Description of HoKoNoUmo's knowledge|information-theory. #h0p1#

THE NEED #h0.1#

Unfortunately, in our 'internet-age', 'information-age', 'knowledge-society era', the accumulation of information has confuzed us. #h0.1p1#

We do not use with consistency the terms in our texts/speeches and the readers/listeners use their own meaning in these terms and not ours. Text/speech out of the creator's CONTEXT (namespace | worldview), does not convey the creator's meaning. Also the MAJORITY of our texts/speeches use undefined (= without definition) b-concepts or vague (= non-clear boundaries) b-concepts. #h0.1p2#

The need to clarify b-concepts, standardize terminology and integrate (make a consistent/coherent whole) our knowledge is obvious. My work, on this need, created my 'Sensorial-B-concept--Theory'. #h0.1p3#


Every organism with a brain, creates, INSIDE his brain, a REFLECTION of the universe that surrounds him/her AND an introspection of him/her. This reflection helps the organism to survive. I call it brainual-worldview. It is a kind of MODEL (a representation) of the universe. #h0.2p1#

We do NOT yet KNOW exactly how this brainual-worldview is constructed with the neurons of the brain. Also the brainual-worldview is a dynamic entity and not a static one. It is constanly evolving through the sensorial-systems of the organism AND the thinking processes of the organism's brain.
Brainual--sub-worldview I call any part of a brainual-worldview. #h0.2p2#


Every human, as organism with brain, has a brainual-worldview. As in animals, a human--brainual-worldview is comprised of perceptions and very complex structures of perceptions. #h0.2.1p1#

But humans have developed further their brainual-worldviews with the help of their language. They added names (sensorial entities) to perceptions. The new created entity I call BRAINUAL-CONCEPT (b-concept). #h0.2.1p2#

With the b-concepts they create networks, which are new b-concepts. Because names are easy to be memorised, the human--brainual-worldview is much bigger than any brainual-worldview of any other animal. I call b-conceptual--worldview the outermost network of b-concepts of a human--brainual-worldview. B-conceptual--sub-worldview I call any sub-structure of a b-conceptual--worldview. Also a b-conceptual--worldview is PART of a brainual-worldview because a brain holds and other perceptions which are not reached the stage of a b-concept. #h0.2.1p3#

Every human has a UNIQUE brainual-worldview. But our brainual-worldviews are inconsistent, contradictory, ambiguous, vague, etc. The goal of my knowledge-theory is the creation of INTEGRATED human--brainual-worldviews. #h0.2.1p4#


B-conceptual-worldview is a very complex structure of b-concepts located in a human's brain, organized at least in 2 tree-structures: whole-part and generic-specific sub-structures.
bconceptual-subworldview #h0.2.2p1#

Only our b-conceptual--worldview is organized and in specific-generic tree-structures. The material-world is organized only in whole-part tree-structures. #h0.2.2p2#

Our b-conceptual--worldview is integrated with our perceptions and its networks in an integral whole, our brainual-worldview.
B-concept is any NODE in a b-conceptual--worldview.
A b-concept resides inside human-brains. With our languages we describe them.
B-concepts are ***NOT*** the "UNITS of human-information" as we see in today literature. The b-concepts are our "information". #h0.2.2p3#


Language is a COMMON (= standard) MAPPING-METHOD (= knowledge of a mapping-process) and a SKILL (ability to gesture, speak, write) with which a society (animal or human) MAPS its brainual--sub-worldviews with sensorial-entities (gestural, oral, textual), the logal--sub-worldviews, in order to communicate them. #h0.3p1#

If the mapping-method is not a standard, then it is not language. #h0.3p2#

Our right-hand gene shows, as most possible, that the FIRST human-language was a sign-language (Eakin 2002). Then we developed spoken-languages. But human-history begins with the development of written-languages. #h0.3p3#

SEMASIAL--SUB-WORLDVIEW (semasia) #h0.4#

Human languages, in order to map human--brainual--sub-worldviews with sensorial-subWorldviews, must first INTERPRET | DESCRIBE the brainual--sub-worldviews in a form that can be mapped with sensorial-views. #h0.4p1#

The UNITS of the descriptions a human-language uses, are descriptions of processes-or-relations of a human-brainual--sub-worldview in time (every "sentence" has a "verb" that denotes a process-or-relation in time). I call them semasial-sentences. Whole-part--tree-structures of semasial-sentences that describe human-brainual--sub-worldviews I call SEMASIAL--SUB-WORLDVIEWS.
semasial-subworldview #h0.4p2#

In order to create semasial-sentences, languages use INTERPRETATIONS of the b-concepts of a b-conceptual--sub-worldview at ANY level. I call them SEMASIAL-CONCEPTS and they are the second-units of a semasial--sub-worldview. The confusion between semasial-concepts and b-concepts, give rise to assertions that "B-CONCEPTS are the units of information". #h0.4p3#

Semasial-concepts are language-dependent. B-concepts have many attributes. On the other hand, languages choose arbitrarely attributes for their semasial-concepts. In some cases, eg the greek-noun, the language creates an artificial-attribute, the "gender". #h0.4p4#

Also, the STRUCTURES created with b-concepts and semasial-concepts are very different. B-concepts are the NODES of the network of subWorldviews. Semasial-concepts are only the UNITS (= the indivisible entities of the constuction) of semasial--sub-worldviews which are organized sequentially. Semasial-concepts create semasial-sentences. Semasial-sentences create SmParagraphs. SmParagraphs create "sections", "chapters", "parts", "books"...
Semasial--sub-worldviews are only whole-part--tree-structures of semasial-sentences. Human-brainual--sub-worldviews are at least whole-part and generic-specific tree-structures of b-concepts. #h0.4p5#

Semasial--sub-worldviews are NOT stored in human-brains BUT they generated "on the fly" when humans describe brainual--sub-worldviews.
In our brains, is stored, the language. The knowledge of how to interpret the brainual--sub-worldviews and create its mapping code, the logal--sub-worldviews. #h0.4p6#

Semasial--sub-worldviews are language-dependent, becuase its units (semasial-concepts) are language dependent.
Brainual--sub-worldviews are PARTLY language-independent. The brainual--sub-worldviews of animals are language-independent BUT that of humans depend on a language's word-creation-mechanism to give names to b-concepts. #h0.4p7#

LOGAL--SUB-WORLDVIEW (logo) #h0.5#

Logal--sub-worldview I call any sensorial (sign, speech or text) representation a human-language creates for a semasial--sub-worldview. #h0.5p1#

SENTENCE I call the logo node that represents a semasial-sentence. Whole-part-tree-structures of sentences create a logal--sub-worldview.
logal-subworldview #h0.5p2#

To create sentences a language uses representations of semasial-concepts. I call them logal-concepts. But in order to create the logal-concepts a language uses tree-structures of other entities that denote nothing, the logal-units. #h0.5p3#

SCHEMA #h0.6#

This schema presents the outline of my information-theory. #h0.6p1#

WHOLE: Brainual-worldview Semasial-worldview Logal-worldview SBWorldview
SUB-WHOLE: Brainual--sub-worldview Semasial--sub-worldview Logal--sub-worldview SBSubWorldview
UNIT: B-concept,
ANY: brainual-info semasial-info logal-info sensorial--brainual-info


Today, the b-concepts "data", "information" and "knowledge" are used ambiguously (= no definition) or vaguely (= no clear boundaries). #h0.7p1#

Information (info) I call any brainual-info or semasial-info or logal-info or sensorial--brainual-info. Every info REFLECTS a referent. #h0.7p2#

Knowledge (vaguely) we call USEFULL and TRUE information. BUT there are NO absolute boundaries in what it is usefull and true. It is not knowledge for you the information about my dinners, but this information is knowledge for my doctor. Also most information it is not true but has a degree of truth etc. #h0.7p3#

Data I call sensorial-information, like texts, gestures, speeches, images, sounds, videos, sensorial-b-concepts and any other used symbols.
Computers are machines that process only data, according to instructions we give to them. Then, a more appropriate name, instead of "computers", is "DATA-MACHINES". #h0.7p4#

Computers, give us another means to represent brainual--sub-worldviews. We can construct analogical sensorial (= captured by our's body sensory-system) representations of B-CONCEPTS. I call them sensorial-b-concepts. The advantage of sensorial-b-concepts is that it is clear what we mean. All the relations have unique names. Also sensorial-b-concepts can be read by humans and machines.
I call my information-theory, "sensorial-b-concept--theory", because "sensorial-b-concept" is the key b-concept in my theory. #h0.7p5#

Like b-concepts, with sensorial-b-concepts we create networks of sensorial-b-concepts which are new sensorial-b-concepts. Sensorial--brainual-info I call any sensorial-b-concept or "sensorial-perception" like images and sounds. SBSubWorldview I call any structure of sensorial--brainual-infos. SBWorldview I call any analogical sensorial representation of a brainual-worldview, an individual's reflection of the universe. #h0.7p6#

is a computer-program that help us to manage (store, edit, retrieve, integrate) sensorial-b-worldviews of many authors that uses sensorial-b-concepts to represent brainual-worldviews. #h0.7p7#


What I say above it is not something new. It exists all over us but in a mess. #h0.8p1#

My main contribution is the distinction of brainual--sub-worldviews and semasial--sub-worldviews, showing their different structures. This distinction also guided me:
a) to discover a theory-of-language and more generally an information-theory which correcly interprets the relation of information and language, and
b) to invent the komo-language with the 3 parts of speech (nouns, verbs, and conjunctions). #h0.8p2#

My second contribution is my clear presentation of the new constructs, the SENSORIAL--B-WORLDVIEWS that we can create with computers. The new constructs is the SECOND REVOLUTION that computers will bring to sciences. The first was the communication revolution created by the WWW. #h0.8p3#

Finally, this web-site is an example of a presentation with less ambiguous information. #h0.8p4#

Table-of-Contents #h0.toc#

File ToC:
1. The-need
2. Brainual-worldview
3. Language
4. Semasia
5. Logo
6. Schema
7. Data-information-knowledge
8. My-contribution
9. Table-of-Contents #h0.toc#

AAj ToC:
⇨ SBConcept-Theory
   ⇨ Schema
   ⇨ The-59-SB-concepts
   ⇨ Bibliography
   ⇨ Komo
SSS-Paper (1990)
All-names #h0.toc#

* CREATED: 2003.10.22
* MAIL: userid@domain, where userid=nikkas and #h0.toc# Logo #h0.toc#