain-ogn!⇒DnChain-ogn, {2019-03-10}
* Mcs.chain-organization!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.cryptocurrency-venture!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.organization-of-Dnchain!⇒DnChain-ogn,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-organization!⇒DnChain-ogn,

ICO of DnChain

description::
DEFINITION of 'Initial Coin Offering (ICO)'
An unregulated means by which funds are raised for a new cryptocurrency venture. An Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is used by startups to bypass the rigorous and regulated capital-raising process required by venture capitalists or banks. In an ICO campaign, a percentage of the cryptocurrency is sold to early backers of the project in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies, but usually for Bitcoin.

Also called an Initial Public Coin Offering (IPCO).

BREAKING DOWN 'Initial Coin Offering (ICO)'
When a cryptocurrency startup firm wants to raise money through an Initial Coin Offering (ICO), it usually creates a plan on a whitepaper which states what the project is about, what need(s) the project will fulfill upon completion, how much money is needed to undertake the venture, how much of the virtual tokens the pioneers of the project will keep for themselves, what type of money is accepted, and how long the ICO campaign will run for. During the ICO campaign, enthusiasts and supporters of the firm's initiative buy some of the distributed cryptocoins with fiat or virtual currency. These coins are referred to as tokens and are similar to shares of a company sold to investors in an Initial Public Offering (IPO) transaction. If the money raised does not meet the minimum funds required by the firm, the money is returned to the backers and the ICO is deemed to be unsuccessful. If the funds requirements are met within the specified timeframe, the money raised is used to either initiate the new scheme or to complete it.

Early investors in the operation are usually motivated to buy the cryptocoins in the hope that the plan becomes successful after it launches which could translate to a higher cryptocoin value than what they purchased it for before the project was initiated. An example of a successful ICO project that was profitable to early investors is the smart contracts platform called Ethereum which has Ethers as its coin tokens. In 2014, the Ethereum project was announced and its ICO raised $18 million in Bitcoins or $0.40 per Ether. The project went live in 2015 and in 2016 had an ether value that went up as high as $14 with a market capitalization of over $1 billion.

ICOs are similar to IPOs and crowdfunding. Like IPOs, a stake of the startup or company is sold to raise money for the entity's operations during an ICO operation. However, while IPOs deal with investors, ICOs deal with supporters that are keen to invest in a new project much like a crowdfunding event. But ICOs differ from crowdfunding in that the backers of the former are motivated by a prospective return in their investments, while the funds raised in the latter campaign are basically donations. For these reasons, ICOs are referred to as crowdsales.

Although there are successful ICO transactions on record and ICOs are poised to be disruptive innovative tools in the digital era, investors are cautioned to be wary as some ICO or crowdsale campaigns are actually fraudulent. Because these fund-raising operatives are not regulated by financial authorities such as the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC), funds that are lost due to fraudulent initiatives may never be recovered.

Read more: Initial Coin Offering (ICO) Definition | Investopedia http://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/initial-coin-offering-ico.asp#ixzz4WU1TYEkA
Follow us: Investopedia on Facebook

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn'ICO!⇒ICO,
* Mcs.ICO,
* Mcs.ICO-(Initial-Coin-Offering)!⇒ICO,
* Mcs.Initial-Coin-Offering!⇒ICO,

evaluation of ICO

Evaluation::
Like the-dot-com-bubble there-is an excessive speculation with ICOs.
- do not invest on promises, see a-product.
- check contact information.
- find refund policies.
[hmnSgm.2017-09-30] ===
In 2017, ICOs have collectively raised over $2.3 bln.
Many of these startups received millions in contributions without even a working prototype of their product.
In the eyes of some investors, this has lead to speculations that the ICO market has already entered bubble territory.
It is yet to see how many teams will actually be in a position to keep the promises made to investors and to deliver their product.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/from-messengers-to-food-reviews-companies-incorporate-blockchain-into-apps {time.2017-10-04}]

name::
* Mcs.ICO'evaluation,

resource of ICO

name::
* Mcs.ICO'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2018-02-23} 46% of Last Year’s ICOs Have Failed Already: https://news.bitcoin.com/,
* {2018-02-03} Wulf-Kaal, Initial Coin Offerings: the top 25 jurisdictions and their comparative regulatory responses, https://medium.com/@wulfkaal/,
* {2018-01-10} Initial Country Offering as Next Big Thing For ICOs: Expert Blog: https://cointelegraph.com/news/,
* {2017-12-15} $4 Billion: ICO Fundraising Hits New Milestone as Regulators Curtail Hype: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-10-20} Tezos Founders Enter Legal Battle for Control of $400m in Raised ICO Funds: https://news.bitcoin.com/,
* {2017-10-15} 9 Mistakes We Made During Our ICO (And How to Overcome Them): https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-09-27} Vitalik Buterin Explains Flaws in ICOs and Scaling Issues in Ethereum: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-24} How Blockchain and ICOs Are Changing the Funding Game for Startups: https://www.wsj.com/,
* {2017-09-11} What Risks Investors and Authorities See in ICOs https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-03} Jamie-Burke, The Next Stage in ICOs: The Community Token Economy (CTE), https://medium.com/outlier-ventures-io/,
* {2017-09-02} Altcoin Founder Slams Need For ICOs After Alternative Experiment: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-08-22} Estonia could offer ‘estcoins’ to e-residents,
* {2017-06-09} V-Buterin: Analyzing Token Sale Models: http://vitalik.ca/,
* {2017-06-19} ICOs: New Model of Blockchain Capitalism: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-05-24} ICO: Three Ways of Conducting It, and How Companies Choose One: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-05-16} The ICO Bubble: https://medium.com/@josh_nussbaum/,
* {2017-04-19} ICO Market: from $6,000 to $150 mln. Overview with Waves CEO: https://cointelegraph.com/,
===
* https://lisk.io/academy/blockchain-business/icos,

ICO.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.ICO'specific,

specific::
* Blockchain-ICO,
===
* https://www.icoalert.com/,
* https://icowatchlist.com/,
* https://www.coinhills.com/ico/list/,
* https://cointelegraph.com/ico-calendar,

ICO.DAICO

description::
What is a DAICO?
It’s an improvement on the ICO fundraising model that incorporates certain aspects of DAO’s.
The idea was suggested by Vitalik Buterin in January 2018 and is aimed at making ICO’s more secure by involving investors in the initial project development process.
It will further enable token holders to vote for the refund of the contributed funds if they are not happy with the progress being made by developers.
For projects that implement the DAICO concept, it will force a level of accountability on developers and give token holders additional peace of mind that they are guaranteed to either see at least a minimum viable product or get their money back.
[https://cointelegraph.com/explained/what-is-a-daico-explained#block-1]

name::
* Mcs.DAICO,

addressWpg::
* {time.2018-02-13} Chrisjan Pauw, What is a DAICO, Explained: https://cointelegraph.com/,

ICO.EVOLUTING

{2017}::
The year 2017 saw 882 successful ICOs.
They collected $5.9 billion and made 4,700 promises in their white papers, almost one half of them scheduled for 2018.
[https://blog.chronobank.io/chronobank-2018-view-4e0d4e4a72ea]

{2013}::
=== the-start:
The first ICO is typically attributed to Mastercoin.
Mastercoin’s ICO in 2013 raised over $5 million in Bitcoins through the sales of their own Mastercoin tokens.
[https://bitcoinexchangeguide.com/initial-coin-offering/]

resource chain-ogn

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn'resource,

addressWpg::
* http://cryptovalleyzug.net/links.html,

GENERIC of Dchain-ogn

generic-chain::
* stakeholder-of--chain-net,

DnChain-ogn.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.specific,

specific::
* bridge-ogn,
* exchange-ogn,
* foundation-ogn,
* merchant-ogn,
* mining-pool-ogn,
* wallet-ogn,
* venture-capital--ogn,
===
* blockchain-ogn,
* Dagchain-ogn
===
* Akasha International, Zug, www.akasha.world,
* Bitcoin Suisse AG, Baar, www.bitcoinsuisse.ch,
* Bitfinitum GmbH, Zug, www.bitfinitum.com,
* Blockchain for Social Impact Coalition, https://www.blockchainforsocialimpact.com/,
* Blockchain Source, Zug, www.blockchainsource.ch,
* Crypto AG, Zug, www.crypto.ch,
* Cryptocash AG, Uster, www.cryptocash.ch,
* Ethereum Foundation, Baar, www.ethereum.org,
* IFZ Zug, www.ifz.ch,
* InfoGuard AG, Zug, www.infoguard.ch,
* iprotus, Walchwil, www.iprotus.ch,
* MME Legal, Zug, www.mme.ch,
* Monetas AG, Zug, www.monetas.net,
* Mount10, Baar, www.mount10.ch,
* Netmon GmbH, Zurich, www.netmon.ch,
* Patria Digitalis, Zug, www.pd.coop,
* Sapphire Innovation, Zug, www.sapphireinnovation.com,
* Shapeshift, Zug, shapeshift.io,
* Xapo GmbH, Zug, www.xapo.com,

DnChain-ogn.SECTOR

description::
· chain-sector is the-set of all organizations involved in chain-nets.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'organization.sector,
* Mcs.DnChain'sector,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.sector,
* Mcs.chain-sector,
* Mcs.cryptocurrency-sector,
* Mcs.industry.chain-net,
* Mcs.sector.chain-net,

DnChain-ogn.BRIDGE

description::
Bridges/Gateways
Bridges/gateways are the recommended method of moving funds into or out of the network. They simplify the process of moving funds from one blockchain-based crypto currency to another.
[https://bitshares.org/deposit/]

name::
* Mcs.bridge--chain-ogn,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.bridge,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.gateway,

specific::
* BlockTrades,
* ShapeShift,

bridge-ogn.BlockTrades

description::
Providing Safety, Speed, and Convenience
This website enables users to rapidly and safely purchase cryptocurrencies without the hassles typically associated with purchasing through a centralized cryptocurrency exchange. Unlike a traditional exchange, you don't need to maintain a balance on our site. Instead, you simply send in the desired amount of cryptocurrency you wish to spend, and we transfer to your wallet an equivalent amount of the cryptocurrency you are buying. This protects you from possible losses that can occur when you hold your cryptocurrency on a exchange that is vulnerable to attacks by hackers.
Purchases can also be made very rapidly (speed is dependent on the underlying confirmation speeds of the currencies being converted between) and large purchases do not tend to move market prices the way they do when placing an order on a centralized exchange.
[https://blocktrades.us/about]

name::
* Mcs.BlockTrades,

bridge-ogn.ShapeShift

description::
ShapeShift is a new piece of infrastructure in Bitcoinland. It is how digital currency exchange should work. From start to finish you can change currencies in under ten seconds, no account required.
...
Let's assume you have Bitcoin and you want Litecoin. It goes like this:
1. Select Bitcoin as the input and Litecoin as the output
2. Provide your Litecoin address in the box, then click the Start button
3. ShapeShift will generate a BTC deposit address for you. Please send your BTCs to this generated address. (Don't send more than the Deposit Limit).
That's it. In a few moments, your Litecoin will be sent to you.
No emails or passwords. No lengthy sign­up process. No accounts. No bid and ask orders. No friction.
[https://info.shapeshift.io/about]

name::
* Mcs.ShapeShift-ogn,
* Mcs.ShapeShift,

addressWpg::
* https://shapeshift.io/#/coins,

Exchange-rate

What exchange rate do you use?
Jon April 05, 2016 22:12
The exchange rate is our own, derived from several market sources and based on the amount we feel comfortable exchanging at that fixed rate (whether you do small or large order, the rate stays the same - no slippage).
We earn a profit to the extent we can source coins in other markets for a lower cost to replenish our reserves.
[https://shapeshift.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/202585612-What-exchange-rate-do-you-use-]

Fee

What’s your fee structure?
January 08, 2017 11:04
ShapeShift does not charge a per exchange fee, while our exchange rates depend on the depth and spread of particular coin pairs and markets.
This means the amount that ShapeShift makes on any particular transaction varies based on current market conditions.
Depending on the liquidity and spread of a particular coin/coin pair, ShapeShift's spread usually falls in the range of about 0.5-1% or so.
[https://shapeshift.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/202585602-What-s-your-fee-structure-]

DnChain-ogn.EXCHANGE

description::
· crypto-exchange-organization is a-company on which people trade chain-Evus.
[hmnSgm.2018-10-16]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.exchange!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.DnChain'exchange-organization!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn, {2018-03-04}
* Mcs.crypto-exchange-organization!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.exchange-org--of--chain-assets!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.exchange-organization--of--chain-assets!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.transaction-chain--exchange-organization!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Đ-exchange!⇒Dchain-exchange-ogn,

IEO of exchange-ogn

description::
"IEOs are a form of initial token offerings. They are quite similar to ICOs, but they take place primarily on crypto exchanges. In other words, the crypto exchange serves as an issuer platform and the main venue for the token offering.
The reason why crypto-exchanges attract so many people is the variety of coins, payment methods and user protection. Almost any reputable crypto exchange has an AML/KYC procedure both for individual customers and for companies that it partners with.
To list a token on an exchange, a company has to comply with the legal requirements both in the country where it’s registered and in the country from which the exchange operates. In most cases, some sort of due diligence or legal opinion has to be provided. That’s another security layer that will ensure your participation in the IEO from unwanted surprises. Crypto-scams simply can’t make it to major exchanges."
[https://cryptocoin.news/news/all-you-need-to-know-about-ieos-26152/]

name::
* Mcs.IEO-Initial-Exchange-Offering,

residence of exchange-ogn

description::
· the-residence-of-an-exchange is the-economic-territory determined by the-exchange's center of predominant economic-interest.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'base,

website of exchange-ogn

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'website,

fee of exchange-ogn

description::
·

name::
* Mcs.fee-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'fee,

specific::
* Lykke    0
* Bittrex  0.25%
* EtherDelta 0.3%
* Cashilla 1% plus 1€ for fiat deposit.

asset of exchange-ogn

description::
· the different assets an-exchange offers.

name::
* Mcs.asset-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'asset,

liquidity of asset of exchange-ogn

description::
"The order book is also known as the market depth, and can be used to provide an indication of the liquidity of a cryptocurrency. Liquidity refers to the ability of a cryptocurrency to bought and sold quickly without affecting the price. The larger the trading volume of a cryptocurrency, the higher the liquidity and vice versa.
... In addition, more liquid cryptocurrencies are significantly harder to manipulate, making them less likely to fall prey to pump and dump schemes that are prevalent within the cryptocurrency space.
If you are ever worried about the liquidity of a cryptocurrency, make sure to look at the order book to get a sense of the market depth."
[Mycryptopedia Newsletter mycryptopedia@substack.com]

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-exchange-ogn'asset'liquidity,

buyer of exchange-ogn

description::
A-buyer of a-cryptoasset sets the-bid-price.

name::
* Mcs.buyer-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'buyer,

seller of exchange-ogn

description::
A-seller of a-cryptoasset sets the-ask-price.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'seller,
* Mcs.seller-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

maker of exchange-ogn

description::
Maker is the party that provides an order, and a Taker is the party that fills it.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'maker,
* Mcs.maker-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

taker of exchange-ogn

description::
Maker is the party that provides an order, and a Taker is the party that fills it.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'taker,
* Mcs.taker-of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

order of exchange-ogn

description::
· an-order is an-instruction to buy or sell a-Dasset on a-Dchain-exchange-ogn.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset'order!⇒Dasset-order,
* Mcs.Dasset'trade-order!⇒Dasset-order,
* Mcs.Dasset-order,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'order!⇒Dasset-order,
* Mcs.trade-order--of-Dasset!⇒Dasset-order,

order.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-order.specific,

specific::
* buy-order,
* sell-order,
=== division on time
* market-order,
* time-condition-order,
=== price division
* limit-order,
* price-condition-order,
===
* stop-loss--order,

order.MARKET

description::
· a-market-order is an-order to be-executed immediately at the current market-prices.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-order.market,
* Mcs.market-order--of-Dasset,

order.LIMIT

description::
· a-limit-order is an-order to BUY a-Dasset at no more than a specific price, or to SELL it at no less than a specific price.

name::
* Mcs.Dasset-order.limit,
* Mcs.limit-order--of-Dasset,

order-book of exchange-ogn

description::
· a-container of orders.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'market-depth,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'order-book,
* Mcs.order-book--of--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

trading-bot of exchange-ogn

description::
"A trading bot is effectively a software program that interacts directly with a financial exchange by means of an application programming interface (API). An API can be thought of as a software intermediary that allows two applications to communicate with each other. A similar process occurs between a trading bot software program and a cryptocurrency exchange. By being able to access exchange data, trading bots can place buy or sell orders on a trader’s behalf, depending on how market data has been interpreted. Market data can include: price movement, volume, time and much more. Crypto trading bots are generally very customizable, allowing a trader to program a trading bot in accordance with their preferences."
[mycryptopedia@substack.com]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'trading-bot,

evaluation of exchange-ogn

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'evaluation,

addressWpg::
* https://www.bti.live/exchanges/,

resource of exchange-ogn

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2018-10-15} chronobank.io, How to choose a cryptocurrency exchange, https://blog.chronobank.io/how-to-choose-a-cryptocurrency-exchange-e8017244b567,
* {2018-06-12} Ali-Raza, HitBTC Halts Services To Japan Amidst Tangle With Regulators, https://cryptocoin.news/,
* {2018-05-11} S. Korea’s Largest Crypto Exchange Upbit Investigated By Police, Markets React, https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2018-01-17} Binance CEO: The Future of Cryptocurrency: https://www.youtube.com/,
* {2017-10-20} Will Decentralized Exchanges Replace Peer-to-Peer Exchanges Completely? https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-30} 11 Japanese Bitcoin Exchanges Earn Regulatory Licensure: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-09-27} Why Decentralized Exchange Protocols Matter: https://medium.com/@FEhrsam/,

exchange-ogn.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.specific,

specific::
* blockchain--exchange-ogn,
* Dagchain--exchange-ogn,
===
* centralized--exchange-ogn,
* centralizedNo--exchange-ogn,
===
* BitPay-exchange,
* BitStamp-exchange,
* Blockchain-exchange,
* Changenlly-exchange,
* Coinbase-exchange,
* EtherDelta: decentralized trading platform for Ether and Ethereum-based tokens,
* Kraken-exchange,
* KuCoin,
* LakeBTC-exchange,
* Liqui-exchange,
* LiteBit-exchange,
* Poloniex-exchange,
* QuadrigaCX-exchange,
* ShapShift-exchange,

exchange-ogn.CENTRALIZED

name::
* Mcs.centralized--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.centralized,

Security::
While the daily trade volumes between notable cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin and Ether, may very well be in the tens of millions – the daily trades between all of the other crypto-assets entering the market, most of which are less than two years old, are also approaching these large trade volumes. The problem is, despite the decentralized and trustless nature of cryptocurrencies, the majority of this trading takes place on centralized exchanges, which are subject to fraud and hacking.
It seems as though there are monthly reports in the media about hacking attempts on major cryptocurrency exchanges. Looking deeper into the cause, one feature that many of these attacks have in common is that they are directed at centralized exchanges, which keep all of their user's information including their private keys to access their Blockchain currency stored in a data ‘silo.’ This means that a hacker would only have to get into the system once to access every user's information.
As notable investor Arif Akhtar emphasizes, by using a centralized exchange you are trusting that the exchange will not lose your money (whether from a hardware failure or other negligence), will keep your funds secure against theft or hacking, will not steal your funds internally, and will not go out of business. In short, centralized exchanges require you as the user to put a lot of trust into something that is currently unregulated and may not even be operating in the same country as you.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/why-we-need-trustless-cryptocurrency-exchanges]

exchange-ogn.CENTRALIZED.NO

description::
One of the main benefits of DEXs is that they are trustless and non-custodial, they allow users to trade their funds without having to hand them over to a centralized entity for a certain amount of time.
[https://medium.com/@decanus/why-0x-is-not-trustless-as-it-may-seem-b807929b6e3e]

name::
* Mcs.DEX-(Decentralized-EXchange),
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.centralizedNo,
* Mcs.Dexchange,
* Mcs.centralizedNo--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.decentralized--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.decentralized-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.on-chain--exchange-ogn,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-23} https://www.coindesk.com/binance-launches-decentralized-exchange-ahead-of-schedule,
* {2018-09-06} Scott-Winges, Decentralized Exchanges 101: All you need to know, https://blog.coinmarketcap.com/2018/09/06/decentralized-exchanges-101-all-you-need-to-know/,
* {2018-06-21} Gary-Basin, The State of Decentralized Exchanges, https://medium.com/coinmonks/,
* {2018-06-14} Justin-Chan, Decentralized Exchanges as the Future of Cryptocurrency Trading (PART I), http://www.datadriveninvestor.com/2018/06/14/decentralized-exchanges-as-the-future-of-cryptocurrency-trading-part-i/,
* {2018-05-14} Dean-Eigenmann, Introducing DEXY: Mainnet beta launched! A permissionless decentralized exchange, https://medium.com/dexy/,
* {2018-04-06} Dean-Eigenmann, Why 0x is not as trustless as it may seem, https://medium.com/@decanus/,
* {2018-02-12} Bitfinex, Announcing EOSfinex: Bitfinex to Build High Performance Decentralized Exchange on the EOS.IO Platform, https://medium.com/bitfinex/,
* {2017-10-18} Loi Luu: Why We Need ‘Trustless’ Cryptocurrency Exchanges: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2015-09-27} World's First Decentralized Fintech Exchange OpenLedger Launches: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* ForkDelta: https://forkdelta.app/, ForkDelta is a decentralized Ethereum Token Exchange with the most ERC20 listings of any exchange. ForkDelta currently acts as an open source, updated interface for EtherDelta's smart contract with an active and public development team.

exchange-ogn.CENTRALIZED.SEMI

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.semi-centralized,
* Mcs.semi-decentralized--exchange-org,

addressWpg::
* https://www.facebook.com/notes/lykke/why-lykke-why-is-it-unique-reason-1/736285793223505/,

exchange-ogn.specific-division.VOLUME

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.specific-division.volume,

addressWpg::
* on-24h-voluem: https://coinmarketcap.com/exchanges/volume/24-hour/,

exchange-ogn.Binance (Hong-Kong)

description::
Binance is the world’s leading cryptocurrency exchange. In the first 3 months from inception, profits amounted to $7,500,000 USD. In the 2nd quarter, profits amounted to $200,000,000 USD.
[https://steemit.com/cryptocurrency/@binanceexchange/benefits-of-crypto-part-1-to-countries]

name::
* Mcs.Binance--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Binance,

addressWpg::
* https://www.binance.com/,
* https://github.com/binance-exchange,
* https://steemit.com/@binanceexchange,

human::
* CEO: Changpeng-Zhao,

exchange-ogn.Bitfinex (Hong-Kong)

name::
* Mcs.Bitfinex--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Bitfinex,

exchange-ogn.BitPay {2011}

description::
BitPay was founded in 2011, while Bitcoin was still in its infancy. We saw the potential for bitcoin to revolutionize the financial industry, making payments faster, more secure, and less expensive on a global scale.

We started BitPay with the intention of making it easy for businesses to accept bitcoin payments, and we are currently the largest bitcoin payment processor in the world, serving more than 60,000 merchants on six continents.

Payment processing was our first contribution to the Bitcoin ecosystem, but it is not our last. We're building open source software to power the next applications of Bitcoin. Bitcoin's future looks very bright, and we plan on remaining on the forefront of this technology, creating more tools and services for everyone to use in innovative new ways.
[https://bitpay.com/about]

name::
* Mcs.BitPay--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.BitPay,

bitpay'Card

How works:
1.Order
Order your card for $9.95. Once your ID has been verified, your card will arrive within 7-10 business days.
2.Activate
When your card arrives in the mail, activate the card at bitpay.com/card/activate and create a cardholder account.
3.Load
Load your card with dollars using any bitcoin wallet, or via direct deposit through your employer.
4.Spend
Spend dollars anywhere Visa® debit cards are accepted, or withdraw cash from any Visa®-compatible ATM.
[https://bitpay.com/card]

exchange-ogn.Bitstamp (3rd - EU)

description::
Bitstamp is a European Union based bitcoin marketplace. It allows people from all around the world to safely buy and sell bitcoins.
ARE YOU SELLING BITCOINS?
No. We are providing a service. You are always buying bitcoins from another individual, who is selling them. All we do is provide a safe and simple environment to trade. We guarantee that buyers get their bitcoins and sellers get their money at agreed price.
[https://www.bitstamp.net/faq/]
===
This morning, Bitstamp announced that it has received a license from the Luxembourg Ministry of Finance to operate as a payment institution, and according to the company, this license applies to the European Union as a whole. “With this,” says Dan Morehead, the chairman of Bitstamp and the CEO of Pantera Capital, a firm that specializes in investments related to bitcoin, “Bitstamp is able to do business in all 28 countries of the EU.”
... FIFTEEN MONTHS AGO, hackers lifted more than $5 million from the bitcoin exchange operated by Bitstamp, a Slovenian company that aspired to push the digital currency across Western Europe. The hack wasn’t nearly as large or as devastating as the one that pilfered $460 million from Mt. Gox and sent the Japan-based exchange, then one of the world’s largest, spiraling into bankruptcy. But it was yet another black eye for bitcoin, the digital currency that holds so much promise as an alternative to fiat currencies but has never really broken into the mainstream.
[http://www.wired.com/2016/04/bitcoin-exchange-receives-approval-operate-across-eu/?mbid=social_twitter]

name::
* Mcs.Bitstamp--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Bitstamp,

generic::
* blockchain-Đbexchange,

addressWpg::
* https://www.bitstamp.net/

bitstamp'office

OFFICES
UNITED KINGDOM
Bitstamp Ltd.
5 New Street Square
London EC4A 3TW
United Kingdom

LUXEMBOURG
Bitstamp Europe S.A.
10 rue Antoine Jans
L-1820 Luxembourg
Luxembourg

UNITED STATES
Bitstamp USA Inc.
2930 Magnolia Street
Berkeley, CA 94705
United States
[https://www.bitstamp.net/about_us/]

exchange-ogn.Bittrex (USA)

description::
We provide individuals and businesses a world class experience to buy and sell cutting-edge cryptocurrencies and digital tokens. Based and fully regulated in the USA, Bittrex is the go-to spot for traders who demand lightning fast trade execution, stable wallets, and industry-best security practices. Whether you are new to trading and cryptocurrencies, or a veteran to both, Bittrex.com was created for you!
[https://bittrex.com/]

name::
* Mcs.Bittrex--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Bittrex,

exchange-ogn.Blockhain {2011}

description::
Blockchain is the world’s most popular Bitcoin wallet. It is often confused with the core innovation that Bitcoin introduced. Founded in 2011, the company is one of the oldest and biggest Bitcoin’s companies.
Experiencing a rapid expansion in the last few years, the company has passed 6.7 million users, and the amount of Dwallets created on the platform is constantly increasing.
[http://cointelegraph.com/news/our-goal-is-to-replace-your-need-for-a-bank-says-blockchain-co-founder-and-ceo-nicolas-cary]
===
Blockchain is the world’s most popular Bitcoin wallet, and home to the most widely used Bitcoin APIs and trusted block explorer and search engine. It is recognized as the strongest, most trusted brand in Bitcoin.
[https://blockchain.com/about/]

name::
* Mcs.Blockchain--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Blockchain,

exchange-ogn.Changenlly-exchange {2016}

description::
Changelly, an automated cryptocurrency exchange and a relatively new player on the market of cryptocurrency exchanges, made its services available to its users in April 2016 after six months of a successful beta.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/with-charlie-shrem-as-advisor-shangelly-is-set-to-outperform-shapeshift]
===
https://cointelegraph.com/news/with-charlie-shrem-as-advisor-shangelly-is-set-to-outperform-shapeshift
[https://changelly.com/]
===
Changelly launched in 2013 as an instant exchange app, similar to the well-known ShapeShift. Rather than being a traditional exchange that requires users register before trading against an order book, with variable depth and the problems of slippage that can result, it aggregates rates from the largest trading platforms and offers a single rate. The commission is just 0.5%. By fundamentally rethinking the way cryptocurrencies are exchanged, Changelly aims to remove technical impediments to customers engaging with this critical element of the cryptocurrency world’s infrastructure.
[https://blog.chronobank.io/chronobank-makes-a-strategic-partnership-with-instant-exchange-service-changelly-b4fa39ca243e]

name::
* Mcs.Changenlly--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Changenlly,

ognChangelly'Fee

description::
Fair
Other cryptocurrency trading services charge you with withdrawal fees and commissions. We have a reasonable fee of 0.5%.
[https://changelly.com/]

ognChangelly'exchange-rate-chart

{time.2017-01-30}:
1 BTC = 023.69664034 ZEC,
1 BTC = 057.98876409 DASH,
1 BTC = 072.59264636 XMR,
1 BTC = 087.7577885 ETH,
1 BTC = 219.63516402 REP,
1 BTC = 237.42056798 LTC,
1 BTC = 262.5505738 FCT,
1 BTC = 706.47412891 ETC,
1 BTC = 914.12273926 SBD,
1 BTC = 919.07541013 NBT,
1 BTC = 002,186.00736684 RADS,
1 BTC = 003,086.5626495 EXP,
1 BTC = 005,702.06699928 STEEM,
1 BTC = 005,749.10888812 LSK,
1 BTC = 006,724.72344574 MAID,
1 BTC = 007,403.29446603 AEON,
1 BTC = 008,836.26402756 STRAT,
1 BTC = 018,537.39920289 AMP,
1 BTC = 021,466.13716861 NAV,
1 BTC = 028,985.50724637 FCN,
1 BTC = 030,688.96731624 LBC,
1 BTC = 034,387.89546079 NLG,
1 BTC = 046,019.3281178 ARDR,
1 BTC = 144,927.53623188 NXT,
1 BTC = 146,735.14306676 XRP,
1 BTC = 179,856.11510791 XEM,
1 BTC = 222,222.22222222 QCN,
1 BTC = 257,367.13421696 DSH,

1 BTC = 04,444,444.44444444 DOGE,
1 BTC = 10,822,510.82251082 XDN,
1 BTC = 15,797,788.30963665 BCN,

exchange-ogn.Coinbase (USA {2012})

description::
Founded in June of 2012, Coinbase is a bitcoin wallet and platform where merchants and consumers can transact with the new digital currency bitcoin. We're based in San Francisco, California.
Bitcoin is the world's most widely used alternative currency with a total market cap of approximately $5.3 billion. The bitcoin network is made up of thousands of computers run by individuals all over the world.
[https://www.coinbase.com/about?locale=en]
===
Bitcoin, made simple.
Coinbase is an international digital wallet that allows you to securely buy, use, and accept bitcoin currency ›
[https://coinbase.com/]

name::
* Mcs.Coinbase--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Coinbase,

addressWpg::
* https://coinbase.com/

coinbase'exchange

description::
Coinbase Exchange is the leading platform to trade bitcoin.
[https://exchange.coinbase.com/]

coinbase'API

addressWpg::
* https://docs.exchange.coinbase.com/?javascript#introduction,

coinbase.EVOLUTING

{time.2015}:
Coinbase opens bitcoin exchange in UK
Company targets British enthusiasm for digital currency as it eyes an international expansion
[Financial Times Briefing 2015-04-29]

exchange-ogn.Huobi-Global (Singapore)

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Huobi-Global,
* Mcs.Huobi-Global--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.Kraken-exchange (USA {2011})

description::
KRAKEN BITCOIN EXCHANGE PUTS YOU FIRST
Founded in 2011, San Francisco-based Kraken is the largest Bitcoin exchange in euro volume and liquidity and also trading Canadian dollars, US dollars, British pounds and Japanese yen. Kraken is consistently rated the best and most secure Bitcoin exchange by independent news media. Kraken was the first Bitcoin exchange to have trading price and volume displayed on the Bloomberg Terminal, the first to pass a cryptographically verifiable proof-of-reserves audit, and is a partner in the first cryptocurrency bank. Kraken is trusted by hundreds of thousands of traders, the Tokyo government's court-appointed trustee, and Germany's BaFin regulated Fidor Bank.
[https://www.kraken.com/en-us/about]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Kraken,
* Mcs.Kraken--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.KuCoin (Hong-Kong)

description::
"KuCoin is a relatively new entrant to the world of crypto exchanges, but that hasn’t held it back. Originally launching in China it later moved to Hong Kong to avoid the crackdown. This has proven a good move, as interest hasn’t faded and user numbers subsequently soared. A dozen or more cryptocurrencies now post seven-figure daily volumes, with ETH — its most popular coin — notching up more than $3 million a day. There is also an active market for BTC against Tether. Overall volumes top $50 million.
KuCoin's reputation has grown solidly over recent weeks and months, perhaps because the exchange has taken a sustainable approach to token listings and publicises the coins it includes to provide greater exposure both for itself and the coin communities. Fees are just 0.1%, with discounts for KuCoin holders. Perhaps best of all, they are famous for their outstanding customer service."
[{2018-03-03} https://blog.chronobank.io/time-lists-on-kucoin-30a6245812f5]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.KuCoin,
* Mcs.KuCoin--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.LakeBTC (CHINA)

description::
Location Addr: Suite 613, 231-1 Ludi Avenue, Kunshan, Jiangsu, China
[https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/LakeBTC]
===
LakeBTC project was started in early 2013 as a virtual bitcoin exchange initially for traders and other financial professionals interested in cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. Later that year, the exchange was incorporated and operated under the current domain name. Today, LakeBTC stands for Lake Banking Technology Company.
With years of experience trading treasuries, agency bonds, currencies, commodities, interest rates, volatilities and all types of derivatives and structured products, LakeBTC is dedicated to building a bitcoin platform for pricing, liquidity, security, derivatives and indexes. On LakeBTC, individuals, merchants and institutions can easily trade bitcoins, lock down the prices, manage their exposures, and hedge their risks.
Today, as cryptocurrencies gained more and more exposures to the general public, LakeBTC is becoming one of the best bitcoin platforms around the globe. Our years of risk management and internal control experience in financial industries build the most solid foundation for ensuring customers' fund and privacy being safe and secure. LakeBTC is one of the Big Four exchanges in the world that determinesCoinDesk Bitcoin Price Index (BPI).
[https://www.lakebtc.com/s/about]

name::
* Mcs.LakeBTC--Dchain-exchange-ogn,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.LakeBTC,

addressWpg::
* https://www.lakebtc.com/

lakebtc'security

description::
Our years of risk management and internal control experience in financial industries build the most solid foundation for ensuring customers' fund and privacy being safe and secure.

To protect your fund, we implemented a number of rigorous mechanisms including SSL encryption, cold storage, 2-step verification, SMS withdrawal confirmation, trade notifications and so on.

High availability and fast trade matches, even under enormouse amount of load, are two attributes that are critical to high liquidity and make us stand out in the crowd.

Besides, we also provide highly-secure market data and trading API's for advanced users who prefer arbitrages, market making, or alogrithm trading.
[https://www.lakebtc.com/]

exchange-ogn.Liqui ({2016})

description::
Liqui is the latest exchange to add ChronoBank’s TIME token. The exchange launched on 1 September 2016, and is still a relatively new but fast-growing entrant to the cryptocurrency world. Its team of seven are located in various countries and jurisdictions around the world, and in a short period of time have managed to build a strong business that has gained the trust of an increasing number of traders thanks to its user-friendly interface, commitment to user support and rapid listing of some of the most popular and promising Ethereum-based tokens?—?including Iconomi, Golem and Wings.
One of Liqui’s unique features is its deposit accounts that allow users to earn annual interest of 24% for BTC and ETH, within a fixed limit. The exchange’s trading API has recently been implemented, and in the near future a Tether (USDT) market is expected. Liqui has established a reputation for pro-active cooperation with leading market-makers and businesses within the cryptocurrency industry.
[https://blog.chronobank.io/chronobank-announced-partnership-with-liqui-exchange-652140c46d84]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Liqui,
* Mcs.Liqui--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.LiteBit-exchange (Netherlands {2013})

description::
LiteBit is a young innovative company established in Zoetermeer, The Netherlands. LiteBit exists now more than two year and we, as a team, are very proud of that! LiteBit ensures that you and others can buy & sell bitcoins easily, safely and quickly. All our employees work accurately with a aim for the customer. We provide all kinds of services to make your life with crypto currency easier, quicker and more efficient. Did you try out our price alerts for bitcoin or any other crypto currency? It’s free!
Besides LiteBit we develop new applications that are using Blockchain Technology. We are also known as 2525 Ventures B.V.
Kenny Rokven
CEO
“I started LiteBit on 7th of december in 2013. I am responsible for all general business of LiteBit. ”
[https://www.litebit.eu/en/about]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.LiteBit,
* Mcs.LiteBit--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.Lykke (Swiss)

description::
What is Lykke?
Lykke is a movement to build one global marketplace that is a level playing field where everyone has access.
We start with foreign exchange and expand to equities, fixed income, commodities and other asset classes.
Lykke Corp is incorporated in Switzerland and issued it's shares on the blockchain (Lykke Coins).
[https://lykke.com/city/faq]
===
"Lykke is one of the first 9 exchanges that the #Blockchain Transparency Institute (BTI) has named as BTI Verified, along with @krakenfx, @coinbase, @Poloniex, @BittrexExchange, Liquid, Gate, @Bitso"
[https://twitter.com/lykke/status/1116355979334037505]

name::
* Mcs.Lykke, {2019-06-05}
* Mcs.Lykke--Dchain-exchange-ogn!⇒Lykke,
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Lykke!⇒Lykke,
===
Why did we choose the name Lykke?
Lykke was the surname of Richard's grandmother on his father's side. The word means luck and happiness. His father explained to them that they are Lykke.
[https://lykke.com/city/faq]

fee of Lykke

description::
What is the business-model?
Commissions & fees at Lykke Wallet are essentially zero. Lykke will make money on providing liquidity, issuance services and consulting.
[https://lykke.com/city/faq]

name::
* Mcs.Lykke'fee,

blockchain of Lykke

block-explorer of Lykke

description::
"Explore the Blockchain. Search transaction, assets, addresses or blocks"
[https://blockchainexplorer.lykke.com/]

name::
* Mcs.Lykke'blockchain-explorer,

addressWpg::
* https://blockchainexplorer.lykke.com/

asset of Lykke

name::
* Mcs.Lykke'asset,
* Mcs.Lykke-asset,
* Mcs.Lykke'Evu,
* Mcs.Lykke'token,

addressWpg::
* https://blockchainexplorer.lykke.com/assets,

LyCI-Index of Lykke

description::
"LyCI is a weighted index that consolidates and tracks a selection of the worlds top performing cryptocurrencies. It provides a snapshot of the crypto market in one single, easily understandable measure."
[https://www.lykke.com/]

===
"The LyCI Index was introduced by Lykke at the end of 2018 and represents a market-cap weighted basket of the top-25 crypto assets, rebalanced minute-by-minute."
[https://medium.com/lykke/lyci-the-new-generation-of-crypto-the-top-25-cryptos-in-one-click-78b75f92fa24]

name::
* Mcs.LyCI, /lusi/
* Mcs.LyCI-Index!⇒LyCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'Lykke-crypto-index!⇒LyCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'crypto-index-LyCI!⇒LyCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'LyCI-Index!⇒LyCI,
* Mcs.Lykke-crypto-index!⇒LyCI,

constituent of LyCI

description::
"LyCI is a weighted index which means that the proportion of each digital asset contained in the group is dependent on their total market capitalization. LyCI takes the current mid-market prices of the 25 cryptocurrencies with the largest market capitalization – i.e. those that are worth the most in terms of total asset value."
[https://www.lykke.com/lyci/]

name::
* Mcs.LyCI'constituent,

specific::
At the time of writing the cryptocurrencies with the highest market cap and corresponding weights are (data from coinmarketcap):
* BTC 63.02 %
* ETH 11.92 %
* XRP 7.67 %
* BCH 3.23 %
* LTC 2.91 %
* EOS 2.66 %
* XLM 1.08 %
* TRX 1.03 %
* ADA 0.98 %
* XMR 0.66 %
* DASH 0.59 %
* IOTA 0.54 %
* ATOM 0.51 %
* ETC 0.41 %
* NEO 0.37 %
* XTZ 0.35 %
* XEM 0.34 %
* MKR 0.32 %
* ONT 0.29 %
* ZEC 0.24 %
* BTG 0.20 %
* VET 0.19 %
* BAT 0.19 %
* DOGE 0.16 %
* QTUM 0.13 %,
[https://www.lykke.com/lyci/]

resource of LyCI

name::
* Mcs.LyCI'resource,

addressWpg::
* specification: https://www.lykke.com/media/documents/LyCI%20-%20Specification-3.pdf,

Lykke-coin of Lykke

description::
What is a Lykke coin?
A Lykke coin is a colored coin that is issued by Lykke Corp.
One Lykke colored coin is 0.01 (one one-hundredth) of one share of Lykke Corp. 100 Lykke colored coins are one share of Lykke Corp.
Lykke Corp has committed 2.5 Mio Lykke Corp shares (20% of Lykke's capital) for issuance as Lykke colored coins, which means that a total of 250 Mio Lykke colored coins will be outstanding.
Lykke Corp makes a market for its coins so that citizens can sell their coins and cash out.
See Lykke Coinprism Metadata
[https://lykke.com/city/faq]

What's the total supply of Lykke coins?
Total number of Lykke Coins issued is 1,285,690,000. The ownership structure is stored on the blockchain: https://www.coinprism.info/asset/AXkedGbAH1XGDpAypVzA5eyjegX4FaCnvM/owners
[https://lykke.com/city/faq]

name::
* Mcs.DvLKK,
* Mcs.Lykke'Lykke-coin!⇒DvLKK,

LyCI-Service-token of Lykke

description::
"The LyCI Service token, allows customers to purchase the top 25 cryptocurrencies tracked by the LyCI Index in one click.
... Richard Olsen, CEO of Lykke and previously co-founder of Oanda said “... The LyCI service token is the first token of its kind and makes it easy for investors to pick these winners, diversify risk and simplify the management of a broad universe of cryptos”."
[https://medium.com/lykke/lyci-the-new-generation-of-crypto-the-top-25-cryptos-in-one-click-78b75f92fa24]

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI, /di-vi-lusi/
* Mcs.LyCI-service-crypto-token!⇒DvLYCI,
* Mcs.LyCI-token!⇒DvLYCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'LyCI!⇒DvLYCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'LyCI-service-token!⇒DvLYCI,

ticker of DvLYCI

description::
· LYCI

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'ticker,

generic-chain::
* ticker of Dasset,

service-fee of DvLYCI

description::
"1.45% p.a. deducted from the basket value on a minute-by-minute basis."
[https://www.lykke.com/lyci/]

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'service-fee,

terms-of-service of DvLYCI

description::
· https://lkefiles.blob.core.windows.net/lykkecom/LyCI%20SERVICE%20TOKEN%20-%20TERMS%20OF%20SERVICE%20-%2025.01.2019%20(FINAL).pdf,

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'terms-of-service,

service-methodology of DvLYCI

description::
· https://lkefiles.blob.core.windows.net/lykkecom/ANNEX_1_LyCI_SERVICE_TOKEN_Service.pdf,

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'service-methodology,

evaluation of DvLYCI

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'evaluation,

specific::
* benefit,
* problem,

evaluation.benefit of DvLYCI

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'benefit,

specific::
* reduces risk by spreading your investment,
* saves you time by evalating performance of individual Dassets.

evaluation.problem of DvLYCI

description::
* unfortunately Dassets are Bitcoin dependent in a significant degree.
· DvLYCI even though reduces the-risk by spreading your investment, continues to be-related to Bitcoin volatility.
* only in pair with USD.

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'problem,

resource of DvLYCI

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'resource,

addressWpg::
* https://info.lykke.com/,
* https://www.lykke.com/lyci/,
* {2019-06-16} Andrew-Douglas, Could Cryptocurrency Index Products such as Lykke’s LyCI be the Retail Gateway to Crypto Investing? https://medium.com/datadriveninvestor/could-lykkes-lyci-index-product-be-the-gateway-retail-investors-are-waiting-for-72635c0eb2ff,
* {2019-06-06} Tendai-Tomu, https://medium.com/@tendaitomu/imagine-scooping-up-the-top-25-cryptocurrencies-with-one-click-1cf533096a45,
* {2019-01-29} https://medium.com/lykke/lyci-the-new-generation-of-crypto-the-top-25-cryptos-in-one-click-78b75f92fa24,

GENERIC of DvLYCI

name::
* Mcs.DvLYCI'generic,

generic-chain::
* ERC20-token,
* utility-token,

PayLyCI of Lykke

description::
"Pay LyCI tracks the top 10 cryptocurrencies that can be used to buy and sell goods and services. Similar to traditional currency, the value of these cryptocurrencies may rise or fall. It is considered a matter of near certainty that blockchain solutions will change how we pay for goods or services but exactly which, if any, of the current solutions will be the ones that our children use on a daily basis is still uncertain. As a result, users can benefit hugely from exposure and access to a single weighted collection of these different currencies, so that you have all the benefits of diversification and upside of growth potential."
[https://info.lykke.com/]
===
"#PayLyCI is a crypto token you can buy only at Lykke.
Behind it, there's a complex algorithm that identifies, tracks & buys for you the top 10 payment crypto coins.
If the top 10 reshuffle, LyCI will automatically update the constituents of your portfolio http://info.lykke.com"
[https://twitter.com/lykke/status/1138023001276985344]

name::
* Mcs.DvPLYCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'PayLyCI!⇒DvPLYCI,
* Mcs.PayLyCI-of-Lykke!⇒DvPLYCI,

SmartLyCI of Lykke

description::
"Smart LyCI tracks the top 10 blockchain projects working on improving how contractual agreements are recorded and settled. Smart contracts aim to facilitate agreements to be carried out among two or more parties remotely, without the need for a legal system, lawyers or courts. They render transactions traceable, transparent, and irreversible by recording the terms digitally on the blockchain. They ensure that the amount agreed is held in the system — not by a third party — and is only released once the terms of the contract are settled. No party can run away with the money and there are no hefty commissions to lawyers or agents."
[https://info.lykke.com/]

name::
* Mcs.DvSLYCI,
* Mcs.Lykke'SmartLyCI,

human of Lykke

name::
* Mcs.Lykke'human,

specific::
* Olsen.Richard, CEO,

resource of Lykke

name::
* Mcs.Lykke'resource,

addressWpg::
* https://lykke.world/, (company)
* email: support@lykke.com,
* https://www.lykke.com/, (wallet)
* https://blockchainexplorer.lykke.com/,
* https://streams.lykke.com/, (ideas)
===
* https://twitter.com/lykke,
* https://medium.com/@LykkeCorp,
* https://medium.com/lykke,
* https://www.reddit.com/r/lykke/,

exchange-ogn.OKEx (Malta)

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.OKEx,
* Mcs.OKEx-Dchain-exhange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.Poloniex-exchange (USA)

description::
WELCOME TO POLONIEX
We are a US-based cryptocurrency exchange offering maximum security and advanced trading features.
[https://poloniex.com/]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.Poloniex,
* Mcs.Poloniex--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

exchange-ogn.QuadrigaCX (Canada)

description::
Quadriga CX is a Canadian Cryptocurrency exchange platform, with offices in Vancouver, BC. Our goal is to provide an easy to use platform to simplify the process of buying and selling Bitcoins.
[https://www.quadrigacx.com/about]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-exchange-ogn.QuadrigaCX,
* Mcs.QuadrigaCX--Dchain-exchange-ogn,

DnChain-ogn.FOUNDATION

description::
· foundation is an-organization that promotes and supports a-chain-net.
===
"One of the greatest challenges of building a cryptocurrency platform is ensuring you create a decentralized system of governance to manage, fund, maintain and expand the project.
This key element has been absent in every major currency to date, so the natural response is to create a not-for-profit foundation that is tasked with maintaining the core protocol and promoting the coin, but is not really connected to the coin holders in any meaningful way."
[https://docs.dash.org/en/stable/governance/understanding.html]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.foundation,
* Mcs.foundation-ogn--of-Dchain,

DnChain-ogn.MERCHANT

description::
Wholesaler or retailer who may buy goods from any or all sources for resale to anyone and everyone for profit, using chain-assets.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.merchant,

DnChain-ogn.VENTURE-CAPITAL

description::
ConsenSys Ventures will have to deal with some of the more established players in the Blockchain VC space such as Pantera Capital, Barry Silbert's Digital Currency Group, Adam Draper's Boost VC, Blockchain Capital and Fred Wilson's Union Square Ventures.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/ethereum-cofounder-launches-venture-capital-arm-with-50-mln-investment]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.ventrure-capital,
* Mcs.chain-ventrure-capital--organization,
* Mcs.chain-VC--organization,
* Mcs.ventrure-capital.chain-ogn,

DnChain-ogn.Accenture

description::
Accenture strives to be at the forefront of blockchain innovation and its practical, real world application.
We provide our clients with a complete view of the blockchain-based technology landscape and its potential business implications. Our global team of experts works with each client to help build smart strategies around effective use-cases, investment and implementation.
Blockchain has the potential to drive profound, positive change. We are working closely with leaders from across a broad range of industries, governments, consortia, the academic community and our key technology alliances to move technology forward so that, ultimately, it can help to improve the way the world lives and works.
[https://www.accenture.com/us-en/service-blockchain-financial-services]

name::
* Mcs.Accenture-company,
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.Accenture,

DnChain-ogn.Chain.com

description::
The Chain Platform
Our solutions enable institutions to design, deploy, and operate blockchain networks that can power any type of asset in any market.
[http://chain.com/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.Chain.com,

DnChain-ogn.Coin-Center

Coin Center, the industry’s leading public policy research and advocacy center.
[http://www.coindesk.com/events/consensus-2016/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.Coin-Center,
* Mcs.Coin-Center,

DnChain-ogn.CoinDesk

description::
CoinDesk is the world leader in news and information on digital currencies such as bitcoin, and its underlying technology – the blockchain.

We cover news and analysis on the trends, price movements, technologies, companies and people in the bitcoin and digital currency world.

Our per-minute Bitcoin Price Index, a derived measure of bitcoin's value based on an agreed set of criteria, also serves as a point of reference for those involved in the bitcoin industry.

If you're new to bitcoin, read our straightforward guides on the basics of what bitcoin is, why people use it, where to buy bitcoins and how to spend them. We also explain the basics of bitcoin mining, how to set up a bitcoin miner, and how bitcoin transactions work.

Digital currency is a rapidly evolving industry and we believe one of the biggest developments in internet history in the making.

There are bitcoin exchanges, merchants accepting and promoting bitcoin, investors, traders, startups and developers all contributing to the ecosystem. There are also regulatory bodies all over the world trying to understand more about bitcoin, take a stance on it and assign guidelines to companies trading in or otherwise involved with bitcoin.

We strive to cover news accurately, fairly, objectively and responsibly. Obtaining original comment, corroborating information from other sources, and showcasing original opinion are fundamental to this. View our editorial policy here.

CoinDesk is an independent publication with reporters all over the world. If you're interested in writing for us, whether as a freelancer or occasional contributor, get in touch or check out our Jobs page.

If you have a question or a story, send us a tip. Contact us for anything else.
[http://www.coindesk.com/about-us/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.CoinDesk,
* Mcs.CoinDesk,

DnChain-ogn.Digital-Currency-Group

description::
Digital Currency Group (DCG), the blockchain industry’s most active investor
[http://www.coindesk.com/events/consensus-2016/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.Digital-Currency-Group-(DCG),
* Mcs.Digital-Currency-Group-(DCG),

DnChain-ogn.GBBC

description::
Expanding Blockchain Technology Around the World
The Global Blockchain Business Council (GBBC) brings together the world’s leading businesses and business leaders to highlight the latest innovations and advances in Blockchain technology.
The GBBC is committed to fostering partnerships, raising awareness of the potential of this groundbreaking technology and providing a forum for education, collaboration and partnership.
[http://www.gbbcouncil.org/]
===
By Alicia Naumoff {time.2017-01-22}
The Blockchain Council Announced in Davos That Bitcoin Price Will Grow as Trump Takes Office
The Bitfury Group that develops Bitcoin mining hardware and operates mining farms has announced that in collaboration with the international law firm Covington it has launched the Global Blockchain Business Council (GBBC).

The announcement was made at the event held alongside the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos.

It happened just before the new United States President Donald Trump sent jitters down the spine of the world’s political and financial elite announcing at his inauguration: “From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land.” Trump has promised the American people “challenges” and “hardships” on the way of “getting the job done.” The price of Bitcoin took a cue from that message and immediately shot forward.

Top heads sighted

A number of technology, banking and financial experts and thought leaders were spotted at the Davos event where the Blockchain council has been created. They include former Swedish Prime Minister and senior advisor at Covington Carl Bildt, former Estonian President Toomas Hendrik, Dr. Wei Wang, founding chairman of China Mergers & Acquisitions (CMAA), and Don Tapscott the author of the best-seller “Blockchain Revolution”, just to name a few.

The Bitfury Group is a global team of experts in technology, business, communications, security and civil society, who are all big believers in the potential of Blockchain to open new doors for global economic opportunity and prosperity.

The main idea behind the Council is to bring together leading businesses, executives and government authorities to collaborate driving forward development and adoption of Blockchain technology around the globe.

A resource center and an educational forum

Valery Vavilov, the CEO of Bitfury Group, described the newly established Council as “a much-needed forum for businesses, innovators and technologists” to join forces and facilitate the advancement of Blockchain technology.

The GBBC will fulfill the role of a resource center and an educational forum to foster collaboration and partnerships across industries. It will assist companies by raising awareness of the potential of Blockchain technology and help engaging businesses interested in developing within the Blockchain space.

Covington brings to the table its broad-based experience in advising their clients in connection with policies, regulation litigation, enforcement and investigation, privacy and data security, consumer protection and transactional matters related to distributed ledger technology.

Sebastian Vos, Co-Chair of Covington’s global public policy and government affairs practice, said:

“Through advocacy and international engagement, Covington looks forward to working with the Global Blockchain Business Council to unlock the potential of Blockchain technology.”

Blockchain revolution

We saw how the Internet revolutionized many industries. We are now witnessing Blockchain technology steadily changing our approach to commerce, communications, financial services, entertainment industries, and many other spheres.

A lot has been said about the beauty of this technology and how it allows for any asset to be digitized, transferred and recorded on transparent and extremely secure ledgers.

Blockchain is marching across industries sweeping away slow, expensive and hackable intermediaries. When talking about the ways to facilitate this process, many experts often emphasize the need to increase collaboration between businesses and government authorities. Well, some are moving from words to deeds.

To learn more about the Global Blockchain Business Council please visit www.gbbcouncil.org.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/the-blockchain-council-announced-in-davos-that-bitcoin-price-will-grow-as-trump-takes-office]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.GBBC,
* Mcs.Global-Blockchain-Business-Council,

DnChain-ogn.Guardtime

description::
About Guardtime
Who we are
We are a team of over 100 cryptographers, network architects, hardware engineers, software developers and security architects, with decades of experience building cybersecurity solutions for enterprise, financial, telecommunications service providers, and military customers among others.

In 2007 we invented Keyless Signature Infrastructure, the first and only blockchain platform for ensuring the integrity of systems, networks and data at industrial scale.

What we do
We build products using our technology that solve problems no one else can solve. Examples include Anti-Tamper hardware designed to resist nation-state reverse engineering, a quantum-immune replacement for RSA digital signatures, cryptographic provenance tracking for software and IOT life cycles, insider threat mitigation and deterministic data loss prevention.

What we believe
We believe that integrity must be the basis for building reliable, resilient and secure systems. For the last 40 years security has come to mean confidentiality and encryption. Integrity has largely been forgotten, primarily because there hasn't been the tools to address it. Our contrarian view is that confidentiality is what you get when your systems have integrity.

If you can guarantee integrity (of systems, of processes, of supply chains) then you can guarantee the absence of compromise and replace a security strategy based on hope (that your security is working) with one based on mathematical certainty.

Office locations

Amsterdam
The Netherlands
Pinnacle Tower, Rapenburgerstraat 177/S,
1011 VM Amsterdam,
The Netherlands

Irvine, CA
United States
5151 California Ave,
Irvine, CA 92617,
United States

Tallinn
Estonia
A. H. Tammsaare tee 60,
Tallinn, 11316,
Estonia

Tartu
Estonia
Kόόni 5b,
Tartu, 51004,
Estonia

Please e-mail us at info@guardtime.com

For press inquiries: pr@guardtime.com and +1 (415) 625-8555
[https://guardtime.com/about]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.Guardtime,

DnChain-ogn.HyperLedger-Project

description::
The Hyperledger Project is a collaborative effort created to advance blockchain technology by identifying and addressing important features for a cross-industry open standard for distributed ledgers that can transform the way business transactions are conducted globally. The Project is a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project and implements many open source best practices familiar to other leading projects.

To facilitate an open ecosystem, the Hyperledger Project was structured with an open governance model.

The Technical Steering Committee (TSC) will provide leadership regarding the technical direction of the Hyperledger Project.
The Board of Directors will manage business leadership for the Hyperledger Project including governance, marketing and operational decisions.
For more information on the Hyperledger Project's Governance Model, IP Policy, Antitrust Guidelines, and other operational aspects, please read the Hyperledger Project Charter
[https://www.hyperledger.org/about]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-ogn.hyperledger,
* Mcs.HyperLedger-project,

addressWpg::
* https://www.hyperledger.org/
===
* {2018-07-17} Tech Giant Oracle Launches Blockchain Cloud Service Platform, https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2018-01-30} https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/hyperledger-releases-sawtooth-10/,
* {2017-04-18} https://cointelegraph.com/news/permissible-smart-contr...tion-with-ethereum,

project of HyperLedger

lifecycle of project

addressWpg::
* https://wiki.hyperledger.org/community/project-lifecycle,

Project Lifecycle
The term “project” within the Hyperledger Project will refer to a collaborative endeavor to deliver a work item. There may be some projects that are intended to produce a document, such as a requirements or use cases document, a whitepaper, or analysis. Others may be to develop a new capability, or refactor (or remove) an existing capability for the Hyperledger technology releases. Such projects may take the form of a new component (e.g. a new repository) or may propose additions, deletions or changes to an existing repository(s).

Many other open source initiatives leverage an incubation process for new work items, and this seems to have a desired effect of encouraging new ideas and tracks of work, while at the same time providing clear guidance to the broader community as to what is real and supported, versus what is still in the exploratory/experimental/developmental phases.

Therefore the Hyperledger Project has adopted a similar lifecycle process as follows:
Projects are in one of five possible states:
Proposal
Incubation
Active
Deprecated
End of Life
Projects may not necessarily move through those states in a linear way and may go through several iterations.

proposal

Project Proposals shall be submitted to the TSC for review, using a Proposal Template. Proposals that are approved shall enter into an Incubation state, unless they are of a refactoring nature, in which case they will be turned over to the relevant project maintainer(s) to handle as they deem fit.

A Proposal must:

have a clear description
have a well-defined scope
identify committed development resources
identify initial maintainers
be vendor neutral
Incubation

Approved project proposals enter into Incubation. For new components/modules, a repository will be created under the hyperledger Github org, and optionally under Gerrit and JIRA, if requested. New features/capabilities should be handled through pull requests labeled with tags that identify the project and tag it as “incubator” (and will ideally be capable of being enabled/disabled with feature-flags).

Projects in Incubation may overlap with one another. Entering Incubation is meant to be fairly easy to allow for community exploration of different ideas.

Once a project qualifies to be declared Active, the project’s maintainers can then vote to request a graduation review by the TSC.

Projects seeking to graduate from Incubation must:

have fully functional code base
have test coverage commensurate with other Active projects
have an active and diverse community of developers
have a history of releases that follow the Active release process
Entering Incubation does not guarantee that the project will eventually get to Active state. Projects may never get to Active state.

The criteria to exit Incubation are defined in the Incubation Exit Criteria document.

active

Projects that have successfully exited the Incubation phase are in the Active phase.

Anyone may propose that a project be deprecated, by submitting a rationale and identifying a substitute project/component (if any). The maintainers of the project shall vote on such a request and if it passes, make that recommendation to the TSC. Members of the community that disagree with the request shall make their case before the TSC. The TSC shall consider all points of view and render a final decision to deprecate or not.

Deprecated

A Deprecated project will be maintained for a six month period by its community, after which it will be removed from any subsequent formal releases. Notice will be given to the public of the project’s deprecation. After the six-month deprecation period, the project will be labeled End of Life.

end of Life

A project that is no longer actively developed or maintained.

Dogn|DAO of DnChain (link)

evaluation of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-evaluation,
* Mcs.DnChain'evaluation!⇒DnChain-evaluation,
* Mcs.Dledger-evaluation!⇒DnChain-evaluation,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeEvaluation!⇒DnChain-evaluation,
* Mcs.Đ-eval!⇒DnChain-evaluation,

Evaluation::
Throughout all the years I've been working as a software engineer, there has never been a technology breakthrough that I thought had more potential to change people's lives for the better than Bitcoin.
[https://leanpub.com/decentralizedapplicationswithethereum/read_sample]

Evaluation::
“Wherever trust is a problem, blockchain can be a solution.”
- Amanda Gutterman
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/podcast-amanda-gutterman-innovators-lab]

Evaluation::
Blockchain Features
Blockchains have the following properties.
Undeletable
The data that is on the blockchain will exist as long as there is some node in the network still operating. Once data has been put in a block, it can never be removed.
Unmodifiable
Using public-private key cryptography, all data are verifiably signed and cannot be modified by a third party.
No Downtime
Using the blockchain, zero downtime systems can finally be realized.
Advanced Features for the Blockchain
Mijin is not only a simple platform for creating points or custom currencies, but will have many advanced features.
Support for Multiple Assets
Unlike Bitcoin that has only a single digital asset, Mijin supports any arbitrary asset, allowing you to freely create and manage all your assets. We call these.
Support for Multi-signature Accounts
Mijin supports m-of-n multi-signature accounts at the platform level. You can designate multiple signatory accounts that need to sign off on transactions from an account. This can be useful for managing departmental budgets for companies or governments.
Smart Contract Support
Mijin will allow for powerful computational contracts and programs to be run in a decentralized and verifiable manner.
[http://mijin.io/en/about-mijin]

Evaluation::
Over a year ago, Marc Andreessen, the doyen of Silicon Valley's venture capitalists, listed the blockchain's distributed consensus model as the most important invention since the Internet itself.
[http://recode.net/2015/07/05/forget-bitcoin-what-is-the-blockchain-and-why-should-you-care/]

Evaluation::
This is why blockchain technology is so exciting – it is not just about an incremental improvement in utility e.g. escrow smart contracts, it is not just about dramatically lowering the cost of setting up a trusted business, see the Great Unbundle blog, it is also about the ability to quickly and cheaply experiment with new money creation models.
[https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/crypto-20-musings-bitcoin-money-creation-alex-batlin?]

Evaluation::
Blockchain technology allows the elimination of any centralized point of failure, storing all the platform data on all system nodes in a distributed fashion.
[http://wavesplatform.com/]

resource of DnChain-evaluation

addressWpg::
* {2019-07-01} https://cointelegraph.com/news/from-ponzi-to-were-working-on-it-bis-chief-reverses-stance-on-crypto,
* {2019-06-04} Tony-Sheng, To avoid bias, hold no coins, https://www.tonysheng.com/bias-crypto-status-quo,
* {2019-02-03} https://www.dapp.com/article/dapp-com-ama-ep8-highlights-vladimir-tomko-and-kokushi-hattori,
* {2018-10-15} Nouriel-Roubini, The Big Blockchain Lie, https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/blockchain-big-lie-by-nouriel-roubini-2018-10,
* {2018-06-14} Wesley-Graham, The Four Major Things Missing in The Blockchain Industry, https://blockchainatberkeley.blog/,
* {2018-03-01} Why Bill Gates’ Remarks on Bitcoin ‘Deaths’ are Flawed at Every Level: https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2018-02-27} Bill-Gates: 'The main feature of crypto currencies is their anonymity.' https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/,
* {2017-11-19} https://techcrunch.com/2017/11/19/100-cryptocurrencies-described-in-4-words-or-less/,
* {2017-09-17} Daniel-Jeffries, The Empire Strikes Back with a Coordinated War on Crypto: https://hackernoon.com/,
* {2017-09-09} Αρης-Χατζηστεφάνου, Από τις τουλίπες στα bitcoins: μια φούσκα δρόμος,
* Blockchain Comparison: Nxt, Ardor, NEM, Ethereum, Bitcoin, https://www.jelurida.com/blockchain-comparison,

DnChain-evaluation.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Dledger-Con,
* Dledger-Pro,
* Blockchain-evaluation,

DnChain-evaluation.BENEFIT

description::
The use cases differ, but the benefits derived from using the technology remain unchanged: transparency, immutability, redundancy and security.
[https://medium.com/@matteozago/50-examples-of-how-blockchains-are-taking-over-the-world-4276bf488a4b]

name::
* Mcs.chain-benefit, {2019-03-12}
* Mcs.DnChain-evaluation.pro!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.DnChain'advantage!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.DnChain'benefit!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.DnChain'pro!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeEvaluation.pro!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.Dledger-advantage!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.Dledger-benefit!⇒DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.Dledger-evaluation.pro!⇒DnChain-benefit,

resource of chain-benefit

name::
* Mcs.chain-benefit'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-19} https://coingape.com/venezuelan-claim-bitcoin-better-than-banks/ when the-electricity was-down,
* {2018-06-01} Ross-Garlick, The Great Decentralization of Everything: Energy generation and food production are next, https://medium.com/@rossgarlick/the-great-decentralization-of-everything-8f62e78a6808,
* {2018-03-21} Sergio-Pereira, Year is 2020, Decentralized Trust is already enabling new Business Models, https://hackernoon.com/year-is-2020-decentralized-trust-is-already-enabling-new-business-models-c8913da3aa39,
* {2017-12-10} Preethi Kasireddy, Fundamental challenges with public blockchains, https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/,
* {2017-06-23} Daniel-Jeffries, Why Everyone Missed the Most Important Invention in the Last 500 Years: https://hackernoon.com/,

DnChain-benefit.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefit.specific,

specific::
* decentralized-trust,
* double-spending,
* immutability,

DnChain-benefit.DECENTRALIZED-TRUST

description::
"in code, we trust"
===
· chain-net technology is-built to eliminate the-reliance on centralized-trust.
· chain-net is NOT trustless, chain-net created the-decentralized-trust.
===
"The main benefit of blockchain technology is the ability for parties to share a ledger without having to rely on a central authority. Blockchains are decentralized."
[https://cosmos.network/intro]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefit.autonomated-trust,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefit.decentralized-trust,
* Mcs.automated-trust--DnChain-benefit,
* Mcs.decentralized-trust--DnChain-benefit,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-13} MIT Technology Review Insights, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613677/blockchains-real-promise-automating-trust/,

DnChain-benefit.DOUBLE-SPENDING-PROTECTION

description::
"double-spend protection is the main reason blockchains exist in the first place."
[http://www.comit.network/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefit.double-spending-protection,

DnChain-evaluation.benefitNo

description::
"The dirty secrets of blockchains: they don’t scale (yet), aren’t really decentralized, distribute wealth poorly, lack killer apps, and run on a controlled Internet."
[{2018-04-08} Naval-Ravikant, https://twitter.com/naval/status/983016288195829770]
===
· what matters is that blockchains and cryptocurrency, originally founded in a-vision of using technology to escape from the-failures of human-politics, have essentially all but replicated it.
[{2018-03-28} V-Buterin, https://vitalik.ca/general/2018/03/28/plutocracy.html]
===
"In truth, blockchains (like A.I., genetic engineering, and others) are a risky emerging technology. They could do harm in many ways, including:
- Unstoppable decentralized/autonomous organizations coordinating and incentivizing wrongdoing
- Mass adoption of cryptocurrencies wreaking economic and political havoc
- Decentralized networks performing surveillance for governments, corporations, or peers"
[https://medium.com/blockchannel/blockchain-is-governance-e0d827b97b3f]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-evaluation.con!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.DnChain'advantageNo, {2019-02-23}
* Mcs.DnChain'con!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.DnChain'problem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeProblem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeEvaluation.con!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.DnChain-problem, {2019-04-01}
* Mcs.Dledger-drwaback!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Dledger-evaluation.con!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.D-stroke-problem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Dcc-pbm!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Dcc-problem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.chain-advantageNo!⇒DnChain-benefitNo, {2019-02-16}
* Mcs.chain-con!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-issue!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-problem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.problem-of-Dnchain!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Đ-pbm!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,
* Mcs.Đ-problem!⇒DnChain-benefitNo,

resource of benefitNo

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-17} John-Saddington, https://medium.freecodecamp.org/why-decentralized-projects-fail-and-what-to-do-about-it-5f06e52a387,
* {2019-02-27} P.-H.-Madore, https://www.ccn.com/crypto-miners-earn-millions-for-doing-nothing,
* {2018-04-05} Kai-Stinchcombe, Blockchain is not only crappy technology but a bad vision for the future: https://medium.com/@kaistinchcombe/,
* {2019-12-10} Preethi-Kasireddy, https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/fundamental-challenges-with-public-blockchains-253c800e9428,
* {2017-09-24} How to tell if your computer is secretly mining cryptocurrency, and what to do about it: https://qz.com/,

problem.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.specific,

specific::
* blockchain-net--problem,
===
* bandwidth-problem,
* computations-problem,
* storage-problem,
===
* security-problem,
* scalability-problem,
* interoperability-problem,
* sustainability-problem,
* adoption-problem,
* centralization-on-appending--problem,
* conflict-resolution--problem,
* distribution-of-chain-asset--problem,
* evoluting-management--problem,
* forking-a-chain--problem,
* governance-problem,
* immutability-problem,
* micropayment-problem,
* resource-efficiency-on-appending--problem,
* size-of-chain--problem,
* speculation-on-chain-asset--problem,
* transaction-fees--problem,

problem.APPLICABILITY

description::
"Applicability
Because of the lack of scalability, interoperability, and developability, end consumer use cases are not realized.
Blockchain has not yet bridged the gap from core technology to actual applications, and at this point, remains theoretical rather than practical."
[https://polkadot.network/Polkadot-lightpaper.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.applicability,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.service,
* Mcs.applicability--DnChain-problem,

problem.EASE-OF-USE

description::
"Ease of use may be the most critical component of scaling to mass adoption."
[{2019-05-17} Daniel-Larimer, https://twitter.com/bytemaster7/status/1129360646682927104]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'usability,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.ease-of-use,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.usability,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.user-interface,
* Mcs.ease-of-use--DnChain-problem,
* Mcs.usability-of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* https://fio.foundation/: The Standard for Blockchain Usability,

problem.ISOLABILITY

description::
"Isolability:
Blockchain networks exist in isolation with no communication or interoperability between them.
Bitcoin cannot communicate with Ethereum which cannot communicate with private chains."
[https://polkadot.network/Polkadot-lightpaper.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.isolability,
* Mcs.isolability--DnChain-problem,

problem.ANONYMITY

description::
· Dchain-anonymity is a-benefit and a-problem.
· it is a-problem for Dchain-governance and Dasset-distribution.
[hmnSgm.2019-04-26]
===
"crypto-communities are anonymous online-communities that anyone is free to join, and where everyone can easily feel unaccountable under the-shield of anonymity, so it is an-environment that encourages scummy-behavior much more than others."
[{2018-03-31} https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/thanks-for-replying-d8ea7683246c]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'anonymity-problem,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.anonymity,
* Mcs.anonymity-problem--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-19} Jeremy-Epstein, Why Blockchain-based Governance Requires In-Person Identity Verification, https://medium.com/datadriveninvestor/why-blockchain-based-governance-requires-in-person-identity-verification-766d6709acc2,

problem.GOVERNANCE (link)

problem.DISTRIBUTION-OF-DASSETS

description::
· inequality of Dasset distribution.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.distribution,
* Mcs.crypto-inequality,

problem.ENERGY-CONSUMPTION

description::
"How Much Energy Does It Take to “Mine” Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin?
It takes more than 3 times as much energy to "mine" a dollar's worth of bitcoin than to mine the same value in gold.
Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are a relatively new way to make financial transactions, and while most people may have little understanding of how it all works, one thing is certain:
It takes a lot of energy.
In fact, according to recent research from the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, it takes more energy to do all of the work involved in cryptocurrency "mining" than it does to extract precious metals such as gold.
That's because although cryptocurrency is "mined," it's not done with picks and shovels.
Instead, it involves completing a load of arithmetical processes to set up "blockchains" -- virtual ledgers that record transactions.
An astronomical amount of electricity is needed to power the computers that perform these calculations.
To mine a dollar's worth of bitcoin requires about 17 megajoules (MJ) of energy, which is more than three times the amount of energy required to mine a dollar's worth of copper or gold."
[http://www.wisegeek.com/how-much-energy-does-it-take-to-mine-cryptocurrencies-like-bitcoin.htm?m]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'energy-consumption,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.energy-consumption,

specific::
* blockchain-energy-consumption,

problem.SECURITY

description::
SECURITY - If public platforms are to facilitate the transfer of trillions of dollars of value, we have to expect them to be targeted, and we have to prepare for this. To do so requires a consensus algorithm that provides the best security one can achieve, with the security properties of the algorithm formally proven. Vectors of security vulnerabilities shouldn’t be mitigated; they should be eliminated entirely. Other public DLT platforms are trading off decentralization (and so potentially compromising security) for performance gains.
[https://s3.amazonaws.com/hedera-hashgraph/hh-whitepaper-v1.0-180313.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.security,
* Mcs.DnChain'security,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeSecurity,
* Mcs.chain-security,
* Mcs.security-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-security,
* Mcs.Đ-security,

addressWpg::
* https://www.binance.com/en/blog/335022638333390848/14-Tips-to-Enhance-Security-for-Your-Binance-Account,
===
* {2019-02-19} Helen-Partz, MIT Technology Review: Although Touted for Security, Blockchain Is Still Hackable, https://cointelegraph.com/news/mit-technology-review-although-touted-for-security-blockchain-is-still-hackable,
* {2018-05-15} Daniel-Goldman, The Verge Hack, Explained: Time Warps, Mining Exploits, Denial of Service, and More!, https://blog.theabacus.io/, MUST READ,
* {2017-11-20} Major Risk For Mobile Android Wallet Users: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-10-13} This AirSwap ICO Investor Lost $80,000 on a Failed Transaction: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,

specific::
* Blockchain-security,
* Dagchain-security,
===
* scammers,

benefitNo.LOSS-OF-MONEY

description::
"More people lose money due to faulty key security and phishing attacks than they do to centralized consensus systems. Everyone is so worried about pools and 21 producers that they miss the elephant in the room. #eosio #eth"
[{2019-05-30} Daniel-Larimer, https://twitter.com/bytemaster7/status/1134093004443140097]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.loss-of-money,

benefitNo.SCAMMER

description::
· scammer is a-malicious-individual who try to trick people into handing him their details or Dassets directly.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.scammer,
* Mcs.scammer--DnChain-problem,

addressWpg::
* https://blog.kucoin.com/scams-in-crypto-common-scams-in-the-cryptocurrency-market/,

benefitNo.PHISHING-ATTACK

description::
"Phishing is a type of social engineering attack often used to steal user data, including login credentials and credit card numbers. It occurs when an attacker, masquerading as a trusted entity, dupes a victim into opening an email, instant message, or text message."
[https://www.imperva.com/learn/application-security/phishing-attack-scam/]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.phishing-attack,

benefitNo.IMPERSONATION

description::
"an act of pretending to be another person for the purpose of entertainment or fraud."
[Google dictionary]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.impersonation,

problem.MICROPAYMENT

micropayment::
The rise and success of Bitcoin during the last six years proved the value of blockchain technology.
However, this technology also has a number of drawbacks, which prevent it to be used as a one and only global platform for cryptocurrencies.
Among these drawbacks, an especially notable one is the impossibility of making micro-payments, which have increased importance for the rapidly developing Internet-of-Things industry.
Specifically, in the currently available systems one must pay a fee for making a transaction; so, transferring a very small amount just makes no sense since one would have also to pay the fee which is many times larger.
On the other hand, it is not easy to get rid of the fees since they serve as an incentive for the creators of the blocks.
[https://iota.org/IOTA_Whitepaper.pdf] {time.2016}

name::
* Mcs.micropayment-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.micropayment,

problem.PRIVACY

description::
"The privacy problem.
The main strength of distributed ledgers is also their main weakness: the history of all events is available for anyone to read. This severely limits a direct application of distributed ledgers.
For example, in ledger-based payment systems such as Bitcoin [Nak09], every payment transaction reveals the payment’s sender, receiver, and amount. This not only reveals private financial details of individuals and businesses using the system,1 but also violates fungibility, a fundamental economic property of money. This lack of privacy becomes more severe in smart contract systems like Ethereum [Woo17], wherein transactions not only contain payment details, but also embed function calls to specific applications. In these systems, every application’s internal state is public, and so is the history of function calls associated to it.
This problem has motivated prior work to find ways to achieve meaningful privacy guarantees on ledgers. For example, the Zerocash protocol [BCG+14] provides privacy-preserving payments, and Hawk [KMS+16] enables general state transitions with data privacy, that is, an application’s data is hidden from third parties.
However, all prior work is limited to hiding the inputs and outputs of a state transition but not which transition function is being executed. That is, prior work achieves data privacy but not also function privacy. In systems with a single transition function this is not a concern.2 In systems with multiple transition functions, however, this leakage is problematic. For example, Ethereum currently supports thousands of separate ERC-20 “token” contracts [Eth18], each representing a distinct currency on the Ethereum ledger; even if these contracts each individually adopted a protocol such as Zerocash to hide details about token payments, the corresponding transactions would still reveal which token was being exchanged. Moreover, the leakage of this information would substantially reduce the anonymity set of those payments."
[https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/962.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.privacy,
* Mcs.DnChain'privacy,
* Mcs.chain-privacy,
* Mcs.privacy-of-DnChain,

problem.RE-EXECUTION

description::
"The re-execution problem.
Public auditability in the aforementioned systems (and many others) is achieved via direct verification of state transitions. This creates two problems. First, validating a transaction involves re-executing the associated computation and so, to discourage denial-of-service attacks whereby users send transactions that take a long time to validate, current systems introduce mechanisms such as gas to make users pay more for longer computations. Second, even with such mechanisms, validating an expensive transaction may simply not be economically profitable, a problem known as the “Verifier’s Dilemma” [LTKS15]. These problems have resulted in Bitcoin forks [Bit15] and Ethereum attacks [Eth16].
In sum, there is a dire need for techniques that facilitate the use of distributed ledgers for rich applications, without compromising privacy (of data or functions) or relying on unnecessary re-executions. Prior works only partially address this need, as discussed in Section 1.2 below."
[https://eprint.iacr.org/2018/962.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.re-execution,
* Mcs.DnChain're-execution,
* Mcs.chain--re-execution,
* Mcs.re-execution--of-DnChain,

problem.SCALABILITY

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.scalability,
* Mcs.DnChain'scalability,
* Mcs.chain-scalability,
* Mcs.scalability-of-DnChain,

specific::
* size-of-chain,
* transactions-per-second,
* network-bandwidth,
* data-storage,

resource

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-16} Sam-Kazemian, https://medium.com/@persianzuck/eos-will-scale-bitcoin-22268914bde8,

SPECIFIC

specific::
* Lightning-network,
* sharding,
* sidechain,

sharding

description::
"Sharding is the only practical and fundamental way to scale blockchain from the bottom up, while at the same time preserving its original intention of being a decentralized ledger open to everyone. It is the deepest level solution that makes the fewest compromises when bringing performance benefits. The other solutions have severe limitations. DPoS violates blockchain's original 'core value' of decentralization by reverting back to semi-centralization. Off-chain solutions such as state channels require trust relationships between the client and the state channel provider. DAGs require way too many network transmissions to be wieldy in an open environment. Sharding is the only solution that has been proven to sustainably improve TPS in a decentralized, secure manner.
MultiVAC believes that the most robust scaling solutions are built bottom-up from the infrastructural ground level. For this reason, we use blockchain sharding as our core scalability approach."
[https://www.mtv.ac/]

name::
* Mcs.sharding-of-Dchain,

problem.STABILITY

description::
STABILITY - Without technical and legal mechanisms to enforce the decisions of the governing body, public platforms are at risk of devolving into chaos. Strong security and mature governance will enable a stable platform - one that engenders the necessary trust and confidence among those that would build commercial or sensitive applications on it.
[https://s3.amazonaws.com/hedera-hashgraph/hh-whitepaper-v1.0-180313.pdf]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.stability,
* Mcs.DnChain'stability,

law of DnChain

description::
· a-chain-net to exist must-issue money-(cryptocurrency).
· since {1971} money is-backed by thin-air and controlled by governments and financial-institutions.
· this destroyed the-link (the-invisible-hand) of money with real-economy and was one of the-reasons that drived the-world into the-2008-global-cirisis.
· chain-nets decentralize the-control of money.
· obviously there-is a-conflict between the-usefulness-of-chain-nets and the-control of money by governments and financial-institutions.
· that's why the-government-law on chain-assets varies substantially from country to country and is still UNDEFINDED or CHANGING in many of them [wikipedia].
[hmnSgm.2019-03-16]
===
"Crypto law is a collection of protocols for handling and preventing disputes that arise in blockchain governance."
[https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-szabos-law-for-a-new-crypto-legal-system-d00d0f3d3827]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-law,
* Mcs.DnChain'law!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.DnChain'legality!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.DnChain'legislation!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.Dledger-law!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.D-stroke-law!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.Dcc-law!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.chain-law!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.law.chain-net!⇒Dchain-law,
* Mcs.Đ-law!⇒Dchain-law,

problem of Dchain-law

description::
REGULATORY COMPLIANCE - We expect that governments will continue to increase oversight of public ledgers and associated cryptocurrencies and tokens. We consider that a distributed public ledger must be capable of enabling appropriate Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti Money Laundering (AML) checks.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-law'problem,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.law-problem,
* Mcs.DnChain'regulatory-compliance,

resource of Dchain-law

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-law'resource,

addressWpg::
* https://coincenter.org/,
* http://coala.global/,
===
* {2019-06-12} https://www.theblockcrypto.com/tiny/block-one-files-lobbying-registration-working-with-trumps-former-congressional-go-between/,
* {2019-02-08} Andrea-Tinianow, When Blockchains Crash, Who Can You Sue? Is there someone whom we could sue if a blockchain network were to crash and, if so, under what theory of liability? https://medium.com/forbes/when-blockchains-crash-who-can-you-sue-824b02479f85,
* {2019-01-26} Zamfir.Vlad, Against Szabo’s Law, For A New Crypto Legal Systemm, https://medium.com/@Vlad_Zamfir/against-szabos-law-for-a-new-crypto-legal-system-d00d0f3d3827,
* {2018-03-10} Best CryptoCurrency Jurisdictions of the World ( Part 1/3 ): https://medium.com/@blockchainlawyer.india/,
* {2017-12-23} Belarus Legalizes Cryptocurrency Payments & Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs): https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2017-11-25} Zimbabwean Central Bank Considers Bitcoin ‘Illegal’: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-10} Estonia Can't Make Its Own Digital Currency: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-10} https://cointelegraph.com/news/can-any-government-ban-bitcoin,
===
* https://www.defendcrypto.org/: Kin fund against SEC.

GENERIC of Dchain-law

generic-chain::
* law,

SPECIFIC of Dchain-law

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-law.specific,

specific::
* blockchain-law,
===
* tax-law,

Dchain-law.TAX

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-law.tax,
* Mcs.DnChain'law.tax,
* Mcs.chain-tax,
* Mcs.tax-law--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-22} https://www.cryptoglobe.com/latest/2019/05/israeli-courts-bitcoin-is-a-taxable-financial-asset-not-a-currency/,
* {2019-03-03} https://www.ccn.com/5-essential-tips-for-preparing-your-cryptocurrency-taxes,
* {2018-06-11} David-Siegel, Crypto Tax Summary, https://medium.com/@pullnews/,
* {2018-03-04} Belgian Tax Authority To Search For Taxpayers Using Foreign Crypto Exchanges: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2018-01-07} Crypto Tax Tips To Start 2018 Right: https://cointelegraph.com/news/,

evoluting::
=== {2017-11} Usa chain-tax:
While the IRS had initially asked Coinbase to turn over information on all of its users, a court case brought on by Coinbase decided in Nov. 2017 that only information on “high volume” users needed to be given to the IRS.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/belgian-tax-authority-to-search-for-taxpayers-using-foreign-crypto-exchanges]

resource of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'resource,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeResource,
* Mcs.Dchain-resource,
* Mcs.resource-of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-14} Jon-Porter, Facebook’s cryptocurrency to debut next week backed by Visa, Mastercard, Uber, and others: WSJ, https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/14/18678785/facebook-libra-cryptocurrency-visa-mastercard-uber-paypal-stripe-association-consortium,
* {2019-06-13} Blockchain’s real promise: Automating trust, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613677/blockchains-real-promise-automating-trust/,
* {2019-05-30} https://www.coindesk.com/in-first-tezos-blockchain-activates-upgrade-by-token-holder-voting,
* {2019-05-28} Tony-Sheng, Satoshi's vision for bitcoin as told by its predecessors, https://www.tonysheng.com/design-goals-bitcoin-predecessors,
* {2019-04-06} Joseph-Lubin, https://decryptmedia.com/6343/an-overview-of-the-state-of-the-blockchain-ecosystem,
* {2018-12-12} Demiro-Massessi, Public Vs Private Blockchain In A Nutshell, ("it really all starts with identity management"), https://medium.com/coinmonks/public-vs-private-blockchain-in-a-nutshell-c9fe284fa39f,
* {2018-12-04} Ash-Bennington, 10 Qs In Crypto: Ari Paul, https://www.forbes.com/sites/ashbennington/2018/12/04/10-qs-in-crypto-ari-paul/,
* {2018-11-24} US Military’s DARPA Program Hops on the ‘Blockchain Not Bitcoin’ Bandwagon, https://www.ccn.com/us-militarys-darpa-program-hops-on-the-blockchain-not-bitcoin-bandwagon/,
* {2018-02-18} Chris-Dixon, Why Decentralization Matters: https://medium.com/@cdixon/,
* {2017-11-11} Over 26,000 Blockchain Projects Were Developed Last Year; 8% Remain Active: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-09-10} Estonia Can't Make Its Own Digital Currency: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2008-10-31} Satoshi-Nakamoto, Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System, https://synagonism.net/dirMiwMcs/dirTchInf/filMcsDtcbnetBtc.last.html#idBtcwpr,
* {2001} Nick-Szabo, Trusted Third Parties Are Security Holes, https://nakamotoinstitute.org/trusted-third-parties/,

addressWpg::
* autonomous-network, David-Irvine, https://metaquestions.me/2017/08/12/the-impossible-network/,

event of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-event,
* Mcs.DnChain'event,

addressWpg::
* https://www.bti.live/events/,

ENVIRONMENT of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'environment,

specific::
* Dao,
* resource,

WHOLE of DnChain

whole::
* chain-net--ecosystem,
* chain-industry,
...
* society,
* sympan,

ecosystem of DnChain

description::
· ecosystem-of--chain-net is anything, biotic and abiotic, RELATED to a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'ecosystem,
* Mcs.ecosystem-of-DnChain,

industry of DnChain

description::
· the-set of chain-nets and its organizations.

name::
* Mcs.Dblockchain-net'sector!⇒chain-industry,
* Mcs.Dchain-industry,
* Mcs.DnChain'industry!⇒chain-industry,
* Mcs.DnChain'sector!⇒chain-industry,

job of chain-industry

name::
* Mcs.chain-industry'job,
* Mcs.job-of--chain-industry,

addressWpg::
* https://thenextweb.com/hardfork/2019/03/08/blockchain-jobs-glassdoor-employment/,

DOING of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-doing, {2019-04-06}
* Mcs.DnChain'activity!⇒Dchain-doing,
* Mcs.DnChain'doing!⇒Dchain-doing,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeDoing!⇒Dchain-doing,
* Mcs.Dledger-doing!⇒Dchain-doing,
* Mcs.chain-doing!⇒Dchain-doing,

Dchain-doing.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.specific,

specific::
* reading--chain-doing,
* creating--chain-doing,
* destroying--chain-doing,
* upgrading--chain-doing,
* appending--chain-doing,
* scaling--chain-doing,
* governing--chain-doing,
* programing--chain-doing,
* learning--chain-doing,
* service--chain-doing,
* transaction,
===
* blockchain--chain-doing,
* Dagchain--chain-doing,

Dchain-doing.TRANSACTION (link)

Dchain-doing.OPERATION

description::
"An operation could be a transfer of a coin but also other actions allowed by the blockchain as updating or creating an asset, voting, posting a blog or comment, claim vesting shares, ...
Several operations can be grouped in 1 single Tx!"
[https://steemit.com/blocktivity/@blocktivity/operation-vs-transaction-the-blocktivity-big-debate]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.action,
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.operation,
* Mcs.action-of-Dchain,
* Mcs.operation-of-Dchain,

Dchain-doing.CREATING

description::
· the-process of creating a-chain-net.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'creating,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeCreating,
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.creating,
* Mcs.Dledger-creating,

Dchain-doing.UPGRADING

description::
· the-evolution of the-Dchain-protocol mainly defines the-type of governance of the-Dchain-net.
===
One of the important arguments in the blockchain space is that of whether hard forks or soft forks are the preferred protocol upgrade mechanism.
[http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html]
===
To updade means to bring someone or something up to date, whereas to upgrade means to raise or improve something to a higher standard.
The difference between these two is particularly apparent in the world of computers: an update is not always and improvement!
[https://english.stackexchange.com/a/13356]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'protocol-upgrate-mechanism,
* Mcs.DnChain'upgrading,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeProtocol-upgrade-mechanism,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeUpgrading,
* Mcs.Dprotocol'evoluting,
* Mcs.Dprotocol'updating,
* Mcs.Dprotocol'upgrading,

Hardfork (link)

Softfork (link)

Resource

addressWpg::
* http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html,

Dchain-doing.GOVERNING (link)

Dchain-doing.FUNDING

description::
Money received (ICO) to build the system.
===
Dash's previously mentioned treasury system uses a portion of the block rewards to fund development of the project and its ecosystem, making it the first self-funded digital currency. Each month, 6,650 DASH are available to fund Dash's development team and other projects approved by the Dash community. At current prices, that equates to an annual development budget in excess of $23 mln.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/bitcoin-dash-can-now-be-spent-at-40-million-stores-worldwide-thanks-to-wirex-debit-card]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-governing'funding,
* Mcs.DnChain'funding,
* Mcs.funding-of-DnChain,
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.funding,

Dchain-doing.INTERCHAIN-COMMUNICATING

description::
Connections between public blockchains are already implemented by exchanging data through exchanges. That is, in the case of a registered blockchain in exchanges, exchange can be performed in such a way that the exchange performs relaying. The advantage of this approach is that people can easily identify and use services because they are done in the same way as exchanges between fiat currencies such as the Korean Won and the US Dollar.
[https://github.com/Hdactech/Hdac/wiki/Hdac-Technical-Whitepaper]

name::
* Mcs.cross-chain-interoperability,
* Mcs.interchain-communicating,
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.interchain-communicating,

Dchain-doing.LEARNING

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.learning,
* Mcs.DnChain'learning,
* Mcs.learning.chain-net,

addressWpg::
* university-of-Nicosia: https://digitalcurrency.unic.ac.cy/,
===
{2018-06-20} Tom-Abate, Stanford computer scientists launch the Center for Blockchain Research: The new center will address blockchain’s practical, legal and societal challenges, and develop a curriculum to facilitate its use across a variety of fields and applications, https://engineering.stanford.edu/,

SERVICE of DnChain

description::
· Dchain-service is a-Dchain-doing for its end-users.
[hmnSgm.2019-04-26]
===
Dan Hedl @danheld
"Currently, #1 use case for crypto is speculation"
[{2018-06-04} https://twitter.com/danheld/status/1003330148471468033]
===
"Although currency transactions are the most common applications of the blockchain technology, some groups are also attempting to transfer other digital assets, such as financial products and services, logistics information, property ownership, identity etc."
[https://www.boscoin.io/wordpress/wp-content/themes/boscoin/src/pdf/boscoinwhitepaperv20170202.pdf]
===
"The-service of a-blockchain-network and the-service of its consensus-money is the-same."
[hmnSgm.2017-02-04]

name::
* Mcs.D-stroke-chain-service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.D-stroke-service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-doing.service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChain'adoption!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChain'application!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChain'service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChain'usage!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChain'use-case!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.DnChainservice!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeAdoption!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeApplication!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeService!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeUsage!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dchain-service, {2019-04-05}
* Mcs.Dledger-service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice,
* Mcs.Dtcc-svc!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.chain-service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.service-of-Dnchain!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-netAeAdoption!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-netAeApplication!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-netAeService!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-netAeUsage!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chain-service!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.transaction-chainAeService!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.tx-chain-netAeAdoption!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.tx-chain-netAeApplication!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.tx-chain-netAeService!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.tx-chain-netAeUsage!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.use-case--of-Dnchain!⇒Dservice,
* Mcs.Đ-service!⇒Dservice, (D-stroke-service)
* Mcs.Đ-svc!⇒Dservice,

Dapp of Dservice

description::
· a-Dchain-service is-done by the-Dchain-net or by a-Dapp of it.
[hmnSgm.2019-04-26]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice'Dapp,

resource of Dservice

name::
* Mcs.Dservice'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2018-11-01} https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/01/technology/nevada-bitcoin-blockchain-society.html,
* {2018-05-31} Matteo-Gianpietro-Zago, 50+ Examples of How Blockchains are Taking Over the World, https://medium.com/@matteozago/,
* {2018-02-01} How can blockchain serve society? https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/02/blockchain-ocean-fishing-sustainable-risk-environment,
* {2017-11-22} 5 Essential Blockchain Predictions That Will Define 2018: https://www.forbes.com/sites/bernardmarr/2017/11/22/,
* {2017-10-04} From Messengers to Food Reviews, Companies Incorporate Blockchain into Apps: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-05} The Top 3 Ways Blockchain Matter in the Future: https://medium.com/,
* http://www.blockchaintechnologies.com/blockchain-applications,
* {2016-12-13} Beyond bitcoin: 4 surprising uses for blockchain: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/...fighting-human-trafficking-tracing-blood-diamonds-and-other?
* https://news.bitcoin.com/ecb-plans-blockchain-e-governance/
* {2016-11-28} 5 Blockchain Applications That Are Shaping Your Future: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ameer-rosic-/5-blockchain-applications_b_13279010.html,
* {2016-04-27} ECB Reveals Plans for Blockchain E-Governance http://cointelegraph.com/news/...blockchain-is-gaining-unprecedented-traction,
* {2016-04-10} Match & Teach Me: Blockchain, Psychometrics To Help Teach Refugees: http://cointelegraph.com/news/match-teach-me-blockchain-psychometrics-to-help-teach-refugees,
* {2016-04-09} Blockchain: Overhyped or Underexplored, It Will Be Deployed At Scale: http://cointelegraph.com/news/blockchain-overhyped-or-underexplored-it-will-be-deployed-at-scale,
* {2016-04-08} Filipino Breach: How Blockchain Can Bring Privacy Revolution To Masses: http://cointelegraph.com/news/filipino-breach...bring-privacy-revolution-to-masses,
* {2016-04-06} Blockchain Goes On A Brand Protection Mission, Fights Counterfeiting: http://cointelegraph.com/news/blockchain...brand-protection-mission-fights-counterfeiting,
* {2016-03-16} Response to Marcella Atzori: can the blockchain provide governance? https://bitnation.co/blog/response-marcella-atzori-can-blockchain-provide-governance/
* {2016-01-08} The Top 10 Blockchain Startups to Watch in 2016: https://medium.com/the-intrepid-review/the-top-...changing-the-game,

Dservice.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.specific,

specific::
* Academic-degree--chain-service,
* Administering-decentralized--chain-service,
* Asset-exchange--chain-service,
* Banking--chain-service,
* Birth-certificate-Dservice,
* Blockchain--chain-service,
* blockchainNo-Dservice,
* Blockchain-service-providing,
* Charity--chain-service,
* Cloud-computing--chain-service,
* Cloud-storage--chain-service,
* Content-providing--chain-service,
* Coordination.global--chain-service,
* Crownd-funding--chain-service,
* Economy--chain-service,
* Energy-sector--chain-service,
* Exchange--chain-service,
* Financial-sector--chain-service,
* Freight--chain-service,
* General-purpose-computing--chain-service,
* Gold-exchange--chain-service,
* Healthcare-sector--chain-service,
* Identification--chain-service,
* Info-tech-sector--chain-service,
* Intellectual-property--chain-service,
* Invoice-managing--chain-service,
* Land-registry--chain-service,
* Legal-sector--chain-service,
* Manufacturing-sector--chain-service,
* Marketplace--chain-service,
* Medium-of-exchange--chain-service,
* Money-transfer--chain-service,
* Music-service--chain-service,
* Notarization--chain-service,
* Programmable-contract--chain-service,
* Proof-of-existance-Dservice,
* Recruitmen-sector--chain-service,
* Record--chain-service,
* Smart-contract--chain-service,
* Social-security--chain-service,
* Startup-funding--chain-service,
* Supply-chain-sector--chain-service,
* Tech-info--chain-service,
* Trade-sector--chain-service,
* Transportation-sector-Dservice,
* Voting--chain-service,
* Wedding-certificate--chain-service,
* Welfare-benefit--chain-service,
* Will-Dservice,

Dservice.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.info-stored

description::
Transactionchain stores timestamped (=chain) and unchanged (only appendable) information with many applications.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-08]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.info-stored-specific-division,

specific::
* Academic-degree--service,
* Birth-certificate--service,
* Charity-service,
* Exchange-value--service,
* Land-info--service,
* Music-service,
* Program-service,
* Voting-service,
* Wedding-certificate--service,
* Will-service,

Dservice.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.sector

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'service-industry-division,
* Mcs.DnChain'service-sector-division,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector-division,
* Mcs.industry-division--of-Dservice,
* Mcs.sector-division--of-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2017-02-07} Banking Is Only The Start: 27 Big Industries Where Blockchain Could Be Used, https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/industries-disrupted-blockchain/

specific::
* Public-sector,
* PublicNo-sector,
===
* Banking-sector,
* Energy-sector,
* Financial-sector,
* Food-sector,
* Gabling.online-sector,
* Healthcare-sector,
* Hospitality-sector,
* Info-tech-sector,
* Insurance-sector,
* Job-sector,
* Legal-sector,
* Manufacturing-sector,
* Music-sector,
* Recruitment-sector,
* Trade-sector,
* Transportation-sector,

Dservice.sector.PUBLIC

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.public-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.public,
* Mcs.public-sector-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2018-06-15} Connor-Blenkinsop, Blockchain Platform to Score Politicians, Increasing Accountability and Voter Engagement, https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-11-07} Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission Plans Blockchain-Based Electronic Payment System: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-10-13} Race towards the First “Crypto-Country” in the World: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* Governance-society--txchain-service,

Dservice.sector.AUTOMOBILE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.automobile,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.automobile,
* Mcs.automobile-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2018-03-30} Audi Is Exploring Blockchain For Its Distributional Network: https://cointelegraph.com/,

Dservice.sector.ENERGY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.energy,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.energy,
* Mcs.energy-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2018-11-29} Nsikak.John, Blockchain can change the face of renewable energy in Africa. Here’s how, https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/11/blockchain-will-change-the-face-of-renewable-energy-in-africa-here-s-how,
* http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/ the-energy-blockchain-could-bitcoin-be-a-catalyst-for-the-distributed-grid?

specific::
* Grid+: gridplus.io: Grid+ leverages the Ethereum blockchain to give consumers direct access to wholesale energy markets,
* PowerLedger: powerledger.io Power Ledger is a blockchain-based peer-to-peer energy trading platform enabling consumers and businesses to sell their surplus solar power to their neighbours without a middleman.
* Solar-DAO: solardao.me, Become a PV Solar Plant co-Owner Get SDAO tokens to get a part of PV Solar Plant
* WePower: wepower.network, WEPOWER IS A BLOCKCHAIN-BASED GREEN ENERGY TRADING PLATFORM It enables to finance green energy projects, to invest into and trade green energy.

Dservice.sector.FINANCIAL

description::
“Bitcoin—or more precisely, the underlying technology that allows it to function, called distributed ledgers, or blockchain—could allow what many see as a radical rewiring of the financial sector.”
[http://cointelegraph.com/news/imf-magazine-examines-present-and-future-of-bitcoin]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.financial,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.financial,
* Mcs.DeFi,
* Mcs.Dfinance-service, {2019-04-27}
* Mcs.decentralized-finance,
* Mcs.financial-sector-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-20} https://cointelegraph.com/news/uk-based-global-funds-network-calastone-switches-entire-system-to-blockchain,
* {2019-04-07} Tyler-Durden, https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2019-04-07/decentralized-finance-welcome-worlds-first-fully-transparent-bank,
* https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-06/ central-bankers-told-they-should-be-sprinting-toward-blockchain,
* https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/05/how-blockchain-could-shake-up-stock-markets/,

Dservice.financial.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Banking--chain-service,
* Exchange.gold--chain-service,
* Money--chain-service,
* Startup-funding--chain-service,

Dservice.ACCOUNTING

name::
* Mcs.accounting-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.accounting,

addressWpg::
* {2017-11-17} https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/what-triple-entry-accounting-iresh-pillay/,
* https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/de/Documents/Innovation/Blockchain_A%20game-changer%20in%20accounting.pdf,

Dservice.AUDITING-FIN-TRANSACTIONS

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.auditing-financial-transactions,

addressWpg::
* {2018-03-17} Big Four Giant PwC Announces Blockchain Auditing Service: https://www.ccn.com/,

Dservice.BANKING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.banking,
* Mcs.banking-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2017-05-18} Bank Blockchain Pilot in India Sees Transactions Going From Weeks to Hours: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* Polybius Bank will combine features of modern banking, IoT, Big Data and Blockchain-based technologies while also meeting security and UX requirements.
- https://polybius.io/,
* Humaniq is a simple and secure 4th generation mobile bank. We are developing a completely new banking experience by dissolving all the barriers of archaic banks such as the need to come to a branch, doing endless paperwork, dealing with hard-to-use, buggy mobile apps, and protecting data with hard-to-remember, complex passwords.We have created a safe, strong financial tool, specifically designed to be used by people who are undereducated or who don't possess identification. Most of them live in emerging economies on less than two dollars a day. We believe we can change that. Learn more about Humaniq…
- https://humaniq.co/

Dservice.LENDING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.lending,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-27} https://cointelegraph.com/news/koreas-oldest-bank-launches-national-blockchain-based-loan-platform,

Dservice.DONATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.charity-fundraising,
* Mcs.Dservice.donation,
* Mcs.charity-fundraising-Dservice,
* Mcs.donation-Dservice,

specific::
* giveth.io: Ethereum-dApp,
* https://www.gracetoken.org/: Ethereum-based Donation Platform,

Dservice.ESCROW

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.escrow,
* Mcs.escrow-Dservice,

specific::
* payfair.io,

Dservice.EXCHANGE.Gold

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.gold-exchange,
* Mcs.gold-exchange-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://www.dinardirham.com/

Dservice.FUNDING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.funding,
* Mcs.funding-Dservice,

specific::
* Crowdfunding,
* Startup-funding,
===
* neufund.org,

Dservice.CROWDFUNDING

name::
* Mcs.crowdfunding-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.crowdfunding,

ICO (link)::

addressWpg::
* {2017-10-08} Blockchain Crowdfunding Is Attracting Hundreds Of Millions Of Dollars — And It's Growing Fast: https://medium.com/,

specific::
* Startup-crowdfunding,

Dservice.STARTUP-FUNDING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.startup-funding,
* Mcs.startup-funding-Dservice,

specific::
* https://www.kickico.com/,
* Neufund-ogn,

Neufund-organization

description::
Neufund is building a blockchain-based and investor-directed platform which bridges the world of cryptocurrency and equity. The fund unlocks the resources of cryptocurrency and blockchain to fund startups and all forms of technological innovation and disruption.
[http://neufund.org/]

name::
* Mcs.Neufund-ogn,

Dservice.MEDIUM-OF-EXCHANGE

description::
Medium-of-exchange-Đ-service is the first service of the-Đ-networks.
They created a-đ-currency and managed transactions with it.

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.medium-of-exchange,
* Mcs.Dservice.money,
* Mcs.DnChain'đ-currency,
* Mcs.chain-currency-Dservice,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange--Dservice,
* Mcs.money-Dservice,
* Mcs.chain-currency-Dservice,

specific::
* blockchain--medium-of-exchange--service,
* Dagchain--medium-of-exchange--service,
===

addressWpg::
* {2017-09-27} Japan Considers Launching J-Coin, Eliminating Cash Before Tokyo 2020 Games: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2015-12-28} http://dcebrief.com/tunisia-becomes-first-nation-to-put-nations-currency-on-a-blockchain/,
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/ukraine-to-become- next-country-to-go-cashless-plans-national-digital-currency,

specific::
* Government-cryptocurrency,
* Lending-money--service,
* Payment--service,
* Transfering-money--service,

Dservice.money.LENDING

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'service.money-lending,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAeServiceAsMoney-lending,
* Mcs.Dservice.money-lending,
* Mcs.credit-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dtcc-svcAsMoney-lending,
* Mcs.lending-Dservice,
* Mcs.money-lending-Dservice,
* Mcs.Đ-service.money-lending,

addressWpg::
* {time.2017-10-11} Need Personal Loans? Blockchain Is Here: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* debitum.network,
* Micromoney: "We are the 1st Pioneer Blockchain Credit Bureau as well as a Transparent Social and Green Microfinance company",
* Ripio Credit Network: A global peer-to-peer credit network based on co-signed smart contracts.
* https://saltlending.com/: Blockchain-Backed Loans,

Dservice.money.PAYMENT

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.payment,
* Mcs.payment-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-28} https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/innisfil-becomes-first-city-canada-accept-bitcoin-municipal-taxes/,
* {2019-03-19} https://cointelegraph.com/news/largest-swiss-online-retailer-digitec-galaxus-now-accepts-cryptocurrencies,
* {2017-10-20} Gates Foundation Launches Blockchain-based Mobile Payments Solution: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* Bitcoin-network, the-first,
* Raiden Network: https://raiden.network/, on top of Ethereum-net, using state-channels.
* https://www.hazza.network/: The Global Unified Payment Network,
* https://utrust.io/: UTRUST is a revolutionary payment platform that empowers buyers to pay with cryptocurrencies while providing a groundbreaking purchase protection mechanism.

Dservice.sector.FOOD

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.food-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.food,
* Mcs.food-sector-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2018-11-26} Sadie-Williamson, How Blockchains Are Changing the Food Service Industry, (loyalty programs) https://distributed.com/news/how-blockchains-are-changing-food-service-industry/,
* https://synchrolife.org/: Artificial Intelligence x Blockchain Building the world's most trusted and intelligent restaurant discovery service.

Dservice.sector.GAMBLING.ONLINE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.gambling.online-gambling,
* Mcs.Dservice.online-gambling,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.gambling.online,
* Mcs.online-gambling-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* dao.casino,
* peerplays.com,

Dservice.sector.HEALTH

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.health-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.health,
* Mcs.health-sector-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://newsroom.ibm.com/2019-01-24-Aetna-Anthem-Health-Care-Service-Corporation-PNC-Bank-and-IBM-announce-collaboration-to-establish-blockchain-based-ecosystem-for-the-healthcare-industry,

specific::
* doc.ai,
* medicalchain.com: Blockchain for electronic health records,
* medcredits.io: platform connecting patients and doctors worldwide on a decentralized network.,

Dservice.sector.HOSPITALITY

name::
* Mcs.accommodation-sector-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.accommodation-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.hospitality-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.hospitality,
* Mcs.hospitality-sector-Dservice,

specific::
* https://lockchain.co/,

Dservice.sector.INFORMATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.information,
* Mcs.Dservice.knowledge,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.information,
* Mcs.information-Dservice,
* Mcs.knowledge-Dservice,
* Mcs.information-Dservice,

specific::
* experty.io,

Dservice.EDUCATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.education,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.education,
* Mcs.education-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2018-06-15} Marie-Huillet, Oxford Profs Plan Launch of World's First Blockchain-Based, Decentralized University, https://cointelegraph.com/news/oxford-profs-plan-launch-of-world-s-first-blockchain-based-decentralized-university,

specific::
* Tutellus: https://tutellus.cryptonomos.com/,
* ODEM: https://odem.io/: ODEM is not an online education platform. To address the inherent weaknesses of online learning, we combine a real-world classroom learning experience with the agility and flexibility of the best parts of online education,

Dservice.FORCASTING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.forcasting,
* Mcs.Dservice.prediction,
* Mcs.forcasting-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-21} https://cointelegraph.com/news/redditors-call-out-reported-scam-on-blockchain-based-prediction-platform-augur,

specific::
* prediction-markets: https://gnosis.pm/faq.html,

Dservice.sector.INSURANCE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.insurance,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.insurance,
* Mcs.decentralized-insurance,
* Mcs.insurance-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-27} https://cointelegraph.com/news/insurance-broker-marsh-rolls-out-proof-of-insurance-blockchain-app-to-us-clients,

specific::
* https://etherisc.com/,

Dservice.sector.LEGAL

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.law,
* Mcs.Dservice.legal,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.legal,
* Mcs.law-Dservice,
* Mcs.legal-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {time.2016-10-14} Argentina-Based Notarization Platform Launches Public Beta, Brings Bitcoin to Legal Industry: https://cointelegraph.com/news/argentina-based-notarization...legal-industry,
* Agrello: Have your own AI counselor help you create and manage smart-contract-based legal agreements. No coding or legal skills required.
- https://www.agrello.org/,

specific::
* https://www.openlaw.io/,
* jury.online: revolutionizes deals and resolves contract disputes,
* smartone.legal,

Dservice.sector.MANUFACTURING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.manufacturing,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.manufacturing,
* Mcs.manufacturing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {time.2016-06-08} http://cointelegraph.com/news/ blockchain-watch-manufactures-start-using-blockchain-to-confirm-authenticity-of-luxury-goods,
- Upon the sale or transfer of assets, the original owner performs a simple operation on the blockchain to automatically transfer their right to ownership to the new owner.

Dservice.sector.MUSIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'service.sector.music,
* Mcs.Dservice.music,
* Mcs.music-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/ pink-floyd-blockchain-technology-music-could-be-truly-revolutionary-1569649,

Dservice.sector.TECH.INFO

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.info-tech,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.info-tech,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.tech.info,
* Mcs.info-tech-Dservice,

Dservice.TechInfo.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Cloud-computing,
* Cloud-storage,
* Content-providing,
* General-purpose-computing,
* News,
* Notarization,
* Record-keeping,
* Render-Token: distributed GPU rendering on the blockchain,
* Search-engine,
* Security,
=== Specific:
* Blockstack: decentralized-internet,
* https://www.domeplatform.io/: THE DOME Decentralized platform using blockchain technology to create global network by offering people tokens for sharing private Wi-Fi networks. This would let users to get free internet access almost in every part of the globe and dismiss high payments for 4g(LTE) data use.

Dservice.ARTIFICIAL-INTELLIGENCE

name::
* Mcs.AI-Dservice,
* Mcs.artificial-intelligence-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.AI,
* Mcs.Dservice.artificial-intelligence,

specific::
* singularitynet.io,

Dservice.BLOCKSTACK (link)

Dservice.BLOGGING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.blogging,
* Mcs.blogging-Dservice,

specific::
* Steemit: https://steemit.com/,

Dservice.CLOUD-COMPUTING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.cloud-computing,
* Mcs.cloud-computing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* DFINITY-network,
* BLOCKCHAIN-BASED DISTRIBUTED CLOUD COMPUTING: http://iex.ec/

Dservice.CLOUD-STORAGE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.cloud-storage,
* Mcs.cloud-storage-Dservice,
* Mcs.decentralized-storage,
* Mcs.sector.storage-bcnnet-service,
* Mcs.storage-service--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* https://github.com/blockstack/gaia#project-comparison,
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/ sia-v103-comes-out-aims-at-revolution-in-blockchain-cloud-storage,
* http://cointelegraph.com/news/ cloud-storage-meets-bitcoin-blockchain-siacoin-takes-on-amazon-google-microsoft,

specific::
* DatProject: https://datproject.org/,
* filecoin.io (IPFS producers),
* Gaia: https://github.com/blockstack/gaia,
* https://www.scuttlebutt.nz/,
* sia.tech/
* storj.io,

Dservice.CONTENT-PROVIDING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.content-providing,
* Mcs.content-providing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {time.2017-10-14} Can Blockchain Technology Challenge YouTube, Netflix? https://www.cointelegraph.com/,
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/how-to-monetize-content-using-blockchain-platforms,

specific::
* https://lino.network/, Lino's mission is to create a Value-sharing Content Economy where content creators, viewers, and all other contributors are fully and fairly incentivized to maximize long-term economic growth in a sustainable way.
* https://decent.ch/, DECENT: Blockchain Content Distribution Platform,

Dservice.DECENTRALIZED-INTERNET

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.decentralized-internet,
* Mcs.decentralized-internet-Dservice,

specific::
* Blockstack,

Dservice.ENCYCLOPEDIA

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.encyclopedia,
* Mcs.decentralized-encyclopedia,
* Mcs.encyclopedia-Dservice,

specific::
* Everipedia: https://everipedia.org/,

Dservice.GENERAL-PURPOSE-COMPUTING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.general-purpose-computing,
* Mcs.general-purpose-computing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://sonm.io/ SONM is a decentralized worldwide fog supercomputer for general purpose computing from site hosting to scientific calculations.
The purpose of SONM project is to replace traditional Proof-of-Work cryptocurrency mining prevalent in the blockchain community at the moment.

Dservice.INTERCHAIN-COMMUNICATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.interchain-communication,
* Mcs.interchain-transaction--service,
* Mcs.interchain-communication--service,
* Mcs.shared-ledgers--service,

specific::
* Aion.network: https://aion.network/: The Third Generation Blockchain Network: A multi-tier blockchain system designed to address unsolved questions of scalability, privacy, and interoperability in blockchain networks,
* Blocknet.io: https://blocknet.co/: the internet of blockchains,
* Eos.io: https://www.eos.io/,
* H.cash: h.cash: A decentralized and open-source cross platform cryptocurrency,
* Kyber.network: http://kyber.network/, this-site,
* Neo: https://neo.org/,

Dservice.IoT

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.IoT,
* Mcs.IoT-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* ĐIota-network,
* https://hdac.io/,

Dservice.NEWS

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.news,
* Mcs.news-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* What Could Blockchain Do for Journalism? https://medium.com/s/welcome-to-blockchain/,
* https://www.snip.network/: The Future of News on the Blockchain,

Dservice.NOTARIZATION-service

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.notarization,
* Mcs.notarization-Dservice,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.συμβολαιογραφική-υπηρεσία,

addressWpg::
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/argentina-based-notarization-platform-launches-public-beta- brings-bitcoin-to-legal-industry,

Dservice.PROGRAMMABLE-CONTRACT

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.programmable-contract,
* Mcs.programmable-contract-Dservice,

specific::
* Blockchain--programmable-contract---txchain-service,
* Dagchain--programmable-contract---txchain-service,
===
* Lisk-LSK-network {2016},
* Ethereum-ETH-network {2015},
===
* BOScoin-BOS-network,
* Dfinity-DFN-network,
* NEO-network,
* Qtem-network,
* Rootstock-RSK-network,
* Tezos-network,

Dservice.RECORD-KEEPING

description::
The opening for a blockchain intern at Disney illustrates that banks and financial institutions are no longer the only companies looking at blockchain solutions.
The blockchain can find applications in any industry where records need to be securely maintained and processed – whether they be land records, medical records or shipping records.
We can expect companies in other industries to follow Disney's lead and start looking at blockchain solutions in the near future.
[http://cointelegraph.com/news/walt-disney-now-loves-blockchain-going-trustless-in-seattle]
===
Factom showed how a blockchain that stores hashes can be used as a proof of existence for any digital data.
[idAewprIAP1]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.document-keeping,
* Mcs.Dservice.record-keeping,
* Mcs.document-keeping-Dservice,
* Mcs.record-keeping-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-15} https://cointelegraph.com/news/fintech-firm-billion-seals-21-mln-european-commission-grant-for-blockchain-system: document management,
* student-credintials: http://www.cnbc.com/2016/05/09/schools-are-recording-students-results-on-the-blockchain.html,

specific::
* Academic-degrees,
* Intellectual-property,
* Land-registry,
* Medical-records-registry,
* Proof-of-existence,
* Shipping-registry,
* Strudents-credentials,
* Vehicle-registry,
* Wedding-agreement,

Dservice.ACADEMIC-CREDENTIAL

name::
* Mcs.academic-credential-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.academic-credential,
* Mcs.Dservice.academic-degrees,
* Mcs.Dservice.student-credential,
* Mcs.student-credential-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-02-27} https://cointelegraph.com/news/confirmed-sony-and-fujitsu-to-trial-blockchain-for-educational-record-integrity,
* {2019-01-13} https://cointelegraph.com/news/university-of-bahrain-will-issue-diplomas-on-the-blockchain-employing-blockcerts,
* {2017-10-11} Australian University Issues Academic Credentials to Students on a Blockchain: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-10-04} Malta's Government Is Putting Academic Certificates on a Blockchain: https://www.coindesk.com/,

specific::
* http://www.blockcerts.org/: The Open Initiative for Blockchain Certificates,

Dservice.CERTIFICATE-MANAGING

name::
* Mcs.data-certification-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.certificate-managing,
* Mcs.Dservice.data-certification,
* Mcs.certificate-managing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-03} https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/students-graduating-tamper-resistant-digital-certificates-11499166, OpenCerts,

specific::
* academic-credential,
* professional-certification,
===
* blockerts.org: http://www.blockcerts.org/: The Open Initiative for Blockchain Certificates,
* stampery.com: https://stampery.com/features,

Dservice.INTELLECTUAL-PROPERTY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.intellectual-property,
* Mcs.intellectual-property-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-24} https://cointelegraph.com/news/e-commerce-giant-alibaba-to-integrate-blockchain-into-intellectual-property-system,
* {2018-12-08} Chinese Internet Court Uses Blockchain to Protect Online Writer’s Intellectual Property, https://cointelegraph.com/news/chinese-internet-court-uses-blockchain-to-protect-online-writers-intellectual-property,
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/blockai-uses-bitcoin-blockchain-to-protect-intellectual-property, blockai.com,

Dservice.REGISTRY-OF-COMPANIES

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.registry-of-companies,
* Mcs.registry-of-companies-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-09} https://cointelegraph.com/news/maltas-registry-of-companies-set-to-run-on-blockchain-based-system,

Dservice.VERIFICATION-OF-DATA

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.data-verification,
* Mcs.Dservice.verification-of-data,
* Mcs.data-verification-Dservice,
* Mcs.verification-of-data-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-01-28} Nick-Theile, Blockusign App: A Pragmatic Approach to Smart Contracts and Anchoring Data to the Blockchain Using Blockstack, https://medium.com/blockstack-blog/blockusigns-pragmatic-approach-to-smart-contracts-anchoring-data-on-blockchain-using-blockstack-fb9bd974a306,

specific::
* tierion.com,

Dservice.WEDDING-AGREEMENT

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.wedding-agreement,
* Mcs.wedding-agreement-Dservice,

{time.2014}:
This isn't the first connection that Disney has with the blockchain.
Way back in 2014, the first blockchain wedding took place at Disneyland, Florida.
David Mondrus and Joyce Bayo registered their wedding agreement on the blockchain, eliminating the role of both religious and government officials.
[http://cointelegraph.com/news/walt-disney-now-loves-blockchain-going-trustless-in-seattle]

Dservice.SEARCH-ENGINE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.search-engine,
* Mcs.search-engine-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://www.bitclave.com/en/,

Dservice.SECURITY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.security,
* Mcs.security-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-11} https://www.coindesk.com/us-energy-department-eyes-blockchain-to-prevent-power-plant-cyberattacks,
* {2017-10-05} LevelNet, the World's First Cyber Security Platform Announces Token Sale: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,

Dservice.SOCIAL-NETWORK

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.social-network,
* Mcs.social-network-Dservice,

specific::
* https://voice.com/,
* sola.foundation,

Dservice.sector.TRADE

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.trade,
* Mcs.Dservice.trade,
* Mcs.trade-sector-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/wells-fargo-and-australian-bank- begin-sending-physical-products-via-blockchain,

Dservice.ASSET-EXCHANGE

name::
* Mcs.asset-exchange-Dservice,
* Mcs.Dservice.asset-exchange,
* Mcs.Dservice.exchange,
* Mcs.exchange-Dservice,

specific::
* Gold-exchange--service,

Dservice.INVOICE-MANAGING

description::
The government in Singapore has turned to Blockchain developing a system to prevent invoice fraud cases.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/power-to-the-people-blockchain-replaces-government-in-europe]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.invoice-managing,
* Mcs.invoice-managing-Dservice,

Dservice.SUPPLY-CHAIN-MANAGING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.supply-chain-managing,
* Mcs.supply-chain-managing-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-06-13} MIT Technology Review Insights, https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613677/blockchains-real-promise-automating-trust/,
* {2019-06-09} https://cointelegraph.com/news/life-of-luxury-fashion-turns-to-blockchain,
* {2019-05-15} https://cointelegraph.com/news/luxury-fashion-brand-alyx-to-use-iotas-dlt-for-supply-chain-tracking,
* {2019-04-11} https://cointelegraph.com/news/us-food-retailer-albertsons-uses-ibm-food-trust-blockchain-to-track-lettuce,
* {2019-03-26} https://cointelegraph.com/news/over-130-year-old-liquor-company-william-grant-sons-to-track-whiskey-on-blockchain,
* {2019-03-05} https://cointelegraph.com/news/retail-giant-carrefour-applies-blockchain-for-tracking-milk-product-supply-chain,
* {2019-01-23} https://www.ledgerinsights.com/hyperledger-grid-blockchain-supply-chain/,
* {2019-01-17} https://cointelegraph.com/news/wwf-launches-blockchain-tool-to-track-food-along-supply-chain,
* {2018-11-21} South Korea Science, Food Ministries to Use Blockchain for Tracing Beef Supply Chain, https://cointelegraph.com/news/south-korea-science-food-ministries-to-use-blockchain-for-tracing-beef-supply-chain,
* {2018-10-08} https://cointelegraph.com/news/ibm-launches-blockchain-food-tracking-network-joined-by-retail-giant-carrefour,
* {2018-05-29} Australia’s First Blockchain Supply Chain System Unveiled at Port of Brisbane, https://www.ccn.com/australias-first-blockchain-supply-chain-system-unveiled-at-port-of-brisbane/,
* {2017-11-08} Shipping Giant UPS Joins Blockchain in Trucking Alliance: https://cointelegraph.com/,

specific::
* https://immla.io/: International logistics service on blockchain,
* WaBi: https://www.wacoin.io/: place secure anti-counterfeit labels on consumer products in China and internationally,
* https://www.provenance.org/,

Dservice.FREIGHT

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.freight,
* Mcs.Dservice.handover,
* Mcs.freight-Dservice,
* Mcs.handover-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://cointelegraph.com/news/ibm-maersk-to-deliver-first-blockchain-project-by-end-of-2017,

Dservice.PROVENANCE-PROJECT

description::
Project Provenance began with a frustration for how little we know about the things we buy
We are now a growing collective with backgrounds in software design, product manufacturing and data science. Our base is in London, but our mission is global. Our common goal is to deliver meaningful change to commerce through open and accessible information about products and supply chains.
[https://www.provenance.org/about]

name::
* Mcs.Provenance-ogn,

addressWpg::
* The woman whose mum inspired her to track ethical food
By Matthew Wheeler
Business reporter
13 February 2017
- http://www.bbc.com/news/business-38773878,

Dservice.sector.TRANSPORTATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.transportation,
* Mcs.Dservice.transportation,
* Mcs.sector.transportation-Dservice,
* Mcs.transportation-Dservice,

specific::
* blockchaintaxi.io,

Dservice.CHAIN-SERVICE-PROVIDING

description::
"Microsoft Azure already features a wide range of Blockchain solutions, including Ethereum, Chain Core, Corda, Nxt, Lisk, and Waves.
Together, they form an elaborate ecosystem known as Blockchain as a Service, which supports the creation of all kinds of Blockchain projects for all kinds of purposes and for companies of any size."
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/why-microsoft-azure-integrates-blockchain-crowdfunding-platform-waves]

name::
* Mcs.BaaS,
* Mcs.Dservice.chain-service-providing,
* Mcs.Dchain-as-a-service,
* Mcs.blockchain-as-a-service,

addressWpg::
* {2018-10-09} Veronica-Torras, https://medium.com/ardor/redefining-blockchain-as-a-service-beyond-buzzwords-d5fdcdd057f9,
* {2017-10-04} Oracle Joins the Blockchain Craze, Uses Hyperledger Fabric: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* http://cointelegraph.com/news/emercoin-blockchain-engine-becomes-first-blockchain-solution-available-on-microsoft-azure-marketplace,
- Emercoin joined the Microsoft Azure program in January 2016, becoming one of the first partners and blockchain implementing service providers. On this day, the Emercoin Blockchain Engine has become the first Microsoft Azure Market application to provide blockchain services to end users around the world.

Dservice.GOVERNANCE

description::
"We might say someday that blockchains did to governance what the internet did to communication."
[{2018-02-08} https://medium.com/blockchannel/blockchain-is-governance-e0d827b97b3f]
===
"Blockchain technology and dApps have the ability to decentralize power from existing authorities in business, law, and technology to a broad set of stakeholders.
This shift will disrupt current business, economic and social paradigms.
Transaction costs and barriers to entry in various industries will be reduced in these industries.
The result will likely be an increase in economic exchange and prosperity."
[https://consensys.net/vision/]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.administering!⇒Dgovernance-service,
* Mcs.Dservice.governance!⇒Dgovernance-service,
* Mcs.Dgovernance-service, {2019-04-26}
* Mcs.Dgoverning!⇒Dgovernance-service, {2019-04-27}
* Mcs.administering--Dchain-service!⇒Dgovernance-service,
* Mcs.governance--Dchain-service!⇒Dgovernance-service,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικής-διακυβέρνησης-υπηρεσία,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-25} Duncan-McCann, Miranda-Hall, Digital Self-control: algorithms, accountability, and our digital selves, https://neweconomics.org/2019/03/digital-self-control,
* {2019-02-14} https://coinrivet.com/andreas-antonopoulos-says-that-ethereums-killer-application-is-governance/,
* {2018-05-21} Vitalik-Buterin and Glen-Weyl, Liberation Through Radical Decentralization, https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/,

specific::
* society-governance--Dchain-service,
* city-governance--Dchain-service,
* organization-governance--Dchain-service,
===
* Aragon,
* boardroom.to,
* colony.io,
* district0x.io,

Dservice.GOVERNANCE.CITY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.city-governance,
* Mcs.Dservice.governance.city,
* Mcs.Dgovernance-service.city,
* Mcs.city-governance-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-27} https://cointelegraph.com/news/chinese-government-supports-development-of-blockchain-city-in-malaysia,
* {2019-03-18} https://www.ie.edu/insights/articles/blockchain-the-decentralized-government-of-smart-cities/,
* {2019-02-16} Marie-Huillet, Norway: Anarcho-Capitalist Smart City Adopts Crypto as Sole Recognized Medium of Exchange, https://cointelegraph.com/news/norway-anarcho-capitalist-smart-city-adopts-crypto-as-sole-recognized-medium-of-exchange,

Dservice.GOVERNANCE.SOCIETY

description::
The need to look beyond the currency and investigate the potential use of the technology in industries outside payments is often emphasized. So should global governments be embracing Blockchain?
Backing e-government platforms with Blockchain can solve a number of issues that arise when dealing with public authorities nowadays. Citizens feel so disconnected from their governments and think the general level of state bureaucracy is unbelievable. Therefore, digitization of state services in general and especially the integration of Blockchain in this sphere is an interesting process to follow.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/power-to-the-people-blockchain-replaces-government-in-europe]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.governance.society,
* Mcs.Dservice.public-sector,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.public,
* Mcs.Dservice.society-governance,
* Mcs.Dgovernance-service.society,
* Mcs.administering-society-Dservice,
* Mcs.governance-society-Dservice,
* Mcs.government-services-on-Dledger,
* Mcs.public-services-on-Dledger,
* Mcs.society-governance-Dservice,
* Mcs.state-services-on-Dledger,

addressWpg::
* http://www.borderless.tech/
===
* {2019-05-25} https://cointelegraph.com/news/opposition-politicians-demand-details-on-luxembourg-e-government-plan-for-blockchain-ai,
* {2019-04-23} Vit-Jedlicka, https://cryptodaily.co.uk/2019/04/liberland-initiates-decentralized-autonomous-government-with-eosio,
* {2018-06-15} book: Myungsan-Jun, Blockchain Government: A next form of infrastructure for the twenty-first century, https://www.amazon.com/,
* {2017-10-01} Dubai Will Issue First Ever State Cryptocurrency: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-09-11} Will blockchain transform the public sector? https://www2.deloitte.com/,

SPECIFIC

specific::
* Decentralized-society,
* Government-cryptocurrency-service,
* Land-registry--service,
* Social-security--service,
* Voting-service,
* Welfare-benefit--service,

Dservice.GOVERNMENT-CRYPTOCURRENCY

description::
Legal-tender cryptocurrency.

name::
* Mcs.Central-bank--cryptocurrency---service,
* Mcs.Dservice.Central-bank--cryptocurrency,
* Mcs.Dservice.government-cryptocurrency,
* Mcs.government-cryptocurrency--txhain-service,
* Mcs.Legal-tender-cryptocurrency--service,
* Mcs.National-cryptocurrency--txhain-service,

addressWpg::
* {time.2017-10-17} WISeKey Introduces WISeCoin, a Cryptocurrency platform to enable countries to launch their own Cryptocurrencies Combining National Identities with Crypto Wallets: http://markets.businessinsider.com/,
* {time.2017-10-15} BREAKING: Russia Issuing ‘CryptoRuble’: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {time.2017-09-25} Governments Are Testing Their Own Cryptocurrencies: https://www.technologyreview.com/,
* https://www.bitt.com/solutions/central-banks,

Dservice.LAND-REGISTRY

description::
Japan is embarking on a sweeping project to unify all property and land registries across urban, farmland and forested areas on a single blockchain-powered ledger. In incorporating some 230 million plots and 50 million buildings registered across the country, the ledger will also include collateral details and sale prices of properties. The register will be tested in select cities in summer 2018. If successful, the Japanese government will place its entire property register on a blockchain over the next five years.
[https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/japan-develops-digital-id-blockchain-consumers-banks/ {time.2017-09-27}]
===
Ghana has been playing around with Blockchain to apply it in land registry with 28 communities involved in the project to enable tamper-resistant property ownership.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/power-to-the-people-blockchain-replaces-government-in-europe]
===
For instance, Sweden is working to back real estate transactions with Blockchain technology, enabling all parties involved to easily track the progress of agreements.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/power-to-the-people-blockchain-replaces-government-in-europe]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.land-registry,
* Mcs.Dservice.real-estate-transaction,
* Mcs.land-registry-Dservice,
* Mcs.real-estate-transaction-Dservice,

generic::
* Record-keeping-Đ-service,
* Society-governance-Đ-service,

addressWpg::
* {time.2017-07-06} Sweden Officially Started Using #Blockchain to Register Land and Properties: https://twitter.com/Cointelegraph/status/883016884051955712,
* {time.2017-04-04} https://cointelegraph.com/news/blockchain-land-registry-trial-in-sweden-concludes-second-phase,

Dservice.SOCIAL-SECURITY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.social-security,
* Mcs.social-security-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* China recently announced that they would put their entire social security system on a Blockchain.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/ukraine-to-become-next-country-to-go-cashless-plans-national-digital-currency 2016-11-13]

Dservice.VOTING

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.voting,
* Mcs.Dvoting-service,
* Mcs.voting-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-07} https://cointelegraph.com/news/moscow-student-councils-plan-to-pilot-blockchain-e-voting-in-june,
* {2018-08-21} JP-Buntinx, 4 Blockchain Voting Projects Disrupting the World One Step at a Time, https://nulltx.com/4-blockchain-voting-projects-disrupting-the-world-one-step-at-a-time/,
* {2018-06-09} Crypto Valley’s Zug to Run Switzerland’s First Blockchain-Based Municipal Vote, https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2018-05-02} BOSCoin Develops Electronic Voting System based on Homomorphic Encryption that Guarantees Anonymity and Singular Votes, https://boscoin.io/,
* https://github.com/stonecoldpat/anonymousvoting,

specific::
* Blockchain--voting,
===
* https://www.boule.one/,
* https://voteflux.org/,

Dservice.WELFARE-BENEFIT

description::
The UK has been exploring the use of Blockchain to manage and monitor the distribution of welfare benefits.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/power-to-the-people-blockchain-replaces-government-in-europe]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.welfare-benefit,
* Mcs.welfare-benefit-Dservice,

Dservice.ECONOMY

name::
* Mcs.Deconomy-service, {2019-04-16}
* Mcs.blockchain-decentralized-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.chain-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.Dservice.decentralized-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.Dservice.economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.Dsociety'economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.collaborative-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.decentralized-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.decentralized-trust--economy!⇒Deconomy, {2018-05-10}
* Mcs.economy--Dchain-service!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.participative-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.token-economy!⇒Deconomy,
* Mcs.tokenized-economy!⇒Deconomy,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικής-αυτόνομης-οικονομίας--υπηρεσία,

Deconomy'recruitmen-sector

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.human-resources-industry,
* Mcs.Dservice.job-market,
* Mcs.Dservice.recruitment,
* Mcs.Dservice.sector.job,
* Mcs.Deconomy'recruitment-sector,
* Mcs.job-market-Dservice,
* Mcs.recruitment-sector-Dservice,
* Mcs.workforce-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-13} Marie-Fincher, 5 Ways Blockchain Technology Can Revolutionize Human Resource Management, https://www.hrtechnologist.com/articles/safety/5-ways-blockchain-technology-can-revolutionize-human-resource-management/,
* {2018-10-22} Andrew-Spence, THE BLOCKCHAIN WORK REVOLUTION, https://www.unleashgroup.io/news/hr-technology/the-blockchain-work-revolution,
* {2017-10-18} Ethereum, Blockchain Can Help Building Decentralized Workforce Network: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* https://chronobank.io/ ChronoBank.io is an ambitious and wide-ranging blockchain project, aimed at disrupting the HR/recruitment/finance industries in a similar way to how Uber disrupted the taxi business and how Upwork represented an evolution in freelancing.

specific::
* APPII, CV verification,
* Chronobank,
* coinlancer.io,
* ethlance.com: Ethereum-dApp,
* Jobeum,
* latium.org,

Deconomy'sharing-economy

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.sharing-economy,
* Mcs.Deconomy'sharing-economy,
* Mcs.sharing-economy-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* universal-sharing-network: https://slock.it/usn.html,

Deconomy'marketplace

description::
MARKETPLACE
The Nxt Marketplace feature allows you to list items for sale and make sales on the blockchain.

You do not need to rely on external market sites to conduct your business. Instead, transactions are done between seller and buyer directly.
[https://nxt.org/what-is-nxt/marketplace/]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.marketplace,
* Mcs.Deconomy'marketplace,
* Mcs.marketplace-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-02-24} Sofocles, Create loyal customers with cryptocurrencies, https://hackernoon.com/create-loyal-customers-with-cryptocurrencies-1b685d903cdf,

specific::
* theagora.io,
* databrokerdao.com: IoT data marketplace,
* ico.storiqa.com,

Deconomy'traditional-asset-tokenization

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.real-asset-tokenization,
* Mcs.Dservice.traditional-asset-digitization,
* Mcs.Deconomy'traditional-asset-tokenization,
* Mcs.digitization-of-traditional-assets-Dservice,
* Mcs.tokenization-of-real-asset,
* Mcs.traditional-asset-digitization-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2017-12-03} Yaroslav-Levishchev, Tokenization Might Replace Securitization: https://medium.com/swlh/,
* {2017-08-30} https://blog.bankex.org/real-world-assets-a-worthy-challenge-for-tokenization-f0187ba185d2,

specific::
* jibrel.network,
* LAToken: making real assets tradable in crypto.

Deconomy'resource

name::
* Mcs.Deconomy'resource,

addressWpg::
* Algorand: https://www.algorand.com/why-algorand,
===
* {2019-01-07} David-Z-Morris, Vitalik Buterin Thinks This Man’s Ideas Can Break America’s Political Logjam, https://breakermag.com/vitalik-buterin-thinks-this-mans-ideas-can-break-americas-political-logjam/,
* {2017-11-03} Radar-Relay, The Path to the Token Economy: Considerations for onboarding the world to the fifth economic system: https://medium.com/radarrelay/,
* {2017-03-30} How Amir Taaki Tried to Build Bitcoin Economy in Syria While Fighting ISIS: https://cointelegraph.com/news/how-amir...build-bitcoin-economy-in-syria-while-fighting-isis,
* {2016-08-01} Fred-Ehrsam, Blockchain Tokens and the dawn of the Decentralized Business Model: https://blog.coinbase.com/,
* https://tokeneconomy.co/,

Dservice.IDENTIFICATION

description::
"While strictly financial transactions can be completely anonymous, political transactions only have value if able to ensure that the entities involved in it are legitimately entitled to be a part of the decision in question."
[https://words.democracy.earth/humans-first-decentralizing-identity-and-governance-in-the-artificial-intelligence-era-4a2ddbbdda90]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.ID,
* Mcs.Dservice.identification,
* Mcs.decentralized-ID,
* Mcs.DID,
* Mcs.identification-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* {2019-07-14} https://cointelegraph.com/news/major-korean-firms-partner-to-launch-blockchain-mobile-id-system,
* {2019-05-13} https://bitcoinmagazine.com/articles/microsoft-building-id-verification-platform-bitcoin/,
* {2019-05-09} Rich-McAteer, https://medium.com/marbleorg/introducing-humanity-90ddf9ead235,
* {2019-04-08} https://cointelegraph.com/news/mainstream-media-corp-thomson-reuters-patents-blockchain-system-for-identity-management,
* {2018-10-23} https://cryptoconsulting.info/blog/2018/10/23/visa-set-to-launch-blockchain-based-digital-identity-system-with-ibm-in-q1-2019/,
* {2018-10-12} Blockgenic, https://hackernoon.com/identity-on-the-blockchain-c1e1a2fc353f,
* {2018-10-12} https://bitcoinexchangeguide.com/microsoft-is-testing-new-blockchain-identity-verification-systems/,
* {2018-06-20} Word-Economic-Forum, Refugees can pay for their shopping by simply looking into a camera, https://twitter.com/wef/,
* {2018-02-13} Helen-Partz, Microsoft To Implement Blockchain-Based ID System: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-11-24} Zug Citizens Begin Digital ID Registration on an Ethereum Blockchain: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-11-15} Blockchain Digital Identification in Canada Coming in 2018: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-10-07} Governments Eye Blockchain in Their Creation of National Identity Systems: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-10-04} Singapore Regulator, Banks Complete KYC Blockchain Prototype: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-05-26} “Identity on the blockchain” — chapter 3: https://blog.oraclize.it/,
* {2017-05-15} RegTech: New Blockchain Platform Seeks To Disrupt Identity Industry: https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2017-02-13} Elena-Mesropyan, 21 Companies Leveraging Blockchain for Identity Management and Authentication: https://gomedici.com/,
* {2015-11-14} https://www.coindesk.com/meet-the-dad-who-registered-his-daughters-birth-on-the-blockchain,
===
* Decentralized-Identity-Foundation: https://medium.com/decentralized-identity, https://identity.foundation/,
* https://uport.me/#home, Your universal digital passport
Simple, secure, self-sovereign identity on Ethereum
Self-sovereign identity puts you 100% in control of your identity and data
* https://shocard.com/how-it-works/
* World-Identity-Network: https://win.systems/,
* https://id2020.org/,

specific::
* Bitcoin-ID-service,
* Blockchain-ID-service,
===
* civic.com,
* Everest: https://everest.org/,
* NuID: https://nuid.io/,
* uport.me,
* persona.im,
* verif-y.io,
* https://docs.blockstack.org/browser/ids-introduction.html,
* https://onekosmos.com/,
* https://securekey.com/,
* https://selfkey.org/,
* https://ont.io/ (ONT ID),
* https://neo.org/ (digital identity),
* https://www.idpass.org/,
* https://www.identity.com/, (civic)

Dservice.COLLABORATION

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.collaboration,
* Mcs.Dservice.global-collaboration,
* Mcs.collaboration-Dservice,
* Mcs.global-collaboration-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://matryx.ai/,

Dservice.COORDINATION.GLOBAL

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.coordination.global,
* Mcs.Dservice.global-coordination,
* Mcs.coordination.global-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* http://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2016/06/20/ skype-inventor-jaan-tallinn-wants-to-use-bitcoin-technology-to-s/

Dservice.SOCIETY

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.decentralized-society!⇒Dsociety,
* Mcs.Dsociety-service, {2019-04-16}
* Mcs.decentralized-society--Dchain-service!⇒Dsociety,
* Mcs.peer-to-peer-governance-society--Dchain-service!⇒Dsociety,
* Mcs.self-governance-society--Dchain-service!⇒Dsociety,

name.Greek::
* McsEll.αποκεντρωτικής-αυτόνομης-κοινωνίας--υπηρεσία,

part::
* Deconomy,
* Dgovernance-of-society,

specific::
* Bitnation,
* Libertaria,

Dservice.Bitnation

description::
Bitnation is the world's first Decentralized Borderless Voluntary Nation (DBVN). Bitnation started in July 2014 and hosted the world’s first blockchain marriage, birth certificate, refugee emergency ID, World Citizenship, DBVN Constitution and more. The website proof-of-concept, including the blockchain ID and Public Notary, is used by tens of thousands of Bitnation Citizens and Embassies around the world. Bitnation is the winner of UNESCO’s Netexplo Award 2017, and has been featured by the Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, BBC, CNN, WIRED, VICE, TechCrunch, The Economist, Russia Today among many others.
[https://tse.bitnation.co/]

name::
* Mcs.Bitnation,

addressWpg::
* https://bitnation.co/ (Colombia)
* https://github.com/Bit-Nation,

CONSTITUTION:
* https://github.com/Bit-Nation/BITNATION-Constitution,

Dservice.FERMAT-FRAMEWORK

description::
Fermat is a Decentralized, Blockchain enabled, Modular App Platform that unleashes the P2P “Internet of People” Economy.
Fermat seeks to deliver the better world, initially promised by Bitcoin. Through a decentralized app framework that incentivizes collaborative development, shared ownership and hyper-customization of modular software, the Project aims to unshackle free markets, by removing intermediaries from their current levels of influence, and to earn widespread mainstream adoption.
Fermat's central premise is that there is a path to software development that is smarter, better and more efficient than the status quo. The Fermat framework allows anyone from anywhere to collaborate and mutually profit from shared ownership of modular applications: it enables an open-ended stream of micropayments to authors of reusable software components that can be perpetually combined and recombined across an ever-expanding library of useful, highly-customizable, peer-to-peer commercial applications (apps).
The blockchain-enabled system is built to be user-controlled, censorship-resistant and flexible – a platform for person-to-person exchange of goods, service, assets and data, free from the whims, risks, costs and interference of unwanted, self-interested third parties who put their priorities ahead of those of the people directly involved in the exchange.
Our roadmap to a better world starts from the view of mass adoption. Our first step is to envision a future where cryptocurrency is mass-adopted; fiat currencies are already completely digitized; and people have the freedom to choose which electronic currency to use, where to store them and how and when to exchange that purchasing power.
In this future people manage multiple online identities, using the one that best fits their current needs in each situation. They transact with whatever privacy level they choose. They not only have money on their devices, but a whole suite of software that can use their digital money to enable and sustain all kinds of p2p business models. Fermat is making this possible.
I envision a future where humans are more important than legal fictions like companies and corporations and non-objective realities like nations and states.
–LUIS FERNANDO MOLINA
[http://www.fermat.org/fermat-about-us/our-vision/]

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.fermat-framwork,
* Mcs.fermat-framwork-Dservice,

addressWpg::
* https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bzq6JfsbkKrAUFAwWUNyNS12ekU/view?ts=56f6c013,

Dservice.SPATIAL

name::
* Mcs.Dservice.spatial,
* Mcs.spatial-Dservice,

specific::
* foam.space: on Ethereum-net,

ATTRIBUTE of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'attribute,

decentralization of DnChain

description::
· chain-decentralization[a] is a-measure of control of chain-attributes by stakeholders.
· 'decentralized', 'centralized', 'heavily', 'enough', ... are specific definite or definiteNo measures of it[a].
· in literature, often we see advocates of one chain-net to evaluate other nets as centralized.
· as always, the-problem[b] of miscommunication comes from the-fact that we use UNDEFINED NAMES in our texts|speeches and which[b] is impossible to solve with current technology (= paper-texts, pdf-files, simple-html-files, ...).
· in chain-decentralization people evaluate it without defining (= uniquely identifying) what attributes by what stakeholders they mean.
[hmnSgm.2019-02-14]
===
· decentralization[a] is an ambiguous name and most important UNDEFINED name used in chain-net literature.
· this is in contrast to most of its[a] users who are programers and they know that just a single undefined-variable in programing-text is the-cause of failure of entire programs.
· there are many types of decentralization: trust, storage, governance, different degrees 50%, 75%, 100%, ...
· the first type of chain-decentralization was "the-decentralized-trust".
· digital-money, because it is just information, need a trusted entity for book-keeping.
· Bitcoin-network replaced the central trusted entities of payment-systems with a-decentralized one with no human involvement but dependent of computer processing power.
· at the same time the-chain-networks have another type of decentralization, "the-decentralized-storage" because information is stored in many computers and not in a central one.
· but "decentralized-governance" never achieved in chain-networks for the simple fact they operate on accounts (token) and not on humans which govern the-networks.
[hmnSgm.2018-11-07]
===
· a-chain-net is decentralized if there are no humans that CONTROL|POWER (append-tx, read-tx, programe, develop) it at own will on all chain-net-attributes.
[hmnSgm.2018-04-01]

name::
* Mcs.chain-centralization!⇒chain-decentralization, {2019-02-14}
* Mcs.chain-decentralization, {2019-02-13}
* Mcs.DnChain'decentralization!⇒chain-decentralization,
* Mcs.decentralization-of-Dnchain!⇒chain-decentralization,

resource of decentralization

name::
* Mcs.chain-decentralization'resource,

addressWpg::
* {2019-01-30} Angela-Walch, Deconstructing 'Decentralization': Exploring the Core Claim of Crypto Systems, Crypto Assets: Legal and Monetary Perspectives (OUP, Forthcoming), https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3326244,
* {2018-09-03} Tony-Sheng, Let's ditch "decentralized", https://www.tonysheng.com/decentralized-definition,
* {2017-02-06} Vitalik-Buterin, The Meaning of Decentralization, https://medium.com/@VitalikButerin/,

decentralization.TRUST

description::
· the first type of chain-decentralization was "the-decentralized-trust".
· digital-money, because it is just information, need a trusted entity for book-keeping.
· Bitcoin-network replaced the central trusted entities of payment-systems with a-decentralized one with no human involvement but dependent of computer processing power.
[hmnSgm.2018-11-07]
===
· the-decentralized-trust of a-chain-net has an important attribute: it is automated.
· it is not performed by humans, but with computers.
· of course, humans write the-code that computers execute.
[hmnSgm.2019-02-17]
===
· decentralized-trust is the-ability of the-network to be-controlled NOT CENTRALLY.
· this attribute is THE-REVOLUTION this technology brought to society.
· in my opinion, it is the missing attribute in our goal to create non-antagonistic-societies, and the-cause of failure of "existing-socialism" 1917 experiment.
[hmnSgm.2018-04-22]
===
"The Trust Revolution will transform everything.
We can now rearchitect systems and society enabling guaranteed execution of agreements, and build fidelity, fairness and equitability into the application of societal rule systems, as everything we do can be rebased on a sounder trust foundation.
... We would achieve maximal decentralization of a blockchain network if every person on the planet owned precisely one full node device connected to the network."
[https://decryptmedia.com/6343/an-overview-of-the-state-of-the-blockchain-ecosystem]
===
"Many of us are guilty of describing blockchains as “trustless” systems. However, I’ve come to realize that the term “trustless” is ambiguous, confusing, and most importantly, inaccurate.
Blockchains don’t actually eliminate trust. What they do is minimize the amount of trust required from any single actor in the system. They do this by DISTRIBUTING TRUST among different actors in the system via an economic game that incentivizes actors to cooperate with the rules defined by the protocol."
[{2018-02-03} Preethi-Kasireddy, ELI5: What do we mean by “blockchains are trustless”?, https://medium.com/@preethikasireddy/]

name::
* Mcs.automated-decentralized-trust--chain-decentralization,
* Mcs.trust--chain-decentralization,
* Mcs.chain-decentralization.appendace,
* Mcs.chain-decentralization.trust,
* Mcs.DnChain'trustless-attribute,

decentralization.STORAGE

description::
· storage-decentralization is the-quantity of nodes that store the-chain.

name::
* Mcs.chain-decentralization.storage,

decentralization.ASSET

description::
· asset-decentralization is the-quantity of humans that own the-assets of the-net.

name::
* Mcs.chain-decentralization.asset,

addressWpg::
* {2019-03-09} https://cointelegraph.com/news/over-80-percent-of-total-eth-supply-is-held-by-7-572-addresses-research,

decentralization.DEVELOPMENT

description::
· development-decentralization is the-quantity of developers of the-net.

name::
* Mcs.chain-decentralization.development,

immutability of DnChain

description::
"Immutability is without a doubt, one of the core principles of the technology."
[https://medium.com/lykke/of-blockchains-and-time-machines-74972dc1f92a]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'immutability,
* Mcs.DnChain-att.immutability,

addressWpg::
* {2019-07-04} https://medium.com/lykke/of-blockchains-and-time-machines-74972dc1f92a,

crypto-economics of DnChain

description::
· the-use of economic-incentives to append the-chain of transactions by consensus without a central authority.
===
The cryptography underlying these systems is what makes the P2P communication within the networks secure and the economics is what incentivizes all actors to contribute to the network so that it thrives over time.
[https://thecontrol.co/cryptoeconomics-101-e5c883e9a8ff]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'crypto-economics,
* Mcs.crypto-economics--of-DnChain,

addressWpg::
* {2017-08-28} Josh-Stark, Making Sense of Cryptoeconomics: https://medium.com/l4-media/,
* {2017-06-4} Nick-Tomaino, Cryptoeconomics 101, https://thecontrol.co/,

double-counting of DnChain

description::
"Core logic in the blockchain system is designed to prevent double-counting of assets and to record ownership and transfers."
[https://docs.blockstack.org/develop/zero_to_dapp_2.html#research-existing-in-decentralized-applications [Maslova.Natalia]]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'double-counting-of-assets-prevention,

data-storage of DnChain

description::
"blockchains are relatively expensive to store data on, it turns out that they don't make great file systems."
[https://hack.aragon.org/docs/getting-started.html#web3]
===
"We believe that not using blockchains for data storage is necessary for scalability"
[https://blockstack.org/whitepaper.pdf {2017-10-12}]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'data-storage,
* Mcs.DnChain-benefitNo.data-storage,

zero-knowledge-proof of DnChain

description::
"Being able to answer a question of “Does a user have enough money to send to another user” without knowing who the user is, or exactly how much they have, is one of the primary use cases for Zero-Knowledge Proofs in blockchain."
[https://medium.com/coinmonks/blockchain-zero-knowledge-proof-in-a-nutshell-f0684a669a68]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain'zero-knowledge-proof,
* Mcs.zero-knowledge-proof--of-DnChain,

EVOLUTING of DnChain

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting, {2019-03-16}
* Mcs.DnChain'evoluting!⇒Dchain-evoluting,
* Mcs.evoluting-of-Dnchain!⇒Dchain-evoluting,

addressWpg::
* {time.2019-03-08} https://komodoplatform.com/the-promise-challenges-and-evolution-of-the-blockchain-industry/,
* {time.2019-02-28} Shannon-Voight, George Gilder’s Ten Laws of the Cryptocosm, https://blog.blockstack.org/george-gilder-predicts-life-after-google/,
* {time.2018-09-08} Michael-K.-Spencer, Ethereum 2.0 and the Future of Scalable Blockchain, There’s new ways to think about the blockchain stack in 2018, https://medium.com/futuresin/ethereum-2-0-and-the-future-of-scalable-blockchain-389cfcc7760c,
* {time.2018-08-17} Steve-Fiorillo, Bitcoin History: Timeline, Origins and Founder, https://www.thestreet.com/investing/bitcoin/bitcoin-history-14686578,
* {time.2018-01-02} Andrew-Keys, 18 Blockchain Predictions for 2018: https://media.consensys.net/,
* {time.2017-08-24} Fred Ehrsam: Funding the Evolution of Blockchains,

specific::
* blockchain-network--evoluting,

Dchain-net'2019

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2019-lanunced,

{time.2019}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Cosmos-net, {2019-03-13},

Dchain-net'2018

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2018-launched,

{time.2018}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Ontology-net, {2018-06-30},
* Tron-net, {2018-06-25},
* Eos-net, {2018-06-14},

{time.2018-01-22}::
=== lightning-network:
Lightning Network’s Pizza Day? First Ever Physical Purchase On Lightning Network
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/lightning-networks-pizza-day-first-ever-physical-purchase-on-lightning-network]

Dchain-net'2017

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2017-launched,

{time.2017}::
=== new chain-networks:

{time.2017-12-20}::
=== Notation:
I am-using "D-stroke = Đ" (unicode #272 character) to denote decentralized-crypto-technology.
[hmnSgm.2017-12-21]

{time.2017-11}::
=== Usa taxation:
While the IRS had initially asked Coinbase to turn over information on all of its users, a court case brought on by Coinbase decided in Nov. 2017 that only information on “high volume” users needed to be given to the IRS.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/belgian-tax-authority-to-search-for-taxpayers-using-foreign-crypto-exchanges]

{time.2017-10-01}::
=== IBM is the top provider of Blockchain:
Juniper Research has released the results of a survey indicating that International Business Machines (IBM) is the top provider of Blockchain among all other companies, with 43% of the vote. Instead of “International Business Machines,” IBM could very well stand for “International Blockchain Model” in the near future.
On the same survey entitled, “Blockchain Enterprise Survey,” Microsoft came in second with 20% of the vote, followed by Accenture. Several factors were noted on the rise of IBM to the number one spot; however, most of them were credited to the use of Hyperledger and other research development efforts.
[https://www.cointelegraph.com/]

{time.2017-09-26}::
=== New name:
"Decentralized-Transaction-Chain--network" from "Decentralized-Ledger--network".
[hmnSgm.2017-09-26]

{time.2017-04-19}:
=== iEx.ec ICO:
French distributed cloud computing network iEx.ec has closed its ICO in just three hours, having raised its target of $12 mln.
... iEx joins a host of startups in the crypto space and further afield to have closed hugely successful crowd sale schemes well ahead of schedule.
Recent examples include the Digital Liquid Venture Fund, which earlier this month reached its $10 mln target in six hours. Humaniq and Matchpool also feature among 2017’s high flyers.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/iexec-closes-worlds-5th-largest-ico-with-12-mln-in-6-hours]

Dchain-net'2016

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2016-launched,

{time.2016}::
* Zcash-network {time.2016-10-28},
* Lisk-network {time.2016-05-24},
* Waves-network {time.2016-04-15},
* Steem-network {time.2016-03-24},
* Decred-network {time.2016-02-08},
* PIVX-network {time.2016-01-29},
=== Industry:
By the end of 2016, there are almost 500 blockchain startups globally that have attracted more than $1.8 billion in investment. In 2016, traditional investment volume in blockchain industry is $496 million
[https://nebulas.io/docs/NebulasWhitepaper.pdf]

Dchain-net'2015

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2015-launched,

{time.2015}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Bitshares2-network {time.2015-10-13},
* Stellar-network {time.2015-09-30},
* Ethereum-network {time.2015-07-30},
* NEM-network {time.2015-03-29},

{time.2015-11-05}::
=== Graphene:
On November 5th, 2015, Cryptonomex licensed Graphene to the BitShares community and the blockchain was upgraded to BitShares 2.0.
Later, in 2016, Graphene was released under MIT license to the public.
[https://steemit.com/eosio/@xeroc/historical-facts-about-daniel-larimer-and-his-contributions-to-the-blockchain-industry]

Dchain-net'2014

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2014-launched,

{time.2014}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Dash-network {time.2014-01-19},
* FairCoop-network {time.2014-01-07},

{time.2014-07-23}::
=== Ethereum presale:
Ethereum Raises 3,700 BTC in First 12 Hours of Ether Presale:
"The presold ether will be created in the Genesis Block around that time; until then, the 7.4 million ETHs already sold are just claims on coins that have yet to be created. The site's wording is careful in saying that the presold ETH are neither a store of value nor shares in the company, wording that simply keeps the presale on the right side of the law."
[https://cointelegraph.com/]

Dchain-net'2013

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2013-launced,

{time.2013}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Emercoin-network {time.2013-12-11},
* Nxt-network {time.2013-11-24},
=== Proof-of-Stake:
Sunny King created Peercoin (PPC) in 2013 to become the first cryptocurrency to implement Proof of Stake while still keeping Proof of Work (PoW).
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/the-history-and-evolution-of-proof-of-stake]

{time.2013}:
=== COLORED-COINS:
Blockchain assets and colored coins approaches emerged around 2013, when several protocols utilizing Bitcoin’s blockchain were implemented.
[idWaveswpr21]
=== ALTCOINS:
Alt coins continued to proliferate in 2011 and 2012, either based on bitcoin or on Litecoin.By 2013, there were 20 alt coins vying for position in the market. By the end of 2013, this number had exploded to 200, with 2013 quickly becoming the "year of the alt coins." The growth of alt coins continued in 2014, with more than 500 alt coins in existence at the time of writing. More than half the alt coins today are clones of Litecoin.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch09.asciidoc#alt-coins]
=== PROOF-OF-STAKE
In 2013, we saw the invention of an alternative to proof of work, called proof of stake, which forms the basis of many modern alt coins.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch09.asciidoc#consensus-innovation-peercoin-myriad-blackcoin-vericoin-nxt]

Dchain-net'2012

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2012-launched,

{time.2012}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Peercoin-network {time.2012-08-19},
* Ripple-network {2012},

{time.2012-08}:
=== Peercoin:
Peercoin was introduced in August 2012 and is the first alt coin to use a hybrid proof-of-work and proof-of-stake algorithm to issue new currency.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch09.asciidoc#peercoin]

Dchain-net'2011

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2011-launched,

{time.2011}::
=== new chain-networks:
* Litecoin-network {time.2011-10-07},
* Namecoin-network {time.2011-04-17},

{time.2011-09}:
=== script-proof-of-work:
In September 2011, Tenebrix was launched. Tenebrix was the first cryptocurrency to implement an alternative proof-of-work algorithm, namely scrypt, an algorithm originally designed for password stretching (brute-force resistance). The stated goal of Tenebrix was to make a coin that was resistant to mining with GPUs and ASICs, by using a memory-intensive algorithm. Tenebrix did not succeed as a currency, but it was the basis for Litecoin, which has enjoyed great success and has spawned hundreds of clones.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch09.asciidoc#alt-coins]

{time.2011-08}:
=== first altcoin:
Based on the date of announcement, the first alt coin that was a fork of bitcoin appeared in August 2011; it was called IXCoin. IXCoin modified a few of the bitcoin parameters, specifically accelerating the creation of currency by increasing the reward to 96 coins per block.
[https://github.com/bitcoinbook/bitcoinbook/blob/first_edition/ch09.asciidoc#alt-coins]

Dchain-net'2010

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2010-launched,

{time.2010-05-22}::
=== pizza-buying:
On May 22nd, 2010 someone bought a pizza for 10,000 bitcoins.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/the-history-and-evolution-of-proof-of-stake]

{time.2010}:
=== name-registration-system:
Namecoin - created in 2010, Namecoin is best described as a decentralized name registration database. In decentralized protocols like Tor, Bitcoin and BitMessage, there needs to be some way of identifying accounts so that other people can interact with them, but in all existing solutions the only kind of identifier available is a pseudorandom hash like 1LW79wp5ZBqaHW1jL5TCiBCrhQYtHagUWy. Ideally, one would like to be able to have an account with a name like "george". However, the problem is that if one person can create an account named "george" then someone else can use the same process to register "george" for themselves as well and impersonate them. The only solution is a first-to-file paradigm, where the first registerer succeeds and the second fails - a problem perfectly suited for the Bitcoin consensus protocol. Namecoin is the oldest, and most successful, implementation of a name registration system using such an idea.
[https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper#alternative-blockchain-applications]

Dchain-net'2009

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'2009-launched,

{time.2009-01-03 18:15:05}
=== Block#0: Bitcoin genesis block.
=== Block#1: {Timestamp 2009-01-09 02:54:25}
The first block the-network added.
[https://blockchain.info/block-height/1]

{time.2008-10-31}::
=== Birth, Satoshi-Nakamoto whitepaper:
On 31st Oct 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto released a white paper titled: "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System", which marked the birth of blockchain in our world.
[https://nebulas.io/docs/NebulasWhitepaper.pdf]

{time.2005}:
=== Nick Szabo:
In 2005, Nick Szabo came out with the concept of "secure property titles with owner authority", a document describing how "new advances in replicated database technology" will allow for a blockchain-based system for storing a registry of who owns what land, creating an elaborate framework including concepts such as homesteading, adverse possession and Georgian land tax. However, there was unfortunately no effective replicated database system available at the time, and so the protocol was never implemented in practice.
[https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper#alternative-blockchain-applications]

{time.1998}:
=== Wei-Dai:
Bitcoin is the first implementation of a concept called "cryptocurrency", which was first described in 1998 by Wei Dai on the cypherpunks mailing list, suggesting the idea of a new form of money that uses cryptography to control its creation and transactions, rather than a central authority.
The first Bitcoin specification and proof of concept was published in 2009 in a cryptography mailing list by Satoshi Nakamoto.
Satoshi left the project in late 2010 without revealing much about himself.
The community has since grown exponentially with many developers working on Bitcoin.
[https://bitcoin.org/en/faq#who-created-bitcoin]

roadmap of DnChain

description::
a plan or strategy intended to achieve a particular goal.
[Google dictionary]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'roadmap,
* Mcs.DnChain'roadmap,
* Mcs.roadmap-of-DnChain,

main-net-launch of DnChain

description::
· the-time when the-main-net is-released.

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'main-net-launch,
* Mcs.DnChain'main-net-release,

hardfork of DnChain

description::
Protocol upgrades (formerly known as hard forks)
[http://docs.bitshares.eu/bitshares/user/you-should-know.html]
===
The basic difference between the two is that soft forks change the rules of a protocol by strictly reducing the set of transactions that is valid, so nodes following the old rules will still get on the new chain (provided that the majority of miners/validators implements the fork), whereas hard forks allow previously invalid transactions and blocks to become valid, so clients must upgrade their clients in order to stay on the hard-forked chain. There are also two sub-types of hard forks: strictly expanding hard forks, which strictly expand the set of transactions that is valid, and so effectively the old rules are a soft fork with respect to the new rules, and bilateral hard forks, where the two rulesets are incompatible both ways.
[http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'hardfork!⇒chain-hardfork,
* Mcs.DnChain'hardfork!⇒chain-hardfork,
* Mcs.chain-hardfork,
* Mcs.hardfork-of-Dnchain!⇒chain-hardfork,

evaluation of hardfork

description::
The benefits commonly cited for the two are as follows.
- Hard forks allow the developers much more flexibility in making the protocol upgrade, as they do not have to take care to make sure that the new rules “fit into” the old rules
...
Aside from this, one major criticism often given for hard forks is that hard forks are “coercive”. The kind of coercion implied here is not physical force; rather, it’s coercion through network effect. That is, if the network changes rules from A to B, then even if you personally like A, if most other users like B and switch to B then you have to switch to B despite your personal disapproval of the change in order to be on the same network as everyone else.
Proponents of hard forks are often derided as trying to effect a “hostile take over” of a network, and “force” users to go along with them. Additionally, the risk of chain splits is often used to bill hard forks as “unsafe”.
[http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html]

name::
* Mcs.chain-hardfork'evaluation,

softfork of DnChain

description::
The basic difference between the two is that soft forks change the rules of a protocol by strictly reducing the set of transactions that is valid, so nodes following the old rules will still get on the new chain (provided that the majority of miners/validators implements the fork), whereas hard forks allow previously invalid transactions and blocks to become valid, so clients must upgrade their clients in order to stay on the hard-forked chain.
[http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html]

name::
* Mcs.Dchain-evoluting'softfork!⇒chain-softfork,
* Mcs.DnChain'softfork!⇒chain-softfork,
* Mcs.chain-softfork,
* Mcs.softfork-of-Dnchain!⇒chain-softfork,

evaluation of softfork

description::
The benefits commonly cited for the two are as follows.
- Soft forks are more convenient for users, as users do not need to upgrade to stay on the chain
- Soft forks are less likely to lead to a chain split
- Soft forks only really require consent from miners/validators (as even if users still use the old rules, if the nodes making the chain use the new rules then only things valid under the new rules will get into the chain in any case); hard forks require opt-in consent from users
[http://vitalik.ca/general/2017/03/14/forks_and_markets.html]

name::
* Mcs.chain-softfork'evaluation,

GENERIC of DnChain

generic::
* peer-to-peer-network,
...
* ModelConceptStructured,
* info,
* model,
* entity,

DnChain.SPECIFIC

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.specific,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAsSpecific,

specific::
* blockchain-network,
* Dagchain-network (Directed-Acyclic-Graph--net),
=== on appending
* permision-to-append--Dchain-net,
* permisionless-to-append--Dchain-net,
=== on joining
* permision-to-join--Dchain-net,
* permisionless-to-join--Dchain-net,
=== on appending-joining
* public--chain-net,
* publicNo--chain-net,
===
* currency--chain-net,
* currencyNo--chain-net,
=== on client:
* Graphene--chain-net,
===
* 3rd-generation--chain-net,
===
* Aidos-Kuneen,
* Byteball-network,
* HyperCash,
* Iota-network,

addressWpg::
* {time.2017-10-14} Blockchain Project Ecosystem: https://medium.com/@josh_nussbaum/,

DnChain.SPECIFIC-DIVISION.Dchain

specific::
* blockchain-network,
* Dagchain-network,
===
* multi--chain-network, (inter-chain, independent|dependent)
* one--chain-network,

DnChain.control.CENTRAL

description::
· centrally-controlled--chain-net is a-chain-net (= appends its chain algorithmically) with a-central-entity that controls it, its development, appendability, joiness, view of data, asset quantity, etc.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]
===
Blockchains can be built that require permission to read the information on the blockchain, that limit the parties who can transact on the blockchain and that set who can serve the network by writing new blocks into the chain.
For example, Ripple runs a permissioned blockchain. The startup determines who may act as transaction validator on their network, and it has included CGI, MIT and Microsoft as transaction validators, while also building its own nodes in different locations around the world.
[https://www.coindesk.com/information/what-is-the-difference-between-open-and-permissioned-blockchains/]

name::
* Mcs.central--Dchain-net, {2019-03-09}
* Mcs.centralized-controlled--Dchain-net, {2018-11-05}
* Mcs.centralized-trust-and-crypto-chain--network, {2018-05-23}
* Mcs.centrally-controlled--Dchain-net,
* Mcs.DnChain.centralized-controlled, {2018-11-05}

addressWpg::
* {2018-03-31} An Inside Look At China’s Government Controlled Cryptocurrency Project: https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2017-10-06} Singapore Central Bank Reveals Blockchain Breakthrough in Interbank Payments: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-01-02} Christoph Jentzsch: Public vs Private chain: https://blog.slock.it/,

asset of central--chain-net

name::
* Mcs.asset-of--central--Dchain-net,
* Mcs.central--chain-net'asset,

NATIONAL-CRYPTOCURRENCY

description::
· national-cryptocurrency is an-antiphasis if with 'cryptocurrency' we mean a-currency in a-decentralized-trust-and-crypto-chain--network.
[hmnSgm.2018-05-22]
===
Putin answered by first explaining that Russia cannot have its own cryptocurrency, as cryptocurrency “by definition” cannot be owned by a centralized state, since it “goes beyond borders.”
[{2018-06-07} https://cointelegraph.com/news/russian-president-vladimir-putin-publicly-addresses-crypto-says-practically-nothing]
===
National cryptocurrencies provide a meaningful alternative to the central banking system, allow a people to gather equity instead of debt, and have a more focused distribution model than general purpose cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.
[http://cointelegraph.com/news/could-iceland-embrace-crypto-before-anyone-else]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency.dominant,
* Mcs.Dcurrency.national,
* Mcs.conventional-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.dominant-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.government-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.national-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.mainstream-Dcurrency,
* Mcs.state-issued-Dcurrency,

Service::
* Government-cryptocurrency-Đ-service,

addressWpg::
* {2018-05-22} Avi-Rosten, Marshall Islands Officially Make Crypto Their Sovereign National Currency, https://www.cryptoglobe.com/,
* {2018-05-21} Rainer-Michael-Preiss, National Government Digital Currencies Versus Globally Distributed Cryptocurrencies: in Depth, https://cointelegraph.com/,
* {2018-02-28} New “Sovereign” Cryptocurrency Will Be Legal Tender in the Marshall Islands: https://bitcoinmagazine.com/,
* {2017-12-24} Israel Government Considering National Cryptocurrency: https://cointelegraph.com/ (A digital currency, registered with the government of Israel, would make black market transactions less possible.),
* {2017-10-19} Vitalik Buterin: Central Banks Lack Ability to Create their Own Digital Currencies: https://www.cryptocoinsnews.com/,
* {2017-05-15} Palestine May Launch Its Own Cryptocurrency as Sovereign Legal Tender: https://bitcoinmagazine.com/,
* {2016-11-27} Senegal Introduces Cryptocurrency Based on its National Currency: https://cointelegraph.com/,

WHOLE::
* National--cryptocurrency-network,

relation to crypto-chain--net

description::
Private blockchains provide incredible operational efficiencies.
Implementing a private blockchain means that efficiency is your main goal, not decentralization.
But if the goals are decentralization, interoperability and independent security, a public blockchain is going to be more important.
[https://betterworkingworld.ey.com/]

name::
* Mcs.private-chain--net'relation-to-public,
* Mcs.public-chain--net'relation-to-private,

addressWpg::
* {2018-04-05} ConsenSys: Blockchain vs. Distributed Ledger Technologies: Part 1 of a comparative analysis between Ethereum, Hyperledger Fabric and R3 Corda: https://media.consensys.net/,

permission--chain-net.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Blockchain-publicNo-network,

DnChain.control.CENTRAL.NO

description::
· decentralized-controlled--chain-net is a-chain-net which is-controlled by ALL its-members.
[hmnSgm.2018-11-05]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.decentralized-controlled,
* Mcs.centrally-controlled--Dchain-net,
* Mcs.decentralized-controlled--Dchain-net,

DnChain.appending.PERMISSIONED

description::
· permission-to-appending--chain-net is the-chain-net where NOT anyone can-create an-appender-node.
===
"Blockchains are described as either permissioned or permissionless in relation to the ability to participate as a validator node."
[https://libra.org/en-US/white-paper/#introducing-libra]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.permission-to-appending,
* Mcs.permission-to-appending--Dchain-net,

DnChain.appending.PERMISSIONED.NO

description::
· permissionless-to-appending--chain-net is the-chain-net where anyone can-create an-appender-node.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.permissionless-to-appending,
* Mcs.permissionless-to-appending--Dchain-net,

DnChain.joining.PERMISSIONED

description::
· permission-to-join--chain-net is the-chain-net where NOT anyone can-join to use the-network.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.openNo,
* Mcs.DnChain.permissioned-to-join,
* Mcs.permissioned-to-join--Dchain-net,

addressWpg::
* {2019-04-14} https://cointelegraph.com/news/imf-and-world-bank-launch-quasi-cryptocurrency-in-exploration-of-blockchain-tech,

DnChain.joining.PERMISSIONED.NO (open)

description::
· permissionless-to-join--chain-net is the-chain-net where anyone can-join to use the-network.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.open,
* Mcs.DnChain.permissionless-to-join,
* Mcs.permissionless-to-join--Dchain-net,

DnChain.appending-joining.PUBLIC

description::
· public--chain-net is a-chain-net in which anyone can append and join the-network.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]
===
· public--chain-net is a-chain-net in which anyone can-have ACCESS to it and can-READ the-chain.
[hmnSgm.2019-02-10]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.public,
* Mcs.permissionless--chain-network,
* Mcs.privateNo--chain-network,
* Mcs.public--Dchain-net,

specific::
* public--blockchain-net,

DnChain.appending-joining.PUBLIC.NO

description::
· publicNo--chain-net is a-chain-net in which NOT anyone can append and join the-network.
[hmnSgm.2019-03-09]
===
· non-public--chain-net is a-chain-net in which NOT anyone can-have access to it.
[hmnSgm.2018-11-05]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.publicNo,
* Mcs.non-public-crypto-chain--net,
* Mcs.permissioned--chain-network,
* Mcs.private--chain-network,
* Mcs.publicNo--chain-network,

DnChain.DAGCHAIN-NETWORK

description::
Dagchain-network is a-Dtchain-network whose Dtchain-file is a-DAG (Directed-Acyclic-Graph).
[hmnSgm.2017-09-27]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.Dagchain!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Dchain-netAsDagchain!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.chainDag-net!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.chainDag-network!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-23}
* Mcs.Dag-chain--net!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.Dagchain-network!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-chain.Dag-network!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.decentralized-crypto-transaction-Dag-chain--network!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.Directed-Aciclyc-Graph--network!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Dccd-net!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-22}
* Mcs.Dctcd-net!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-28}
* Mcs.Ddcnet!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Ddcnet-(decentralized-Dagchain--network)!⇒Dagchain-net, {2017-10-15}
* Mcs.Dtcd-net!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Ddc-net!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.network.Dagchain!⇒Dagchain-net,
* Mcs.Đ.Dag-network!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-22}
* Mcs.ĐD-net!⇒Dagchain-net, {2018-01-28}

addressWpg::
* {2015-09-11} DagCoin: a cryptocurrency without blocks: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=1177633.0,
* {2015-09-11} Sergio-Demian-Lerner DagCoin: https://bitslog.files.wordpress.com/2015/09/dagcoin-v41.pdf,

Dagchain-net.SPECIFIC

specific::
* Aidos-Kuneen--network,
* Byteball-network,
* IOTA-network,
* RaiBlocks-network,

DnChain.CURRENCY

description::
Medium-of-exchange--Dtc-network is a-txchain-network that creates and manages a-cryptocurrency.
[hmnSgm.2017-10-18]

name::
* Mcs.Dcurrency-DnChain, {2019-06-22}
* Mcs.DnChain.currency!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain.cryptocurrency!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.DnChain.medium-of-exchange!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.chain-netMoe!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.cryptocoin-network!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.cryptocurrency-network!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.currency--Dchain-net, {2019-03-09}
* Mcs.chain-currency--network!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchange--chain-net!⇒Dcurrency-DnChain,

currency of currency-net (link)

currency-net.SPECIFIC

specific::
* blockchain--đ-currency-network,
* Dagchain--đ-currency-network,
===
* Petro--đ-currency-net,

currency-net.Petro

description::
Venezuelan President Maduro has ordered the issuance of the first 100 mln Petros, an oil-backed national cryptocurrency.
He also indicated that each Petro would have the value of a single barrel of oil.
... The first national meeting of Petro miners will occur on January 14, along with the publication of the whitepaper.
[https://cointelegraph.com/news/president-maduro-venezuela-to-issue-first-100-million-petros]

name::
* Mcs.Petro--chain-currency-network,
* Mcs.chain-netMoe.Petro,

addressWpg::
* {2018-01-10} State Cryptocurrency ‘Petro’ is Illegal, Declares Venezuela’s Congress: https://www.ccn.com/,
* {2018-01-07} President Maduro: Venezuela to Issue First 100 Million Petros: https://cointelegraph.com/news/,

DnChain.CURRENCY.NO

description::
Non-cryptocurrency--Đ-network is a-Đ-network with its MAIN-SERVICE other than a-đ-currency-service.

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.currencyNo,
* Mcs.DnChain.cryptocurrencyNo,
* Mcs.DnChain.medium-of-exchangeNo,
* Mcs.chain-netMoeNo,
* Mcs.cryptocoinNo-network,
* Mcs.cryptocurrencyNo-network,
* Mcs.chain-currencyNo-network,
* Mcs.medium-of-exchangeNo--Đ-network,
* Mcs.non-cryptocurrency--Đ-network,
* Mcs.non-đ-currency--Đ-network,
* Mcs.non-medium-of-exchange--Đ-network,

DnChain.MULTI-CHAIN

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.cross-chain,
* Mcs.DnChain.multi-chain,
* Mcs.cross-chain--Dchain-net,
* Mcs.multi-chain--Dchain-net,

addressWpg::
* {2019-05-16} https://medium.com/ontologynetwork/ontology-releases-multichain-design-to-rival-that-of-cosmos-polkadot-and-plasma-17ddaa027b05,

specific::
* blockchain-multi-chain-net,
===
* Cosmos-network: https://cosmos.network/about,
* Komodo-platform: https://komodoplatform.com/,
* Ontology-net: https://ont.io/ supports collaboration among chain networks with protocol groups,
* Pantos: https://pantos.io/ standards for cross-chain token transfers,
* Polkadot: https://polkadot.network/ a-network of connected blockchains.

DnChain.MULTI.NO-CHAIN

DnChain.3rd-GENERATION

description::
Bitcoin was the first generation blockchain; Ethereum was the second.
Now we are entering a 3.0 phase, where features such as scalability, interoperability (side chains), treasury systems and on-chain governance play key roles.
[https://www.meetup.com/en-AU/Cambridge-Blockchain/events/245868114/]

name::
* Mcs.3rd-generation--Dchain-net,
* Mcs.DnChain.3rd-generation,

DnChain.Graphene

description::
Graphene™ is a software platform for deploying third generation cryptographically secure decentralized ledgers known as blockchains.
You can see Graphene as a toolkit for real-time blockchains. Graphene based systems have orders of magnitude better performance than first-generation Bitcoin-derived systems or even the second generation “Bitcoin 2.0” systems that constitute its current closest competitors. Graphene based systems offer a broad range of financial services distinguished by their transparency and inherent incorruptibility.
Graphene is the underlying technology that powers blockchains such as Steem, BitShares and Peerplays.[1]
Graphene technology was developed by Cryptonomex.
[https://www.steem.center/index.php?title=Graphene]

name::
* Mcs.DnChain.Graphene,
* Mcs.Graphene--Dchain-net,

meta-info

this page was-visited times since {time.2017-07-02}

page-wholepath: synagonism.net / Mcs-worldview / dirTchInf / DnChain

SEARCH::
This page uses 'locator-names', names that when you find them, you find the-LOCATION of the-concept they denote.
LOCAL-SEARCH:
Type CTRL+F "Mcs.words-of-concept's-name", to go to the-LOCATION of the-concept.
GLOBAL-SEARCH:
Clicking on the-green-BAR of a-page you have access to the-global--locator-names of my-site.
A-preview of the-description of a-global-name makes reading fast.
Abbreviations have no description.

footer::
• author: Kaseluris.Nikos.1959
• email:
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• twitter: @synagonism
• github: https://github.com/synagonism/Mcsw/blob/master/dirTchInf/filMcsDtcnet.last.html,

webpage-versions::
• version.last.dynamic: filMcsDtcnet.last.html,
• version.8-0-0.2018-10-16: FilMcsDtcnet.8-0-0.2018-10-16.html,
• version.6-0-0.2017-11-26: FilMcsDcnet.6-0-0.2017-11-26.html,
• version.4-0-0.2017-10-16: filMcsDcnet.4-0-0.2017-10-15.html,
• version.3-0-0.2017-10-15: filMcsDLgrnet.3-0-0.2017-10-15.html,
• version.2-0-0.2017-10-04: filMcsDLgrnet.2-0-0.2017-10-04.html,
• version.1-0-0.2017-07-27: FilMcsDcnet.Last.1-0-0.2017-07-27.html,
• version.0-1-0.2017-07-02.created: filMcsDLgrnet.0-1-0.2017-07-02.html,

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